Are plantations intensive agriculture

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Plantations are large, labor-intensive farms that mostly produce fruit, sugar, fiber, or vegetable oil products for the international market. The laborers usually work for very low wages that keep them in poverty.Jun 22, 2006

What is the difference between a plantation and a farm?

  • Exploitation of Labor. Laborers that work on commercial plantations are often severely exploited, given low wages and exposed to inhumane working and living conditions.
  • Environmental Issues. Commercial plantations have a severely negative effect on the environment.
  • Pesticides.
  • Solution.

What are the characteristics of plantation farming?

Plantation Agriculture is a type of commercial farming practised in tropical and sub-tropical regions. It was introduced by the British in India. Characteristics: A single crop is grown over large area.It is capital intensive and done with migrant labour.All produce is used as raw material in industries such as tea, coffee, rubber, sugarcane, banana, etc.Plantation

What are the types of intensive farming?

Examples of intensive agriculture

  • Greenhouse agriculture. It is called greenhouse to closed places and controlled climatic conditions, usually transparent to allow the entry of sunlight but prevent the dispersion of heat.
  • Hydroponic agriculture. In her mineral solutions are used to cultivate the plants, instead of soil properly. …
  • Irrigated agriculture. …

Is grain intensive or extensive?

Mixed crop and livestock – falls somewhere between – it is more intensive than pastoral farming (stock only), but not as intensive as grain. Grain or specific crop (say soy beans etc), is the next more intensive – and specialised.

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Is plantation gardening intensive or extensive?

Intensive agricultureIntensive agriculture is commonly found in areas close to the market in order to reduce the cost of transporting goods. Mixed crop/livestock systems and plantation agriculture are two intensive farming practices you should remember for the AP Exam: Mixed Crop/Livestock systems =


What are examples of intensive agriculture?

What Are the Characteristics of Intensive Agriculture?Pasture Intensification. … Rotational Grazing. … Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs) … Crop Irrigation. … Genetically Modified Organism (GMO) Seeds. … Use of Agrochemicals. … Livestock. … Aquaculture.More items…•


Are plantations capital intensive?

Plantation is a type of commercial farming in which a single crop is grown on a large area. Plantations cover large tracts of land, using capital intensive inputs, with the help of migrant labourers. All the produce is used as a raw material in industries.


What type of agriculture are plantations?

A plantation is an agricultural estate, generally centered on a plantation house, meant for farming that specializes in cash crops, usually mainly planted with a single crop, with perhaps ancillary areas for vegetables for eating and so on.


What is a plantation agriculture?

Plantations are a type of commercial farming where a single crop of tea, coffee, sugarcane, cashew, rubber, banana or cotton is grown. A large amount of labor and capital are required. The produce may be processed on the farm itself or in nearby factories.


What is a plantation farmer?

Plantation farming was a system of agriculture in which large farms in the American colonies used the forced labor of slaves to plant and harvest cotton, rice, sugar, tobacco and other farm produce for trade and export.


Is plantation a subsistence farming?

In plantation farming crops were planted on a large scale with usually just one major plant species growing. The system of Plantation farming was based on ‘cash crops’ in which plants were sold for profits in distant markets and not used for personal use (subsistence farming) on the plantations.


Is plantation agriculture a subsistence or commercial?

commercial agricultureWHERE ARE DIFFERENT PRODUCTS PRODUCED AND WHY THERE?AGRICULTURAL REGIONMAP #CLIMATE TYPEplantations (commercial agriculture, not subsistence, but usually found in LDCs)12ACommercial Regions: usually MDCsMAP #CLIMATE TYPEmixed crop and livestock6Cdairying7C and D10 more rows


Where is plantation agriculture?

Plantation Agriculture refers to a farming system where crops are grown on a large scale for profit. Plantations can be found all over the world, but are most commonly found in tropical and subtropical regions.


What are main intensive farming practices?

Intensive farming practices include growing high-yield crops, using fertilizers and pesticides and bringing more land under agricultural production were used as the answer to filling the production gap, but there are unwelcome side effects.


What is intensive subsistence farming?

Intensive subsistence farming Farmers use their small land holdings to produce enough for their local consumption, while remaining produce is used for exchange against other goods. It results in much more food being produced per acre compared to other subsistence patterns.


What is extensive agriculture?

extensive agriculture, in agricultural economics, system of crop cultivation using small amounts of labour and capital in relation to area of land being farmed. The crop yield in extensive agriculture depends primarily on the natural fertility of the soil, the terrain, the climate, and the availability of water.


Characteristics of Plantation Farming

We are showing some features of plantation farming in India. Have a look.


Importance of Plantation Agriculture

Below, we are showing some advantages of plantation farming. Check out.


Plantation Agriculture States in India

Here are the states where plantation agriculture practiced.Check out below the Plantation Agriculture States in India.


Difference Between Commercial Farming and Plantation Farming

Have a look down below the difference between commercial farming and plantation farming.


What is not correct about plantation farming?

The incorrect statement about plantation agriculture is farmers clear a part of the land by felling trees and consuming them to create oats and other food crops.


Introduction

Agriculture is the primary economic activity of the people. It is one of the most important steps in the development of human beings from primitive civilization to modern civilization. The type of farming varies from place to place. There are various types of agricultural methods.


What is plantation agriculture?

The export-oriented agricultural system developed for the purpose of international trade through the application of modern scientific methods is called plantation agriculture. Such agricultural systems are usually developed in tropical and subtropical regions.


Characteristics

The land allotted for plantation agriculture is large in size. The area of land is at least 100 hectares. This type of agricultural system is developed far away from the locality where the price of land is relatively low. These large lands are suitable for use in agricultural instruments.


Market

This agriculture is conducted by export trade. There is no special demand for plantation crops in the domestic market of the country. These crops are exportable in developing countries and imported into industrialized countries. Plantation agriculture is mainly market-dependent.


The dual combination of agriculture and industry

In this agricultural method, a dual combination of crop cultivation and industry can be seen in most of the agricultural lands. Such as a tea factory with a tea garden.


Improved transportation system

In this case, most of the agricultural crops are exported abroad by ports. Roads and railways are used to transport the crop to the market and to the port (1) & (4).


Economical uses

Plantation agriculture requires large-scale farming. With the help of advanced technology in these farms, only one crop is cultivated throughout the year. As a result, the land is used in the proper way.


What is intensive agriculture?

e. Intensive agriculture, also known as intensive farming (as opposed to extensive farming) and industrial agriculture, is a type of agriculture, both of crop plants and of animals, with higher levels of input and output per unit of agricultural land area. It is characterized by a low fallow ratio, higher use of inputs such as capital …


What is intensive farming?

Intensive agriculture, also known as intensive farming (as opposed to extensive farming) and industrial agriculture, is a type of agriculture, both of crop plants and of animals, with higher levels of input and output per unit of agricultural land area. It is characterized by a low fallow ratio, …


What is the purpose of crop rotation?

Crop rotation also seeks to balance the nutrient demands of various crops to avoid soil nutrient depletion. A traditional component of crop rotation is the replenishment of nitrogen through the use of legumes and green manure in sequence with cereals and other crops.


What is rotational grazing?

Rotational grazing is a variety of foraging in which herds or flocks are regularly and systematically moved to fresh, rested grazing areas (sometimes called paddocks) to maximize the quality and quantity of forage growth. It can be used with cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, chickens, turkeys, ducks, and other animals. The herds graze one portion of pasture, or a paddock, while allowing the others to recover. Resting grazed lands allows the vegetation to renew energy reserves, rebuild shoot systems, and deepen root systems, resulting in long-term maximum biomass production. Pasture systems alone can allow grazers to meet their energy requirements, but rotational grazing is especially effective because grazers thrive on the more tender younger plant stems. Parasites are also left behind to die off, minimizing or eliminating the need for de-wormers. With the increased productivity of rotational systems, the animals may need less supplemental feed than in continuous grazing systems. Farmers can therefore increase stocking rates.


What are the effects of degrading pastures?

Degraded pastures have significantly lower productivity and higher carbon footprints compared to intensified pastures.


What is pasture intensification?

Pasture intensification is the improvement of pasture soils and grasses to increase the food production potential of livestock systems. It is commonly used to reverse pasture degradation, a process characterized by loss of forage and decreased animal carrying capacity which results from overgrazing, poor nutrient management, and lack of soil conservation. This degradation leads to poor pasture soils with decreased fertility and water availability and increased rates of erosion, compaction, and acidification. Degraded pastures have significantly lower productivity and higher carbon footprints compared to intensified pastures.


How much of the world’s fresh water is used by crop irrigation?

Crop irrigation accounts for 70% of the world’s fresh water use. Flood irrigation, the oldest and most common type, is typically unevenly distributed, as parts of a field may receive excess water in order to deliver sufficient quantities to other parts.


What is intensive agriculture?

Intensive and extensive agriculture stands in opposition to one another in many ways. Extensive farming refers to systems that use relatively small amounts of inputs, such as human labor, machinery such as tractors, and investment. Fewer inputs are needed to produce yields, since extensive agriculture tends to make use of naturally-occurring …


What are the disadvantages of intensive farming?

In many ways, the disadvantages of intensive farming tend to outweigh benefits, particularly when it comes to animal products since these are not essential for human health (and especially not in the volumes at which they are currently consumed in places like the United States).


Why is biofortification important?

Due to depleted soils caused by intensive agriculture, produce, grains and other crops can wind up with less robust nutrient profiles than their counterparts raised organically or using extensive farming practices. Biofortification – whereby nutrients are added back into food before it is consumed by humans – is seen as a solution by some, however, others view it as being more of a bandaid approach, unsustainable in its own right.


What is monocropping in agriculture?

Monocropping is a defining feature of intensive plant agriculture. Large areas of land are planted with a single species, such as wheat, corn, or soy, with the latter two used heavily in animal feed. The use of synthetic fertilizers allow crops to be grown year after year on soil that becomes more depleted as time goes on; because time is money, fields are not allowed to go fallow, which would allow the soil to naturally replenish the nutrients plants require.


Why are intensive agriculture corporations vertically integrated?

In the United States, intensive agriculture corporations tend to be vertically integrated, freeing them from setting prices for their products that are determined by supply and demand , such as traditional farmers are forced to. This enables intensive operations to undercut smaller farms and eventually force them out of the market. Combined with the significant financial and political cloud multinational agricultural corporations have, fewer traditional farmers than ever are able to compete.


How long do pigs live in the wild?

In the wild, pigs can live upwards of 20 years. Intensive agriculture aims to grow animals as fast as possible in as short a time as possible since it is costly to provide feed.


What are some examples of deforestation?

Deforestation is an unfortunately common issue within intensive agriculture. One high-profile example comes from palm oil plantations, which have been running roughshod over the forests of Indonesia and Malaysia for years. The palm oil fruit contains a highly versatile oil, used in many products for sale in North American including ice cream, cookies, and shampoo. Massive swaths of forests have been burned and cleared to make way for palm oil monocrops, violating indigenous people’s rights and pushing iconic species such as the orangutan to the brink of extinction.


What is labor intensive in plantations?

Plantations are labor-intensive, in that they employ a large number of workers. In the case of labour strategies, workers are recruited from neighboring countries, leading to the development of plural societies, that is, societies made up of different ethnic groups. Plantations are also capital intensive.


What are the characteristics of plantation agriculture?

Now that we know the meaning of plantation agriculture, let us discuss the characteristics of plantation agriculture. They are as follows: 1 Plantation estates are very large, covering thousands of hectares and are normally run by huge foreign or local private companies. 2 Most plantations in Africa were established during the colonial era in the 19th century when European countries ruled over African countries. They were owned by foreigners who produced raw materials for industries in their own countries.


How do plantations increase their output?

Only a few countries have agro-based industries that process plantation products. Many plantations increase their output by buying local produce or by buying the same product from small scale farmers.


What are the main crops grown in plantations in Africa?

In Africa, plantation crops include sugar, tea, cocoa, tobacco, cotton, rubber and grapevine. In this article we are going to look at the major characteristics pf plantation agriculture or large scale agriculture.


What are the advantages of small scale farming?

Advantages of small scale farming. Intensive subsistence farming is the growing of crops and rearing of animals on small scale for subsistence purpose for example growing cereal crops like cassava and beans for domestic consumption. it is mostly practised in less developed countries like Zambia and some parts of Asia.


How large are plantations in Africa?

They are as follows: Plantation estates are very large, covering thousands of hectares and are normally run by huge foreign or local private companies. Most plantations in Africa were established during the colonial era in the 19th century when European countries ruled over African countries.


What is plantation management?

Plantation management provides housing, food, and medical facilities, and at times elementary education to their employees within the plantation. Plantation agriculture is usually found in areas with a sparse population. they use research and scientific method of farming.


What are the variables that are needed to carry out intensive agriculture?

That is, variables such as the amount of solar radiation, the necessary and fair irrigation they need, the necessary temperatures, the optimal relative humidity, etc.


Is olive tree an intensive crop?

There is a type of traditional cultivation such as the olive or almond tree that They have been technified and mechanized in order to increase production. These characteristics make them suitable for intensive cultivation systems.


What are some examples of intensive agriculture?

Examples of intensive agriculture 1 Massive monocultures . Like wheat, corn and barley crops in the North American plains, or soy in Argentina, it is a highly profitable monoculture for both domestic consumption and export, and despite being highly mechanized, they cause environmental damage and they impoverish the species by always preferring bio-engineered seeds and using agro-toxins (fertilizers, pesticides, etc.). 2 Greenhouse agriculture. It is called greenhouse to closed places and controlled climatic conditions, usually transparent to allow the entry of sunlight but prevent the dispersion of heat. They are widely used for the intensive cultivation of certain plant species, taking advantage of the simulated climate to boost their productivity. 3 Hydroponic agriculture. In her mineral solutions are used to cultivate the plants, instead of soil properly. Sometimes an inert material is used as support for the plants, other times directly for the water, in which the substances necessary for plant growth are poured. 4 Irrigated agriculture. By using automated irrigation systems, moisture levels are maintained that are conducive to the cultivation of a few plant variants, thus making it possible to constantly supply these foods without the need to coordinate the seasons of rain and drought. 5 Commercial floral crops . The flower industry also has its intensive variant, through vast rose gardens, sunflower plantations or other highly sought-after flowers, both for aesthetic arrangements and for perfumery work. This includes aromatic crops, such as lavender, which require constant preparation of soils to speed flowering and pests to prevent spoilage.


What are the challenges of agriculture?

Agriculture faces in modern times great challenges in terms of ecology, sustainability, and quantity of production, compared to a human population that continues to grow year after year. And from these considerations come the opposite concepts of intensive agriculture and extensive agriculture.


What is the farm model?

The farm . Grouping livestock activities (cattle, swine, avian) with agriculture, this development model takes advantage of the natural fertilizer of the animals and the vegetable residues of the harvest as food, to point to a sort of artificial ecosystem where diverse processes are fed back .


Which crop has the highest humidity?

Given its limited rainfall or convenient hydrography, this type of crop usually prefers winter fruits, which coincide with the period of highest humidity (wheat, barley, rye), since only this source of natural water is used. Rice plantations in Asia.


Is soy a monoculture?

Massive monocultures . Like wheat, corn and barley crops in the North American plains, or soy in Argentina, it is a highly profitable monoculture for both domestic consumption and export , and despite being highly mechanized, they cause environmental damage and they impoverish the species by always preferring bio-engineered seeds and using agro-toxins (fertilizers, pesticides, etc.).


Is e xtensive agriculture ecological?

E xtensive agriculture , however, has a total amount of much lower production , despite be on larger surfaces and more labor, but by more friendly processes environment often can, in cases where no chemical products are used, to be classified as ecological . Normally, this type of agriculture depends on environmental conditions and climate cycles, …


What is intensive farming?

Intensive farming is concerned above all with productivity and uses a high level of inputs and energy to achieve it. The inputs are usually in the form of chemicals, fertilisers, pesticides and growth regulators. Direct energy consumption is seen in the high levels of mechanisation. Indirect energy consumption is seen in the fact …


What is intercropping in agriculture?

Intercropping has been a feature of traditional, intensive farming systems in South and Southeast Asia . Alleys and bunds in rice field for sowing black gram and pigeon pea is a common practice in South Asia.


What is the cause of soil acidification?

Soil acidification in a managed agricultural production system is caused by the transformation of carbon (C), nitrogen (N), and sulfur (S), which releases protons (H+) to soil solution. Soil acidification decreases soil pH, causing adverse effects on plants and soil microorganisms.


What are the factors that affect soil fertility?

Acidification, coupled with aluminum, manganese, and iron toxicities, and phosphorus, calcium, magnesium, and potassium deficiencies, can lead to low soil fertility. Soil acidity influences soil C and N cycles by controlling activities of microorganisms involved in the transformations of these two elements.


How does intensive farming affect sheep?

An intensive system reduces the ability of sheep to perform normal grazing and foraging behaviour. Although the animal welfare implications of a lack of diet selection and grazing preference have not been well studied (Rutter, 2010 ), Manteca et al. (2008) suggested that removing the animal’s ability to select its own diet by offering total mixed rations (TMRs) or monocultures compromises their welfare. Under many intensive systems sheep are not given the opportunity to display dietary preference and instead have to select based on what is available. Furthermore, in many intensive systems, utilising TMRs, a constant diet is provided and therefore selection is not possible. In contrast, under unrestricted grazing conditions ruminants will show clear preferences for certain herbages over others and this preference can change based on season and time of day ( Cave et al., 2015; Pain et al., 2015; Rutter, 2006 ). Therefore, it is possible that an animal faced with a TMR may face a level of frustration whenever it feeds, which could impact on its welfare ( Rutter, 2010 ). In support of this, Aguayo-Ulloa et al. (2013) reported that lambs finished on a traditional feedlot ration of barley grain and alfalfa hay had a more natural behaviour repertoire with lower stress levels than those finished on a concentrate-based diet only.


Is intensive farming of animals axiomatic?

It is axiomatic that intensive farming of animals goes hand in hand with culture of their pathogens. The mariculture of fish and shellfish has had severe problems from time to time as a consequence of infectious diseases.


Is botanical metabolomics a complex mixture?

Nevertheless, the botanical ingredients being usually complex mixtures composed of several active ingredients, their composition needs to be characterized ( Andreu et al., 2018 ), and metabolomics methods are well-adapted to best identify the composition of natural products.

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Characteristics of Plantation Farming


Importance of Plantation Agriculture

  • Below, we are showing some advantages of plantation farming. Check out. 1. Plantation agriculture is a type of source of employment. 2. It generates government income through charges and different duties. 3. It provides foreign trade to the economy. 4. This agriculture increases modern development by arranging unrefined substances, mainly agro-base…

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Plantation Agriculture States in India

  • Here are the states where plantation agriculture practiced.Check out below the Plantation Agriculture States in India. 1. Assam 2. Tamil Nadu 3. Karnataka 4. Kerala 5. West Bengal

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Major Crops Grown in Plantation Farming

  • Check out below the popular organic farmingin plantation crops. 1. Tea 2. Coffee 3. Sugarcane 4. Cashew 5. Rubber 6. Banana 7. Cotton

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What Is Not Correct About Plantation Farming?

  • The incorrect statement about plantation agriculture is farmers clear a part of the land by felling trees and consuming them to create oats and other food crops. These are all about plantation agriculture in India. I hope you get all the relevant information about it. For more information related process of plantation farming and plantation farming methods, stay connected with Tractor Junction.

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Introduction

  • Agriculture is the primary economic activity of the people. It is one of the most important steps in the development of human beings from primitive civilization to modern civilization. The type of farming varies from place to place. There are various types of agricultural methods. Plantation agriculture is one of the most widely used agricultural methods based on natural and economic conditions. Now, what is plantation agriculture is disc…

See more on sciencequery.com


What Is Plantation Agriculture?

  • The export-oriented agricultural system developed for the purpose of international trade through the application of modern scientific methods is called plantation agriculture.Such agricultural systems are usually developed in tropical and subtropical regions. In this case, a certain crop is cultivated in large-scale farms through advanced technology. Basically, corps in plantation agriculture are selected based on international demand. Plantation agri…

See more on sciencequery.com


Characteristics

  • 1. Agricultural land
    The land allotted for plantation agriculture is large in size. The area of land is at least 100 hectares. This type of agricultural system is developed far away from the locality where the price of land is relatively low. These large lands are suitable for use in agricultural instruments.
  • 2. Workers
    It is labor-intensive and a lot of workers are required to take care of the land and plant, to collect the produced crops, or to send the crop to the market. When the required workers are not available in the country, workers are brought from abroad or from neighboring areas. On the other hand, the recruitment of foreign workers increases …

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Market

  • This agriculture is conducted by export trade. There is no special demand for plantation crops in the domestic market of the country. These crops are exportable in developing countries and imported into industrialized countries. Plantation agriculture is mainly market-dependent. As a result, variation in demand and price controls the success of this farming method.

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The Dual Combination of Agriculture and Industry

  • In this agricultural method, a dual combination of crop cultivation and industry can be seen in most of the agricultural lands. Such as a tea factory with a tea garden.

See more on sciencequery.com


Improved Transportation System

  • In this case, most of the agricultural crops are exported abroad by ports. Roads and railways are used to transport the crop to the market and to the port (1)& (4).

See more on sciencequery.com


Economical Uses

  • 1. Proper use of land
    Plantation agriculture requires large-scale farming. With the help of advanced technology in these farms, only one crop is cultivated throughout the year. As a result, the land is used in the proper way.
  • 2. Improvement of industry
    One of the economic importance of this agriculture is the development of crops as well as industry. Only one crop is cultivated in a garden. And the improvement of industry occurs in contact with the garden. For example, the development of the tea industry took place in contact with the tea garden.

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Advantage

  • 1. This agricultural method helps in transformation into a dynamic economy. 2. It is a single approach that employs thousands of workers. This reduces the resulting unemployment problem. 3. Plantation agriculture is an export-oriented approach. Thus net quantity and price lead to growth in international exports. As a result, money also increases. 4. The crops of plantation agriculture are totally dependent on the international market. Therefor…

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Disadvantage

  • In addition to some of the advantages of this farming method, it often has an adverse effect on the regional economy, such as- 1. Such farming methods are not sustainable for long-term indigenous peoples, because they are being developed by outsiders. 2. It produces only one type of crop and sells it in outside markets. So it is not able to meet the food shortage of the local people. 3. Money flows into the hands of foreigners in the name of pr…

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Q&A

  • 1. What was the most common number of crops grown under the plantation system of agriculture?
    Mainly one crop is grown under the plantation system of agriculture. Single crop production is one of the specialties of this agricultural system.
  • 2. What is plantation agriculture?
    Plantation agriculture is an export-oriented agricultural system developed in the tropics and subtropical regions for the purpose of international trade with a lot of money, labor, improved infrastructure, and efficient management. It is commercial farming. Here a single crop is produced throughout the year.

See more on sciencequery.com


Overview

Intensive agriculture, also known as intensive farming (as opposed to extensive farming), conventional, or industrial agriculture, is a type of agriculture, both of crop plants and of animals, with higher levels of input and output per unit of agricultural land area. It is characterized by a low fallow ratio, higher use of inputs such as capital and labour, and higher crop yields per unit land area.
Most commercial agriculture is intensive in one or more ways. Forms that rely heavily on industrial methods are of…


History

Paddy-based rice-farming has been practised in Korea since ancient times. A pit-house at the Daecheon-ni archaeological site yielded carbonized rice grains and radiocarbon dates indicating that rice cultivation may have begun as early as the Middle Jeulmun Pottery Period (c. 3500–2000 BC) in the Korean Peninsula. The earliest rice cultivation there may have used dry-fields instead of paddies.


Techniques and technologies

Pasture intensification is the improvement of pasture soils and grasses to increase the food production potential of livestock systems. It is commonly used to reverse pasture degradation, a process characterized by loss of forage and decreased animal carrying capacity which results from overgrazing, poor nutrient management, and lack of soil conservation. This degradation leads to poor pasture soils with decreased fertility and water availability and increased rates of …


Challenges

[W]hen hunter-gatherers with growing populations depleted the stocks of game and wild foods across the Near East, they were forced to introduce agriculture. But agriculture brought much longer hours of work and a less rich diet than hunter-gatherers enjoyed. Further population growth among shifting slash-and-burn farmers led to shorter fallow periods, falling yields and soil erosion. Plowing and fertilizers were introduced to deal with these problems—but once ag…


See also

• Convertible husbandry
• Dryland farming
• Environmental issues with agriculture
• Green Revolution
• Industrial crop


External links

• Fall 2012 Farm Values Report
• “An expansion of the demographic transition model: the dynamic link between agricultural productivity and population”. Russel Hopfenberg, Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Department, Duke University, USA. Journal Biodiversity, Taylor & Francis Online. 22 October 2014.

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