A patient has spilled some type of agriculture


How would the nurse assess a patient who spilled hot oil?

When assessing a patient who spilled hot oil on the right leg and foot, the nurse notes dry, pale, and hard skin. The patient states that the burn is not painful. What term would the nurse use to document the burn depth? a. First-degree skin destruction.

Are pesticide applicators prepared to handle a chemical spill?

Information for pesticide applicators in the event of a chemical spill. Although most pesticide applicators are quite knowledgeable in the use and handling of agricultural chemicals, they must also be adequately prepared to handle a pesticide spill or any accidental release of a hazardous chemical.

What has the patient suffered after pouring gasoline on a campfire?

A patient has suffered a superficial burn to the​ chest, arms, and face after pouring gasoline on a smoldering campfire and accidently inhaling the plume of smoke and fire that erupted suddenly. He is now coughing. Which statement indicates that the EMT is properly caring for​ him?

How would you describe a patient pulled from a house fire?

A patient has been pulled from a house fire. Assessment reveals him to be lethargic with stridorous respirations, minimal chest wall motion, and a rapid but strong radial pulse. Firefighters are dousing his body with water to cool him and ensure he is extinguished.


What do you do if you spill chemicals?

If someone has been splashed with chemicals, flush the affected area with water for at least 15 minutes. Call Poison Control, (800) 222-1222, for advice and seek medical attention as recommended. Keep people away from the spill area until EH&S responders arrive. Lock doors and post warning signs.

How do you respond to a chemical spill?

A. General Response GuidelinesPrevent the spread of dusts and vapors. … Neutralize acids and bases, if possible. … Control the spread of the liquid. … Absorb the liquid. … Collect and contain the cleanup residues. … Dispose of the wastes. … Decontaminate the area and affected equipment.

What should you do if you spill concentrated pesticides at a handling site?

Control the SpillAlways put on protective equipment before handling a pesticide spill.Stop the spill or leak immediately. If a container, bag, sprayer, or spreader turns over, return it to an upright position. … Isolate the spill and prevent unprotected people, children, and animals from entering the area.

Who would you notify if a spill occurs?

To report a release or spill, contact the federal government’s centralized reporting center, the National Response Center (NRC)Exit Exit EPA website, at 1-800-424-8802. The NRC is staffed 24 hours a day by personnel who will ask you to provide as much information about the incident as possible.

What is the spill procedure?

Isolate the area (don’t let others walk near or through the spilled material) Alert people in the immediate area of spill. Avoid breathing vapors from spill (if this is unavoidable, evacuate the lab and call for help). Put on protective equipment, including safety goggles, suitable gloves, and long sleeved lab coat.

What is spill management?

Storing and disposing of spilled material such as safe containers, bags, and drums. Protecting the health and safety of your staff with Personal Protective Equipment.

Which is an appropriate action to take in the event of a pesticide spill?

Which would be an action to be taken in the case of a pesticide spill? Rope off the contaminated area, keeping people at least 30′ from the spill.

What are the three 3 steps involved in cleaning up or removing a spill?

(a) control the source of the spill; (b) contain the spill; (c) isolate the area concerned (if appropriate); (d) contact the authorities (if appropriate); then (e) clean up the spill. Advice on how to manage a spill is included in the Material Data Safety Sheet (MSDS).

What should be done in case there is a chemical spill in the farm?

Control the source/Contain the spill. Keep the spill from spreading by using absorbent material, sandbags or by digging a trench to contain fluid. If the spill is too big for one person to control and clean up, call 911 or your local emergency number. Evacuate the area; set up barriers to keep people (and animals) out.

What are the 3 steps to respond to a spill?

Communicate the hazard. Immediately notify others working in the area and any supervisory personnel of the hazard, and if the situation warrants it, evacuate the area. … Control the spill. This step focuses on ensuring that the spill does not become any worse. … Contain the hazard. … Clean up the spill and any damage.

When a spillage occurs you need to assess?

1. Assess the risk. From the moment a spill occurs and throughout response, responders should determine the risks that may affect human health, the environment and property. This could be instant because you know the liquid spilled because you were working with it, or it may involve some investigation.

How can you prevent spills at work?

Top Tips for Preventing Chemical Spills in the WorkplaceStore Chemicals in Covered Areas.Use Spill Kits, Bunds, and Spill Pallets.Store Containers on Secure Shelving.Prevent Overcrowding in Chemical Storage Units.Ensure Chemicals Are Stored at or Below Eye Level.More items…•

What is the purpose of pulse oximetry?

Use pulse oximetry to check oxygen saturation. Rationale: Agitation in a patient who may have suffered inhalation injury might indicate hypoxia, and this should be assessed by the nurse first. Administration of morphine may be indicated if the nurse determines that the agitation is caused by pain.

What is IV antibiotics?

Giving IV antibiotics to prevent bacterial colonization. Answer: c. Wearing gown, cap, mask, and gloves during care. Rationale: Use of gowns, caps, masks, and gloves during all patient care will decrease the possibility of wound contamination for a patient whose burns are not covered.

What happens during emergent phase?

During the emergent phase, the patient will be unable to eat enough calories to meet nutritional needs and may have a paralytic ileus that prevents adequate nutrient absorption . Vitamins and minerals may be given during the emergent phase, but these will not assist in meeting the patient’s caloric needs.

Why should you not use a pillow for a burnt head?

The patient with burns of the ears should not use a pillow for the head because this will put pressure on the ears, and the pillow may stick to the ears. Patients with neck burns should not use a pillow or rolled towel because the head should be kept in an extended position to avoid contractures. 9.

What temperature should a patient’s room be for a burn?

The room temperature should be kept at 85° F for patients with open burn wounds to prevent shivering. Systemic antibiotics are not well absorbed into deep burns because of the lack of circulation. 8. A nurse is caring for a patient who has burns of the ears, head, neck, and right arm and hand.

What is full thickness skin destruction?

Rationale: With full-thickness skin destruction, the appearance is pale and dry or leathery, and the area is painless because of the associated nerve destruction. Erythema, swelling, and blisters point to a deep partial-thickness burn.

Why is a transfusion inappropriate?

Because the hematocrit and hemoglobin are elevated, a transfusion is inappropriate, although transfusions may be needed after the emergent phase once the patient’s fluid balance has been restored. On admission to a burn unit, the urine output would be monitored more often than every 4 hours (likely every hour). 3.

What is the land on a 100 acre farm suited for?

the land on a 100 acre farm is equally suited for grazing cattle and growing corn. of the following ways of distributing land use, which would produce the greatest number of calories for human consumption. a-100 cattle, 0 corn. b-80 cattle, 20 corn. c-50 cattle, 50 corn.

Why are penguins exposed to DDT?

d-chemicals like DDT are volatile and eventually make their way to the ozone layer. e-because penguins incubate their eggs on land , the eggs are exposed to DDT. a. fragmenting one large park or preserve into many small parks with human habitation in between them is most likely to lead to which of the following.

Is DDT toxic to birds?

c-although DDT is toxic to adult birds, it has no effect on developing embryos.

What is the primary care for a liquid chemical burn?

The primary care for a liquid chemical burn is​ to: Continually flood the affected area and with a large amount of water. The EMT arrives at a house and discovers the patient has sustained burns from hot water.

What is the central portion of a burn?

The central portion of the burn is full thickness and the outer portion partial thickness. You are assessing a patient who was burned when she dropped a hot iron on her bare foot. Her foot is red and has a small​ partial-thickness burn to the anterior portion of the foot.

Why does a patient not localize pain to the center of the burn?

As an​ EMT, you recognize that the patient does not localize pain to the center of the burn because​ of: destruction of pain receptors located in the dermis.

What happens when myoglobin is released into the blood?

The release of myoglobin into the​ blood, caused by an electrical​ burn, can result in failure​ of: the kidneys. You have arrived on the scene of a large structure fire. Emergency Medical Responders​ (EMRs) are by the side of a patient who is responsive to verbal stimuli and has significant burns to his body.

What is thermal burn?

Part of the assessment of a thermal burn is to calculate the percentage of the body surface area that has been burned.

What are the layers of skin?

The layers of the skin are​ the: Epidermis, the dermis, and the subcutaneous layer. An intoxicated​ 28-year-old female has suffered burns to both legs after passing out next to a space​ heater, which ignited her pants. Emergency Medical Responders have removed her clothing and cooled the burns.

Does lime dust cover both legs?

You note​ that, aside from the shorts he is​ wearing, lime dust has covered both legs. Your immediate action would be​ to: Brush as much of the lime off his legs as possible. An intoxicated patient has suffered a burn to his left lateral thigh after passing out with his leg touching the side of a kerosene heater.

What information do pesticide applicators need?

Although most pesticide applicators are quite knowledgeable in the use and handling of agricultural chemicals, they must also be adequately prepared to handle a pesticide spill or any accidental release of a hazardous chemical.

What is the Emergency Planning and Community Right to Know Act?

The Emergency Planning and Community Right to Know Act establishes procedures for emergency planning preparedness and reporting of specific quantities of stored and spilled hazardous chemicals, including pesticides. This act is administered by the U.S. EPA and the Pennsylvania Emergency Management Agency.

How to decontaminate soil saturated with hazardous chemicals?

The only effective way to decontaminate soil saturated with a hazardous chemical is to remove the top 2 to 3 inches of soil. This contaminated soil must be disposed of at a proper disposal site. The decontaminated area should be covered with at least 2 inches of lime and then topped with fresh topsoil.

What laws govern pesticide disposal?

Two prominent laws are the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) and the Emergency Planning and Community Right to Know Act of 1986.

How to clean up a spill?

Be sure to wear protective equipment when cleaning up any spill. If absorbent material has not yet been used to control the spill, it must now be spread over the contaminated area. Then sweep it up and place in a steel or fiber drum lined with a heavy-duty plastic bag. Keep adding the absorbent to the spilled area until all the liquid is absorbed.

Why is it important to know how to handle accidental chemical spills?

Knowing how to handle accidental chemical spills and leaks safely is as important as knowing how to use the material correctly. Individuals using or distributing pesticides and other hazardous chemicals have a responsibility to protect the public and the environment.

Why mix concrete?

Mix on a concrete containment pad to facilitate cleanup and prevent soil and water contamination. Equipment should be checked for leaks, cracked hoses, loose connections, and faulty valves and calibrated prior to use. Do not leave the sprayer unattended when filling. Keep a spill kit in the mixing and loading area.

How to keep a spill from spreading?

Depending on the material and situation, this usually involves confining the spilled material to a small area by using some type of absorbent material or neutralizer.

What determines the degree of hazard of a chemical spill?

Beyond the properties of the actual material itself, the degree of hazard may also depend on just how much material was spilled, where the spill occurred and what surface received the spill, the amount of ventilation in the area, and the temperature of the surface, immediate area, and the chemical itself .

How many critical steps are there in a spill response?

Spill Response: The Four Critical Steps. Like fire, chemicals are very useful for a broad variety of functions. But just like fire, many chemicals are inherently hazardous or even deadly when they’re not used in a properly controlled manner, or when accidents occur. That’s an important fact to remember, because chemicals are used to some degree …

What is the MSDS for chemical?

They should also have access to the MSDS (material safety data sheet ) for each chemical. Chemicals should be stored and transported properly, as noted in the MSDS. For example, some chemicals should not be exposed to excessive heat. Others must be stored in fireproof containers.

How to stop a spill from getting worse?

If there is a way to stop the spill or minimize the chances of it becoming worse, take those actions (such as closing a valve or righting a container that has tipped over).

What to use to clean up a spill?

Clean the surfaces that were affected by the spill with the correct material, whether that’s bleach, a mild detergent, water, or some other material appropriate for the material that was spilled. Instead of rinsing the area after cleaning, you may need to use another method such as more absorbent material.

How to handle a spill?

1. Communicate the hazard.


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