Are log trucks considered agriculture

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Many lawmakers in Washington, DC are surprised to find out that the logging industry is not always considered a part of Agriculture in many of the statutes that exist today.

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Answer

What are the different types of logging trucks?

There are two main types of modern logging trucks — those used on rough ground and trails in the forest where they are felled and those used for transport on normal highways and roads. Because the roads in forests are rough and often temporary, the suspension and tires of an offroad truck are especially significant.

What is the history of log trucking?

A truck was used for logging in Covington, Washington, in 1913. The coming of World War I and the resulting demand for the Pacific Northwest ‘s Sitka spruce for airplanes “established log trucking in Washington “.

How much does a log truck weigh?

The legal weight limits will vary by jurisdiction but, for example, in the southern states of the USA, they range from 80,000 to 88,000 pounds (36,300 to 39,900 kg) — about 40 short tons (35.7 long tons; 36.3 t). To load the logs, the truck may be fitted with one or more winches or cranes.

What is a farm truck?

Any vehicle that is used to transport ag commodities, livestock, machinery, or supplies to and from a farm. The vehicle must be operated by the owner of the farm, a family member, or an employee.

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Does logging fall under agriculture?

While several states have made it quite clear that logging is considered an agricultural activity and offered up many of same exemptions and exceptions that our friends in agricultural currently enjoy at the State level, we are behind the curve in making our case at the national level.


Is timber an agricultural commodity?

“Agricultural commodity”, as used in this subchapter, means wheat, cotton, flax, corn, dry beans, oats, barley, rye, tobacco, rice, peanuts, soybeans, sugar beets, sugar cane, tomatoes, grain sorghum, sunflowers, raisins, oranges, sweet corn, dry peas, freezing and canning peas, forage, apples, grapes, potatoes, timber …


What is agriculture trucking?

It is targeted to the transportation of raw agricultural commodities from the field to the first point of processing, the delivery of farm supplies from a wholesale/distribution point to the retail site or to the farm, or retail site to farm and the transportation of livestock and livestock feed.


Is agriculture exempt from ELD?

Drivers transporting agricultural commodities are not required to use an ELD if the vehicle was manufactured before the model year 2000, provided they prepare paper logs, or if they do not operate outside of the 150 air-mile radius for more than 8 days during any 30-day period, provided they prepare paper logs on the …


Is timber a part of agriculture?

Under this definition, it appears the “production of one or more agricultural products,” which includes timber, implies that the products must be grown (produced) for sale or home use, which would not seem to capture a sawmill, unless the wood processed was from trees grown on the same property.


Is a sawmill considered agriculture?

The south side of the road is residential, the north side is rural residential. A sawmill operation is explicitly listed as an approved land use for rural residential, but not for residential. Both list farming as permitted uses. They don’t say anything about firewood processing.


What are the three types of transportation in agriculture?

Common U.S. transportation systems for agricultural products include highways, railroads, and waterways.


What is agriculture grading?

Sorting of the agriculture produce into different lots according to their various quality specifications is known as grading.


What is storage in agriculture?

Definition. “Storage” means the phase of the post-harvest system during which the products are kept in such a way as to guarantee food security other than during periods of agricultural production.


Who is exempt from the eld rule?

Vehicle models dated 1999 or earlier are exempt from the ELD mandate regardless of the vehicle registration date. This exemption applies specifically to the age of an engine in a vehicle or the VIN as most pre-2000 vehicles are not equipped with an engine control module (ECM).


What is commodity agriculture?

The term ‘commodity’ is commonly used in reference to basic agricultural products that are either in their original form or have undergone only primary processing. Examples include cereals, coffee beans, sugar, palm oil, eggs, milk, fruits, vegetables, beef, cotton and rubber.


What is an exempt commodity?

The term “exempt commodity” means a commodity that is not an excluded commodity or an agricultural commodity.


What is a log truck?

A logging truck or timber lorry is a large truck used to carry logs. Some have integrated flatbeds, some are discrete tractor units, and some are configured to spread a load between the tractor unit and a dollied trailer pulled behind it. Often more than one trailer is attached.


Where was a log truck used?

A truck was used for logging in Covington, Washington, in 1913. The coming of World War I and the resulting demand for the Pacific Northwest ‘s Sitka spruce for airplanes “established log trucking in Washington “. The United States Army assigned thousands of men to the Spruce Production Division to build roads into western Washington to harvest …


What are the two main types of logging trucks?

There are two main types of modern logging trucks — those used on rough ground and trails in the forest where they are felled and those used for transport on normal highways and roads. Because the roads in forests are rough and often temporary, the suspension and tires of an offroad truck are especially significant.


What were the advantages of primitive trucks after the war?

The primitive trucks were improved in the 1920s and 1930s, with more powerful engines and better braking systems.


What was the purpose of plank roads in the 1930s?

Plank roads gave way to graded dirt ones. By the mid-1930s, trucks were hauling as much timber out of the Pacific Northwest as the railroads. World War II saw improved truck designs, and once again these were passed along to logging companies through the sale of surplus military vehicles after the war was over.


How many axles are needed for a log truck?

Solid, low pressure and high pressure tires have been used. As many as nine axles may be used to provide low ground pressure and good traction. Timber is commonly grown in hilly country unsuitable for farming and so the ability of a log truck to climb a gradient is significant.


What were the most convenient trees to cut down?

The most convenient trees to cut down were those near waterways for easy transportation. As the supply dwindled and loggers had to go further from water, they used teams of oxen or horses for hauling. These were superseded by steam-powered donkeys and locomotives. The final development was the logging truck.


Who handles livestock transportation?

​Transportation of livestock is handled almost exclusively by CMVs, and falls directly under the purview of the AFTC. Over the years, livestock handling and transportation has been scrutinized by animal rights groups around the U.S. These groups have made it clear that they plan to focus much of their effort on livestock transportation. They contend that all long distance livestock transportation is cruel and define long distance as anything farther than the closest slaughterhouse. These groups have been successful in modifying rules for raising livestock in confinement operations, making it imperative that the humane transport of these animals is protected.


How many hours can a truck driver drive?

​Generally, truck drivers are limited to a maximum of 11 driving hours per day, among other restrictions, which is recorded in a log book that must be presented to a law enforcement officer upon request. However, flexibility is needed during agricultural planting and harvest seasons since weather often dictates when products must be moved. The agricultural hours of service (Ag HOS) exemption allows truck drivers working in the agriculture industry the flexibility to meet the demands of nature.


How many hours can you work on a CDL?

Several ELD exceptions may apply, including, but not limited to: Drivers who operate a vehicle that requires a CDL within a 100-air mile radius (150-air mile radius for vehicles not requiring CDL) and work no longer than 12 hours each day;


What is the weight limit for a vehicle that is not subject to the FMCSRs?

A driver who transports an animal, vehicle or other personal property in interstate commerce in a vehicle or vehicle combination with a GVWR, GVW, GCWR, or GCW (whichever is greater) of less than 10,001 pounds, is not subject to the FMCSRs and therefore not required to use an ELD.


How far can you transport agricultural commodities?

The 395.1 (k) (1) “Agricultural commodity” exception is available to a driver transporting agricultural commodities for a distance up to 150 air-miles from the source, regardless of the distance between the source and final destination or place of delivery. However, upon crossing the 150 air-mile point, the driver is subject to …


Is 150 miles of service counted as hours of service?

The hours accumulated within the 150 air-mile radius are not counted toward the driver’s hours of service. If the driver returns unladen, the driver is subject to the HOS rules until returning within the 150 air-mile radius in which the trip began.


Does the exception apply to transportation within 150 air miles?

Guidance: Yes, the exception applies to transportation during the initial 150 air-miles from the source of the commodity, regardless of the distance to the final destination. Once a driver operates beyond the 150 air-mile radius of the source, 49 CFR part 395 applies.


What is a CFV on a farm?

Any vehicle that is used to transport ag commodities, livestock, machinery, or supplies to and from a farm. The vehicle must be operated by the owner of the farm, a family member, or an employee. Rented equipment can also be considered a CFV as long as you have a lease agreement showing the vehicle will be used on the farm.


Is the farm at risk?

“The farm is at risk,” warns Templeton. If you injure or kill someone because of negligence , you aren’t immune from civil suits. This could take everything that’s tied to the incident.


Do you need a CDL to drive a tractor?

Not for the most part. If you’re driving a truck, combination vehicle (truck and trailer), or a semi tractor within the state you farm, you don’t need a CDL. If you’re driving out of state within 150 miles of your farm, you still don’ t need a CDL.


Can you transport equipment on the interstate?

Only you are.”. While you are exempt from size and weight restrictions on U.S., state, or county roads, this is not true when transporting equipment on the interstate. “On the interstate, you must use signs as well as acquire permits for oversized equipment.


What are the exemptions for agricultural vehicles?

Congress provided four statutory exemptions to the Federal Motor Carrier Safety HOS Regulations for agricultural operations: Covered farm vehicles weighing 26,001 pounds or more, operated by a farmer or a farmer’s employee, are exempt from HOS and CDL regulations if the vehicle is operated in the State …


What are the requirements for CDL?

A CDL is required if: 1 The vehicle has a GVWR or GVW of 26,001 pounds or more; or 2 A combination of vehicles (truck and trailer) has a GVWR or GCWR of 26,001 pounds or more, including a towed unit with a GVWR or GVW of more than 10,000 pounds.


Do you need a CDL for a recreational vehicle?

However, if the vehicle is used for a non-commercial purpose, (i.e., a recreational vehicle, a vehicle transporting horses and other animals, or cars, boats and similar items to shows and events), the driver does not need a CDL, unless required by the driver’s home State.


Do you need a CDL for horses?

Employers and drivers who transport horses and other animals or cars, boats and similar items to shows and events, in a vehicle or combination of vehicles weighing 26,001 pounds or more (GVWR, GVW, GCW or GCWR), must comply with their State’s licensing laws, which may or may not require a CDL.


What is considered an agricultural commodity?

The rule clarifies that horticultural products subject to perishability or significant degradation in product quality during transport fall within the meaning of “any agricultural commodity” in the regulations. That includes plants, including sod, flowers, ornamentals, seedlings, shrubs, live trees, and Christmas trees.


How far away from the source of the commodities is a HOS requirement?

During harvesting and planting seasons as determined by each state, drivers transporting agricultural commodities, including livestock, are exempt from the HOS requirements from the source of the commodities to a location within a 150-air-mile radius from the source. In addition, the requirement for a 30-minute rest break does not apply …


Is cattle considered livestock?

Cattle are pretty obviously livestock, but the regulatory definition of “livestock” when it comes to hours of service exemptions needed some clarifying. The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration has published an interim final rule clarifying agricultural commodity and livestock definitions in hours-of-service regulations. …


Does a 30-minute rest break apply to livestock?

In addition, the requirement for a 30-minute rest break does not apply to drivers transporting livestock in interstate commerce. However, the agency found that the definition of those terms was not well-understood and enforced consistently when determining whether the HOS exemption applies.


What is an agricultural commodity?

The interim final rule, released Nov. 19, clarifies the terms “any agricultural commodity,” “non-processed food” and “livestock,” each of which is included in the definition of “agricultural commodity.”. Agricultural products are considered in federal hours-of-service regulations, as many such goods travel by truck.


What is the interim final rule for agricultural goods?

The interim final rule, released Nov. 19, clarifies the terms “any agricultural commodity,” “non-processed food”


Is agriculture considered hours of service?

Agricultural products are considered in federal hours-of-service regulations , as many such goods travel by truck. “Our nation’s farmers and agriculture haulers will benefit from this clarification of the rules and will be able to deliver their products in a safer and more efficient manner,” FMCSA Deputy Administrator Wiley Deck said.


Is transportation of agricultural commodities exempt from HOS?

Currently, during harvesting and planting seasons that are determined by each state, drivers transporting agricultural commodities are exempt from HOS requirements while traveling from the source of the commodities to a location within a 150 air-mile radius of the source.


How much oil can a farm store?

Farms storing more than 25 gallons in underground or above-ground tanks. Farmers who generate an average of 25 gallons or less per month of used oil from vehicles or machinery used on the farm in a calendar year are exempt from used oil regulations.


What is crop production?

Crop Production (including nurseries, greenhouses, forestry) Mixing, loading and application of pesticides and any other farm labor that involves exposure to pesticides. Label restrictions typically require protective clothing and engineering controls (e.g., tractors with enclosed cabs and air recirculation systems).


How many gallons of oil do farmers need to store?

Farmers exceeding 25 gallons are required to store the used oil in tanks meeting underground or above ground technical requirements and use transporters with EPA authorization numbers for removal from the farm. Oil spill: Any farm that has a discharge of oil that may reach navigable waters or adjoining shoreline.


Is pesticide disposal hazardous waste?

Proper disposal of pesticide hazard ous wastes. Waste pesticides disposed of on a farmer’s own property in compliance with specified waste management requirements, including the disposal instructions on the pesticide label, are not subject to the TSD facility standards.

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Food Safety

  • ​The United States has the freshest and safest food supply in the world. However, after a few incidents of compromised products in several food manufacturing facilities, Congress passed the Sanitary Food Transportation Act of 2005 and the Food Safety Modernization Act of 2011(FSMA). These two recent pieces of legislation show the importance that is placed on food safety in the …

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Livestock

  • ​Transportation of livestock is handled almost exclusively by CMVs, and falls directly under the purview of the AFTC. Over the years, livestock handling and transportation has been scrutinized by animal rights groups around the U.S. These groups have made it clear that they plan to focus much of their effort on livestock transportation. They contend that all long distance livestock tra…

See more on trucking.org


Agricultural Hours of Service (HOS) Exemption

  • ​Generally, truck drivers are limited to a maximum of 11 driving hours per day, among other restrictions, which is recorded in a log book that must be presented to a law enforcement officer upon request. However, flexibility is needed during agricultural planting and harvest seasons since weather often dictates when products must be moved. The agri…

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Broker Bond

  • ​The Conference actively supports an increase in the broker bond to a limit that will decrease the fraudulent activity in the brokerage industry. AFTC actively opposes any attempt to minimize or strip the ability to utilize other authorized motor carriers during the busiest times of the year, or during any unexpected circumstances. Many AFTC members utilize subhaul/subcontracting wh…

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Productivity

  • ​The operation of more productive trucks can reduce the number of miles needed to deliver the nation’s freight. This would reduce the industry’s crash exposure, lower energy use and emissions, decrease freight transportation costs and minimize pavement deterioration. Congress should give states more flexibility to enact truck size and weight regulations that meet the important and leg…

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