A study on agriculture and rural development


Rural development policies should exploit the contribution of farming, both in terms of improving on-farm activities and supporting ancillary services, to secure sustainable development for rural areas. Studies reveal that agriculture is the prime source of income for 65% of the world’s poor adult population.


What is the relationship between agriculture and development?

process of agricultural develop-ment. While its output may con-tinue to grow, agriculture’s share of both GDP and employment in-variably decreases as economies develop and industrialize. In-deed, at later stages of develop-ment, the absolute size of the la-bor force in agriculture declines, ultimately to a very small fraction of the total.

What is the role of Agriculture in rural development?

Solved Questions.

  1. Rural development means an action plan for the economic and social upliftment of rural areas.
  2. It aims at improving the quality of life of people living in rural areas.
  3. It focuses on the action for the development of areas that are lagging behind in the overall development of the rural economy.

How did the development of Agriculture change people lives?

The development of agriculture changed daily life because we did not have to move around and hunt all day. We always had food, so we had time to do other things. We could also build larger communities with the steady food supply. Who did most of the food gathering in early societies?

What is agricultural transformation and rural development?

Rural transformation, agricultural and food system transition: Building the evidence base for policies that promote sustainable development, food and nutrition security and poverty reduction 19-20 September 2016, FAO headquarters, Rome, Italy


What is the meaning of rural and agricultural development?

Rural development is the process of improving the quality of life and economic well-being of people living in rural areas, often relatively isolated and sparsely populated areas. Rural Development has traditionally centered on the exploitation of land-intensive natural resources such as agriculture and forestry.

What is the difference between rural development and agricultural development?

“Agricultural Development” mainly aims at increasing agricultural products such as crops, livestock, fish and etc. Human being, land and capital are simply regarded as production goods and means. On the other hand, “Rural Development” mainly targets on people and institutions.

What is the relationship between agriculture and development?

Agricultural development makes a critical contribution to overall economic growth in many developing countries. As farmers’ incomes rise, so does their demand both for farm inputs and services, and for non-farm goods. Increased agricultural production also leads to increased demand for processing facilities.

What is an example of research and development in agriculture?

Genetically-modified plants This technology for creating genetically modified organisms (GMOs) has increasingly been used in agriculture. Genetically modified plants such as modified tomatoes were developed that were highly resistant to insects, viruses, and even some herbicides used to protect crops.

Why do we study rural development?

Rural development is as important as urban development. Alleviating the hardships of the rural people is fundamental to rural development. Efforts at developing the rural areas are aimed at creating industries and employment opportunities.

What are the main objectives of rural development?

Objectives of Rural DevelopmentTo improve productivity and wages of rural people.To guarantee increased and quick employment possibilities.To demolish unemployment and bring a notable decline in underemployment.To guarantee an increase in the standard of living of the underprivileged population.More items…

How can we improve agriculture in rural areas?

How to Improve Farming ProductivityImplementation of land reforms. For improving the production, land reforms are the first and predominant point. … Interplant. … Plant more densely. … Plant many crops. … Raised beds. … Smart water management. … Heat Tolerant Varieties. … Use nitrogen.More items…•

What is the role of agriculture in development?

According to Muir, “Agricultural progress is essential to provide food for growing non-agricultural labour force, raw materials for industrial production and saving and tax revenue to support development of the rest of the economy, to earn foreign exchange and to provide a growing market for domestic manufactures.”

Why agricultural development is important?

Agricultural development is one of the most powerful tools to end extreme poverty, boost shared prosperity, and feed a projected 9.7 billion people by 2050. Growth in the agriculture sector is two to four times more effective in raising incomes among the poorest compared to other sectors.

What is agricultural research and development?

The goal of AR4D is to improve the resilience, livelihoods and food security of small-scale farmers in rural communities, particularly youth and women, through scientific research. IFAD’s AR4D programme supports: Creating pro-poor technologies. Facilitating knowledge exchange and documenting research.

Why is it important to continuously improve our agricultural research and development?

A transformed agricultural research system helps to achieve sustainable food and income security for all agricultural producers and consumers, particularly for resource-poor households, whether they are in rural or urban areas.

What are the types of research and development?

There are typically three different types of R&D: Basic Research, Applied Research and Development Research.

What is the purpose of agriculture research?

he purpose of this research program is twofold: 1 Provide guidance on productivity enhancing investments in, and policies toward, the agriculture sector 2 Understand the transformation of the sector that is already underway and how this has contributed to ending extreme poverty and boosting shared prosperity.

How does agriculture help in poverty?

The Role of Agriculture and Rural Development in Ending Poverty and Boosting Shared Prosperity. Three-quarters of the world’s poor live in rural areas and most earn their living from farming. Enhancing agricultural productivity is thus essential to achieving poverty reduction.

What was the impact of food prices in the late 2000s?

Food prices, trade, and poverty: Elevated food prices in the late 2000s provoked a rash of government interventions in agricultural markets across the globe, often in the name of protecting the poor.

What is ICT in education?

ICT is the conductors that transmit data and information to individual to extend their decisions for Economic and social strengthening.

What is the blood circulatory system in Sri Lanka?

Agriculture can be identified as the blood circulatory system of ancient Sri Lanka and after the world economy arrived to the information age, the association between Agriculture and Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) commenced. This research focused to analyze the familiarity level of the term e-agriculture , identify potential ICT facilities that they used for e-agriculture activities, the potential benefits of e-Agriculture , potential barriers for e-Agriculture implementation, and factors influencing their familiarity level of term e-Agriculture in paddy sector. A mixed- mode based survey was carried out to collect data from 50 paddy sector farmers in 5 different divisional secretaries’ office such as Ipalogama, Nochchiyagama, Thalawa, Rajanganaya, and Thabuththegama. A questionnaire was used to collect quantitative data and the semi-structured interview was used to collect qualitative data from paddy sector farmers. The descriptive and content analysis used accordingly quantitative and qualitative data analysis. The study revealed that familiarity was 51% and the mix of technologies, mobile phone (26.4%), television (24.5%), radio (24.5%) and telephone (11.9%) were used for their agricultura l activities. The major barrier to implementing e-Agriculture was lack of knowledge (21.1%) of Information and Communication Technology and it was highlighted that lack of training (19.6%), language problem, (18.6%) and lack of ICT benefits awareness (13.6%) obstructs the road of e- agriculture implementation. Respondents are mostly approved that they can get weather forecasting details using Information and communication technology (66.7%), 50% of respondents mostly agreed that they can get better market exposure, prices of the rice, reduce transport cost and save their time, and 33.3% farmers stated that they can increase their income level and increase productivity through e-Agriculture activities. It was recommended that the government can carry on e-Agriculture awareness programmes and workshops to increase the awareness of the e-Agriculture concepts and progammes. Further, the Information Communication and Technology Agency can be introduced a new mobile application which can be help farmers to get access e-Agriculture programmes, details of product price, details of market price changes in chemicals and Weather forecasting details.

What is e agriculture?

e-Agriculture involves the conceptualization, design, development, evaluation and application of innovative ways to use information and communication technologies (ICTs) in the rural domain, with a primary focus on agriculture.

What are the changes in agriculture in Czech Republic?

These have been accompanied by innovation in the provision of information and advice to farmers and also in the role of the Agricultural Universities (especially in Departments of Education) and in the teaching of Agriculture in vocational secondary schools. The information resource for agriculture has been developed by encouraging sources and centres from which information and advice can be obtained by farmers, rather than by the introduction of a formalised national Extension Service. Hence, the emerging system is based on farmers constructing their own information systems as responses to what they perceive to be their needs and what they find most useful. Research was conducted during 1998 – 2000 to establish farmer priorities for information, and the relative uses made of 20 possible sources, by small-scale and large-scale private farmers, by company farms and the new cooperatives. Evidence was also obtained about some recent and current changes in needs and sources. Transfer of information between farms was shown to be very important. An assessment was also made of the levels of farmer optimism about the future of their farms. The small-scale farmers were the most numerous (39,6 %) optimistic respondents. Suggestions are made for the development of curricula for teaching Extension in the Czech Republic and also, significantly, the essential data that have been collected to establish a baseline for future analyses to monitor changes which are on-going in the information systems.

Where is pork produced?

Most pork is produced in Asia (57.4%), followed by Europe (23.6%) and the Americas (17.4%).


The main purpose of the study is to clarify the relationship between Rural and Agricultural Development and Human Resource Development in Russian Federation since 2000s.


The government of the Russian Federation has implemented various kinds of policies to improve the productivity in agriculture, such as the current agricultural policy of ‘State program for the development of agriculture and relation of markets for agricultural products, raw materials and food during 2013–2020’.

Research framework, hypotheses and methods

Based on the review of the existing literatures and achieve our purpose, we set the following conceptual framework as shown by Fig. 1 and two hypotheses to explain the relationships. Furthermore, Table 1 shows the methodologies for verifying each hypothesis in the research.

Analytical results

According to Federal State Statistics Service of Russia, life expectancy in Russia has expanded 6.1 years from 65.29 years in 2001 to 71.39 years in 2015. Although, the average income has increased by more than 10 times in 2015 compared to that in 2001.


Based on the above-mentioned analytical results, the following conclusions are obtained. First, agricultural development in Russia has made a significant progress since 2000s. It has improved the nation’s food security and rural development.

Additional information

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

What is rural development?

Rural development involves efforts that are economic and social in nature intended to encourage concepts of retention, growth, and expansion in areas outside cities, including improving quality of life for rural residents through such activity.

Is human capital intervention needed in Nigeria?

There is a desperat e need for a sound human capital intervention (SHCI) policy reform in Nigeria if the country is to achieve the targets set in the 2030 Agenda. World over, HCD remains a central element in the development of any individual, nation, state, or institution. Thus, effective implementations of practical Human Capital Intervention …


Agriculture and Rural Development Essay – 1

  • Nearly 45% of the total world population resides in villages, that is roughly 339 Crores. By and large, nearly 60% of the global population depends on agriculture and allied businesses. Villages primarily are agriculture based economies, not only in developing but also in developed nations …

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Agriculture and Rural Development Essay – 2

  • Introduction Agriculture plays a significant role in rural development by way of employment creation, food production and livelihood. Almost 60% of world’s population i.e. 450 Crores (roughly) depends directly on agriculture and its allied sectors for their living. Agriculture plays a significant role in rural development by making the villages self sustainable. With better agricult…

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Agriculture and Rural Development Essay – 4

  • Introduction Agriculture sector around the world is a major player in sustaining rural economy and development. It is the largest employer in rural areas and hugely contributes in its overall development. Nearly 80% of world population depends on agriculture for its livelihood by supplying food to the rest of the world. Rural development and agriculture are also co-related in …

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Agriculture and Rural Development Long Essay – 5

  • Introduction India is primarily an agriculture based economy and a large portion of its population still resides in villages. Therefore, for developing rural India, it is imperative to develop the agriculture sector by introducing new reforms and policies. In the following essay we will go through the state of agriculture and rural development in India, discussing prospects of their im…

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