A key characteristic of industrial agriculture is


Industrial agriculture is currently the dominant food production system in the United States. It’s characterized by large-scale monoculture, heavy use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides, and meat production in CAFOs

Concentrated Animal Feeding Operation

In the terminology of the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), a Concentrated Animal Feeding Operation (CAFO) is an animal feeding operation (AFO) that (a) confines animals for more than 45 days during a growing season, (b) in an area that does not prod…

(confined animal feeding operations). Click to see full answer. Moreover, what is industrialized agriculture?

Also noted in “Industrial Agriculture: Features”: “A key feature of industrial agriculture is its cultivation of a single crop for food, feed, fiber, or fuel purposes, a practice called monoculture.


What are the pros and cons of industrial agriculture?

What Are the Pros of Factory Farming?

  1. It keeps prices down for consumers. Factory farming allows for livestock products to be produce on a large economic scale. …
  2. It allows automation to help provide food resources. In the past, farming meant an intense amount of daily manual labor to produce a crop. …
  3. It improves production efficiencies. …

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What are the advantages of industrial agriculture?

Pros of Using Industrial Agriculture

  • Industrial agriculture comes with a lot of benefits which are listed below.
  • It increases agricultural production in lesser time.
  • It makes life easier by bringing down the cost of agricultural produce.
  • It boosts the economy.
  • It creates employment opportunities for the skilled and unskilled.

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What are the impacts of industrial agriculture?

Industrial agriculture produces numerous negative environmental impacts. Pasture land for grazing cattle and other domesticated animals is destroying ecosystems. Thousands of acres in the Amazon rainforest in Brazil, home to numerous Indigenous nations and referred to as the lungs of the planet, are being burned and cleared to make way for cows …

What are industrial agricultural practices?

These techniques include:

  • Crop rotation
  • The use of compost
  • Green manure, cover cropping and mulching
  • No-till or low-till techniques
  • Limited to zero pesticide use and sustainable pest management techniques, such as using buffer zones and beneficial insects
  • Adding animals on pasture/animal manure to farm systems and crop rotation

What are characteristics of industrial agriculture?

Industrial agriculture is currently the dominant food production system in the United States. It’s characterized by large-scale monoculture, heavy use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides, and meat production in CAFOs (confined animal feeding operations).

What is the main point of agricultural industrialization?

The industrialization of agriculture is said to have achieved two goals: to “free” Americans from farming so they could join the labor force in offices and factories, and to make food and farming cheaper so Americans could afford to buy the products offered by new industries.

What is an example of industrial agriculture?

GMOs are widespread within industrial field agriculture, including over 90% of US corn, cotton, and soybeans. GMO animals include certain salmon and pigs, with more species in development. The long-term consequences of GMOs for human and ecosystem health are still unknown.

What is the importance of industrial agriculture?

Industrial agriculture has substantially increased global agricultural productivity, leading to much more food for a growing human population. Industrial agriculture has also impacted human society in a variety of other ways and has had major impacts on the environment, many of which are harmful.

What is industrial agriculture quizlet?

industrial agriculture. Agriculture that applies the techniques of mechanization and standardization. … Benefits: it develops simple farming to an intensive method modern equipment, tools, structures and techniques.

What is meant by the term industrial agriculture?

Industrial agriculture is the large-scale, intensive production of crops and animals, often involving chemical fertilizers on crops or the routine, harmful use of antibiotics in animals (as a way to compensate for filthy conditions, even when the animals are not sick).

What are the characteristics of industrial food system?

The industrial food system is built for scale and efficiency, and while it often results in food that is less expensive for the consumer, it also creates “externalized” costs — paying for environmental cleanup or public health fallout— that must be absorbed by governments and taxpayers.

What do industrial agriculture methods rely on?

-industrial agriculture relies on cheap fossil fuel energy and huge amounts of water. It also leads to a progressive degradation of the environment. a farming method in which a single variety of one crop is planted, typically in rows over huge swaths of land with large inputs of fertilizer, pesticides and water.

What is industrial agriculture AP human Geography?

Define “Industrial Agriculture” Industrial agriculture is the current stage of commercial agriculture resulting from the shift of the farm as the center of production to a position just one step in a multiphase industrial process that begins on the farms and ends on the consumers table.

What are 5 positives of industrial agriculture?

The Pros and Cons of Industrial AgricultureIt increases food production. … It lowers consumer costs. … It encourages technological development and innovation. … It creates employment opportunities. … It lengthens food availability.

What is the defining characteristic of organic agriculture?

Organic Agriculture is a production system that sustains the health of soils, ecosystems, and people. It relies on ecological processes, biodiversity and cycles adapted to local conditions, rather than the use of inputs with adverse effects.

What important contribution has industrialized agriculture made?

Since 1950, about 88% of the increase in global food production has come from using high-input industrialized agriculture to increase crop yields in a process called the green revolution.

What are the uses of insecticides?

Insecticides are intensively used to combat insect pests, such as fruit and corn borers (e.g. tomato fruit borer Helicoverpa armigera, eggplant fruit borer Leucinodes orbonalis, and the European corn borer Ostrinia nubilalis) or the diamondback moth Plutella xylostella, to avoid economic damage. For instance, only the costs for insecticides to control the invasive spotted wing fruit fly Drosophila suzukii in sweet cherry production in Switzerland amount to approximately US$ 313/ha (Mazzi et al., 2017 ). Furthermore, insecticides provide a key management tool against anopheline and aedine mosquito disease carriers for malaria and dengue, but also against tsetse flies, fleas, and others ( WHO, 2012 ). Disease agents transmitted by animal vectors (mainly insects) cause altogether more than 1 million human deaths per year ( WHO, 2016 ).

What is one health?

In public health, the One Health concept focusing on both, the health of humans and ecosystems, is currently spreading and one may expect a rise of local, integrative, and interdisciplinary vector prevention and control strategies, which may result in a reduced usage of insecticides.

What are the animals that live in oil palms?

Mammals that do occur in oil palm plantations tend to be of low conservation concern and are dominated by a few generalist species such as the wild pig ( Sus scrofa ), bearded pig ( Sus barbatus ), leopard cat ( Prionailurus bengalensis), and common palm civet ( Paradoxurus hermaphroditus ).

How much of the food system is carbon dioxide?

An analysis of the US food system found that nearly 14% of carbon dioxide emissions were linked to food consumption. Additionally, if consumers in the United States even minimally shifted toward consuming a healthier diet, food system energy use could drop by 3%.

What are some examples of plants facing extinction?

An example you have likely heard of is the threatened species milkweed, which the vulnerable monarch butterfly relies on for reproduction.

What are some organizations that bring healthy food to low income communities?

Local organizations such as the Food Project (Lincoln, Mass.) and Isles (Trenton, N.J.) bring healthy, locally grown food into low-income communities by training and engaging young people in techniques of sustainable agriculture.

How have individuals and groups responded to industrial agriculture?

Individuals and groups have responded to industrial agriculture by using their purchasing power to support sources of locally grown food. One manifestation is ‘community-supported agriculture’ (CSA), in which individuals purchase ‘shares’ in a particular farm’s annual crop.

What is industrial agriculture?

Industrial agriculture is the large-scale, intensive production of crops and animals, often involving chemical fertilizers on crops or the routine , harmful use of antibiotics in animals (as a way to compensate for filthy conditions, even when the animals are not sick). It may also involve crops that are genetically modified, …

How does crop farming affect the environment?

There is soil depletion and soil infertility related to monoculture, soil erosion, water pollution, loss of biodiversity, increased greenhouse gas emissions (particularly methane and nitrous oxide) from cow digestion and manure as well as nitrogen-based fertilizers, and pesticide overuse leading to potential pesticide toxicity (especially in farmworkers). Studies show that employees of CAFOs are at risk from potentially deadly antibiotic-resistant bacteria; workers can also bring these bacteria home. Farmworkers and local communities can also be exposed to hazardous fumes wafting from unlined, uncovered pits of animal waste and other sources. And despite the fact that CAFOs often must meet permitting requirements and are regulated by both state and federal agencies, NRDC has discovered a worrying lack of transparency. Discrepancies between data collected by states and the EPA suggest the EPA is unaware of the size, number, and location of CAFOs across the country and what those operations are doing to control pollution. And that’s just for starters. Here are some areas of particular concern.

How much manure was produced in 2012?

In 2012 livestock and poultry raised in the largest CAFOs in the United States produced 369 million tons of manure, according to an analysis of USDA figures done by Food & Water Watch. All that waste has to go somewhere.

Why is monoculture bad for the soil?

Monoculture also renders the soil prone to rapid erosion, since the practice leaves the soil bare outside of the crop’s growing season. Perhaps more problematically, repeatedly planting the same crop invites pests that prey on a certain plant to wait around the same spot for their favorite food to return.

Why do industrial farms use antibiotics?

Industrial farms overuse antibiotics, feeding large amounts of the drugs—often the same ones used to treat human illnesses—to healthy animals to help them survive in crowded, dirty CAFOs. Low-level exposure to antibiotics creates the perfect breeding ground for superbugs, those pathogens that antibiotics can’t kill.

How long has agriculture been around?

Human agriculture has existed for about 12,000 years, and industrial farming is less than a century old. But the latter has become so prevalent that sustainable farming practices are now sometimes branded “alternative.”

What did ancient farmers plant?

Ancient farmers planted seeds from only the sweetest fruits, generation after generation, ensuring that any genetic variations that increased sweetness survived. By selecting plants with increasingly white, increasingly tiny, flowers, farmers turned a weedy little herb into cauliflower. It was slow but effective.

What is an industry 2020?

John Spacey, August 07, 2020. An industry is a grouping of businesses that offer similar products and services. The following are the basic characteristics that can be used to compare industries and firms within industries.

What is industry life cycle?

An industry life cycle is a stage of growth of a market for goods and services. A newly formed industry with space for new entrants but often an uncertain future. An industry that is quickly growing revenue. An industry that is slowly growing revenue. An industry with falling revenues.

What is barrier to entry?

Barriers to entry is how difficult it is for new competitors to enter an industry. For example, restaurants have relatively low barriers to entry such that a successful location may soon face new competitors.

What is a business model?

A business model is how a firm generates and captures value. For example, club goods is a business model used by theme parks whereby a firm offers access to expensive capital for an admissions fee.


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