A model of adaptation to weather variations agriculture


What is adaptation in agriculture?

Agricultural adaptation strategies to climate change impacts The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (2007) defines adaptation as adjustments in natural or human systems in response to actual or expected climatic stimuli or effects, which moderates harm or exploits beneficial opportunities.

What is climate adaptation agriculture?

Climate-smart agriculture (CSA) is an integrated approach to managing landscapes—cropland, livestock, forests and fisheries–that address the interlinked challenges of food security and climate change. Overview. A growing global population and changing diets are driving up the demand for food.

What is adaptation in climate smart agriculture?

Adaptation strategies A number of management strategies can be used to adapt and increase resiliency to changing climates: adopt conservation cropping practices such as reduced tillage and continuous cropping, to lower fuel use while improving water infiltration and nutrient cycling.

What is an example of adaptation to climate change?

Drier, warmer conditions spell more wildfire for the West. Communities are adapting to this reality in a number of ways, like the California town putting goats to work clearing brush.

What is an example of climate smart agriculture?

Examples of specific CSA interventions include soil management, drought-tolerant maize, dairy development, farming catfish intensively, carbon finance to restore crop fields, waste-reducing rice thresher, rainfall forecasts and incentive system for low-carbon agriculture.

How does weather affect agriculture?

Changes in ozone, greenhouse gases and climate change affect agricultural producers greatly because agriculture and fisheries depend on specific climate conditions. Temperature changes can cause habitat ranges and crop planting dates to shift and droughts and floods due to climate change may hinder farming practices.

What are the 3 pillars of climate smart agriculture?

Our framework to assess the current CSA assessment tools is based on ALL of the three CSA pillars: food security, adaptation, and mitigation (Figure 1).

What is smart agriculture system?

Smart farming is a management concept focused on providing the agricultural industry with the infrastructure to leverage advanced technology – including big data, the cloud and the internet of things (IoT) – for tracking, monitoring, automating and analyzing operations.

What are the different elements of climate smart agriculture?

Different elements of climate-smart agricultural systems include: Management of farms, crops, livestock, aquaculture and capture fisheries to balance near-term food security and livelihoods needs with priorities for adaptation and mitigation.

What is a climate change adaptation plan?

EPA’s Climate Change Adaptation Plan provides a road map and commitment from the Agency to address the direction provided in the President’s Climate Action Plan and Executive Order 13653, Preparing the United States for the Impacts of Climate Change.

What are examples of adaptation?

Examples include the long necks of giraffes for feeding in the tops of trees, the streamlined bodies of aquatic fish and mammals, the light bones of flying birds and mammals, and the long daggerlike canine teeth of carnivores.

What are the four components of climate change adaptation?

Highlights. Climate change adaptation has four expressions: practical, critical-structural, personal, and co-generative.

Special Issue “Modeling the Adaptations of Agricultural Production to Climate Change”

A special issue of Agriculture (ISSN 2077-0472). This special issue belongs to the section ” Ecosystem, Environment and Climate Change in Agriculture “.


Temperature is one of the most important meteorological variables for global climate change and human sustainable development. It plays an important role in agroclimatic regionalization and crop production. To date, temperature data have come from a wide range of sources. A detailed understanding […] Read more.


Climate change poses a challenge to agricultural production and its impacts vary depending on regional focus and on the type of production system. To avoid production losses and make use of emerging potentials, adaptations in agricultural management will inevitably be required.

1. Introduction

Climate, with its regional and temporal variability, is a major determinant of agricultural production. All agricultural production is related to the performance of (cultivated) species, which are bound to particular environmental conditions.

3. The Value of Model-Based Information for Adaptation Planning

Depending on the level of the organisation at which adaptation decisions are taken (i.e., farm level or governmental) and depending on the planning horizon, different types of information are needed and different types of representations may be required to communicate findings effectively [ 64 ].

4. Integration

The model applications reviewed here show a large variation in levels of integration in terms of the impacts considered ( Table 1 ).

5. Uncertainties

Most of the modelling studies reviewed here did account for uncertainties in one way or another (77% of the reviewed studies), showing that the importance of handling uncertainty is generally well acknowledged within the research community.

6. Summary and Conclusions

In this review paper, the use of current models to support climate change adaptation in agriculture was explored. Based on a systematic literature review, five different modelling approaches were distinguished: (1) empirical crop models, (2) regional suitability models, (3) biophysical models, (4) meta-models, and (5) decision models.


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