Are people in agriculture above others in somalia


What are Somalia’s major agricultural subsectors?

The report, which conducts a comprehensive historical review of Somalia’s major agricultural subsectors (livestock, crops, forestry, and fishing), analyzes the subsectors’ key medium- and long-term development potential and constraints and outlines policy and investment opportunities.

How can we solve Somalia’s agricultural crisis?

“Making more and better investments in agriculture from the government, private sector, civil society and the vibrant enterprising Somali diaspora is one of the most effective ways to reduce hunger and poverty and expand economic opportunities and creating jobs for the youth.”

What is the main source of income for Somali herders?

The herders also gather resins and gums to supplement their income. Camel, sheep and goat herding are the main types of local pastoralism, particularly in the northern part of the country. Livestock include the Somali goat and Somali sheep. The Somali goat is used primarily for the production of meat.

How does livestock affect the economy of Somalia?

Livestock alone contributes about 40% to GDP and more than 50% of export earnings. According to the Central Bank of Somalia, about 80% of the population are nomadic or semi-nomadic pastoralists, who keep camels, goats, sheep and cattle. The herders also gather resins and gums to supplement their income.


Why is agriculture difficult in Somalia?

The major constraints include unstable weather, water scarcity, pests damaging crops, and poor transportation, and minor constraints such as inability to access and use such as seed and fertilizers, lack of capital to buy, inadequate investment in irrigation which makes farmers very vulnerable to drought, and there is …

Is Somalia an agricultural country?

Agriculture is an important economic activity in Somalia not only in terms of meeting the food needs of the population but also in terms of generating income through crop sales and agricultural labor opportunities.

Does Somalia have good agriculture?

Somalia has considerable productive resources, which offer huge potential for delivering rapid economic growth, with important impacts on people’s livelihoods. These resources include 8.5 million hectares of arable land, more than 50 million livestock and about 1.8 million tons of fish annually for export.

Are Somalis farmers?

The Somalis have traditionally engaged in rain-fed dry-land farming or in dry-land farming complemented by irrigation from the waters of the Shabeelle and Jubba rivers or from collected rainwater. Corn, sorghum, beans, rice, vegetables, cotton, and sesame are grown by both methods.

How is the agriculture of Somalia?

The major cereal crops cultivated in Somalia are sorghum and maize. Both crops are grown under rainfed and under irrigated conditions. Commercial crops such sugar cane, bananas, grapefriuts and rice were also successfully cultivated in the south along the two rivers.

What is the percentage of farmers in Somalia?

Agricultural land (% of land area) in Somalia was reported at 70.34 % in 2018, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources.

Is Somalia food insecure?

In Somalia, 5.6 million people are currently food insecure and 2.8 million people cannot meet their daily food requirements due to the compounding impacts of extended drought, flooding, desert locust infestations, the economic impacts of COVID-19 and conflict.

How much food does Somalia produce?

Somalia produced, in 2018, 209 thousand tons of sugarcane, 138 thousand tons of maize, 129 thousand tons of sorghum, 92 thousand tons of cassava, 75 thousand tons of vegetable, in addition to smaller productions of other agricultural products, like beans, banana, sesame seed, tomato, coconut, orange and date.

Can Somalia feed itself?

Somalia hasn’t been able to feed itself because of man-made factors such as ongoing conflict and others, including a desert locust infestation, and the economic impacts of COVID-19, drought and flooding.

Does Somalia have natural resources?

Somalia’s most valuable resources are its pastures, which cover most of the country. Somalia has few mineral resources—only some deposits of tin, phosphate, gypsum, guano, coal, iron ore, and uranium—and both quantity and quality are too low for mining to be worthwhile.

What percentage of Somalia is nomadic?

Fifty-five percentFifty-five percent of the population is either nomadic or semi-nomadic, while 45 percent live in urban centres or rural towns.

What is Somalia livestock?

Livestock Sector​ Somalia’s livestock products for consumption and export are Camel, Cattle, Sheep, Goat, and Fish. Livestock provides a source of income, while home consumption of meat and other animal products represents an important source of food security.

What is the main source of economic activity in Somalia?

Livestock and crops remain the main sources of economic activity, employment, and exports in Somalia. Agriculture’s share of gross domestic product (GDP) is approximately 75%, and represents 93% of total exports, mostly linked to robust livestock exports in the recent pre-drought years.

What is the FAO report on Somalia?

MOGADISHU, March 28, 2018 —The World Bank and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) released today a new joint report titled, Rebuilding Resilient and Sustainable Agriculture in Somalia, outlining the challenges and opportunities for Somalia’s agriculture sector.

How much did food imports increase in 2015?

The combination of collapsed domestic crop production and increased domestic food demand, driven by rapid population growth and urbanization, has led to a massive increase in food imports, which have reached almost $1.5 billion in 2015, up from an annual average of $82 million in the late 1980s.

What is sustainable agriculture in Somalia?

Sustainable agriculture is defined as “the production of food, fiber or other plant or animal products using farming techniques that protect the environment, public health, human communities and animal welfare.”. Somalia is in the third year of a devastating drought …

Is Somalia in drought?

Somalia is in the third year of a devastating drought that has left about half of the population (six million people) facing severe water and food shortages. Sustainable agriculture in Somalia is part of the solution for those that are experiencing these scarcities and searching for a way to survive. The Somali Agriculture Technical Group (SATG) …

What is the main economic sector of Somalia?

Somalia’s agriculture sector is the main driver of the country’s economy and a major employment activity and is the largest economic sector in the country. It contributes more than 60% to the national GDP earnings from its local consumption and exports to other parts of the continent, the Middle East and Europe.

What type of soil is found in the limestone plateaus of the interfluvial area?

The limestone plateaus of the interfluvial area have fertile dark gray to brown calcareous residual soils that provide good conditions for rain-fed agriculture. The most fertile soils are found on the alluvial plains of the Jubba and Shabeelle rivers. These deep vertisols are covered in black soils derived from decomposed lava rocks that are commonly called black cotton soils and these soils have a high water-retention capacity and are mainly used for irrigation agriculture.

Why is USAID important in Somalia?

USAID works to increase crop production and improve quality of agricultural products. Resilience to drought is essential as Somalia is located in a drought-prone environment and has suffered from some of the worst famines in recent history.

Why is USAID training farmers?

Unfortunately, farming practices tend to be constrained by skill level, a lack of government extension services, few protected storage facilities, and poor roads. To improve profits and local sales , USAID trains farmers and local agribusinesses in crop production and quality control.

What are demonstration farms?

Demonstration farms are set up so that farmers can test local seed varieties in tomatoes, onions, sweet and hot peppers, lettuce, cabbage, garlic, and watermelon and learn better farming techniques.


Offshore waters include tuna, mackerel and shark. A small-scale fishing industry was built in the 1970s, but much was wasted during the civil war in the 1990s. In the early 2000s, several cooperatives resumed fishing on a small scale. As Somalia lacks a functioning coastguard, illegal fishing occurs in the country’s territorial waters.


On November 22, clashes erupt between local clans in the city of Galkayo. At least 40 people are killed. Galkayo is already a divided city, and will, as planned, remain so. Some will belong to Puntland, the other Galmudug interim, the first of which is dominated by the Darod clan, the second by hawiye.


A high-ranking leader of al-Shabaab expresses his support for the Islamic State (IS) terror group, paving the way for a division within the movement that has been connected to the terror network al-Qaeda since 2011.


al-Shabaab attacks an AU site in Janal on September 1. The militant group claims it killed at least 70 people. Locals say they have seen at least 20 dead AU soldiers. Prior to the attack, al-Shabaab had blown a bridge over a river to prevent the soldiers from escaping that route.


UN agency Ocha says nearly 29,000 people have traveled to Somalia from Yemen since fighting blazed up there in March. About 90 percent of them are Somalis who have previously fled from starvation and war in their home country.


The government and Parliament agree that the democratic elections planned for 2016 cannot be carried out due to the poor security situation.


More than 70 AU troops Amisom are killed by al-Shabaab at a smaller AU base in Leego, between Baidoa and Mogadishu. Most of the soldiers in Leego come from Burundi. One day later, Amisom, together with Somali government forces, resumed the site without meeting resistance.

What are the main crops grown in Somalia?

Sorghum and maize are the predominant cereal crops grown in Somalia and historically, these two crops have provided a sizeable portion of total caloric intake of the Somali diet. Livestock is also a key local consumption commodity for household food security.

How can we increase cereal production in Somalia?

Improving domestic cereal production in Somalia should be part of any future food security strategy for the country. The implementation of simple agricultural best management practices – such as fertiliser application and timely planting and weeding – can increase cereal production in the country.

How often does Somalia flood?

Though localised, the country is experiencing flooding every two to three years. Because the Shebelle and Juba rivers originate in high rainfall areas of Ethiopia, rains there can cause subsequent flooding in Somalia while drought conditions exist during the same growing season.

Where is sorghum grown?

Sorghum is more drought tolerant than maize and is grown predominantly in the Bay Region, south-central Somalia between the Juba and Shebelle rivers, Somalia’s largest rivers. Maize is typically grown on irrigated land, often by small- and medium-sized farmers. These landholders often employ family labour to manage their land.

Why is sorghum yield so low?

Average yields are low because farmers typically don’t have access to the necessary agricultural inputs, for example, quality seeds and fertiliser.

How many growing seasons does Somalia have?

Somalia has two growing seasons each year: the Gu from April through May and the shorter Deyr from October into November. However, data is reported annually. This gives an incomplete view of how drastically different the seasons can be and causes confusion on production area data.

Why is there a food shortage?

Food shortages can also be due to the weather, such as flooding or drought. Higher frequencies and severity of drought events observed in recent years could make things worse. Limited rainfall can negatively impact sorghum production. In recent years drought frequency is once every three years. Flooding can negatively impact irrigated maize …


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