What is banana farming?
Banana Farming. Banana is one of the major and economically important fruit crops of India. Banana occupies 20% of the area among the total area under crop in India. Most the Banana is grown by planting suckers.
Which soil is good for banana farming?
A soil with abundant supply of K2O and Mg is good for banana farming. The temperature requirement for banana farming is (20-35)°C. Temperature greater than 35 and less than 20 retards the growth of banana. High temperature is very bad for banana.
What are the climatic conditions for banana farming?
Agro-Climatic Conditions for Banana Plantation: Banana, basically a tropical crop, grows well in a temperature range of 15ºC – 35ºC with a relative humidity of 75-85%. It prefers tropical humid lowlands and is grown from the sea level to an elevation of 2000m. above m.s.l.
What are the Intercultural operations in banana farming?
Intercultural Operations in Banana Farming:- The following are the intercultural operation should be carried out on regular basis for better growth and production. Intercropping in Banana Farming: The root system of banana is easily damaged by inter-cultivation hence use of intercropping is not preferred.
Are bananas part of agriculture?
Bananas are one of the most consumed and cheapest fruits worldwide: they are the most traded fruit and the fifth most traded agricultural product.
Is banana An example of plantation crop?
Plantation is a type of commercial farming. In this type of farming, a single crop is grown on a large area. In India, tea, coffee, rubber, sugarcane, banana, etc. are important plantation crops.
What type of producer is a banana tree?
A banana is an elongated, edible fruit – botanically a berry – produced by several kinds of large herbaceous flowering plants in the genus Musa. In some countries, bananas used for cooking may be called “plantains”, distinguishing them from dessert bananas….BananaOrder:ZingiberalesFamily:MusaceaeGenus:Musa7 more rows
What type of agriculture is banana farming?
Farming techniques. Banana plantations generally follow one of four major agricultural techniques: Intensive farming, sustainable farming, organic farming, and fair trade farming.
What is a plantation agriculture?
Plantations are a type of commercial farming where a single crop of tea, coffee, sugarcane, cashew, rubber, banana or cotton is grown. A large amount of labor and capital are required. The produce may be processed on the farm itself or in nearby factories.
Is a banana plant a producer?
Banana plants are large, herbaceous perennials that produce pseudostems from underground rhizomes. Each pseudostem produces only one banana cluster before dying; however, new stalks are continuously produced from the rhizome to take their place.
What is the classification of banana?
Scientific classificationKingdom:PlantaeClass:LiliopsidaOrder:ZingiberalesFamily:MusaceaeGenus:Musa1 more row
Where is banana grown?
Today they are grown in tropical regions across the globe, from South and Central America to India, China and Africa. Bananas grow in hot, tropical climates. Banana plants look like trees but are actually giant herbs related to lilies and orchids.
Where are bananas grown?
Banana plants may grow with varying degrees of success in diverse climatic conditions, but commercial banana plantations are primarily found in equatorial regions, in banana exporting countries. The four leading banana export countries worldwide are Ecuador, Costa Rica, Philippines, and Colombia. Ecuador provides more than 33% of global banana exports. In 2004, banana producing countries totaled 130. Production, as well as exports and imports of bananas, are nonetheless concentrated in a few equatorial countries. 75% of total banana production in 2004 was generated in 10 counties. India, Ecuador, Brazil and China produced half of total bananas. Latin American and Caribbean countries led banana production up to the 1980s, and Asian nations took the lead in banana production during the 1990s. African production levels have remained mostly unchanged.
Why is banana growing important?
Banana growing is a significant economic engine in many banana-exporting countries because it is labor -intensive, delivers a relatively quick return on effort and investment, provides a weekly income year round, and the crop recovers quickly from hurricanes and other natural disasters.
How deep should banana suckers be planted?
Banana suckers are usually planted in a 0.2 to 0.25 m furrow or pit of size 0.6×0.6×0.6 m 3 at a depth of 0.3 m. But in flood affected areas, suckers should be planted in a pit of size more or less equal to 1 m 3.
How long do banana plants live in floods?
In flood affected areas, there is always a high chance of banana plant being submerged in flood during monsoon. If it is fully submerged for more than two days , plant can eventually die. Therefore tall variety plants with deep root system should be planted in such areas. In Nepal, people usually grow malbhog variety of banana in the areas which are prone to annual flood but are not inundate for longer than three days. Malbhog variety grows up to the height of 5 m and root goes down to more than 1 m deep into the soil. Production is quiet lower compared to hybrid varieties but fetch good market price because of its taste.
How are bananas propagated in Nepal?
In Nepal, banana is propagated exclusively using suckers. Suckers are lateral shoot that develops from the rhizome near the mother plant and are categorically of two types, sword sucker and water sucker. Generally, sword suckers are preferred over water suckers as the plant developed from water suckers are weak and take longer to bear fruits. Sword suckers can be easily distinguished because of its well developed base with narrow sword shaped blades at the early stages. Two to four months old suckers from healthy and high yielding mother plant should be selected for propagation.
What type of soil do bananas need?
Soil. Bananas will grow and fruit under poor soil conditions but will be less productive without deep, well-drained soil; forest loam, rocky sand, marl, red laterite, volcanic ash, sandy clay, or even heavy clay. The key element in soil type for successful banana plant growth is good drainage.
Where are banana plantations located?
Banana plantation. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Jump to navigation Jump to search. A banana plantation in Brazil. Women in Belize sorting bananas and cutting them from bunches. A banana plantation is a commercial agricultural facility found in tropical climates where bananas are grown.
Under Which type of farming does banana fall?
Deep, rich loamy soil with pH between 6.5 – 7.5 is most preferred for banana cultivation. Soil for banana should have good drainage, adequate fertility and moisture. Saline solid, calcareous soils are not suitable for banana cultivation.
Is Banana annual crop?
Botany. The banana plant (Musa, Musella, and Ensete) is a herbaceous perennial. The tree “trunk” is called a pseudostem because it does not lignify or undergo secondary growth. As a result, bananas tend to move around in the garden a few feet over the course of several years.
How are bananas farmed?
When banana plants are cultivated, rhizomes are removed from host plants and are then replanted to grow independently. In this way, one banana plant could go on to mother an entire field of banana plants that are genetically identical to one another.
Is a plantation a banana?
A banana plantation is a commercial agricultural facility found in tropical climates where bananas are grown.
What are the types of agriculture?
Agriculture not only gives riches to a nation, but the only riches she can call her own.
Is potato a rabi crop?
Rabi crops, which are also known as winter crops, are the crops that are grown in the winter season (October or November). Some of the main rabi crops of India include wheat, gram, oat, barley, potato, and seeds like mustard, linseed, sunflower, coriander, cumin, etc.
What are Kharif crops?
Rice, maize, and cotton are some of the major Kharif crops in India. Vegetables
What is the best way to learn about banana farming?
Moreover, get to know soil requirements, climate & temperature, field preparation, Irrigation, Fertilizers, etc.
How much land is used for bananas?
Globally 5.6 Million hectares of land is dedicated to banana cultivation. Average yield of banana can vary from country to country and varieties. Generally the average yield is around 40 to 50 tonnes per hectare.
What is the temperature range for bananas?
Banana farming can be easily practiced in tropical to sub-tropical climate. You can start cultivating banana in regions having 70 to 75% relative humidity and temperature range of 15 to 35 degrees Celsius. Temperature below 12 degrees Celsius causes chilling injury and wind velocity above 85 Kilometres per hour can damage the crop.
Why are bananas so popular?
It is cultivated worldwide on a large scale. Banana is used for making chips, puree, powder, jam, sauce, vinegar, fertilizer, wine, etc. Moreover people love consuming ripe bananas for its nutritive value and taste. Hence, the market demand is increasing rapidly.
How to grow suckers in bananas?
This will help in good health and growth of the suckers. Dip the corm in 0.1% solution of Emisan for 5 minutes. This will helps to avoid wilt disease in banana. Moreover, you can also dip the corm in 0.75% solution of Monocrotophos. After dipping shade dry for 24 hours before plantation.
Where did bananas originate?
Scientists and researchers believe that Southeast Asia and South Pacific is the origin of banana. It originated around 8000 to 5000 BC. Later on Arab conquerors brought banana to the west and its cultivation started worldwide.
Which country produces the most bananas?
The total production of banana in the world is found to be around 114 Million tonnes (2017). India is the leading producer of banana, it produces 29 Million tonnes of banana annually. Other major banana producing countries are China, Philippines, Brazil, Ecuador, Indonesia, Costa Rica, Mexico, etc.
Banana is one of the most loved fruit. Banana farming is popular all over the world as it has high market demand and many health benefits. Banana is a monocot plant showing parthenocarpy i.e Development of fruit without fertilization (Seedless Fruit). It is monocarpic i.e Fruiting only once in a lifetime.
Selection of good variety is most important task while starting banana farming. Our production and profit depends upon the variety that we select for cultivation.
Banana is fruit of Humid-Tropics. It can be cultivated upto 1000 masl. The area with the rainfall of (200-250) cm distributed throughout the year is considered good.
As banana is Seedless Fruit, We have to do vegetative propagation. This tree can be propagated by the means of suckers. There are two types of suckers in Banana which are:-
The planting season for Banana is February and June.If You have good irrigation facility, then only you start in February. If there is not proper irrigation facility, then you should plant in june.
Loamy soil rich in organic matter with good drainage and pH (6-7.5) is considered good for banana farming. Soil depth should be (80-120) cm. A soil with abundant supply of K2O and Mg is good for banana farming.
The temperature requirement for banana farming is (20-35)°C. Temperature greater than 35 and less than 20 retards the growth of banana.
How are bananas grown?
Bananas are the fourth largest fruit crop in the entire world and most of Banana is cultivated by planting suckers . As technology development in agriculture is very fast, it results in developing tissue culture technique. Growing bananas does not require much effort but to achieve high yields or production requires dedication, farm management skills, and proper planting methods. Banana plant belongs to the family of “Musaceae” and genus of “Musa”. Bananas are indigenous to the tropical portions of India, Southeast Asia and northern Australia. Basically banana plants are not trees but giant herbs, which will reach their full height of between 10 feet and 20 feet after only a year. Every banana blossom develops into a fruit and ripe enough for consumption after about 4 to 5 months. After producing banana fruit, the plant stems die off and they will be replaced by new growth. The number of bananas produced by each plant varies based on fruit variety and other factors. Apart from being consumed as a fresh fruit, Banana leaves are used worldwide as cooking materials, plates, umbrellas, seat pads for benches, fishing lines, clothing fabric.
How to propagate bananas?
Land Preparation In Banana Farming:- Growing green manuring crops like cowpea or daincha and burying it in the soil before the planting the banana is beneficial.
How to grow bananas with suckers?
Planting Material in Banana Farming:- Suckers weighing approximately 500 to1000 grams are commonly used in propagating. The best way is to start with tissue culture plantlets. Tissue culture plantlets are recommended for planting because suckers, in general, are infected with some soil-borne pathogen and nematodes. Similarly due to the variation in age and size of sucker the crop will not be uniform, harvesting of the crop will be prolonged and crop-management becomes very difficult. Hence, tissue culture plants are recommended for planting.
What are banana leaves used for?
Apart from being consumed as a fresh fruit, Banana leaves are used worldwide as cooking materials , plates, umbrellas, seat pads for benches, fishing lines, clothing fabric. Health Benefits of Banana:- The following are the health benefits of Banana. Bananas are good source of energy. Bananas are good for Heart health.
What are the different types of bananas?
However, some of the popular varieties of banana are Red banana, Nyali, Safed Velchi, Basarai, Ardhapuri, Rasthali, Karpurvalli, Dwarf Cavendish, Robusta, Monthan, Poovan, Nendran, Grandnaine, Karthali, Dwarf Cavendish, Robusta, Monthan, Poovan, Nendran, Red banana, Nyali, Safed Velchi, Basarai, Ardhapuri, Rasthali, Karpurvalli, Karthali and Grandnaine, Emas, Rastali, Raja Awak, Abu, Nangka and Tanduk. Out of all these, Grandnaine is gaining popularity and may soon be the most preferred cultivar due to its tolerance to biotic stresse and good quality of bunches.
Why prop bananas?
Propping in Banana Farming: Due to heavy weight of banana bunch , the plant goes out of balance and the bearing plant may lodge and production and quality can adversely be affected. Hence, they should be propped with the help of two bamboos forming a triangle by placing them against the stems on the leaning side. This also helps in uniform development of fruit bunch.
How long does it take for a banana tree to grow?
Every banana blossom develops into a fruit and ripe enough for consumption after about 4 to 5 months.
Characteristics of Plantation Farming
We are showing some features of plantation farming in India. Have a look.
Importance of Plantation Agriculture
Below, we are showing some advantages of plantation farming. Check out.
Plantation Agriculture States in India
Here are the states where plantation agriculture practiced.Check out below the Plantation Agriculture States in India.
Difference Between Commercial Farming and Plantation Farming
Have a look down below the difference between commercial farming and plantation farming.
What is not correct about plantation farming?
The incorrect statement about plantation agriculture is farmers clear a part of the land by felling trees and consuming them to create oats and other food crops.
Where do bananas come from?
However, of course, bananas can also be sourced from small and medium-sized plantations that, besides, mitigate some of the damaging effects of monocropping. There, it is possible to imagine plantations of bananas, from time to time hidden by the mist, in a forest of different types of trees.
What is agroforestry in agriculture?
According to FAO, Agroforestry is “ a collective name for land-use systems … where woody perennials are deliberately used on the same land-management units as agricultural crops …. ”. This means that bananas grow amongst other plant species within the same farm.
How does biodiversity reduce soil erosion?
Plant biodiversity reduces soil erosion by slowing down water flows on the ground surface.
How does agroforestry work?
An agroforestry system furnishes plenty of space for wild animals fostering their natural habitats. It works as a tool against soil erosion.
Is banana farming sustainable?
So, let me explain to you today an alternative eco-friendly land use: Agroforestry. It must be noted that large-scale production of bananas, as traditionally conducted, can also be sustainable thanks to good environmental practice or investments into new technological advances.
Is banana agroforestry?
This use of the land combines agriculture and forestry, something that may at first appear impossible. But it is in fact possible and has many benefits: Farmers who grow bananas according to an agroforestry system, not only minimize adverse climatic factors, but they also provide a better yield for bananas.
Banana, basically a tropical crop, grows well in a temperature range of 15ºC 35ºC with a relative humidity of 75-85%. It prefers tropical humid lowlands and is grown from the sea level to an elevation of 2000m. above m.s.l.. In India, this crop is being cultivated in climate ranging from humid tropical to dry mild subtropics through a selecti…
Banana plantations generally follow one of four major agricultural techniques: Intensive farming, sustainable farming, organic farming, and fair trade farming.
An intensive agricultural technique which requires clearing most if not all native vegetation from tracts of land, then densely planting and fertilizing the crop may produce the highest yield of fruit per acre, but it is viewed by environmental scientists as a technique which involves a history of high risk for damage to the local environmen…
Banana plants may grow with varying degrees of success in diverse climatic conditions, but commercial banana plantations are primarily found in equatorial regions, in banana exporting countries. The four leading banana export countries worldwide are Ecuador, Costa Rica, Philippines, and Colombia. Ecuador provides more than 33% of global banana exports. In 2004, banana producing countries totaled 130. Production, as well as exports and imports of bananas, are nonetheless concentrated in a few equatorial countries. 75% of total banana production in 2004 wa…
Origin of Banana
Area and Distribution
Banana growing is a significant economic engine in many banana-exporting countries because it is labor-intensive, delivers a relatively quick return on effort and investment, provides a weekly income year round, and the crop recovers quickly from hurricanes and other natural disasters. Banana industry exports worldwide total over 100 million tons in a market which generates over US$5 billion per year and employs millions of workers.
Banana Farming Guide
Certain aboriginal clanships benefited from early development of intensive banana cultivation by expanding previously territorial land views into concepts of cooperative inter-clan trading relationships.
Labor conditions in the banana industry have historically drawn attention both in criticism of the traditionally poor industry working conditions, and more recently in attempts by labor advocacy groups and some producers to improve labor conditions.
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