What plants are protected by the Oregon Department of Agriculture?
All federally listed plant species occurring in Oregon are administratively protected by the Oregon Department of Agriculture (ODA).
Why are plants and trees important in Oregon?
NATIVE PLANTS AND TREES OF OREGON LOW-MAINTENANCE NATIVE PLANTS TO CONSERVE WATER, HELP POLLINATORS NATIVE PLANTS AND TREES: VITAL TO HEALTHY ECOSYSTEMS As open space and wildlife habitat diminish in urbanized environments across the country, bee and pollinator populations are down as well.
Why don’t people plant white oak trees in Oregon?
Unfortunately, because of its reputation as a slow grower, homeowners don’t often plant Oregon white oak. That’s a shame, since they have much to offer, giving us welcome shade in the summer and supplying habitat to important bird and wildlife including nuthatches, goldfinches and western gray squirrel.
Where can I find information about agriculture in Oregon?
This report from OSU Extension and ODA provides a profile of agriculture, food and fiber in the Oregon economy and includes estimates of economic contributions. Oregon Agriculture, Food and Fiber report National, state, and county level ag statistics produced every 5 years. Ag Census website
What are the most common apples grown in Oregon?
The top two varieties produced are Fuji and Gala apples. Other common apple varieties grown in Oregon are Jonagold, Granny Smith, Honeycrisp and Braeburn.
How do apple trees get damaged?
Apples are susceptible to many diseases, pests and can be damaged by weather. These factors will not only damage the fruit on the tree but can also affect the health of the tree itself. Farmers try to protect their trees and fruit using the best methods possible. Some farmers spray their apple trees with insecticides and pesticides to help protect the trees and fruit from bugs and diseases. Apple farmers will also take time to clean the ground under and around the trees in order to get rid of anything that might affect the roots or trunk of the tree.
How long does it take for an apple tree to produce fruit?
Apple trees are self-unfruitful meaning they require the pollen of a different variety to produce fruit. For this reason, apple trees are most commonly grafted instead of being grown from seed. Grafting is done by taking a cutting of the rootstock on one tree and fusing it with a budded stem of another plant (scion). This allows for consistency in apples produced, both in quality and traits. An apple tree that is planted from seed will take 8-10 years of growing time before it will actually start producing fruit. A grafted tree produces fruit in just 4 years. Once the tree has grown to maturity, the branches will start to grow buds. In the spring, flowers called Apple blossoms will begin to bloom from the buds. Then, the blossom will fall off of the branch which makes room for the apple to start growing. It takes 100-200 days for apples to be ready to harvested. Harvest time varies depending on the variety of apple being grown. Watch the video linked below to learn more about apple production!
When is apple harvest season?
Harvest season takes place from September to late October. Weather conditions and the variety of apple plays a huge role in determining harvest time of an orchard.
Where did apples come from?
Apples first arrived in Oregon on pioneer Henderson Luelling’s wagon. Henderson Luelling left Iowa with his wife and several children in 1847. The family of ten traveled with a variety of seven hundred plants and fruit trees.
What nursery stock do we certify?
The program certifies ornamental and fruit trees as rootstock, interstock, or top-stock, including:
Where can I get “clean” plants to grow in my nursery?
Propagative material for scion-blocks and stool beds can be obtained from Clean Plant Centers, such as the Clean Plant Center Northwest, in Prosser, Washington or Foundation Plant Services, in Davis, California. We only accept G2 and G3 plant material originating from either of these sources into the certification program.
How can I participate in this program?
The certification program is voluntary. Participating nurseries enter into compliance agreements with the ODA and provide information about their planting locations and materials. Plant Health Program staff sample and test rootstock and scion mother blocks annually. We then provide these results to the nursery and
What are the fees associated with this program?
Fees are set forth by OAR-603-051-0859. Nurseries pay a $200 annual application fee. Virus tests are $10 per sample for Prunus necrotic ringspot virus and Prune dwarf virus.
BIPOC Oregon Agricultural Producers (2020)
Based on the Census of Agriculture, 2017. www.nass.usda.gov/AgCensus BIPOC Ag Producers
Oregon Agricultural Statistics & Directory (2021)
This publication includes Oregon agricultural statistics and a directory of resources in one publication. This edition was published in January of 2021 and includes the USDA NASS 2020 Statistical Bulletin. Oregon Ag Stats & Directory
Oregon Agricultural Statistics brochure (2021)
Annual statistics summary of Oregon agriculture. Published October 2021. Facts and Figures brochure
Oregon Agriculture, Food and Fiber: An Economic Analysis (2021)
This report from OSU Extension and ODA provides a profile of agriculture, food and fiber in the Oregon economy and includes estimates of economic contributions. Oregon Agriculture, Food and Fiber report
USDA Census of Agriculture
National, state, and county level ag statistics produced every 5 years. Ag Census website
USDA Economic Research Service Oregon Fact Sheets
Various demographic statistics along with general state ag stats. State economic research fact sheets
What is the color of the Oregon crabapple?
Oregon crabapple occurs naturally in recently disturbed areas or open woods and is a good choice for a medium-sized yard. Its fragrant blossoms are white to pink, and its fruits attract birds including finches and cedar waxwings. In fall, leaves turn yellow-orange or red.
Why are Pacific Madrone trees declining?
However, Pacific madrone has been declining within its range in the Pacific Northwest. This is likely due to a combination of factors including fire suppression, soil compaction and drought.These trees prefer partial shade to full sun and well-drained soils, and are intolerant of site disturbance. They also shed debris, so planting near decks is not recommended. Also, Pacific madrone is prone to transplant shock. To minimize this problem, plant trees facing the same direction they had in the nursery.
How tall does a pine tree grow?
This attractive large evergreen tree – genetically distinct from Ponderosa pine found east of the Cascade Mountains – is easy to grow and can reach 150 feet or more in height. Its deep green needles – in bundles of three – are 6-10 inches long. It bears large brown cones and exudes the scent of vanilla.
What is the color of ceanothus?
large evergreen shrub that is attractive and low-maintenance, ceanothus boasts shiny dark-green leaves year-round and bright blue blossoms in spring and fall. Plant in full sun in well-drained soil. Native to California but used extensively in our landscapes, we do have some native Ceanothus including
How tall is a sage tree?
This deciduous tree has dark-green leaves with serrated edges and smooth, light-gray bark and grows naturally on cool, moist slopes. It can reach 40 to 50 feet in height.
Is red cedar a conifer?
In Oregon, Western redcedar frequently occurs in mixed conifer forests and is associated with Douglas-fir and hemlock. It features glossy green scale-like needles that are white-striped below; foliage is aromatic. Can reach 150 feet or more so plant where it has plenty of room to spread out. A fast grower that can tolerate a variety of soil types, it attracts many birds including Towhees and hummingbirds.
Is salal a native plant?
This easy-to-grow native, along with salal, is a popular choice of landscapers in urban settings where it’s appreciated for being low or no maintenance. The state flower of Oregon, foliage is shiny green and holly-like, fruits are blue and tart, and flowers are bright yellow clusters. This is an important early pollinator resource, particularly for hummingbirds.
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Nursery License Application (2020)
Application for Nursery dealers, florists, landscapers, greenhouse growers, nursery stock growers, and collectors of native plants. Nursery license application
Temporary Nursery License Application (2020)
Application for a temporary nursery license. Required for non-profit organization to hold a 7-day consecutive sale. Non-profit temporary nursery license
Christmas Tree Program
An ODA Christmas tree license is required for growers of Christmas trees with acreage of one acre or more.
Christmas tree Shipping Guide (2021)
A summary of Christmas tree shipping requirements. Shipping requirements for Christmas trees
Exotic Phytophagous Snail Compliance Agreement (2021)
Required for shipments to Alabama, Arkansas, Mississippi, Florida, and North Carolina Snail Compliance Agreement
Shaking and Treatment Compliance Agreement (2021)
Required for shipments to Mexico, Hawaii, and Guam. Shaking and Treatment Compliance Agreement
What is a wholesale nursery license?
Individuals growing or propagating plants in only a hothouse or greenhouse should select a greenhouse nursery license. A wholesale nursery is one that propagates …
What is Oregon shipping permit?
An Oregon shipping permit is a certificate issued by ODA that certifies the plant material is regularly inspected and found free of dangerous pests and diseases. Plant material shipped out of state must be accompanied by a shipping permit.
Can you grow ginseng in Oregon without a license?
If, however, you want to grow and sell it wholesale, you need a license from the Oregon Department of Agriculture that costs $25 per year.
Fruit tree varieties
The apple tree is the most reliable fruiting tree in Central Oregon, followed by hardy Asian pear, European pear, plum, and sour cherry. You can also try peach, apricot, sweet cherry, hardy kiwi, and some kinds of nuts, but these trees may not bear consistently.
Semidwarf and dwarf apple tree varieties produce fruit in 2 to 3 years. Semidwarf varieties usually are 12 to 15 feet tall. Cross-pollination is recommended for all apple varieties to produce fruit. Crabapples planted within a quarter mile of your apple tree may serve as a pollinizer if bloom times align.
Apricot trees bloom early in the spring, and their blossoms or young fruit often are damaged by frost. Fruit set in Central Oregon is not reliable.
Fruit tree suppliers
Inclusion of suppliers on this list does not mean that the Oregon State University Extension Service either endorses these companies or intends to discriminate against companies not mentioned.
Central Oregon’s Plant Resource Guide. Lists local nurseries that sell plant materials.