Zoning is a regulatory tool that local governments can use to control what is allowed on an area of land within the city. 23 Separating land into zones prevents nuisances and allows local governments to have more control when regulating different types of land use. 24 Most zoning takes place at the city or town level, but county or regional laws may also regulate some of the same uses. 25 Historically, zoning has been focused on separating uses of land that were deemed incompatible, such as urban land use from agricultural use. 26 In regards to agriculture use, rural localities may worry that zoning may restrict agricultural productivity and reject zoning altogether. 27 Urban areas are now more often being planned with mixed-use zoning in order to integrate commercial, residential, institutional, and agricultural uses. 28
How can we promote urban agriculture near affordable housing?
Housing goals and policies can encourage urban agriculture near affordable housing through the provision of community gardens, rooftop gardens, and community kitchens in multifamily and low-income neighborhoods.
Should urban agriculture be enumerated as a permitted land use?
If agriculture is not enumerated as a specific legal use of land, growers may be hesitant to invest long-term or even start growing as they may feel they could be ordered to stop growing at any time. Naming urban agriculture as a permitted land use gives more permanence and authority to growers. 40
Can zoning districts support urban agriculture?
Some have created new zoning districts to set aside specific areas for community gardens or urban farms. Others have included urban agriculture as a desirable amenity within planned unit development (PUD) project guidelines or in conservation subdivision regulations.
What is urban agricultural land?
Urban agricultural is a land located in specified location and used for agricultural purposes. 1) Land in any area which is within the jurisdiction of a municipality or cantonment board and have a population upto 10,000.
How does urban agriculture contribute to the community?
The ideal starting point for urban agriculture planning is a community engagement process through which planners identify how urban agriculture contributes to the social, economic, and environmental goals of a community. Local and regional governments play important roles in legitimizing urban agriculture as a recognized land use or community development strategy. By identifying existing community needs that urban agriculture can address, inventorying necessary local resources, and evaluating current policies and legislation, local governments can work to effectively integrate urban agriculture considerations into the plan-making process.
What is the role of local governments in supporting urban agriculture projects and policies?
This paper discusses local governments’ roles in supporting urban agriculture projects and policies as strategies to address pre-existing policy goals while dealing with the growing need for sustainable development and greening initiatives.
Why should Detroit promote urban agriculture?
This article makes the case that Detroit should actively promote the development of urban agriculture within its boundaries to boost the local economy, improve health, and help revitalize the city.
What are land use policies?
These policies include land-use policies that permit public land to be used for gardens or farms, land disposition policies that permit surplus municipal properties to be acquired by for urban agriculture, and policies and regulations that strengthen the infrastructure for widespread urban agriculture.
What are the sources of local food production?
In cities, important sources of local food production can range from individuals’ balconies or backyards to for-profit market gardens or urban farms , and many places are focusing on the promotion of community gardens for their grassroots nature and community development potential.
What is urban agriculture?
Urban Agriculture. Public interest in locally grown food, coupled with an awareness of the positive environmental, social, and economic impacts of agricultural uses on urban areas, has inspired many city residents to pursue small-scale agricultural activities on both private and public lands.
How can community health policies support access to fresh fruits and vegetables?
Community health goals and policies can support access to fresh fruits and vegetables through community gardening, sales of produce from urban farms, and education and outreach to residents about the benefits of healthy, fresh foods.
How does urban agriculture help cities?
Urban agriculture can in turn help cities achieve their goals of encouraging healthy eating, reducing inequities in the food system, increasing the food security of their constituents, supporting economic and community development, and creating green spaces to beautify the city.
What is the goal of urban agriculture?
It states that the goal of allowing urban agriculture is to “increase affordable, healthful, food for all, especially for those who may have limited options because of location, access, or income .” 69 This statement focuses on urban agriculture as a tool for food access, rather than a potential by-product.
What is the zoning process?
The zoning process is highly localized, meaning cities often have their own procedures on how to go about amending or changing the zoning code. Generally speaking, however, zoning codes begin with the Planning Commission, an elected or appointed board of officials that draft and recommend changes to the City Council. 77
What are zoning laws for agriculture?
This resource summarizes zoning laws that promote and support agriculture in urban municipalities and highlights examples of strategies from around the country. Additionally, the resource furthers the Healthy Food Policy Project’s goal of identifying local policy options that support access to healthy food. 1 In order to provide the most current understanding of the national landscape and allow for comparison of practices and identification of potential barriers, this resource focuses specifically on urban agriculture zoning laws that local governments have passed within the last ten years (2009-2019).
What are the restrictions on keeping animals?
Restrictions on keeping animals can limit residents from producing additional food besides fruits and vegetables, such as: milk, eggs , honey , and/or fish products. These may be products that consumers have difficulty finding locally, especially if living in an area without access to fresh and affordable food. 49
What is home rule?
Home rule provisions provide for broad municipal autonomy in governance. Home rule provisions authorize municipal governments to establish systems of self-government, typically through charters, so long as they do not violate or conflict with state and federal law. States can provide for municipal home rule authority via state constitution or statute.
Is on site sales a zoning code?
On-site sales could also potentially be regulated in parts of the larger city code (often through the health department) outside of the zoning code. Because urban agriculture is a land use often established to promote access to foods, including mention of on-site sales in the zoning code is preferred. Cedar Rapids, Iowa.
What is urban agricultural land?
What is an urban agricultural land? Urban agricultural is a land located in specified location and used for agricultural purposes. 1) Land in any area which is within the jurisdiction of a municipality or cantonment board and have a population upto 10,000. 2) Land in any area within such distance, measured aerially, …
What is a specified location?
Specified location means the following: 1) Land in any area which is within the jurisdiction of a municipality or cantonment board and have a population upto 10,000. OR. 2) Land in any area within such distance, measured aerially, in relation to the range of population: Shortest distance from limits mentioned in 1)
What is urban agriculture?
Urban agriculture pioneers are taking action in their communities, growing not only fresh, healthy produce, but also providing jobs, beautifying their neighborhoods, and offering access to fresh, healthy food in areas where grocery stores are sparse.
What is NRCS assistance?
NRCS provides technical and financial assistance for assistance for urban growers in areas such as: Soil Health. Irrigation and Water Conservation. Weeds and Pests.
How to build a house on land zoned for agriculture?
Here are five steps to take when building a house on land zoned for agriculture: Contact your local planning department to see if you will require a zoning change to build a residential home on your land. If you do have to get it rezoned, there may be hefty fees involved.
What is agricultural land?
Agricultural land typically allows for raising livestock and growing and harvesting crops. In many cases, agricultural land allows for typical residential uses, like building a single-family home. Usually, agricultural land is relatively flexible, and most parcels of vacant, rural land fall into this category.
What is homesteading land?
Homesteads typically combine many of the same uses as ranches and farms; however, the term homestead refers to the owner’s house and its surrounding land and is usually owned by a family. If you’re thinking about purchasing agricultural property to live off the land, homesteading is likely your best bet.
What is a farm in zoning?
Farms. For zoning purposes, farms get defines as land used to rearing animals and growing crops for a profit. There are endless types of farms, like crop, fish, dairy, poultry, and meat farms. No matter the type of farm, the farmers make, raise, or grow these products to sell for economic gain. These landowners rely on their farms to survive.
Why do ranchers raise animals?
They also herd livestock to help them graze more efficiently. Like farmers, ranchers raise these animals as a primary way to get income, and they rely on their ranches for their livelihood.