Tilapia Fish Farming Guide & Info | Tips for big Profit

Tilapia Fish Farming Process, Profit & Guide

Fishes are one of the important species that are being farmed from long back ago to make money. Fishes are also the cheapest best species that are consumed mainly for their high protein content throughout the world.

When it comes to fish farming, Tilapia is the #2nd most farmed fish in the world. Basically, these fishes are freshwater fishes inhabiting the shallow streams, rivers, ponds, and lakes. But, currently, the availability of this fish in natural water resource is being decreased due to the over-exploitation and pollution.

Presently, the increasing fish meat consumption and fish demand in the world made the farmers to raise fishes to create income from it to meet the market demand too. Farmers can raise Tilapia fishes in ponds, tanks or any other water body. In fact, Tilapia fish farming is the best way to create local employment for skilled as well as non-skilled people

In India, this fish was introduced in 1952, and a ban was imposed by the fisheries research committee of India on this fish in India. However, the commercial farming of Tilapia fish is approved in some states of India.

Farmers need to contact fisheries department or an aquaculture department for guidelines and all necessary licenses for it. So, check below guideline on Tilapia Fish farming to make a big profit from it with minimum care and management of fishes. In this guideline, you can learn the Scientific classification, various farming method, feeding management, breeding, pond management, and other management for profitable tilapia fish farming.

Importance of Tilapia Farming

Tilapia owns a big importance in the commercial fish farming business sector. As Tilapia grows very rapidly in suitable climate conditions and environment, most of the fish farmer used to rear Tilapia, besides being very tasty to eat. And, there is a great demand for this fish in the market. Since most of the people used to eat almost all kind of Tilapia recipes. In fact, this creates a revolution in the fish farming sector.

tilapia farming in india

However, when it comes to the Tilapia fish farming potential, low-lying areas having water stagnation are best suitable for the agricultural activities. Specifically, such kind of areas can be converted into water resource like a pond in order to raise Tilapia fishes.

Tilapia is also one of the easiest and most profitable fish, used to farm because of their mode of reproduction and their omnivorous diet. Raising Tilapia fish in tanks or a channel is considered as the safest for the environment. Since It does not spread the waste and diseases from the fish tank to the clean environment.

Farmers can get desired profit within a short time period if they raise the Tilapia fishes with modern technology. In fact, modern farmers are more interested in rearing Tilapia farming due to the high market rate and higher demands in the market. Tilapia fishes are well known for surviving in averse natural condition with disease resistance power. They can survive in 15 to 38 Degree Centigrade temp. and grows their best in 18 to 32 Degree Centigrade temp. Once can easily rear these fishes twice or thrice accordingly the available facilities.

Scientific Classification of Tilapia

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Actinopterygii
Order Perciformes
Family Cichlidae
Sub-family Pseudocrenilabrinae
Tribe Tilapiini
Genus Tilapia

What is Monosex Tilapia Fish Farming?

In Tilapia Fish Farming, it is difficult to rear different aged sized fishes in the same rearing pond due to their unconditioned propagation.

Farmers can rear the male fishes only, which are known as Monosex Tilapia, separated from the female fishes. Because male fishes grow faster with uniform size and gain good weight in comparison to the female ones. And, the farming of only Monosex Tilapia (Male) separated from females is known as Monosex Tilapia Fish Farming.

In fact, Genetically Improved Farmed Tilapia (GIFT) boost the market potential. As they are scientifically confirmed to be the superior to freshwater carps. And, are also considered as the best suitable for rearing in the Asian continent climate conditions and atmosphere.

Advantages of Monosex Tilapia Fish Culture

  • Tilapia fishes are faster in growth with uniform size and weight.
  • It has an excellent market demand in both; local as well as international markets.
  • It prefers almost all types of supplementary feeds.
  • They can be profitably cultured in seasonal ponds.
  • They can be also cultured with a high stocking density in the ponds or local water resources.
  • They have high disease resistance power and are able to grow in almost all kind of adverse environment.
  • These fishes can be also raised in saline water, where the salinity is in between 12 to 16 ppt.
  • Well known for attaining huge profit with average fish farming pond management and care.
  • Are able to feed on pond natural feed like planktons, algae, etc.

How to Start Tilapia Fish Farming Commercially

tilapia farming

However, to attain good profit from this business farming, farmers require following some simple care and management tips. The tips on Tilapia fish culture includes –

  • Selection of Suitable pond
  • Feeding Management
  • Suitable farming Method or rearing method
  • Breeding along some care and management…

So, let us learn about all these points of concerns.

Selecting a Suitable Farm Location for Tilapia Farming

Pond selections play a significant role in the successful Tilapia fish farming. So, care to be taken while selecting pond location. So, make sure of following points of concern while selecting a pond for Tilapia Fish culture.

  • Always select a pond or tank having a good water depth with a minimum 1.5 to 2-meter water depth.
  • Never let the water level to falls down below 1.5 meters.
  • The selected pond soil should be water retentive with sufficient water supply availability to ensure a good profit.
  • Always avoid industrial areas, flood-prone areas, and chemically impacted soils while selecting a pond for Tilapia.
  • For rearing Tilapia’s in an old fish pond, the old pond should be renovated in order to avoid an occurrence of any disease and damage in the pond. Make sure to check the inlet and outlet of the old pond.
  • Make sure to check the minimum depth of the pond.
  • Desilting of existing ponds should be carried out.
  • Also, Impoundment of non-essential areas of water bodies should be done.
  • Make sure to check to construct or repair watchmen rooms, civil structures, water supply arrangements, and electricity supply.

Optimal Temperature for Tilapia Fish Farming

Tilapia fishes can survive in 12 °C to 35 °C. However, for their optimum growth rate, the optimum temperature for tilapia is 15 °C to 32 °C

Liming in Fish Pond

Generally, fish ponds are more acidic in nature and are also less productive than the alkaline fish ponds. So, to bring down the pH to the desired value, lime is used. Since a preferred pH of pond directly states a better production.

The use of lime is also beneficial in the following –

  • To increase the pH level of the fish pond.
  • It can also act as a buffer and can avoid the fluctuations of pH in the pond.
  • It also increases the resistance of soil to parasites.
  • The toxic effect of lime kills the parasites, present in the pond. It also boosts the organic decomposition.

However, for commercial production, it is always a better idea to go for a soil test, at least once. It helps the producer to learn the pH of the soil, and the amount of lime should be used to correct the pH. A new pond should be filled with water, only after liming it.

So, Please, apply as much as lime as required on the basis of the following table to bring the pH value at the desired value for the better fish production.

Lime in kg/ha Soil pH
2000 4.5-5.0
1000 5.1-6.5
500 6.6-7.5
200 7.6-8.5
None 8.6-9.5

Pond Management in Tilapia Fish Culture

To select a suitable farming method in Tilapia farming is the most important thing to attain good profit and income. Tilapia fishes are farmed under nursing pond management and stocking pond management.

tilapia farming

Nursing Pond Management in Tilapia Fish Culture

Pond water should be emptied in order to make it dry. If is not possible to dry out the pond, then, make use of chemicals in order to eradicate cannibalistic and unwanted fishes from the pond. Now, 750 kg of dung along with 15 kg urea, 7 kg of TSP, 100 kg of lime, and 2 kg of MOP per acre pond area should be applied in order to produce natural fish feed.

Arrange fence with a net around the pond area in order to close the entrance for frogs, snakes, and other natural predators to avoid any kind of fish loss. After a week of fertilizing the pond, start stocking of 3 weeks aged Monosex Tilapia in the pond. Usually, one can easily stock about 1.5 to 2 lac Monosex Tilapia per unit acre land of the pond.

The pond should be supplemented with high protein containing feed at about 15 % of the body weight of the total stocked fishes. It is recommended to feed them twice or thrice a day rather than feeding once at different intervals.

Fishes should be raised in this system for about 7 to 9 weeks. Thereafter, they should be transferred to the main stocking pond.

Stocking Pond Management in Tilapia Fish Farming

Now, here in stocking pond management, 2 months old and older fishes are rear, transferred from nursery pond. So, make sure about the stocking pond depth. It should be just like the nursery pond or little deeper. Likewise, make use of chemicals in order to eradicate cannibalistic and unwanted fishes from the pond.

harvesting fishes

Now, in order to produce natural fish feed, 750 kg of dung along with 12 kg urea, 6 kg of TSP, 100 kg of lime, and 2 kg of MOP per acre pond area should be applied per unit acre pond area. In general, it starts growing within a week of fertilizing the fish pond. However, when it comes to fish stocking density, stock only 25 thousand fishes per unit acre tocking pond area to obtain higher growth rate and excellent fish weight. It is also essential to maintain the natural fish food amount in the pond, 500 kg of dung, 3 kg of urea, along with 2 kg of TSP should be applied at an interval of 7 days. However, if you are using supplementary fish feed, then, stop applying the fertilizers in the pond.

The pond water should be changed on daily basis at 5 % to 6 % when the fishes gain the weight of about 100 gm. When it comes to Monosex tilapia fishes, they attain 200 gm to 250 gm body weight within a time period of 4 months after stocking them in the rearing pond.

And, from this stage, farmers can start their selling to the local market. Farmers should harvest the fishes on the basis of market requirement. One can wait for a little time till fishes attain body weight of 500 gm or even more in order to earn more and more profit.

Feeding Management & Feed Rate in Tilapia Farming

Tilapia fishes are an omnivorous fish species. And, generally, they consume everything including planktons, algae, and various types of aquatic plants. For large scale commercial Tilapia farming, farmers can buy the commercial fish feed from a nearby market. One can also produce natural fish feed or organic fish feed with the help of above method. If possible, please buy a good stock of Commercial feed from the market. Since it is healthy and effective for the fish and it provides the highest growth to the fishes.

And, In commercial tilapia fish production, providing nutritious food to fishes is very important for quick growth and higher body weight of the fish. So, please follow the average daily feed requirement schedule for optimum growth of fishes.

Body Weight (Grams) Daily Feed Rate No.Of.Times a Day
20 to 25 8 % to 10 % 3 to 4
50 to 100 6 % to 8 % 3 to 4
100 to 200 5 % to 6 % 3
200 + 2 % to 4 % 3

Breeding in Tilapia Fish Culture

The breeding process of Tilapia is a very simple, and it is not so difficult as compared to others. However, for breeding purpose,  place the brood-stocks in a small sized tank, then after the fry should be transferred to a larger pond or tank for further rearing process.


However, it is very difficult to fishes as male or female, when are very young. So, it is a big problem in commercial fish farming, since male tilapia grow faster than compared to the female ones. So, modern commercial tilapia producers make uses of hormones or genetically chosen fishes in order to produce only male tilapia, leaving the females for profitable farming.

Care & Management in Tilapia Farming

Tilapia production is not a difficult task. However, care of some point of concern should be taken in order to reduce any loss in this business farming. So, to obtain desirable production of tilapia fishes,

Take care of following points in fish feeding management in tilapia fish farming

  • Make sure to change the pond water occasionally for the better growth of fishes.
  • Regularly check out the PH of water and soil. The PH value of pond water should be in from 7 to 8 for the excellent growth rate of fishes.
  • Make sure of any diseases should not enter in to the pond. The presence of any diseases in the pond directly lower down the production.
  • Keep pond safe by keeping away all types of natural predators such as snakes, frogs, etc.
  • There is also need of fresh and clean environment for the optimum fish production.
  • Feeding should be done properly with sufficient amount of food having high nutritious value and protein content.
  • Periodical monitoring of the fishes is to be carried out for disease incidence and growth. Records for day to day management of the pond to be kept for inspection.

How Do You Harvest Tilapia Fishes?

In a very short time period, about 6 months, tilapia fishes reach their market age. The growth rate of fishes depends on the food and environment provided to the fish. So, always feed with fresh & nutritious, high-quality food in sufficient amount in a clean and fresh pond environment.

harvesting fishes

Depending on the market, decide how much fish is to be harvest from the pond. There are two popular ways or method for harvesting fish in commercially tilapia farming.

  • Harvesting with the help of fishnet
  • By removing the pond water

Normally, harvesting fishes in the morning and afternoon are considered as the best time for harvesting fishes.

After harvesting, send off the collected fishes to the nearby local market for marketing.

Final Words

Hope that this is enough for Tilapia farming or tuna fish farming. However, kindly inform us if you feel any kind of discomfort while going through this article by commenting below in the comment box.

But, Tilapia fish farming is really fun providing a business plan. Have a Grand Success in Tilapia fish farming…

Cauliflower Farming (Ghobi) | Guide & Information

Cauliflower Farming Details

Little about Cauliflower

After Potatoes and onions, Cauliflower is the most consumed vegetable throughout the globe on the daily basis. In general, it is also known as Ghobi, Gobi, etc in India. It is the most important commercial vegetable crop that has always demand in the market throughout the year. And, one can easily good income from it with little care and initial investment. So, it is a better idea to grow Cauliflower vegetables instead of going for any other vegetable farming.

Basically, it is a cruciferous edible flower. The edible part of the cauliflower is known as ‘Curd’ surrounded by few leaves narrower than that of cabbage. The surrounding of the curd is ribbed and coarse green leaves which protect it from the sunlight for preventing it from the development of chlorophyll in it. And, the cauliflower flower is attached to a central stalk.

cauliflower farming

It is mainly grown from its seeds. The white portion of this vegetable flower is used for the culinary purpose in the kitchen. Its stalk, surrounding thick, and its green leaves are used in the vegetable broth. They can be also used as a livestock fodder to feed the milking dairy animals or to goat, sheep, etc.

The Scientific name of Cauliflower is “Brassica oleracea var. botrytis L”. And, it belongs to the family “Brassicaceae (Cruciferae)”. And often overshadowed by its own green cousin named broccoli.

They can be grown as two seasonal crops. They can be grown as an Early season type crop as well as Late seasonal crop. However, late seasonal cauliflowers are grown for a longer time period as compared to the Early seasonal crop type.

These wonderful vegetable flowers, cauliflowers can be also grown in the greenhouse and also in the poly houses.

Why is it most consumed by people throughout the world?

It is proven that regular consumptions of this vegetable flower can reduce the risk of certain cancer up to some extent. It is also beneficial for the pregnant women and also aids in weight loss and weight management. Beside this, it also promotes the healthy immune system via lowering the blood cholesterol levels and detoxifies the body system. It is also full of Calcium and Vitamin K content besides being the rich in all essentially required minerals and vitamins.

Local Names of Cauliflower Throughout the World (In Different Languages)

Cauliflower (English), 甘蓝 (Chinese), Phool gobhi (Hindi), Bloemkool (Dutch), Phool/Gobi  (Urdu), Coliflor ( Catalan), карфиол (Macedonian), цэцэгт байцаа (Mongolian), cvjetača / Karfiol (Bosnian), Blumenkohl (German), Blomkool (Afrikaans), Kalafior (Polish), càl-Colaig (Scottish), dòk gà-làm (Thai),  lulelakër (Albanian), Koliplor (Cebuano), काउली/Kauli (Nepali), Kubis Bunga (Malay), Κουνουπίδι(Greek), 花椰菜 (Taiwanese), huā cài (Mandarin),  꽃양배추(Korean), a couve-flor (Portuguese), Gulkaram (Uzbek), Cavolfiore (Italian), súp lơ or bông cải (Vietnamese), Lillkapsas(Estonian), Cóilis (Irish), Pastarda (Maltese), карфиол (Serbian), gàw-bì-pán (Burmese), Ziedkāposts (Latvian), цветно зеле (Bulgarian), conopidă (Romanian), القرنبيط (Arabic), Kuliplor (Filipino), Blomkål (Norwegian), Chou Fleur (French),  මල්ගෝවා (Sinhalese), korifurawā (Japanese), ផ្កាខាត់ណា (Cambodian), Karnabahar (Turkish), капуста (Russian),  Květák (Czech),  Karfiol (Hungarian), blomkål (Swedish), Gol Kalam (Persian), Ukholifulawa (Zulu), Qvavilovani Kombosto (Georgian), cvetača (Slovenian), blomkål (Danish), etc

Cauliflower Varieties (Cauliflower Cultivar)

There are numbers of improved varieties of Cauliflower, developed for growing in different climate conditions in different geological regions. So, it is a better idea to learn the best suitable cultivar of cauliflower vegetables and grow the best one to obtain high yield as the production of vegetable.

cauliflower varieties

White Cauliflower Varieties

The curd, the edible part of the vegetable flower or the head of flower buds is white of such kind of varieties. It grows and enlarged and develops into a large white curd, which should be harvested before it starts to open.

cauliflower farming in India

Actually, cauliflower curd is pure white, appearing as the single growth without the development of side shoots. And in the market, numbers of white varieties are easily available in the market throughout the world. The flower vegetable includes a “White Cloud,”. In fact, it is especially tolerant of the early spring or of the fall frosts, and “Early White Hybrid,” and are known for attaining quick maturity.

Orange Cauliflower Varieties

In additions to the common cultivar, white cauliflower, there is also great market demand for the orange cauliflowers.

Like the white cultivar, such types of varieties are specially grown to obtain “Cheddar” develop bright orange curds. In fact, these plants are made so that they produce increased amounts of the orange pigment beta-carotene, a precursor to vitamin A.

The “Cheddar” cultivar has the similar cultural requirements as to those of white cauliflower varieties. Although, is curds tends to hold especially well on the plant without producing flowers at harvest time by allowing to stagger the harvest rather than picking all of the curds at a single time. When cooked, the curds of such kind of cauliflower variety develops into a brighter, deeper orange color.

Other Varieties

There are many other varieties of cauliflower other than the white and orange cultivar. Such as “Graffiti” and “Purple Head” variety produce striking violet-purple heads or curds. And, the curs are tender having a very mild flavor, best suitable for cooking as well as colorful accents in the salad. “Graffiti”, when cooked, curds retain their original purple color, while those from the “Purple Head” turn into green color.

Cauliflower romanesco, also known as Roman cauliflower, is another such type unusual variety of this flower vegetables. Its curds are a lime green in color, with several pointed pinnacles at the head surface. These curds heads tend to be little smaller than the standard cauliflower curds. Plants are less vigorous than remaining other varieties. It produces heads or curds with a mild, nutty taste reminiscent of broccoli.

The following is the list of top famous hybrid cultivars of Cauliflower, which are popular throughout the globe for their high yielding capacity.

  • Flame Star (F1) Cauliflower Seed
  • Mardi Organic (F1) Cauliflower
  • Graffiti (F1) Cauliflower Seed
  • Snow Crown (F1) Cauliflower Seed
  • Bishop (F1) Cauliflower Seed
  • Amazing Cauliflower Seed
  • Denali (F1) Cauliflower Seed
  • Vitaverde (F1) Cauliflower Seed
  • Veronica Organic (F1) Cauliflower Seed
  • Skywalker Organic (F1) Cauliflower Seed
  • Janvel Organic (F1) Cauliflower
  • Cheddar (F1) Cauliflower Seed
  • Veronica (F1) Cauliflower Seed
  • Punto Verde AKA 26-701 (F1) Cauliflower 

Where Do Cauliflowers Grow

To obtain optimum yield as productions with excellent quality of vegetables, it is essential to growing the seedlings on suitable climate conditions in preferred soil requirements. Climate conditions and soil requirement for cauliflower varies from cultivar to cultivar.

cauliflower farming in green hourse

Climate Conditions for Cauliflower Farming

Depending on the variety of cauliflower, the climate requirements keep changes for the optimum curds production. However, Cauliflower vegetables grow well in a cool and moist cool climate conditions. They are able to sustain to very low temperatures and also for hot climatic conditions. But, do not that extremely dry conditions and low humidity climate conditions are not suitable for Cauliflower farming.

A temp. ranging from 12 °C to 22 °C as the optimum temperature is excellent for the healthy seed germination in Cauliflower cultivation. And, high temperatures during the whole growing period lead to poor quality of curds or heads. Whereas low temp may lead to delay in the maturity period and also in the undersized curd.

Soil Requirement for Cauliflower Farming

Cauliflower can grow over a wide variety of soil. However, a soil, rich in humous or organic matter content with good water holding capacity and a good water drainage is best suitable for growing cauliflowers.

Sandy and loamy soils are advised for the early crops. Whereas for late crops, loam soils and clay soils are recommended. They also thrive their best in a soil having pH ranging from 6.0 to 7.0

For commercial cauliflower cultivation, going for a soil test before growing seeds is a good idea. Do not that this vegetables are very sensitive to the higher acidic value, cultivation on soil having less than 5.5 pH value should be avoided. It should be corrected by applying 5 to 10 quintal per hectare for a successful crop. Whereas a soil pH value more than 7.5 may lead to boron deficiency.

How to Grow Cauliflowers Vegetables

cauliflower farm

Land Preparation for Cauliflower Farming

To obtain higher yield, proper field preparations should be done very well. So, for the field preparations, deep plowing about 20 cm depth should be given by local tractor or a cultivator.

And, also try to make sure to have about 2 to 3 cross – harrowing. With 2 planking to make the surface smooth. Do not forget to bring the soil into fine tilth stage for better yield.

Organic manures such as Farm Yard Manure should be supplemented at the time of field preparation to correct all kinds of deficiency.

Propagation in Cauliflower Farming

Generally, propagation in cauliflower cultivation is mainly done through seeds.

Try to buy high yielding seeds from well known and genuine source or seed seller.

Seed Rate in Cauliflower Farming

The seed rate in this vegetable farming depends on variety as well as the season of growing. However, for growing as early crop, about 700 gm to 800 gm seeds per hectare are good enough. Whereas for the late crop, about 500 gm per hectare seeds are good enough to healthy seed rate.

Planting in Cauliflower Farming

Seeds should be sown on nursery beds. Seed should be transplanted before 4 weeks of planting seedlings on the main field.

For commercial cultivation, furrow and ridges type layout.

Spacing in Cauliflower Farming

A good spacing in cauliflower farming leads to higher vegetable curd production. However,

  • For an early crop, the spacing should be 45 cm X 45 cm. Whereas
  • For a late crop, 60 cm X 60 cm plant spacing should be is maintained.

Sowing Time in Cauliflower Farming

Prepared nursery bed seedlings should be transplanted in suitable growing season. However,

  • For early crop cultivation, prepared nursery beds should be transplanted from July to August. Whereas,
  • For late crop cultivation, prepared nursery beds should be transplanted from Sept to October.

Irrigation in Cauliflower Farming

Watering is essential for the healthy growth of curds. So, make sure of proper irrigation facility before plantation.

Cauliflower is a shallow-rooted vegetable crop, & its roots are confined to 45 to 55 cm soil depth, that is why requires more water at the crucial stage. So, drip irrigation is the best suitable way of irrigation to obtain uniform head size with high-quality produce. And, there are many advantages of drip irrigation over the traditional watering system. Frequent watering is needed in hot and dry climatic conditions.

irrigation in cauliflower farming

For watering in early cauliflower crop, irrigation should be followed at an interval of 4 to 7 days. Whereas for watering in late cauliflower crop, irrigation should be followed at an interval of 10 to 14 days. A good moisture content at the time of head formation is essentially required for healthy curds development.

Manures & Fertilizers in Cauliflower Farming

Application of manure and fertilizers at a proper time will result in excellent yields for this vegetable crop. On an average, 20 to 30 tonnes of well-decomposed farmyard manure should be applied at the time of land preparation to increase soil fertility.

Whereas 60 kg of Nitrogen, 40 kg of Potash along with 80 kg of Phosphorous should be applied per unit hectare land before four weeks of transplanting of seedlings in the main field.

For commercial cultivation, fertigation of nitrogen with the help of drip irrigation system in about 6 different doses results in better and quality yield.

However, try to give manures and fertilizer at a higher dose, if your soil posses less soil fertility to increase the soil fertility and productivity.

Pests and Diseases in Cauliflower Cultivation

In any vegetable crop, it is very important to control pest and disease at the proper time to avoid the loss in productions. Since the presence of any of pests and diseases in this vegetable crop may lead to lower down the yield as well as quality.

cauliflower farm

Pests in Cauliflower Vegetables

Caterpillars, Cutworms, Cabbage fly, Aphids, Flea beetles, Thrips, Slugs, Tarnished plant bugs, and Nematodes are common pests that are observed in commercial Cauliflower Cultivation.

Diseases in Cauliflower Vegetables

Clubroot, Downey mildew, Grey leaf spot & black leaf spot, Rhizoctonia, Black rot (Bacterial diseases), Blackleg, and fungal diseases (Damping-off) are some common diseases that are found in this vegetable farming.

Control Measures

  • Crop rotation is the best way to get rid of pests and diseases.
  • Always select seeds having high pests and diseases resistance.
  • Avoid overwatering.
  • For more details, try to contact with one of the nearest horticulture department. As they are the best source of information.

Harvesting of Cauliflower

Cauliflower gets ready for harvesting when their heads or curds attain proper maturity age. And, their maturity age can be determined by the size of heads, just before they begin to discolor.

Harvesting should be done with the help of sharp sickle. Make sure of the heads are compact and the plant should be cut down, below its head in such a way that the stub has left the head from damage during transportation.

cauliflower cultivation

Try to harvest three to six time, so that you can get higher production. Harvesting should be done, only when the curds attain their suitable market size or fully developed.

Harvesting should be done in morning or at evening time. And, collected curds should be graded on the basis of size before sending them to the market. Store them at a cool place to maintain the quality and quantity of vegetables.

Yield in Cauliflower Farming

When it comes to yield, there are many factors, which are responsible for deciding the yield of Cauliflower vegetable farming. The factors include the selection of cultivar or variety, soil type, and fertility, the way of irrigation and several other farm management skills.

cauliflower farming in India

However, on an average, in commercial cultivation, one can easily obtain a yield of about 25 to 35 tonnes of vegetable per hectare in early season crop. Whereas as late crop, the yield figure rises up to 45 to 50 tonnes of vegetable per unit hectare land.