Are stables classed as agricultural buildings


Unlike farms, equine facilities do not have any agricultural permitted development rights, meaning that most development requires planning consent. This is because horses kept for recreation, sport and business are not classed as an agricultural activity.Jan 28, 2019


What are the principles behind building stables?

The principles behind building stables is the same for any building and is reasonably simple, but like with many things, if you get it wrong it can give you problems in the future. Your new timber stables will need to be fixed down to a concrete base, so this will have to be formed first and then the stables erected on top of that.

What class of building is a shed on a farm?

NCC 2016 introduced Part H3 Farm Buildings and Farm Sheds. This Part permits concessions for Class 7 and Class 8 buildings used for farming. This article helps you understand the classification of buildings on farms, including whether you can still classify a shed on a farm as Class 10a.

Are there planning issues with building a stable or stable block?

Of course there are planning issues to consider with the position of a new stable or stable block, and like everything involving a planning application a great deal of thought needs to go into the visual and sometimes environmental impact on the surrounding area and your neighbours.

Do you need planning permission to convert a barn to stables?

If existing barns or external buildings on your agricultural land is to be converted into stables, this also counts as ‘change of use’, and you’ll need to seek permission. Because the building’s purpose is changing from agricultural to a different classification, you’ll need planning permission to begin that conversion.


Are horse stables considered agriculture?

The 2018 Farm Bill, overall, was a big win for the agriculture industry. Even more so, the horse industry is counting the recently passed bill as a huge win, thanks to the official designation of horses as livestock.

What is considered an agricultural building UK?

Agricultural building . ‘ means any structure designed and con- structed to house hay, grain, poultry, livestock or other horticultural prod- ucts and for farm storage of farming implements.

What classifies as agricultural use?

Agricultural Use – The use of water for crop production or the growing of farm products including vegetables, pasture, sod, or other cash crops, waste management or watering or washing livestock.

Can you graze horses on agricultural land UK?

If the horses are simply grazing on the land, they will fall within the legal definition of “agriculture” and you won’t need to obtain planning permission for them. If, however, you want to keep your horses for other purposes, such as recreational riding or teaching, you may need to seek it.

What size agricultural building can I build without planning permission?

Planning permission is required as the total floor area (340 metres) of the two Class 6 buildings exceeds 300 square metres. Class 7 covers the housing of pigs and poultry. The exemption limits are 75 metres for individual structures and 100 metres on aggregate.

What farm buildings are exempt from planning permission?

Detached single storey agricultural buildings under 300 square metres are generally exempt from the building regulations.

What does agricultural use only mean?

Agricultural Use Only or “Ag Use Only” means any lot, tract or parcel of land not specifically designated as a “Buildable” lot.

What is under agricultural lands?

Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures.

How many acres qualify as a farm UK?

(in the UK, 12 acres are required for a farm to qualify for permitted development rights, for example).

Are horses agricultural animals?

A horse is considered to be an agricultural animal if it is used to farm agricultural land or is farmed for meat or hides. Horses on farms or in stables and livery yards are protected by the Animal Welfare Act.

Do you need planning permission for a stable?

Generally, if you want to build stables on your property, you will need planning permission from your Local Planning Authority (LPA). However, the laws are rather complex and there are exceptions for private leisure stables.

Can horses be on agricultural land?

The key is that the horses are only on the land for the primary purpose of “grazing”. If the horses are given supplemental feed, kept in a field for exercise, covered with rugs or if they are provided with a field shelter then the predominant use of the land may no longer be regarded as agricultural.

What happens if you use your land for equestrian purposes?

If you are using your land for equestrian purposes and it is classed as agricultural land the Local Authority could take enforcement action against you so it is imperative you know the difference and use limits to stay within the use permission of your land.

Is a horse stabled at an equestrian centre solely for the purpose of their recreational use there

Similarly, if horses are stabled at an equestrian centre solely for the purpose of their recreational use there, this would generally be accepted as ancillary to the D2 use of this planning unit , but not if this is in practice a livery.

Is a livery stable a sui generis?

Thus stud farms and livery stables (stables where horses are kept for the owner, and fed and groomed for a fee) are sui generis uses. There may be an exception in the case of stables if these are genuinely incidental or ancillary to some other use.

Rural property boom

As lockdown restrictions fluctuated around the country and international travel ground to a near-halt, many British holidaymakers chose to see more of our own nation. This led to a huge ‘staycation’ boom – but it also increased interest in living in rural locations.

Conversions as an opportunity

For property entrepreneurs who can purchase disused agricultural buildings, or those who already own them, the opportunities are clear: conversion property turned into homes and flats can help attract a new generation of tenants that are looking to escape city living.

Permitted development changes

In our full guide to permitted development rights, we outline the things you need to know about how changes to Use Class have made it possible for developers to transform retail, office and hospitality units from disused buildings into residential property without requiring planning consent from the planning authority.

Rural outbuilding to home conversions

The first step of any conversion under the new permitted development rights is to ensure it meets key expectations. These are mainly stipulations around size, natural light and insulation. You’ll also need to check if the building actually applies for permitted development.

Stable block to residential conversions

Stables are some of the best candidates for property conversions due to their size. Few stables utilise all of their available space, often leaving areas that are ripe for conversion. Traditional barn buildings are typically aesthetically pleasing from the outside too, which helps make them appealing to tenants once converted.

How to finance a barn conversion

While stable conversions may seem like a fairly challenging project, there are architects across the UK who specialise in rural work. For landlords looking to maximise their investments, it’s hard to argue with the benefits of stable conversions:

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What shape should a stable be?

Generally for small numbers of stables, most people choose either a straight run, or a small L shape, whereas larger numbers of stables different layouts can also be considered. If your new block is to include tack rooms and feed stores, then their position also needs to be considered as well.

What is a good ventilation system for a stable?

A well designed stable will have good ventilation, without causing draughts. A vaulted ceiling will allow for more headroom and also improve the stable’s ventilation and if the ceiling is timber clad as well, this will also reduce the chance of condensation becoming a problem.

How wide should a horse door be?

Doorways should be 4’ wide and for horses over 14.2hh, then the doorways should really be 7’ tall however for very large horses, then consider doorways as high as 7’6” tall. Layout.

How high should the concrete base be?

Once the sub-base has been laid, you need to place the concrete base. The top of the concrete needs to be above the surrounding ground level, by perhaps 100mm or so, (similar in some ways to the floor of your house, being higher than the level of your garden).

Why should a horse’s bedding be sloped?

The floor should slope slightly, so that any liquids flow to one side of the box, this will help to keep the bedding as dry as possible, which in turn will also help reduce the chances of a build up of ammonia, which will affect the horse’s respiratory system.

Can horses be hot in the summer?

Badly designed stables can become unhealthily hot in the summer and dank and oppressive in the winter. In general terms horses can tolerate lower temperatures much better than they can higher temperatures so the ability to keep temperatures low in summer is paramount.

Can horses see you in a building?

Try not to have the doors and windows facing into the prevailing winds, but also try to ensure that both you and your horses can see each other as you approach the front of the building, don’t position the doors in such a way that the horses can’t see you until you come round the corner.

What is the classification of a building?

Classification of a building is the responsibility of the appropriate authority e.g. the Building Certifier. It is a process of categorising buildings of similar risk levels based on use, hazard and occupancy.

Can you have a 10A shed on a farm?

Under the BCA, a building’s classification is determined by the purpose for which it is designed, constructed or adapted to be used. Therefore you can still have a Class 10a shed on a farm. Some judgment is required to discern the difference between a Class 10a shed and a Class 7b shed.


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