Are rural youth in ethiopia abandoning agriculture pdf

Our study shows that only 9% of the rural youth plan to pursue agriculture as their livelihood. We also found a sharp increase in youth outmigration in the past six years. Our econometric analyses confirm that lack of land access is forcing the youth away from an agricultural livelihood.

What are the key challenges of Ethiopian agriculture PDF?

Key constraints to agricultural productivity in Ethiopia include low availability of improved or hybrid seed, lack of seed multiplication capacity, low profitability and efficiency of fertilizer use due to the lack of complimentary improved practices and seed, and lack of irrigation and water constraints.

What are the major human made problem that affected the development of agriculture in Ethiopia?

The problems related to basic infrastructures like roads, hydroelectric generation plants, irrigation tools, and other farm equipment availability in the country and limitation of foreign currencies for importation also limited the attractiveness of the agricultural sector to private investors (Diriba, 2020.

What is the challenge of rural development in Ethiopia?

Some of these challenges include: increasing youth unemployment, increasing vulnerability to climate change, low agricultural productivity and growing food insecurity. Addressing these challenges will require having broad, robust and innovative strategies that go beyond a traditional sector-based approach.

Why agriculture is unattractive to youth?

These challenges coupled with the negative perceptions of youth, who form about 60 percent of the population, about agriculture being less lucrative, labor and capital intensive, and an activity with low self-esteem make agriculture unattractive to the youth, hence their low participation in agriculture (IFAD, 2019; …

What is the current status of Ethiopian agriculture?

Ethiopia has about 51.3 million hectares of arable land. However, just over 20% is currently cultivated, mainly by the smallholders. Over 50% of all smallholder farmers operate on one (1) hectare or less. Smallholder producers, which are about 12 million households, account for about 95% of agricultural GDP.

Are Ethiopian households not leaving agriculture?

Among rural households in the countries of our African sample, specialization in on-farm activities continues to be the norm (practiced by 52 percent of households on average), ranging from one-third of households in Kenya to 83 percent in Ethiopia (Table 3).

What are the major problems in agriculture?

10 Major Agricultural Problems of India and their Possible…Small and fragmented land-holdings: … Seeds: … Manures, Fertilizers and Biocides: … Irrigation: … Lack of mechanisation: … Soil erosion: … Agricultural Marketing: … Inadequate storage facilities:More items…

What are challenges of agriculture?

These three challenges – feeding a growing population, providing a livelihood for farmers, and protecting the environment – must be tackled together if we are to make sustainable progress in any of them.

Do you think Ethiopia has any other agricultural potential to promote its development?

In addition, some of Ethiopia’s cash crops show potential for growth and offer possible investment opportunities in areas such as coffee, oilseeds, pulses, fruits and vegetables, honey, cut flowers, tea, and spices. Most of these crops are exported to generate foreign exchange.

What is agriculture and why is it important?

The agriculture industry, which includes both crops and livestock, is responsible for producing most of the world’s foods and fabrics. Agriculture impacts so many things that it’s hard to imagine a world without this important industry. If you don’t think agriculture impacts your life, think again.

What is importance of agriculture?

Agriculture provides most of the world’s food and fabrics. Cotton, wool, and leather are all agricultural products. Agriculture also provides wood for construction and paper products. These products, as well as the agricultural methods used, may vary from one part of the world to another.

What are the reasons for agriculture?

Here are ten reasons why agriculture is important:#1. It’s the main source of raw materials. … #2. It’s important to international trade. … #3. It plays a big role in a nation’s revenue. … #4. It provides employment. … #5. It’s crucial to a country’s development. … #6. It can help heal the environment. … #7. … #8.More items…

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