- 1 Is Almond Farming Profitable?
- 2 Health Benefits of Almonds
- 3 Major Almond Producer in The World
- 4 Almond Varieties
- 5 Where Do Almond Trees Grow?
- 6 How to Plant Almond Tree?
- 7 Irrigation in Almond Farming
- 8 Application of Manure And Fertilizers in Almond Farming
- 9 Almond Tree | Pests and Diseases
- 10 Harvesting Almonds
Is Almond Farming Profitable?
Little About Almond Farming
You have a question before start the Almond Farming. Is Almond Farming Profitable? Which Pesticides I Use to Get Maximum Profit.How many almonds does an almond tree produce?Where Do Almond Tree Grow?How To Plant Almond Seed and Where To Buy?
Everything you will know from this article given below. Please Read it Carefully.
Almond, a popular dry fruit, eaten for its energy boosting feature is mostly grown in the part of Asia, more South and middle east part. Basically, it is a medium-sized tree plant of the rose family and it resembles the fruit tree plant peach, apricot, plums, etc. This energy booster fruit contains edible seeds inside having tough shouter shell such as a coconut have. When it becomes mature, its shell splits open so that the almond nut or fruit can be easily separated from the tough and harder shell, when it dried.
In the market, there are two kinds of almond are available in the market; sweet almond and bitter almond. Besides being eaten as a dry fruit, almonds are also used in preparing numbers of tasty and delicious sweets. These dry fruits mostly used as an energy booster and mostly eaten with the milk.
Usually, this fruit tree plant is a deciduous tree plant that can reach up to 30 feet taller in height having a trunk, 35 to 40 cm in diameter. Actually, almonds are are a nut, but are drupe having a tough and harder shell containing edible seed inside. Almonds can be sold with shell and also by discarding the shell. They also can be used for cooking and for producing oil.
Nowadays, the business of almond farming or cultivation is being increased more and more and is very much successful in most of the Asian countries. Almonds have great market potential because of plenty full nutrition value, contained in these dry fruits. There is great market potential for almond products in the market; both local and international market such as Almond milk, almond syrup, almond flour, almond oil, etc.
One can easily create a huge income via growing almonds commercially, but there is a need for growing improved variety and suitable farm management skills. One can easily obtain a sharp income from this business plan. However, being from grown as commercially, almond can also be grown in backyards, pots, and containers…
Almond | Scientific Name And Botanical Name
The scientific name or the botanical name of almond is “Prunus dulcis” which belongs to the family “Rosaceae” and the genus of almond is “Prunus”.
Health Benefits of Almonds
Almonds are not unknown to anyone in the world and are being eaten by most of the people in the world. Almonds are plenty full of nutrition’s and there are lots of health benefits of eating almonds. However, here below is a list of some health benefits of eating almonds. Learn the list…
- Almonds are full of many nutrients, so eating these dry fruit is beneficial in the healthy growth of body and good health and working of the brain.
- Almonds are also helpful in the good management of bad cholesterol level.
- These are an excellent source of many minerals and vitamins along with phosphorous, which is beneficial in keeping bone healthy.
- They contain protein, mono-unsaturated fats, and potassium in good ratio, which is helpful in preventing us from numbers of heart-related diseases.
- Almonds are also beneficial for boosting the immune system and strengthening of the immune system.
- These dry fruits are also helpful in giving relief from the inflammation and also in the good regulation of blood.
- Almond oil massages are frequently prescribed for newborn babies because almond oil is good for skin fairness and smoothness.
- Almonds contain copper, manganese, and riboflavin, which is good for excellent energy production and also for metabolic rate.
- The presence of high fiber dietary content of almond is beneficial in minimizing the hazard of colon cancer.
- Apart from this, almonds are also helpful in providing protection from diabetes and are also good for the pregnant women’s. However, almonds are also consumed for good weight management.
How awesome all these are??? So, decide your own how much almonds to eat daily and when to eat almonds?
Major Almond Producer in The World
Almonds are grown in all types of soil, climate conditions and weather, almost all over the world. When it comes to the almond production, the United States of America tops the list following by Spain and Iran. However, the following is the list of a top almond producer who tops the list of production, all over the world.
- The United States
Almond | Other Names or Local Names
Badam, बादाम (Hindi, India), Bian tao (Chinese), Hode badam (Nepali), biteo amondeu (Korean), Aelmon (Thai), Бодом (Uzbek), बादाम (Marathi), cay hạnh nhan (Vietnamese), රට කොට්ටම් (Sinhalese, Sri lanka), Gor’kij mindal (Russian), អាម៉ង់ (Cambodian), Badem (Turkish), Badam (Hindi, India), pokok badam (Malay), badam (Persian), 杏仁 (Taiwanese), āmondo (Japanese), Badem (Bosnian), Миґдаль (Ukrainian), Lawzah (Arabic), Kaṭabadam (Gujarati), etc.
For commercial almond farming, it is an important task that which variety of almond is to grow? It is essential to grow a high yielding and fast growing variety of almond for the optimum production of nuts. Nowadays, there are numbers of the commercial cultivar or varieties are available in the market, which is suitable for growing in a different region to particular climate conditions.
So, here below is a list of some high yielding and fast growing variety or cultivar of almonds along with their specification…
|Nonpareil||Most grown in California which is high in yielding, nutty flavor, crunchy texture, medium size kernel, and have great market potential in the market.|
|Neplus||Large nut, dark brown skin, Early & great pollenizer for the Nonpareil|
|Carmel||2nd most important commercial cultivar after Nonpareil, produce high-quality nut, longer, larger and dark brown kernel, etc|
|Peerless||very attractive bisque colored hard shell, dark brown and small kernel having great nutty taste|
|Price||Another popular variety, rear small nuts, darker skin, have kernel which is slightly bitter with nutty taste|
|Butte||Softer shell, small kernel, resembles the Padre variety in appearance and taste|
|Sonora||Largest kernel, longer, smoother and light colored, great nutty taste, crunchy consistency, etc.|
|Monterey||Highly productive variety, larger & longer kernels having larger, soft shell|
|Aldrich||Produces a plump, medium-sized nut having medium and hard plump|
Apart from the above list, Texas, Buttei, Thompson, Rudy, Carmel, California Mission Neplus, Um-el-Fahem, Hanatziv, Be’eri, Greek, Marcona are also some cultivar, which is used for commercial cultivation.
Note: The above-mentioned varieties are world best which are cultivated through the different portion of the world. However, resembling your particular region, there may different variety, popular for growing.
Where Do Almond Trees Grow?
Agroclimatic Condition for Almond Farming
Almonds are being grown, almost each and every corner of the world. However, growing an almond tree in suitable climate conditions and weather plays an important role in the fruit production. For the optimum growth rate, an almond tree plant requires moderate hot atmosphere having temp ranging between 28 °C to 38 °C and a cool winter for good filling of the kernel. Unopened blossoms of this crop are able to resist cold up to – 2.0 °C, but petal fall stage blossoms can be easily get damaged by a temp. 0 °C and below temp.
This crop is able to resist temp. below – 2 °C for a short time period but if the conditions continue for a longer time, there are chances of crop damage and ower fruit production. This fruit crop can cultivated above 1,000 meter to 3,500 meter above m.s.l. However, they grow their best in the warm and dry climate condition with mild and wet winter. The ideal temp. for growing almond is 18 °C and 35 °C with about 500 chilling hours at the time of buds formation.
Note: Avoid plantation in very cold areas where frost conditions take place frequently since these fruit trees are very sensitive to the frost conditions.
Almond Tree | Soil Requirement
The almond trees plants are able to grow on the large variety of soil having the soil pH, ranging from 6.8 to 8.5. However, growing almonds on deep and loamy soil having well drainage facility is considered as the best suitable for optimum fruit production. However, these fruit trees are not able to grow well on the heavy and poorly drained soil having water lodging problems.
For commercial almond cultivation, the ideal soil pH is 6.8 to 8.5 for producing quality and quantity production of nuts.
How to Plant Almond Tree?
Method of Propagation
This fruit crop is mostly propagated through the means of vegetative propagation or through the means of seeds. For propagating almond with the help of seeds, seeds should be sown directly to the field in well-prepared beds.
However, at the time of seed sowing, nuts should be laminated well for the better germination of seeds. One can also use peach as a rootstock for the propagation. But, the tree plants, grown through the means of rootstock plantation are not able to survive for a longer time. The seedling of almonds having some thickness as pencil thickness should be budded at around 10 cm above from the base of plants with suitable shield budding method for the better plant growth.
Land Preparation in The Almond Farming
A good land preparation definitely yields higher fruits in the cultivation. Also, the cultivating soil should have fine tilth form and is free from the weed and other materials. For bringing soil in fine tilth form, around two to three normal plowing with the local tractor is sufficient enough followed by a couple of harrowing. To increase the soil fertility and productivity, about 25 tonnes of well rotten farmyard manure per hectare should be added at the time of last harrowing or plowing.
Also, level the soil well for the uniform growth of tree plants. And, any soil deficiency should be corrected at the time of land preparation only.
Plantation And Spacing in Almond farming
For Almond Plantation, the budded plants should be planted in a square or hexagonal system of plantation should be followed by keeping a distance of 6 meters apart from each other for normal plantation depending on the soil type and availability of irrigation. However, for planting with medium-high density system, the spacing should be 4.0 meter by 4.0 meter and for high-density plantation, the spacing should be 3.5 meters to 2.5 meters.
Before plantation, prepare pits having dimension 3 feet each should be dug up between September to October for planting in the month of Feb and March. Make use of bamboo sticks to provide support to protect them from heavy winds and can grow straight. Try to plant pollinizer cultivar in every third to fourth row so that at the time of blooming, the pollinizer can coincide well with the main varieties.
However, it is a good idea to place about 8 to 10 honey bee hives for good pollination at the time of flowering stage.
For More Info
1) Honey Bee Farming: Click Here
Pollination in Almond farming
Friends, these fruit trees are not self-pollinating so there is a need of artificial pollination in the cultivation. So, cultivate with 33 % pollinizer plantation so that bloom can coincide with each other well. For commercial cultivation of almonds, Waris, Jordan alo IXL, and Ne-Plus-Ultra are generally used as the pollinizer.
However, placing about 8 to 10 honey bee hives are found to be highly beneficial. This also increases the fruiting and production to about more than 10 %.
Frost Management in Almond Farming
Due to early buddings in the plants, especially during the new blossoms, frost conditions may lead to the total destruction of the crop. This may lead to lower down the nut production, and even complete loss of bloom. So, the crop should provide protection from the seasonal and unexpected frost conditions.
For providing protection from frost, using Super-net micro-sprinklers to every tree plant is the best way at an irrigation rate 4 mm per hour.
Irrigation in Almond Farming
The requirement of irrigation in commercial almond farming is an important task that plays an important role in nut production and varies, depending on climate and soil type, used for cultivation. However, water to be supply on the basis of plant need.
Irrigating with the drip irrigation system is the best way of irrigation for maximum utilization of water. However, excess water from the plant base should be drained out, especially in the case of heavy rains and floods because this fruit plants are very sensitive to the water-stagnation.
For following drip irrigation, accommodate older plant with the common spacing of two laterals. Depending on the soil type and climate, young laterals should be planted. The ideal distance between the drippers is 50 cm and water discharge rate should be 2 to 2.5 liter per hour.
Application of Manure And Fertilizers in Almond Farming
Almonds trees plants are the heavy feeder. So, there is need of manure and fertilizers in good amount. Adding about 5 tonnes of farmyard manure per hectare are the time of land preparation is beneficial in increasing the soil fertility and productivity. Also, add about 20 kg of farmyard manure for the proper and better plant growth. Maximum nut production can be obtained with a good fertile soil. Go a single soil test before plantation so that the soil fertility and deficiency of any organic matter can be learned. The deficiency of any organic matter should be corrected by supplementing at the time of land preparation only.
However, provide manure and fertilizers on the basis of the soil test and leaf analysis of nutrients. Apply Nitrogen in about two to three equal doses. Give the first one with DAP and MOP, few days before the expected blooming. Provide the 2nd with Urea after about 20 to 25 days for good fruit setting. The 3rd one should be given with Urea, a couple of weeks later than the previous one.
Foliar spray of urea @ 2 % is found to be beneficial in promoting the fruit set, but formation and in the growth of other crucial stages such as flowering.
Almond Tree | Pests and Diseases
Almond Tree | Pests
The following are the common pests and insects, that are observed commonly in the almond farming.
- Brachycaudus Amygdaliana
- Cerambyx Dux
- Capnodis Tenebonis
- Eccoptogster Amygdala
- Lymantria Destitute
- Eurytoma Amygdala
- Lyonetia Lerkella
- Twig Borer
- Meloidogyne spp
- Navel orange worm
Almond Tree | Diseases
The following are the common diseases, that are observed commonly in the almond farming.
- Agrobacterium tumefaciens
- Cercospora circumscissa
- Brown rot
- Polystigma ochraceum
- Deplodea sp.
- Oak rot
- Verticillium spp
- Silver leaf
For symptoms and controlling the pests, insects, and diseases in almond production, consult one of the nearby horticulture department.
In the late July, the shell becomes starts splitting open and start color changes from green to yellow with slight cracks on the shell. In the late August, splits widens leave the shell exposed to allow the nut to become dry and become ready for market.
How to Harvest Almonds?
For harvesting almonds, there are many different ways but harvesting by tree shaking is adopted most by the growers. However, manual plucking of harvesting is also used by the growers. But, take care that fruiting branches do not harm during the harvesting by knocking with the bamboo sticks
Let the collected almonds to become dry in a shady area for few days. Rain may damage the nuts quality during drying of the nuts. After that removed the hull through the manual means.
There is need of hulling just after the harvesting carried out. Because it does not, then there are more chances of getting a fungal infection in the fruits. Dried out the nut with the help of sunlight or forced dried with hot air till the moisture content is not less than 10 %. For drying. polytunnels with the fan are considered as the best way.
Yield of Almond Farming
The yield of almond farming or cultivation depends on numbers of key points such as soil type, facility of irrigation, application of manure and other farm management skills, practiced during the cultivation.
However, averagely, one can easily obtain about more than 2 tonnes of nuts per hectare annually per year.