can foreigners buy agricultural land in canada



Foreign investors seeking to buy farm land in Canada should consult their legal advisors before making an offer. Some provinces have placed strict limitations on the number of acres that foreign individuals or corporations may own, while other provinces allow non-residents to buy up agricultural land unrestricted.

Foreign investors who want to buy agricultural land in Canada should consult their legal advisors before making an offer. Some provinces have strict restrictions on the number of acres owned by foreigners or corporations, while others allow non-residents to buy up agricultural land unrestricted.Nov 27, 2021


Can a non Canadian buy agricultural land in Canada?

 · Introduction to how to buy agricultural land in Canada: Agriculture is a major industry in Canada.Only 7% of Canada’s land can be cultivated. Canada’s agriculture faces many challenges. Some of these challenges are related to crop protection, soil protection, labor, climate change, and health.Farmland in Canada has historically been praised for increasing population …

Are foreigners really buying up Canadian farmland?

Canadian Agricultural Loans Act Program offers farmers loans, guaranteed by the federal government, of up to $500,000 for the purchase of land, building repair and/or consolidation and refinancing. Ian and Diana Zeeuw are a husband and wife that own and run a farm in Ontario.

Can a foreigner buy farm land in Manitoba?

 · In general terms there are no restrictions on foreigners buying homes in Canada – although some provinces do have restrictions on overseas buyers purchasing agricultural or recreational land.¹ Depending on where you’re hoping to buy a property, you may also find that there is an extra fee to pay as a foreign buyer.

How many acres of controlled land can a foreigner own in Canada?

 · Alberta legislation also allows foreigners to lease farmland for up to 20 years, and even where residency is required, purchasers need only provide a statutory declaration of their residency in order to purchase farmland. How much Canadian farmland is foreign owned?


Who can purchase agricultural land in Canada?

Basically, if a buyer resides in Canada for at least 183 days a year, they can own farmland even if they aren’t a Canadian citizen. It is up to the buyer to prove compliance with the legislation. It they can’t, they will be prohibited from buying farmland.

Can I immigrate to Canada by buying a farm?

Farmers are welcome to Canada! You must also have an intention and ability to purchase and manage a farm in Canada and establish a farm business that will, at a minimum, create an employment opportunity for yourself. No conditions are imposed on the visa and the whole family can immigrate to Canada at the same time.

Where is the cheapest farmland in Canada?

The remote Peace River Valley and the urban-adjacent Fraser River Valley account for the cheapest and most expensive agricultural land in the country, respectively, according to a new survey by Remax Canada that looks at the average sale price of farmland across the country.

How much does it cost to buy a farm in Canada?

Based on Statistics Canada data on average price per acre and farm size, the average farm in Canada goes for $2.2 million. In Ontario, that’s $2.6 million and in Saskatchewan it’s $2.1 million.

How do I become a farmer in Canada?

To be eligible you need to:own 4 hectares (9.88 acres) or more of forested land on a single property in Ontario on one municipal roll a Canadian citizen or permanent a Canadian corporation, a trust or conservation authority.More items…

How can I migrate to Canada through agriculture?

There are various ways to immigrate to Canada through its farming sector, but perhaps the best way is through the PNP (Provincial Nominee Program). The PNP allows you to immigrate to Canada if you have a valid job offer or business proposal and intend to live and work in a specific province or territory.

What is the price of 1 acre land in Canada?

Related table(s) with other frequencies:GeographyFarm land and buildings2019Canada (map)Value per acre3,248Newfoundland and Labrador (map)Value per acre5,029Prince Edward Island (map)Value per acre3,899Nova Scotia (map)Value per acre2,31310 more rows

Is there free land in Canada?

In Canada’s far north, the government of Yukon Territory wants to attract small farmers to the frigid region with a simple pitch: free land.

Can a foreigner buy property in Canada?

Can foreigners buy property in Canada? Absolutely, yes. Canada’s real estate market is open to just about anyone living beyond the country’s borders, including Canadian citizen and non-citizen alike. That includes expats, investors, anyone from abroad who’s planning to live in the country for the long-term—you name it.

Is farmland cheaper in Canada?

At the same time, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, American farmland was the equivalent of C$885 per acre. In 2018, the average of farmland per acre in Canada exceeded $3,000, and in the U.S., it exceeded $4,000.

Where is the cheapest place to buy land Canada?

Although there are no current updates on these locations, these 9 Canadian towns may still be giving away land for free or for cheap:Mundare, Alberta. … Pipestone, Manitoba. … Scarth, Manitoba. … South Knowlesville, New Brunswick. … Saint-Louis-de-Blandford, Quebec. … Craik, Saskatchewan. … Cupar, Saskatchewan. … Crown Lands, Yukon.

Where is the best agricultural land in Canada?

Most of Canada’s crop farming takes place in the Prairie provinces (Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba). Alberta has the most beef cattle operations of any province. Saskatchewan produces the most durum wheat, canola and lentils.


Agricultural land importance in Canada

Agriculture is an important part of the economy in Canada. Promoting agricultural management helps ensure that agricultural land is cultivated and available for future food production.

Factors affected for buying agricultural land in British Columbia

Some agricultural land is more suitable for some crops than others. British Columbia’s diverse agricultural industry needs land from all walks of life to thrive. There are three limiting factors in British Columbia;

Where is the best agricultural land in Canada?

Saskatchewan is home to the greatest amount of agricultural land in Canada.

Principles for buying agricultural land

Guidelines for agricultural land use planning legislation framework provides context and barriers to what local governments must and should do to protect their agricultural land.

Good reasons to protect agricultural land in Canada

1. Food Security and Local Food Supply – Protection of agricultural land helps to ensure a steady supply of locally grown produce. People choose local to get fresh produce and support the local agricultural economy. Worldwide, 75% of the food we eat is commercially prepared using oil.

Changes in agricultural land types in Canada

The agricultural census divides farmland into crops, summer fallow, pastures, and other lands. Cropland includes field crops, vegetables, fruits, nursery crops, and sod. Tame and Seeded Pasture is land used by farmers to graze animals that have been improved in some way (i.e., not wild pasture).

How many acres of land can a non-resident own in Saskatchewan?

In Saskatchewan, non-residents may acquire up to 10 acres of Saskatchewan farm land (excluding minerals and land used primarily for the purpose of extracting, processing or transporting minerals). “Residents” are Canadian citizens or individuals who reside in Canada for at least 183 days per year.

Can foreign investors buy farmland in Canada?

Foreign investors seeking to buy farm land in Canada should consult their legal advisors before making an offer. Some provinces have placed strict limitations on the number of acres that foreign individuals or corporations may own, while other provinces allow non-residents to buy up agricultural land unrestricted.

Does British Columbia have foreign land?

There is, however, an agency in British Columbia that regulates non-agricultural uses of certain farm land . The Agricultural Land Commission has included approximately 4.7 million hectares of land across British Columbia in the Agricultural Land Reserve, which is a land use zone in which agriculture is given priority. 1

What is farm management in Canada?

Farm Management Canada is an organisation with a wealth of resources aimed at enabling Canadian farmers to home their management skills. They cover all aspects of running a farm including business and financial planning, business structures and agreements, human resources, health and safety, marketing and succession planning.

Where is wheat grown in Canada?

From its main crop of wheat, grown primarily on the prairies, to the fruit farms and vineyards of the lush Okanagan Valley and the dairy farms of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia – there is something for every potential farmer.

What is the Collaborative Regional Alliance for Farmer Training in Ontario?

The Collaborative Regional Alliance for Farmer Training in Ontario places prospective new farmers in internships on farms within the province.

What percentage of the world’s food supply is dairy?

Grains and oilseeds make up the majority of the domestic and export market at 34 percent, with livestock coming in at 24 percent. In terms of domestic supply, dairy farms make up 12 percent of the market, horticulture 9 percent and poultry and eggs 8 percent. A report released by Statistics Canada has revealed that the number …

Why are new farmers important?

New farmers are vital to the rejuvenation and progression of Canadian farming and, although there are challenges, many young people are entering the sector with innovative ideas and business strategies, respect for the environment and an entrepreneurial spirit.

What is the average age of farm operators?

With these trends looking set to continue, and the average age of farm operators having increased over the period from 47.5-54.0, it’s reasonable to assume that there will be a boost in the numbers of farm assets on the market at some point in the near future.

What is the Canadian Association of Diploma in Agriculture?

The Canadian Association of Diploma in Agriculture and the Canadian Faculties of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine provide comprehensive information on institutions that offer agricultural programs.

Can foreigners buy property in Canada?

The rules about buying property in Canada can vary from place to place, so you’ll need to double check the exact regulations where you’re planning on buying. In general terms there are no restrictions on foreigners buying homes in Canada – although some provinces do have restrictions on overseas buyers purchasing agricultural or recreational land.¹

What kind of taxes and fees will I have to pay?

The exact fees you pay will depend on a number of factors, including the location and value of the property. Check out the rules about tax and charges for the province you’re buying in, to make sure you know what you need to cover.

Wise is the smart, new way to send money abroad

What are the requirements to get a permanent residency via Express Entry, how much money do you need, and how does it work. Read this article to find out

Are non-farmers snapping up too much Canadian farmland? Nobody knows, especially in Ottawa

Again this winter, ownership of farmland is a heated topic in coffee shops across rural Canada. Rumours abound. Sometimes, it’s foreign buyers who are said to be gobbling up huge chunks of prime farmland, paying prices that Canadian farmers can’t afford. Other times, it’s pension funds or rich non-farm investors.

How much Canadian farmland is foreign owned?

A second problem is that no one is actively tracking foreign ownership of farmland in Canada.

Are lenders enablers of investor ownership?

Many farmers are also critical of agricultural lending policies which they feel readily lend money to private investment funds, enabling investors to leverage invested funds into even larger land purchases.

An area the size of France

In November 2013, Country Guide first told readers about, a crowd-sourcing website that tracks transnational purchases of farmland in low- and middle-income countries. One year ago this website, tracked by the author, had information on 851 international land deals covering some 75 million acres.

What it all means for farmland prices

University of Victoria graduate student Peter Bell is studying the impact of foreign ownership on the competitiveness and sovereignty of Canadian farming. In a 2012 paper, he argues that the 2011 price of farmland was 73 per cent lower in Saskatchewan than it would have been if foreigners had been able to purchase Saskatchewan farmland.

What is a statutory declaration for Canadian land?

When land transactions such as transfers, caveat transmissions or leases are registered with the Foreign Ownership of Land Administration in Land Titles Office, a statutory declaration confirming Canadian ownership or explaining the structure of the corporation will be required.

How many acres can a foreign corporation own?

Unless an exemption is applied for, non-Canadians and foreign-controlled corporations may only own up to two parcels of controlled land, which cannot exceed 20 acres in total. Note that your lawyer may have a Foreign Ownership of Land Declaration signed and submitted to the Land Titles Office with the transfer of land, even if the parcel involved is less than 20 acres. This is done in order to prevent delays in sales of acreages that can arise if a Land Titles Office examiner has questions, even if the title shows the number of acres included.

How long does a foreign company have to divest from a controlled land?

If such a transaction takes place, the now foreign-controlled company must divest its interest in the controlled lands within 3 years, unless it ceases to be foreign-controlled for a period of 12 months during the 3 year period.

How long does a mortgage on a controlled land last?

A mortgage interest in controlled land is not restricted unless a foreclosure occurs, in which case an ineligible person or foreign controlled corporation must divest themselves of any interest in the controlled land within 3 years.

What is a foreign controlled corporation?

The legislation clarifies that a foreign-controlled corporation is one where the percentage of foreign ownership is 50% or greater. It further clarifies that if the corporation has shares that are traded on the stock exchange in Canada, at least 2/3 of the directors must be Canadian citizens (or permanent residents).

What is the purpose of the Agricultural and Recreational Land Ownership Act?

The Agricultural and Recreational Land Ownership Act and Foreign Ownership of Land Regulations are designed to restrict the acquisition of prime agricultural and recreational land by non-Canadians and foreign-controlled corporations. This applies to any transaction involving controlled land, including a lease, option to purchase, sale agreement, …

What is a foreign acquisition?

Acquisition by a foreign state for diplomatic or consular purposes; An executor who manages an estate on behalf of a deceased person; The courts can order that an owner’s interest can be put to benefit a spouse, independent partner, or child of the owner; or. Burial lots under the Cemeteries Act. Any non-Canadian or foreign controlled corporation …

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How many acres can a foreigner own in Alberta?

In Alberta, non-residents, foreign residents and foreign-controlled corporations can only own the stipulated maximum of two parcels of land with an aggregate area of 20 acres. In Saskatchewan, the amount is a mere 10 acres, and in Manitoba, it’s 40. No restrictions exist on foreign ownership in Ontario.

Who thinks the percentage of foreign ownership of Ontario farmland is likely very small?

University of Guelph’s Brady Deaton thinks the percentage of foreign ownership of Ontario farmland is likely very small.

What drives farmland values?

Farmland values are primarily driven by farm receipts and net farm income, Hammond says. “The public perception is that ‘foreigners’ or ‘investors’ are driving farmland values out of reach for farmers. There might be isolated incidents of this, but the vast majority of market movements have been driven by producers,” says Hammond.

What is FOLA in Alberta?

In Alberta, the province encourages joint ventures between non-Canadian enterprises and Alberta companies, and Service Alberta’s Foreign Ownership of Land Administration (FOLA) does work to keep on top of who’s doing what.

Who is required to provide a statutory declaration in Alberta?

Whenever Alberta farmland is acquired by a Canadian citizen or a Canadian-controlled corporation, the purchaser is required to provide a statutory declaration that includes a sworn oath confirming they aren’t holding the land as a trustee or on behalf of anyone else.

Is the West clamping down on foreign ownership of farmland?

The West is clamping down on foreign ownership of farmland , and even in Ontario, where there are few controls, overseas purchases are much lower than the rumour mill says. By Richard Kamchen. Contributor.

Is there a Wild West in Ontario?

Even in Ontario, it’s no Wild West. “We are still selling land to foreign buyers, but I think there’s a lot less than what the general public has been led to believe,” says Phil Spoelstra of Remax Farm Ontario Team. “I have sold two farms to Chinese buyers and they were both Chinese Canadians and they live on the farms and rent them out.”

What is MLS in Ontario?

In Ontario, brokerages and agents pool their listings in what we call the Multiple Listing System (MLS). All houses for sale are pooled into a shared database that all agents can view and show to their clients. If you’re looking to buy a house, you only need to work with one agent to access all listings. If you want to get started, the best website for public viewing is

Why is the real estate market so strong in Toronto?

The Toronto Real Estate Market has seen strong price appreciation due to large consumer demand and favorable economic factors. The enduring confidence in our real estate market is underlined by our low-interest rates, low Canadian dollar, strong regional economy, and below-average unemployment rates. Which is why so many immigrants come searching for jobs in Toronto, and why so many foreign investors choose to invest in our real estate market.

How long does it take for a Canadian bank to clear a listing?

Prior to placing the offer, transfer the funds to a Canadian bank. Depending on the country of origin, it might take up to two weeks for your money to clear. Since the average listing sells in less than a fortnight, we recommend transferring your funds before you start your search.

How much property tax do you pay in GTA?

In the GTA, we pay annual property taxes based on the assessed value of our home. It’s approximately 0.75%-1% of the assessed value of the home. In Ontario, there are no additional land taxes for foreign homeowners.

Who pays the buyer and seller’s commission?

The seller pays both the buyers and sellers’ realtor commissions. So hiring an agent to help you make your purchase will likely cost you nothing, but when it comes to selling you need to budget to pay for both the buyers and seller’s agent’s commission.

Is real estate regulated in Canada?

Real Estate in Canada is regulated provincially, so this guide is tailored to foreign buyers buying in Toronto, and surrounding areas. The rules around foreigners buying real estate in Canada aren’t related to citizenship, so there’s no restriction on how much property or the type of property you can purchase. However, we have a foreign buyer’s tax on property brought in the golden horseshoe purchased by foreign buyers.

Does Ontario have a vacancy tax?

We do not have a Vacancy Tax in Ontario, like Vancouver’s Vacancy Tax.

British Columbia


  • Alberta’s legislation caps foreign ownership of agriculturalland (excluding mines and minerals) at two parcels containing 20acres in the aggregate. Only Canadian citizens, permanentresidents, and Canadian-incorporated companies under Canadiancontrol are not affected by these regulations. If a foreign personor entity acquires an interest in land con…

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  • In Saskatchewan, non-residents may acquire up to 10 acres ofSaskatchewan farm land (excluding minerals and land used primarilyfor the purpose of extracting, processing or transportingminerals). “Residents” are Canadian citizens orindividuals who reside in Canada for at least 183 days peryear. Entities partly owned by non-residents but under control ofSaskatchewa…

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  • Legislation in Manitoba allows foreign persons and entities toacquire up 40 acres of farm land, unless the board2grants an exemption or unless the farm land is purchased for thepurpose of generating wind power for sale to Manitoba Hydro.”Farm land” excludes minerals (other than sand andgravel), land used to extract or process such minerals, and landused for telecommunication, …

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  • Agricultural land-use planning in Ontario is governed by the2005 Provincial Policy Statement, issued under the PlanningAct. Neither the policy statement nor the legislationrestricts investment in agricultural land in Ontario. Planning authorities do, however, regulate use and lotadjustments in prime agricultural areas, which are designatedaccording to the classification system of the Ca…

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  • In Québec, non-residents must seek authorization from theCommission de protection du territoire agricole du Québec toacquire more than 4 hectares (or about 10 acres) of farm land. Recent amendments to the legislation has further restrictedforeign investors’ access to agricultural land. In order toqualify as a Québec resident under the new rules, anindividual must now be a Canadia…

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