Jasmine Farming – Detailed Info & Guide
Little about Commercial Jasmine Farming
Jasmines are one of the most popular that are well known for their excellent fragrant. So, they are in all-time market demand in the industries, especially for their excellent fragrant capacity. Because of this, thousands of small farmers opt to go for Jasmine Farming rather than going for a fruit farming and vegetable farming.
Economically, Jasmine flowers are best to grow rather than growing any other commercial flower farming. Because these pleasant flowers have numbers of uses in our day to day life. They are used in making religious garlands, women hair decoration, bouquet, and in the boutique industries.
Commercially, some specific Jasmine varieties are specially cultivated for their concentrated Jasmine oil for the cosmetic and perfume industries. Currently, there are more than 75 varieties of Jasmine, which are cultivated widely for their specific fragrance and pleasant odor in India. In fact, primarily Jasmine farming is done for obtaining their specific Jasmine oil. After that, they are also cultivated widely for their fresh flower to sell in the market.
The commercial Jasmine cultivation includes growing of J.grandiflorum or Jathimalli or Pitchi, Jasminum sambac or Gundumalli or Madurai Malli, & J.auriculatum or Mullai varieties of Jasmine. Nowadays, some herbal companies are trying to prepare a tea from the Jasmine flower because of their herbal importance.
In the world, there about 200 species that can be grown commercially under suitable soil type and climate conditions. Basically, there are native to the regions of Southeast Asia, Africa, and Australia. Out of 200 species, there are more than 75 varieties of Jasmine, which are cultivated widely for their specific fragrance and pleasant odor in India. And, if you had sufficient amount of land and planning to grow Jasmine commercially, then, you can tie up with these herbal companies which are always in search of such fragrant flowers.
However, it is essential to check the following details about Commercial Jasmine Farming in order to get a better profit from the same flower production.
Economical Importance Of Jasmine
Jasmine farming is mainly done for obtaining their specific Jasmine oil. After that, they are also cultivated widely for their fresh flower to sell in the market. But there are numbers of uses of this flowers. Commercially, some specific Jasmine varieties are specially cultivated for their concentrated Jasmine oil for the cosmetic and perfume industries.
In those pleasant flowers have a potential of numbers of usages in the flavored tea industry. In the market, jasmine tea, herbal tea and black tea of Jasmine flavored are available easily. They are also used for preparing soaps, creams, oils, etc. Apart from this, they also have very excellent market potential globally for exporting. But, Jasmine crop needs very high manpower for the harvesting purpose only. Due to this, Jasmine farming is mainly done in a small area such as 1-acre land. And by growing this flower crop, one can get very sharp profit because of their economic market potential.
Jasmine plants are a bushy shrub and climbing vine which are non-poisonous in nature. They can be grown on the open field as well as also under the greenhouse and poly houses conditions. But, there is a great profit when compared to the open field Jasmine cultivation. And, for creating such as conditions, subsidies for growing Jasmines are also available by various means of various schemes. They can be also grown in backyards, indoors, pots, home gardens, balconies, containers, and terrace and even in bedrooms.
Things To Consider In Commercial Jasmine Farming
However, for commercial Jasmine production, make sure of the following points in order to get excellent profit from this flower farming business plan.
- Prepare a good business plan suitable for jasmine farming on the basis of your landing area in detail.
- Then, after thinking about financial planning such as input costs for labor, manure, irrigation, seed, and transportation cost.
- Also, think about the marketing avenues about where to sell your jasmine flowers at a good rate.
- In order to export the flowers, you need to contact with the authority of flower growers associations.
- Make sure to arrange an adequate irrigation during the growing period in the hot and sunny summer season.
Jasmine Price in Market depends on
- Freshness, color and aroma or fragrance of flower with their size of buds.
- Arrival Time of crop in the market.
- Avg annual production of jasmine crop in that region.
- Climatic conditions and whether suitability.
Jasmine Names in World’s other Languages
Mogra, Juhi, Chameli and Champa Bela (Hindi), Jasminum (German), 茉莉花 (Chinese), Jasminum (Dutch), Jaśmin (Polish), चमेली (Nepali), Jasminum (Italian), Sampaguita (Filipino), ياسمين (Arabic), Jaeseumin (Korean), Jasminum (Spanish), Seasmain (Irish), Γιασεμί (Greek), Jasmiin (Estonian), Jasmim ( Portuguese), Jasmin ( Norwegian), Chi Nhài (Vietnamese), มะลิ (Thai), Malati (Sundanese), Jasmiinit (Finnish), Hasmig (Armenian), јасмин (Macedonian), Jasumin (Japanese), Jasmín (Czech), කොඳ / Saman Pichcha ( Sinhalese), Jasmin (French), Жасмин (Russian), Jasminsläktet (Swedish), Yasemin (Turkish), ჟასმინი (Georgian), Jasmin (Danish), Jázmin (Hungarian), Yasmin (Persian), Pokok Bunga Melur (Malay), and Kundaha and Malati (Sanskrit).
Jasmine Varieties | Cultivars
|Common jasmine (Jasminum officinale)||Known as poet’s jasmine is one of the most fragrant types of jasmine. They reach up to 15 feet in height. To keep them bushy, frequent pinching and pruning are required.|
|Showy jasmine (J. Floridum)||bloom in spring, grown primarily for its foliage, and produces little 1-inch flowers.|
|Spanish jasmine (J. Grandiflorum)||Most cultivated types of jasmine. Known as royal and Catalonian Jasmine, produces fragrant white flowers. Vines are evergreen in frost-free areas.|
|Arabic jasmine (J. Sambac)||Evergreen shrub and intensely fragrant flowers. Grows up to 6 feet tall. Such type of jasmines are used for tea.|
|Italian jasmine (J. Humile)||Basically, grow as a vine and as a shrub. Plants can also tolerate pruning into a shrub.|
|Winter jasmine (J. nudiflorum)||It is a shrub that can grow up to 7 feet tall and 4 feet wide and produces yellow flowers. Bloom in the late winter, givers erosion protection on banks.|
|Asian Star jasmine (Trachelospermum Asiaticum)||Produces small and pale yellow flowers with large and dense leaves.|
Where Do Jasmine Grows
Climate Conditions for Jasmine Farming
For optimum flower production, it is essential to cultivate this crop on the suitable climate conditions in order to ensure optimum production. Basically, The Jasmine crop thrives it best under tropical and mild climate conditions.
However, a well distributed annual rainfall, ranging from 900 mm to 1000 mm is also important for healthy flower production. Nowadays, growing this flower crop under the greenhouse and poly houses conditions is more opted by the farmers because of higher yield of quality flowers.
That is Jasmine crop is best suitable for growing under mild winter, warm summer, and a moderate rainfall. They are also able to grow up to 1100 meter.
Soil Requirement for Jasmine Farming
When it comes to Jasmine crop, they are able to grow in almost all kinds of soil types. However, they thrive their best in Well-drained and sandy loam soils which are rich in all organic matter. For best flower production, the soil pH should be ranging from 6.5 to 7.5 pH value.
However, if your soil has any kind of deficiency of organic matter, then it is a good idea to corporate the growing area with sufficient amount of farmyard manure.
How to Grow Jasmine Flower Crop
Land Preparation in Jasmine Farming
Land preparation is very important to get excellent production from the Jasmine Flowers farming. So, prepare your growing land well by giving two to three initial ploughings in order to remove the weeds from the land. When you Bring down the soil structure in fine tilth form, then, growing pits should be prepared having the size of 30 cm each, width, depth and wider.
Do not forget to expose these pits to sunlight for 15 to 20 days in order to prevent the occurrence of soil-borne diseases and termites. Each of the prepared pits should be corporate with 10 kg of farmyard manure before filling these pits with the topsoil.
Propagation in Jasmine Farming
Jasmine crop is mainly propagated through the following methods of propagation.
- Tissue culture
Planting and Spacing in Jasmine Farming
Planting of this flower crop on the main field should be done, just before the raining starts. The spacing between plant to plant should be 1.5 M X 1.5 M.
So, planting of Well-rooted, strong and healthy seedlings of Jasmine, obtained by cuttings and layering method of planting should be done in the early prepared obtained from cuttings and layering method of propagation.
Once you plant Jasmine seedlings on the field for the flower production, they can give you flowers for more than 10 years. That is, for a single little investment, you can get profit for continuously 10 years without any large invest excepting the labor cost.
Irrigation in Jasmine Farming
Water supply at regular intervals is essential in order to attain excellent plant growth with high flower production. Because of Adequate moisture level at the basal of plants in order to ensure excellent plant growth with high flower production.
So, timely irrigation to this crop should be done in order to ensure good quality and quantity of flower production. It is a better idea to adopt irrigation method. Because irrigation method of water supply will save your precious money as well as your time.
However, first irrigation in the flower crop should be done, just after the transplantation of qualified nursery bed seedlings on early prepared pits. The Subsequent irrigation should be carried out at an interval of 5 to 6 days on the basis of plants water requirements depending on the climate conditions and type of soils.
Never let the crop dry for more hours. It is essential to maintain the adequate moisture level in the field during its growing period. Because of Adequate moisture level at the basal of plants in order to ensure excellent plant growth with high flower production.
Make sure to drain out the water from the plant base during the monsoon. It may lead to inviting numbers of pests and diseases.
Manuring and Fertilizers in Jasmine Farming
Timely application of suitable manures and organic fertilizers greatly impacts on Jasmine crop production. Since Jasmine flower crop reacts very well to the timely application of required manure and organic liquid fertilizers at sufficient amount of dose.
It is recommended to apply 10 kg of well-rotted farmyard manure per each growing pit at the time of land preparation for this crop. It is also advised to apply 60 gm of Nitrogen, 120 gm of Potassium along with 120 gm of Phosphorus per each growing plant.
All the should be corporate in two different split doses. The first one should be applied at the time of pruning. And, the second one should be applied during the month of June to July while growing period.
Make sure to apply these recommended doses should be applied from time to time. It will definitely ensure a higher flower production.
Intercultural Activities in Jasmine Farming
Pruning in Jasmine Farming
Training of the plant should be done at the regular interval in order to achieve desired plant shape in a good framework. And, pruning of plant should be done to boost the plant growth such as newly growing shoots of the flower plants.
So, stop water supply just before the pruning the Jasmine flower plants. Prune them up to half of their original length and size. They should be pruned up to at least 40 cm above from the plant base. Stripping off all the plant leaves should be carried out just after pruning the plants.
For commercial farming, it is advised to carry out the pruning in the last week of November in order to get a higher yield of quality jasmine flowers.
Weed Control in Jasmine Farming
A weed-free growing field always ensures a better plant growth during the growing period. Because weed competes with the crop for the water and nutrients. So, manual weeding at regular interval should be done in the jasmine orchard to completely removed the presence of weeds from the productive field.
After pruning the plants, the soil surrounding the plant base should be stirred in about 30 cm circled around the plant base at 10 to 15 cm depth. Followed the same at an interval of two month time period.
If your field is full of weeds heavily, then, please, make use of a suitable chemical that can control weed very well. Contact with an Agrocenter for more details. It is advised to follow the chemical means of weed control because are cheaper and less time-consuming method when it comes to manual weed control.
However, for commercial Jasmine flower production, mulching is the best beneficial weed controlling system. It also helps the plant from soil erosion by preventing higher moisture level at the plant base.
Inter-cropping in Jasmine Farming
Intercropping in this commercial farming helps the farming to gain some extra income from the free space in the first few years, available between the jasmine plants. One can go for growing vegetables or any other small term crop that can be easily harvested.
Pests and Diseases in Jasmine Farming
The followings is the list of pests and diseases, that are commonly appears in the Jasmine flower production.
- Blossom midge
- Red spider mite
- Root rot
- Powdery Mildew
- Stem Blight
- Root Knot Nematode
- Leaf Eating Caterpillar
So, learn more about these pests and diseases of jasmine from a well known Agrocenter and control them by application of suitable pesticides and organic fertilizer. Because present of any pests or diseases in the growing field may lead to lessening down the quality and quantity of pleasest Jasmine flowers.
Jasmine Flowers Harvesting
Jasmine flower crop starts flowering after around six months of planting them on the main field. And, harvesting should be started of unopened flower buds by manual picking of flowers in the early morning and cool evening time.
Do note that these fragrant flowers do not have a long shelf life. So, they should be packed in suitable box or container and should be sent to the nearby market, just after picking them from the plant.
The main advantage of this crop is, Jasmine plants are able to give production for more than 10 years with the heavy yield.
However, make sure that quality of flowers should not be damaged while packing and sending off them to the market. And, are sent off to the market instantly for jasmine oil recovery since they do not have a very long shelf life.
Yield in Jasmine Farming
The yield of Jasmine flower crop varies from Jasmine variety to variety. Such as climate conditions, soil type, plant age, cultivar along with some other orchard management practices.
However, following are the expected yield for specific Jasmine varieties.
- Auriculatum Jasmine – 4700 to 9150 (yield per hectare), 0.30 to 0.35 (Oil recovery %)
- Sambac Jasmine – 7400 to 8129 (yield per hectare), 0.15 to 0.20 (Oil recovery %)
- Grandiflorum Jasmine – 4300 to 10100 (yield per hectare), 0.25 to 0.35 (Oil recovery %)
So, this is how to grow Jasmine commercially and obtain high-quality jasmine flower production via Jasmine Farming.