Commercial Jasmine Farming As Profitable Farming Business Idea

Jasmine Farming – Detailed Info & Guide

Little about Commercial Jasmine Farming

Jasmines are one of the most popular that are well known for their excellent fragrant. So, they are in all-time market demand in the industries, especially for their excellent fragrant capacity. Because of this, thousands of small farmers opt to go for Jasmine Farming rather than going for a fruit farming and vegetable farming.

Economically, Jasmine flowers are best to grow rather than growing any other commercial flower farming. Because these pleasant flowers have numbers of uses in our day to day life. They are used in making religious garlands, women hair decoration, bouquet, and in the boutique industries.

Commercially, some specific Jasmine varieties are specially cultivated for their concentrated Jasmine oil for the cosmetic and perfume industries. Currently, there are more than 75 varieties of Jasmine, which are cultivated widely for their specific fragrance and pleasant odor in India. In fact, primarily Jasmine farming is done for obtaining their specific Jasmine oil. After that, they are also cultivated widely for their fresh flower to sell in the market.

The commercial Jasmine cultivation includes growing of J.grandiflorum or Jathimalli or Pitchi, Jasminum sambac or Gundumalli or Madurai Malli, & J.auriculatum or Mullai varieties of Jasmine. Nowadays, some herbal companies are trying to prepare a tea from the Jasmine flower because of their herbal importance.

In the world, there about 200 species that can be grown commercially under suitable soil type and climate conditions. Basically, there are native to the regions of Southeast Asia, Africa, and Australia. Out of 200 species, there are more than 75 varieties of Jasmine, which are cultivated widely for their specific fragrance and pleasant odor in India. And, if you had sufficient amount of land and planning to grow Jasmine commercially, then, you can tie up with these herbal companies which are always in search of such fragrant flowers.

However, it is essential to check the following details about Commercial Jasmine Farming in order to get a better profit from the same flower production.

Economical Importance Of Jasmine

Jasmine farming is mainly done for obtaining their specific Jasmine oil. After that, they are also cultivated widely for their fresh flower to sell in the market. But there are numbers of uses of this flowers. Commercially, some specific Jasmine varieties are specially cultivated for their concentrated Jasmine oil for the cosmetic and perfume industries.

In those pleasant flowers have a potential of numbers of usages in the flavored tea industry. In the market, jasmine tea, herbal tea and black tea of Jasmine flavored are available easily. They are also used for preparing soaps, creams, oils, etc. Apart from this, they also have very excellent market potential globally for exporting. But, Jasmine crop needs very high manpower for the harvesting purpose only. Due to this, Jasmine farming is mainly done in a small area such as 1-acre land. And by growing this flower crop, one can get very sharp profit because of their economic market potential.

Jasmine plants are a bushy shrub and climbing vine which are non-poisonous in nature. They can be grown on the open field as well as also under the greenhouse and poly houses conditions. But, there is a great profit when compared to the open field Jasmine cultivation. And, for creating such as conditions, subsidies for growing Jasmines are also available by various means of various schemes. They can be also grown in backyards, indoors,  pots, home gardens, balconies, containers, and terrace and even in bedrooms.

Things To Consider In Commercial Jasmine Farming

However, for commercial Jasmine production, make sure of the following points in order to get excellent profit from this flower farming business plan.

  • Prepare a good business plan suitable for jasmine farming on the basis of your landing area in detail.
  • Then, after thinking about financial planning such as input costs for labor, manure, irrigation, seed, and transportation cost.
  • Also, think about the marketing avenues about where to sell your jasmine flowers at a good rate.
  • In order to export the flowers, you need to contact with the authority of flower growers associations.
  • Make sure to arrange an adequate irrigation during the growing period in the hot and sunny summer season.

Jasmine Price in Market depends on

  1. Freshness, color and aroma or fragrance of flower with their size of buds.
  2. Arrival Time of crop in the market.
  3. Avg annual production of jasmine crop in that region.
  4. Climatic conditions and whether suitability.

Jasmine Names in World’s other Languages

Mogra, Juhi, Chameli and Champa Bela (Hindi), Jasminum (German), 茉莉花 (Chinese), Jasminum (Dutch), Jaśmin (Polish), चमेली (Nepali), Jasminum (Italian), Sampaguita (Filipino), ياسمين (Arabic), Jaeseumin (Korean), Jasminum (Spanish), Seasmain (Irish), Γιασεμί (Greek), Jasmiin (Estonian), Jasmim ( Portuguese), Jasmin ( Norwegian), Chi Nhài (Vietnamese), มะลิ (Thai), Malati (Sundanese), Jasmiinit (Finnish), Hasmig (Armenian), јасмин (Macedonian), Jasumin (Japanese), Jasmín (Czech), කොඳ / Saman Pichcha ( Sinhalese), Jasmin (French), Жасмин (Russian), Jasminsläktet (Swedish), Yasemin (Turkish), ჟასმინი (Georgian), Jasmin (Danish), Jázmin (Hungarian), Yasmin (Persian), Pokok Bunga Melur (Malay), and Kundaha and Malati (Sanskrit).

Jasmine Varieties | Cultivars

Common jasmine (Jasminum officinale) Known as poet’s jasmine is one of the most fragrant types of jasmine. They reach up to 15 feet in height. To keep them bushy, frequent pinching and pruning are required.
Showy jasmine (J. Floridum) bloom in spring, grown primarily for its foliage, and produces little 1-inch flowers.
Spanish jasmine (J. Grandiflorum) Most cultivated types of jasmine. Known as royal and Catalonian Jasmine, produces fragrant white flowers. Vines are evergreen in frost-free areas.
Arabic jasmine (J. Sambac) Evergreen shrub and intensely fragrant flowers. Grows up to 6 feet tall. Such type of jasmines are used for tea.
Italian jasmine (J. Humile) Basically, grow as a vine and as a shrub. Plants can also tolerate pruning into a shrub.
Winter jasmine (J. nudiflorum) It is a shrub that can grow up to 7 feet tall and 4 feet wide and produces yellow flowers. Bloom in the late winter, givers erosion protection on banks.
Asian Star jasmine (Trachelospermum Asiaticum) Produces small and pale yellow flowers with large and dense leaves.

Where Do Jasmine Grows

Climate Conditions for Jasmine Farming

For optimum flower production, it is essential to cultivate this crop on the suitable climate conditions in order to ensure optimum production. Basically, The Jasmine crop thrives it best under tropical and mild climate conditions.

However, a well distributed annual rainfall, ranging from 900 mm to 1000 mm is also important for healthy flower production. Nowadays, growing this flower crop under the greenhouse and poly houses conditions is more opted by the farmers because of higher yield of quality flowers.

That is Jasmine crop is best suitable for growing under mild winter, warm summer, and a moderate rainfall. They are also able to grow up to 1100 meter.

Soil Requirement for Jasmine Farming

When it comes to Jasmine crop, they are able to grow in almost all kinds of soil types. However, they thrive their best in Well-drained and sandy loam soils which are rich in all organic matter. For best flower production, the soil pH should be ranging from 6.5 to 7.5 pH value.

However, if your soil has any kind of deficiency of organic matter, then it is a good idea to corporate the growing area with sufficient amount of farmyard manure.

How to Grow Jasmine Flower Crop

Land Preparation in Jasmine Farming

Land preparation is very important to get excellent production from the Jasmine Flowers farming. So, prepare your growing land well by giving two to three initial ploughings in order to remove the weeds from the land. When you Bring down the soil structure in fine tilth form, then, growing pits should be prepared having the size of 30 cm each, width, depth and wider.

Do not forget to expose these pits to sunlight for 15 to 20 days in order to prevent the occurrence of soil-borne diseases and termites. Each of the prepared pits should be corporate with 10 kg of farmyard manure before filling these pits with the topsoil.

Propagation in Jasmine Farming

Jasmine crop is mainly propagated through the following methods of propagation.

  • Cuttings
  • Suckers
  • Layering
  • Grafting
  • Tissue culture
  • Budding

Planting and Spacing in Jasmine Farming

Planting of this flower crop on the main field should be done, just before the raining starts. The spacing between plant to plant should be 1.5 M X 1.5 M.

So, planting of Well-rooted, strong and healthy seedlings of Jasmine, obtained by cuttings and layering method of planting should be done in the early prepared obtained from cuttings and layering method of propagation.

Once you plant Jasmine seedlings on the field for the flower production, they can give you flowers for more than 10 years. That is, for a single little investment, you can get profit for continuously 10 years without any large invest excepting the labor cost.

Irrigation in Jasmine Farming

Water supply at regular intervals is essential in order to attain excellent plant growth with high flower production. Because of Adequate moisture level at the basal of plants in order to ensure excellent plant growth with high flower production.

So, timely irrigation to this crop should be done in order to ensure good quality and quantity of flower production. It is a better idea to adopt irrigation method. Because irrigation method of water supply will save your precious money as well as your time.

However, first irrigation in the flower crop should be done, just after the transplantation of qualified nursery bed seedlings on early prepared pits. The Subsequent irrigation should be carried out at an interval of 5 to 6 days on the basis of plants water requirements depending on the climate conditions and type of soils.

Never let the crop dry for more hours. It is essential to maintain the adequate moisture level in the field during its growing period. Because of Adequate moisture level at the basal of plants in order to ensure excellent plant growth with high flower production.

Make sure to drain out the water from the plant base during the monsoon. It may lead to inviting numbers of pests and diseases.

Manuring and Fertilizers in Jasmine Farming

Timely application of suitable manures and organic fertilizers greatly impacts on Jasmine crop production. Since Jasmine flower crop reacts very well to the timely application of required manure and organic liquid fertilizers at sufficient amount of dose.

It is recommended to apply 10 kg of well-rotted farmyard manure per each growing pit at the time of land preparation for this crop. It is also advised to apply 60 gm of Nitrogen, 120 gm of Potassium along with 120 gm of Phosphorus per each growing plant.

All the should be corporate in two different split doses. The first one should be applied at the time of pruning. And, the second one should be applied during the month of June to July while growing period.

Make sure to apply these recommended doses should be applied from time to time. It will definitely ensure a higher flower production.

Intercultural Activities in Jasmine Farming

Pruning in Jasmine Farming

Training of the plant should be done at the regular interval in order to achieve desired plant shape in a good framework. And, pruning of plant should be done to boost the plant growth such as newly growing shoots of the flower plants.

So, stop water supply just before the pruning the Jasmine flower plants. Prune them up to half of their original length and size. They should be pruned up to at least 40 cm above from the plant base. Stripping off all the plant leaves should be carried out just after pruning the plants.

For commercial farming, it is advised to carry out the pruning in the last week of November in order to get a higher yield of quality jasmine flowers.

Weed Control in Jasmine Farming

A weed-free growing field always ensures a better plant growth during the growing period. Because weed competes with the crop for the water and nutrients. So, manual weeding at regular interval should be done in the jasmine orchard to completely removed the presence of weeds from the productive field.

After pruning the plants, the soil surrounding the plant base should be stirred in about 30 cm circled around the plant base at 10 to 15 cm depth. Followed the same at an interval of two month time period.

If your field is full of weeds heavily, then, please, make use of a suitable chemical that can control weed very well. Contact with an Agrocenter for more details. It is advised to follow the chemical means of weed control because are cheaper and less time-consuming method when it comes to manual weed control.

However, for commercial Jasmine flower production, mulching is the best beneficial weed controlling system. It also helps the plant from soil erosion by preventing higher moisture level at the plant base.

Inter-cropping in Jasmine Farming

Intercropping in this commercial farming helps the farming to gain some extra income from the free space in the first few years, available between the jasmine plants. One can go for growing vegetables or any other small term crop that can be easily harvested.

Pests and Diseases in Jasmine Farming

The followings is the list of pests and diseases, that are commonly appears in the Jasmine flower production.

  • Blossom midge
  • Budworm
  • Red spider mite
  • Nematode
  • Root rot
  • Powdery Mildew
  • Stem Blight
  • Root Knot Nematode
  • Aphids
  • Leaf Eating Caterpillar

So, learn more about these pests and diseases of jasmine from a well known Agrocenter and control them by application of suitable pesticides and organic fertilizer. Because present of any pests or diseases in the growing field may lead to lessening down the quality and quantity of pleasest Jasmine flowers.

Jasmine Flowers Harvesting

Jasmine flower crop starts flowering after around six months of planting them on the main field. And, harvesting should be started of unopened flower buds by manual picking of flowers in the early morning and cool evening time.

Do note that these fragrant flowers do not have a long shelf life. So, they should be packed in suitable box or container and should be sent to the nearby market, just after picking them from the plant.

The main advantage of this crop is, Jasmine plants are able to give production for more than 10 years with the heavy yield.

However, make sure that quality of flowers should not be damaged while packing and sending off them to the market. And, are sent off to the market instantly for jasmine oil recovery since they do not have a very long shelf life.

Yield in Jasmine Farming

The yield of Jasmine flower crop varies from Jasmine variety to variety. Such as climate conditions, soil type, plant age, cultivar along with some other orchard management practices.

However, following are the expected yield for specific Jasmine varieties.

  • Auriculatum Jasmine – 4700 to 9150 (yield per hectare), 0.30 to 0.35 (Oil recovery %)
  • Sambac Jasmine – 7400 to 8129 (yield per hectare), 0.15 to 0.20 (Oil recovery %)
  • Grandiflorum Jasmine – 4300 to 10100 (yield per hectare), 0.25 to 0.35 (Oil recovery %)

So, this is how to grow Jasmine commercially and obtain high-quality jasmine flower production via Jasmine Farming.

Brinjal Farming | Guide & Tips

Brinjal Farming – Detailed Information & Guide

Little About Brinjal Farming

Brinjal or eggplants are also one of the most common tropics vegetables that are grown widely throughout the world. It belongs to the “Solanaceae” family and “Solanum” genus. There are numbers of varieties of brinjal that are grown throughout the world accordingly their suitable climate conditions and soil type. All of these cultivars vary from each other in their shape and size and flavor too.

Brinjals are used for preparing many delicious dishes including the tasty curry. The great popularity of brinjal is due to their medicinal properties. So, brinjals are in all-time market needs that anyone can earn a great profit by following Brinjal Farming Commercially.

So, Learn here how to grow Brinjal commercially along with Brinjal Varieties, when to grown brinjal, where does brinjal grows and Harvesting of Brinjal here in this post. Farmers can cultivate brinjal in poly houses, greenhouses, and even in backyards. They cal also grows in the containers.

The name of brinjal is derived from the Sanskrit and Arabic Language whereas it is also famous as Eggplant which has been derived from its shape which is white in color and resembles the chicken eggs. They are also known as aubergine on the European continent.

Basically, there is a great importance in the warm climate conditions of Far East and are being grown extensively in such countries. It is mainly grown in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, China and in the Philippines. Apart from this, it is also popular in the Egypt, Italy, France, and the United States.

In fact, it is a versatile crop that is adapted to different climatic conditions. It can be also grown throughout the year as a different vegetable crop. And, it’s lovers used to select in the basis of their shape, size, and color.

Brinjal Varieties | Brinjal Cultivar

For commercial Brinjal cultivation, it is very important to select a suitable cultivar accordingly the climate conditions and soil type. They are able to grow over a wide variety of climate and soil type.

Brinjal varieties are classified on the basis of their shape, size, and color. Burpee Hybrid, Harris Special Hibush, Classic, Bringal Bloom, Dusky, Black Magic, and Black Beauty produces Oval-shaped fruit with having black skin color. Whereas Little Fingers, Ichiban, Pingtung Long, and Tycoon varieties of eggplant produces fruit which purple and black skin color.

There are also some cultivars of it which produces fruit with green skin and slim in shape. Such kind of varieties includes Thai Green and Louisiana Long Green. Whereas Traditional, Dourga variety, White-skinned some of the varieties where are famous for producing their white fruits.

Other Name of Brinjal in the World

It is widely grown vegetable that is popular in the different portion of the world with a specific name. The other names of Brinjal in other portion of the world are –

Brinjal (Indian), Berenjena (Spanish), Aubergine (Dutch), Aubergine (German), Patellxhani (Albanian), Patlidžan (Bosnian), Ai Qwa (Chinese), Talong (Filipino), มะเขือยาว (Thai), Aubergine (Norwegian), Патладжан (Bulgarian), Cà tím (Vietnamese), Vânătă (Romanian), Nasu (Japanese), Patlıcan (Turkish), Padlizsán (Hungarian), Aubergine (Swedish), Terung (Malay), بادنجان (Persian), වම්බටු (Sinhalese, Sri Lanka), باذنجان (Arabic), 茄 (Taiwanese), Баклажан (Ukrainian).

Where to Grow Brinjal

Climatic Conditions for Brinjal Farming

Brinjals can be grown over a wide range of climate conditions because it is a versatile crop that is adapted to different climatic conditions, especially the warm climate conditions. It can be also grown throughout the year as a different vegetable crop.

As it is a warmed seasonal crop it is susceptible to frost conditions up to great extent. And, low atmospheric temp during its growing period leads to deformation of shape and size of vegetables.

So, Brinjals are best suitable for growing in long and hot regions with low temp in the winter season. A region with Cool nights with short summers is not suitable for the brinjal farming with a satisfactory production of vegetables.

A temp ranging from 14 to 22 ‘C is most suitable for the optimum growth rate and excellent production. The brinjal seed can germinate well at 25 ‘C.

Soil Requirement for Brinjal Farming

Brinjal can be grown over a wide variety of soils and can grow on almost all kinds of soils. Since it is a versatile crop that is adapted to different climatic conditions and soils. However, a well-drained soil which is rich in humus is best suitable for growing Brinjals.

But, they thrive their best on the soil with excellent soil fertility and production as it a long duration vegetable crop. And, it directly depended on the soil type, fertility, and productivity.

So, for commercial Brinjal Cultivation, going for a soil test is a smart move. It helps to find out the soil fertility and productivity with the deficiency of soil.

For optimum production in this vegetable crop, the soil ph must be from 5.5 to 7.3 pH range.

How to Grow Brinjal?

Soil Preparation before Growing Brinjals

As the brinjal vegetable crop is a long season crop, soil preparations also play a vital role in the growth rate and production of it. So, the soil should be prepared well in order to get higher production.

So, give  4 to 5 normal plowings before transplanting brinjal seedlings on the field. To increase the fertility of growing field, it should be corporate with a good amount of Bulky organic manures. Such as 20 tonners of well-rotted farmyard manure is good enough for growing brinjal per unit hectare land. Try to apply 2 kg of Azospirillum along with 2 kg of Phosphobacteria per each 50 kg of FYM at the time of soil preparation.

Brinjal Transplanting should be done in ridged and furrow method of transplanting. Then, just irrigate the furrows and, then transplant the four to five weeks older brinjal seedlings by keeping 60 cm between them on the ridges.

Propagation in Brinjal Farming

In brinjal farming, the propagation is mainly done through the seeds. Seeds are sown on the well fertile nursery beds. When the seedling becomes four to five weeks older, are transplanted on the main field. Check how to prepare seedling on nursery Beds

Nursery Bed Seedling preparation of Brinjal

In order to prepare nursery bed seedlings, apply 10 of Farmyard manure, 1 kg of neem cake, 50 gm of VAM, 100 gm of Enriched superphosphate along with 10 gm Furadon per each square meter of nursery bed before sowing the high yielding seeds.

The area required for raising brinjal seedling for planting one 1 hectare land is 100 sq.m.

Seed treatment

To avoid the occurrence of diseases in the field, seed treatment should be done before sowing the seeds on the nursery beds. In order to do so, seed treatment should be done with 4 gm Trichoderma Viride, 10 gm Pseudomonas Fluorescens per each kg of seeds.

Also, treat them with 10 gm Azospirillum per 100 gm with the help fo ice gruel as an adhesive. Then after, sowing of seeds should be done by keeping 10 cm spacing between them followed by covering of beds with sands.

When the seedling becomes four to five weeks older, they should be transplanted at 60 cm apart in the ridges.

Planting Season of Brinjal

Brinjal crop can be cultivated throughout the year. However, the sowing time for it is from May to June and December to January.

For optimum productions, they should be planted on well fertile soil with excellent humus content and high productivity.

Seed rate in Brinjal Farming

  • Common Varieties – 400 grams /ha and
  • Hybrids Varieties – 200 grams /ha.

Transplantation of Brinjal Seedlings & Spacing

The brinjal seedlings get ready for transplanting in about 30 to 35 days as they attained a height of 12 to 15 cm and bears 3 to 5 leaves.

A light irrigation should be applied before transplanting them on the field. Then, Uproot the brinjal seedlings very carefully without harming to their roots.

The brinjal transplanting should be done at the time of evening hours followed by a light irrigation. Please press the soil surrounding the seedlings very softly for better fixation of seedlings.

When it comes to spacing in the brinjal cultivation it depends on the soil fertility, soil type, cultivar of brinjal and the suitability of climate conditions.

However, for non-spreading type verities, the spacing should be 60 CM X 60 CM. Whereas the spacing for spreading type verities should be 75 CM X 90CM and 60 CM X 75 CM.

Irrigation in Brinjal Farming

Irrigation time to time is very important in the brinjal productions for healthy growth rate, flowering, and fruit set for excellent productions. So, watering should be done on the basis of crop requirements. Because, in commercial brinjal cultivation, it is essential to maintain optimum moisture level for the healthy growth rate of the plants.

However, in the plain areas, irrigation should be done at every third to the fourth day while hot and sunny days. Whereas the time period should be seven days to ten days in the cooler season.

If no rain, then irrigation should be done before top dressing the crop. And, never forget to supply water regularly during frosty days in order to maintain the soil moisture level.

If you want to obtain higher production, then never let the soil dry for a long time period. It will definitely lower down the production amount and your profit.

Manure and Fertilization in Brinjal Farming

Timely Application of Manure & Fertilization in commercial brinjal farming helps the grower obtain optimum production. As they are a long season crop, it is a good idea to always grow them on a soil which is high in fertility and productivity. So, providing a good amount of nutrients along with organic manures and fertilizers helps the farmer to attain healthy crop growth rate along with timely water supply.

Try to corporate about 20 tonnes of well-rotted farmyard manure at the time of land preparation. Then after, apply 60 kg of Nitrogen, 50 kg of Potash per unit hectare land during at the time of flowering and fruit set in the crop.

Pests and Diseases in Brinjal Farming

Pests of Brinjal Farming

The Common pests and insects in brinjal farming are –

  • Brinjal fruit borer.
  • Brinjal shoot borer.
  • Brinjal Epilachna beetle.
  • Brinjal Jassids.
  • Brinjal Nematode and
  • Brinjal Mites.

Diseases of Brinjal Farming

The Common diseases in brinjal farming are –

  • Bacterial Wilt.
  • Phomopsis blight.
  • Fungal wilt.
  • Mosaic. and
  • Damping off.

Make sure to resist all these major pests and disease of brinjal crop to minimize the loss in this vegetable production.

Harvesting of Brinjals

Harvesting of brinjal vegetables should be done when they attain the proper marketable size and attractive color. But, It should be done before they start ripening. When they attain their maturity, they tend to bright color with glossy fruit appearance.

For supplying fresh vegetables to the market for the cooking, harvesting should be done at the immature stage. For this, carry out manual harvesting by twisting the fruit or cut them with the help of sharp knives.

If you want to get higher productions of vegetables, then, let them to attain proper marketable shape and size. But, stop the harvesting of the vegetables as they start looking dull. It is an indication of over maturity. It may lead to the loss of quality and hence the quantity of brinjal farming.

Post Harvesting in Brinjal Farming

  • Store the fruit vegetables for about 6 to 7 days at fairly average temp conditions.
  • So, they should be stored at the maintained temp, maintained between 7 °C to 10 °C by keeping the RH at 80 % to 90 %.
  • And, maintaining the quality of fruits helps to attain higher profit from the same production by increasing the rate in the market.
  • It is also recommended to store them in perforated Polyethylene bags under the above mentioned ideal conditions and then under the open conditions.

Yield in Brinjal Farming

The yield of any vegetable farming depends on numbers on farm management factors. But, it mainly depends on the selection of Brinjal cultivars, suitable climate conditions, an occurrence of the pests and disease during the growing period, etc.

However, the average yields in brinjal farming are –

  • For the Early short cultivars of brinjal – More than 25 tonnes/ha yield can be easily obtained.
  • For the Long duration cultivars of brinjal – More than 35 tonnes/ha yield can be easily obtained.
  • Some improved and hybrid commercial varieties of Brinjal are able to produce up to 75 tonnes/ha of fruit vegetables as the production.