Can fish be considered agriculture

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Fish farming or pisciculture involves raising fish commercially in tanks or enclosures such as fish ponds, usually for food. It is different from aquaculture, which is the farming of aquatic animals such as fish, crustaceans, molluscs and so on.

Because aquaculture involves livestock and vegetation production, EPA considers it a type of agriculture, and thus the chemicals used for growing and breeding fish and aquatic plants in an aquacultural operation are excluded from Sections 311 and 312 reporting requirements.May 3, 2021

Full
Answer

What is fish farming?

Fish farming or pisciculture involves raising fish commercially in tanks or enclosures such as fish ponds, usually for food. It is the principal form of aquaculture , while other methods may fall under mariculture .

Are farmed fish really organic?

In 2008, the US National Organic Standards Board allowed farmed fish to be labeled as organic provided less than 25% of their feed came from wild fish. This decision was criticized by the advocacy group Food & Water Watch as “bending the rules” about organic labeling.

What is the most important fish species in fish farming?

Worldwide, the most important fish species produced in fish farming are carp, tilapia, salmon, and catfish. Demand is increasing for fish and fish protein, which has resulted in widespread overfishing in wild fisheries. China provides 62% of the world’s farmed fish.

What are the conditions needed for fish farming?

On all depths should be a good current condition. This is necessary, because of the organic particles that should be able to be carried away using the stream. A gravel and sand bottom are qualified for fish farming, although bottoms with silt and mud are not qualified. These should be avoided.

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What is fish agriculture called?

Aquaculture is breeding, raising, and harvesting fish, shellfish, and aquatic plants. Basically, it’s farming in water. U.S. aquaculture is an environmentally responsible source of food and commercial products, helps to create healthier habitats, and is used to rebuild stocks of threatened or endangered species.


Is seafood an agricultural product?

agricultural product/product of agricultural origin means any product or commodity, raw or processed, that is marketed for human consumption (excluding water, salt and additives) or animal feed.


What is considered agriculture?

Agriculture is the art and science of cultivating the soil, growing crops and raising livestock. It includes the preparation of plant and animal products for people to use and their distribution to markets.


What is non food agriculture?

Many agricultural crops are used to create non-food products: oils, resins, fibers, clothing, energy, cosmetics, and plastics to list a few.


What is the most important fish species produced in fish farming?

Worldwide, the most important fish species produced in fish farming are carp, catfish, salmon and tilapia.


Why is fish farming bad?

So, a major problem in fish farming is the lack of availability of good-quality stock. To overcome this problem, ways have now been worked out to breed these fish in ponds using hormonal stimulation.


How can fish production be increased?

In these kinds of systems fish production per unit of surface can be increased at will, as long as sufficient oxygen, fresh water and food are provided. Because of the requirement of sufficient fresh water, a massive water purification system must be integrated in the fish farm. One way to achieve this is to combine hydroponic horticulture and water treatment, see below. The exception to this rule are cages which are placed in a river or sea, which supplements the fish crop with sufficient oxygenated water. Some environmentalists object to this practice.


How much FCR does salmon have?

Fish such as salmon have an FCR around 1.1 kg of feed per kg of salmon whereas chickens are in the 2.5 kg of feed per kg of chicken range. Fish do not use energy to keep warm, eliminating some carbohydrates and fats in the diet, required to provide this energy.


How much water does aquaponics use?

Aerators in a fish farm ( Ararat plain, Armenia) One of the largest problems with freshwater pisciculture is that it can use a million gallons of water per acre (about 1 m 3 of water per m 2) each year. Extended water purification systems allow for the reuse ( recycling) of local water.


Why is aeration important for fish?

Aeration of the water is essential, as fish need a sufficient oxygen level for growth. This is achieved by bubbling, cascade flow, or aqueous oxygen.


What is pisciculture in fish farming?

Fish farming or pisciculture involves commercial breeding of fish, usually for food, in fish tanks or artificial enclosures such as fish ponds. It is a particular type of aquaculture, which is the controlled cultivation and harvesting of aquatic animals such as fish, crustaceans, molluscs and so on, in natural or pseudo-natural environment.


What would happen if the Agriculture Department approved organic fish?

If the Agriculture Department ultimately approves organic fish, it would certainly complicate the debate about what types of seafood are best in terms of taste, nutrition, price and environmental impact.


What percentage of consumers would buy organic fish?

While most consumers say they prefer wild-caught fish, 72 percent would buy organic fish at least some of the time, according to a recent survey by the New Jersey Department of Agriculture and Rutgers. If the Agriculture Department ultimately approves organic fish, it would certainly complicate the debate about what types …


How much is organic king salmon?

And at the Lobster Place, a seafood store in Manhattan, “organic” king salmon from New Zealand is offered for $13.50 a pound, compared with $22.95 for wild king salmon and $9.95 for farm-raised salmon. “People will go for organic salmon when wild king salmon isn’t available,” said Todd Harding, director of wholesale operations for the Lobster Place.


Why is seafood sold organically?

As things stand, a limited amount of seafood is being sold as organic at stores in the United States, usually because it was certified by other countries or by third-party accreditation agencies.


How long does it take for organic fish to be certified?

Even if the recommendations are adopted, it will still take several years before U.S.D.A.-certified organic fish appears in stores or restaurants. But domestic fish farmers say that new rules cannot come soon enough.


Why should farm raised seafood be competitive?

The farmers argued, then as now, that with demand for seafood growing and many wild fisheries being depleted, farm-raised seafood should have a competitive edge. On farms, they said, the number of fish remains stable, and the quality of water and feed are controlled.


Where is Smoki fish processed?

After harvesting on Bainbridge Island, fish are processed at the Seattle plant of Smoki Foods, owned by Rodger and Lisa May.


What is crop production?

Crop Production (including nurseries, greenhouses, forestry) Mixing, loading and application of pesticides and any other farm labor that involves exposure to pesticides. Label restrictions typically require protective clothing and engineering controls (e.g., tractors with enclosed cabs and air recirculation systems).


How much oil can a farm store?

Farms storing more than 25 gallons in underground or above-ground tanks. Farmers who generate an average of 25 gallons or less per month of used oil from vehicles or machinery used on the farm in a calendar year are exempt from used oil regulations.


What is pesticide use?

Pesticide Use and Water: Applications of (1) biological pesticides and (2) chemical pesticides that leave a residue, in which applications are made directly to waters of the United States, or where a portion of the pesticide will unavoidably be deposited to waters of the United States.


How many gallons of oil do farmers need to store?

Farmers exceeding 25 gallons are required to store the used oil in tanks meeting underground or above ground technical requirements and use transporters with EPA authorization numbers for removal from the farm. Oil spill: Any farm that has a discharge of oil that may reach navigable waters or adjoining shoreline.


When do you need a permit for a new source?

The source must apply for a permit if aggregate of non-fugitive emissions of any regulated pollutant exceeds a certain threshold amount depending on the attainment/non-attainment status of the area and on the pollutant. This requirement applies to new sources as well as to major modifications of sources.


What are crops and livestock?

Crops and livestock are treated differently from one another for accounting purposes, and even different kinds of livestock are treated differently from others . Crops, as defined by Accounting Standards, are grains, vegetables, fruits, berries, nuts and fibers grown by agricultural producers.


What is the primary product of production animals?

Production animals provide a service or primary product other than their progeny (offspring of animals or plants), such as dairy cows for their milk, poultry for their meat and eggs and sheep for their meat and wool.


How long does it take for a crop to mature?

Some crops can take multiple years to mature or be ready for harvest; because of this, the costs going into them will be deferred until the point of harvest. Once the crops are harvested, there are additional processes that are performed that are not possible before the crops are harvested.


Is livestock an asset or inventory?

Livestock. Depending on the type of livestock, the animals can either be treated as an asset or inventory. Production animals with short lives are likely to be treated as inventory. The shorter life span causes their operating cycles to be shorter, making it easier to treat them as inventory.


What Are the Differences Between Landscaping and Agriculture?

The first major difference between landscaping and agriculture is that agriculture focuses mostly on living things.


How are landscaping and agriculture similar?

Landscaping and agriculture are similar in that they both require a lot of specialized knowledge in order to grow and nurture plants.


What is Considered Landscaping?

Landscaping is considered to be anything that changes or modifies existing areas of land. It doesn’t just refer to adding living things like plants, shrubs, and other foliage.


What is the science of growing crops, raising livestock, and preparing and distributing those crops and livestock to the public?

Agriculture is the science of growing crops, raising livestock, and preparing and distributing those crops and livestock to the public. Crops can be edible, such as fruits and vegetables, or inedible, such as cotton, wool, or other textiles.


What is small scale agriculture?

Agriculture can be done on a small-scale or large-scale basis. An example of small-scale agriculture would be a local farmer selling crops to the community at a farmer’s market.


Is landscaping considered agriculture?

While landscaping isn’t part of the agriculture industry, there are some instances where landscaping companies could be considered agriculture, especially where soil and water health and nurseries are involved.


Is sugarcane a food crop?

People think of corn and sugarcane as being mostly food crops, but they can also be used for fuel as well. Corn and sugarcane produce ethanol, one of the main components in gasoline. Raw materials are things that aren’t necessarily grown, but they are still considered to be agricultural products.


What is farming purposes?

It furthers states, “The term ‘farming purposes’ means — handling, drying, packing, grading, or storing on a farm any agricultural or horticultural commodity in its unmanufactured state.”. Other definitions indicate a farm rental is NOT farming, but some forms of crop share are farming. In addition to being a farmer, …


What is a farm?

According to Internal Revenue Code valuation section IRC 2032A: “The term ‘farm’ includes stock, dairy, poultry, fruit, furbearing animal, and truck farms, plantations, ranches, nurseries, ranges, greenhouses or other similar structures used primarily for the raising of agricultural or horticultural commodities, and orchards and woodlands.” It furthers states, “The term ‘farming purposes’ means — handling, drying, packing, grading, or storing on a farm any agricultural or horticultural commodity in its unmanufactured state.”


Why does grape processing not generate farming income?

If the vineyard processes beyond that point, e.g., processing grapes into jam or wine, the processing does NOT generate farming income because the grapes are processed beyond their natural state. Another area is the profit motive. As farming operations dwindle, perhaps as the farmer retires, it might change to become a hobby farm.


Is timber a hobby farm?

In addition to being a farmer, there must be a profit motive and material participation. Due to the profit motive, hobby farms are NOT farms. Timber is farming under certain provisions but not others. The takeaway is that, in my experience, a few areas must be looked at closely. The first relates to unmanufactured state.


Can hobby farmers deduct expenses?

While hobby farm losses have never been allowed, recent changes due to tax reform no longer allow hobby farmers to deduct the expenses paid for what many may consider farm activities.


Is being a farmer a way of life?

It’s in your blood. It’s a connection with the land and the animals you care for. However, sometimes what our gut says is a farmer doesn’t meet the definition for tax purposes . Not all activities people associate with farming create what the IRS considers farm income, an essential part …


Can you be a farmer under one definition?

There are more than six separate, though similar, definitions in the Internal Revenue Code and the Treasury Regulations, and you could be a farmer under one definition but not another. However, there are some broad brush strokes you can apply to determine if you are a farmer.

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Categories

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Aquaculture makes use of local photosyntheticproduction (extensive) or fish that are fed with external food supply (intensive).

See more on en.wikipedia.org


Fish Farms

  • Within intensive and extensive aquaculture methods, numerous specific types of fish farms are used; each has benefits and applications unique to its design.

See more on en.wikipedia.org


Issues

  • Feeding
    The issue of feeds in fish farming has been a controversial one. Many cultured fishes (tilapia, carp, catfish, many others) can be raised on a strictly herbivore diet. Top-level carnivores (most salmonidae species in particular) on the other hand, depend on fish feed, of which a large portio…
  • Stocking density
    Secondly, farmed fish are kept in concentrations never seen in the wild (e.g. 50,000 fish in a 2-acre (8,100 m2) area.). However, fish tend also to be animals that aggregate into large schools at high density. Most successful aquaculture species are schooling species, which do not have social p…

See more on en.wikipedia.org


Indoor Fish Farming

  • Other treatments such as ultraviolet sterilization, ozonation, and oxygen injection are also used to maintain optimal water quality. Through this system, many of the environmental drawbacks of aquaculture are minimized including escaped fish, water usage, and the introduction of pollutants. The practices also increased feed-use efficiency growth by providing optimum water quality. On…

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Slaughter Methods

  • Tanks saturated with carbon dioxide have been used to make fish unconscious. Their gills are then cut with a knife so that the fish bleed out before they are further processed. This is no longer considered a humane method of slaughter. Methods that induce much less physiological stress are electrical or percussive stunning and this has led to the phasing out of the carbon dioxide sl…

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Gallery

  1. Fish farming in the fjords of southern Chile
  2. Houseboat rafts with cages under for rearing fish near Mỹ Tho, Vietnam
  3. Transport boats moored at fish processing plant, Mỹ Tho
  4. Communal Zapotec fish farm in Ixtlán de Juárez, Mexico

See more on en.wikipedia.org


See Also


Further Reading

  1. “Dead Loss: The high cost of poor farming practices and mortalities on salmon farms”. Just Economics. February 2021. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  2. Benson, Tess. “Advancing Aquaculture: Fish Welfare at Slaughter” (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2011-06-12.
  3. Yue, Stephanie. “An HSUS Report: The Welfare of Farmed Fish at Slaughter” (PDF). Humane S…
  1. “Dead Loss: The high cost of poor farming practices and mortalities on salmon farms”. Just Economics. February 2021. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  2. Benson, Tess. “Advancing Aquaculture: Fish Welfare at Slaughter” (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2011-06-12.
  3. Yue, Stephanie. “An HSUS Report: The Welfare of Farmed Fish at Slaughter” (PDF). Humane Society of the United States. Retrieved 2011-06-12.
  4. European Food Safety Authority (2004). “Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Animal Health and Welfare on a request from the Commission related to welfare aspects of the main systems of stunning and…


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