Can sand be classified as agricultural for e-logs

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What is the classification of sand?

Classification of sand is as follows, The sand is classified according to the size of grains, the sand are classified as fine, coarse and gravelly. The sand which is passing through a screen with clear openings of 1.5875 mm is known as the fine sand.

What are the types of fine grained soil?

Fine grained soil is primarily of two types i.e. silt & clay. The distinction between silt & clay cannot be based on particle size because the significant physical properties of the two materials are related only indirectly to the size of particles.

How to identify and classify the soil in the field?

While identifying and classifying the soils in the field, we need to use the following steps in a logical sequence. In the first step we try to identify the soil as coarse grained soil (CGS) or fine grained soil (FGS).

What is the percentage of sand in sandy soil?

A coarse grained soil is said to be sandy soil if the percentage of sand is greater than gravel. If percentage of fines (i.e. silt & clay) present in a sandy soil is less than 5%, then it is identified as clean sand.

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What is considered an agricultural commodity?

“Agricultural commodity”, as used in this subchapter, means wheat, cotton, flax, corn, dry beans, oats, barley, rye, tobacco, rice, peanuts, soybeans, sugar beets, sugar cane, tomatoes, grain sorghum, sunflowers, raisins, oranges, sweet corn, dry peas, freezing and canning peas, forage, apples, grapes, potatoes, timber …


What is considered an agricultural commodity FMCSA?

Agricultural commodity is defined in § 395.2 as “any agricultural commodity, nonprocessed food, feed, fiber, or livestock (including livestock as defined in sec. 602 of the Emergency Livestock Feed Assistance Act of 1988 [7 U.S.C.


What is E log exempt?

An electronic logging device (ELD) unit requires an engine control module (ECM). However, most engines manufactured before 2000 lack an ECM. Therefore, if a commercial motor vehicle’s engine was manufactured in 2000 or earlier, that vehicle is exempt from being required to use an ELD.


What loads are ELD exempt?

Who is exempt from the ELD mandate?Short haul drivers.Drive away/tow away operations where the commercial motor vehicle being driven is the commodity.Drivers operating vehicles that are older than model year 2000.Drivers that only keep logs for 8 days out of a 30 day period.Agricultural, farm and livestock vehicles.


What are considered exempt commodities?

The exempt commodities usually include unprocessed or unmanufactured goods, fruits and vegetables, and other items of little or no value. For a partial listing of exempt and non-exempt commodities, please refer to Administrative Ruling 119.


Is Mulch considered agricultural product?

Mulch and soil products are direct support products for the growing or harvesting of horticultural agricultural commodities; therefore, they are now farm supplies, by definition.


Is agriculture exempt from ELD?

Drivers transporting agricultural commodities are not required to use an ELD if the vehicle was manufactured before the model year 2000, provided they prepare paper logs, or if they do not operate outside of the 150 air-mile radius for more than 8 days during any 30-day period, provided they prepare paper logs on the …


What qualifies a truck as Elog exempt?

It means that vehicles with engines that are older than the model year 2000 are exempt from the ELD mandate, regardless of the vehicle registration date. Similarly, vehicles with engines model year of 2000 or later will need ELDs, despite being equipped in trucks with VINs older than 2000.


How far back can dot check ELD logs?

14 days if a 7-day rule set is applied.


Can truckers still use paper logs?

Drivers of vehicles made before 2000 can continue to use paper logbooks. Carriers who already use ELDs that don’t meet the new technology requirements have until December 2019 to upgrade to compliant systems. “This is a game-changer for the safety of our highways,” says Adrian Lund, who is president of the Institute.


How many driving miles is 150 air miles?

172.6 statute milesTherefore, 150 air miles are actually equivalent to 172.6 statute miles.


Do hotshot drivers need Elogs?

The answer is yes. Almost all carriers and hotshot drivers have to adhere to the ELD mandate and USDOT Number . Truck drivers have a responsibility to log RODS: Records of Duty Status. Drivers have to use electronic logs and maintain an ELD: electronic logging device.


What happens if you don’t log into the ELD?

If the driver does not log into the ELD while operating within the 150 air-mile radius then upon exiting the 150 air-mile radius, the driver must then log into the ELD, identify the movement as on duty driving, and make an annotation on the ELD explaining that the unassigned miles accumulated prior to that point were exempt miles.


What is an annotation on an ELD?

If the driver logs into the ELD and identifies the movement as authorized personal use then driver must also make an annotation on the ELD explaining that the movement is exempt per the agriculture exemption. Upon exiting the 150-air mile radius the driver must then identify the movement of the vehicle as on duty driving.


Is a covered farm vehicle required to have an ELD?

Carriers operating under this exemption are also not required to have an ELD. This only applies to private transportation of agricultural commodities (including livestock, bees, horses, fish used for food, …


Do you have to use an ELD for HOS?

Therefore, work and driving hours are not limited and the driver is also not required to use an Electronic Logging Device (ELD) or keep paper logs.


What is soil classification?

Soil classification, for engineering purposes, is based on the distribution and behavior of the fine-grained and coarse-grained soil constituents. Soil descriptions that are contained on the field exploration logs are based on modified procedures as outlined in ASTM 2488. The visual – manual procedure provided in this standard utilizes visual observation and simple field index tests to identify the characteristics of the soil constituents. Definitions for the various soil constituents can be found in Table 4-1. In addition, soil properties that address angularity, consistency/relative density, color, moisture, structure, etc. have been defined.


What is coarse grained soil?

Coarse grained soils are classified as either a gravel or a sand, depending on whether or not the percentage of the coarse grains are larger or smaller than a 0.19 in. (4.75 mm) opening . A soil is defined as a gravel when the estimated percentage of the gravel size particles is greater than the sand size particles. A soil is defined as a sand when the estimated percentage of the sand size particles are greater than the gravel size particles.If the soil is classified as a gravel, it is then identified as either clean or dirty. Dirty means that the gravel contains an appreciable (greater than 10 %) amount of material that passes a 0.003 in. (0.075 mm) opening (fines), and clean means that the gravel is essentially free of fines (less than 10 %). The use of the terms clean and dirty are for distinction purposes only and should not be utilized in the description contained on the field log.


What is grain size?

Grain size is defined as the size of the particles or mineral crystals that make up the intact portion of the rockmass. The description of grain size should follow the criteria as set forth in Table 4-23.


What is the cementing agent in soil?

Calcium carbonate is a common cementing agent in soils. To test for the presence of this cementing agent the soil sample should be tested with dilute hydrochloric acid (HCL). The reaction of the soil sample with HCL should be reported in accordance with the criteria outlined in Table 4-14.


What are the properties of cohesive soil?

An important index property of cohesive (plastic) soils is its consistency, and is expressed by terms such as very soft, soft, medium stiff, stiff, very stiff, hard, and very hard. Similarly, a significant index property of cohesionless (non-plastic) soils is its relative density, which is expressed by terms such as very loose, loose, medium dense, dense, and very dense. The standard penetration test (ASTM 1586) is an in-situ field test that is widely used to define cohesive soil consistency, and cohesionless soil density. Tables 4-10 and 4-11 should be used to describe consistency, or relative density.


What is organic soil?

If the soil contains enough organic particles to influence the soil properties , it should be identified as an organic fine-grained soil. Organic soils (OL/OH) usually have a dark brown to black color and may have an organic odor. Often, organic soils will change colors, for example black to brown, when exposed to the air. Organic soils will not have a high toughness or plasticity. The thread for the toughness test will be spongy. It will be difficult to differentiate between an organic silt and an organic clay. Once it has been determined that the soil is a organic fine grained soil, the soil can be further described by estimating the percentage of fines, sand, and gravel in the field sample. Table 4-8 should be used in describing an organic fine-grained soil.


How to identify slaking in a rock?

It can be identified in the field if samples shrink and crack, or otherwise degrade upon drying, or being exposed to air for several hours. If degradation of the rock sample occurs, and slaking is suspected; an air-dried sample may be placed in clean water to observe a reaction. The greater the tendency for slaking, the more rapid the reaction will be when immersed in water. This tendency should be expressed on the field logs as “potential for slaking”, and can be confirmed through laboratory testing.


When are electronic logs required?

The Department of Transportation published the initial notice of the ELD mandate on February 16, 2016 and the electronic logs effective date was set to December 18, 2017. From this date on, commercial vehicles have been required to use FMCSA electronic logs. The final deadline was December 16, 2019. Any vehicle failing to switch to elogs or using unapproved ELDs after that date are under violation of DOT regulations and can face compliance issues.


What is ELD mandate?

The ELD mandate seeks to reduce road accidents, as well as idling and unregistered use of vehicles. FMCSA electronic logs are designed to record all the necessary data like hours of service (HOS) and records of duty status (RODS) automatically. Chances of manipulation or human error will be decreased and, the operational efficiency of vehicles and fleets is intended to increase.


What is a HOS247 logbook?

HOS247 logbooks are often considered the best electronic logs by truckers and fleet managers for their advanced features. Some providers sacrifice quality to offer lower prices. HOS247 guarantees performance and flexible plans. The ELDs are designed to increase the overall efficiency of the fleet while lessening the operational cost.


What is a short haul driver?

Drivers operating on short-haul that is within 100 air-mile radius from work-reporting location. They can use timecards.


Do trucks need electronic logs?

According to DOT regulations, most trucks need electronic logs to maintain RODS, including:


How much oil can a farm store?

Farms storing more than 25 gallons in underground or above-ground tanks. Farmers who generate an average of 25 gallons or less per month of used oil from vehicles or machinery used on the farm in a calendar year are exempt from used oil regulations.


What is pesticide use?

Pesticide Use and Water: Applications of (1) biological pesticides and (2) chemical pesticides that leave a residue, in which applications are made directly to waters of the United States, or where a portion of the pesticide will unavoidably be deposited to waters of the United States.


How many gallons of oil do farmers need to store?

Farmers exceeding 25 gallons are required to store the used oil in tanks meeting underground or above ground technical requirements and use transporters with EPA authorization numbers for removal from the farm. Oil spill: Any farm that has a discharge of oil that may reach navigable waters or adjoining shoreline.


Is pesticide disposal hazardous waste?

Proper disposal of pesticide hazard ous wastes. Waste pesticides disposed of on a farmer’s own property in compliance with specified waste management requirements, including the disposal instructions on the pesticide label, are not subject to the TSD facility standards.


Is irrigation return flow solid waste?

Irrigation return flows are not solid wastes. Farmers can dispose of non-hazardous waste (e.g. agricultural wastes including manure, crop residues returned to the soil as fertilizers or soil conditioners; solid or dissolved materials in irrigation return flows) on their own property unless prohibited by other State or local laws.


Is a hazardous waste exempt from regulation?

Even wastes that exhibit one or more of the characteristics of a hazardous waste are exempt from regulation when the farmer triple rinses each emptied pesticide container and disposes of the rinsate on his own farm in compliance with the disposal instructions on the label.


What is the classification of sand?

Classification of Sand. The sand is classified according to the size of grains, the sand are classified as fine, coarse and gravelly.


What is gravel sand?

It is generally used for brick masonry work. The sand passing through a screen with clear openings of 7.62 mm is known as the gravelly sand.


What is coarse grained soil?

Coarse grained soils are those soils whose individual particles are visible by the naked eye. Sandy soil and gravelly soil fall in this group. Fine grained soils are those soils whose individual particles are not visible by the naked eye. Silty soil and clayey soil fall in this group.


What are the two types of soil?

Fine grained soil is primarily of two types i.e. silt & clay. The distinction between silt & clay cannot be based on particle size because the significant physical properties of the two materials are related only indirectly to the size of particles. Furthermore, since both are microscopic, physical properties other than particle size must be used as criteria for field identification. There are 4 nos of field test that we can easily conduct on the field to describe or classify silt & clay. These are


What is a clean gravel?

If percentage of fines (i.e. silt & clay) present in a gravelly soil is less than 5%, then it is identified as clean gravel. Clean gravel can be either classified as well graded gravel (GW) or poorly graded gravel (GP).


What is a GC in soil?

GC – if the fines are of low to medium to high plasticity. Gravels containing 5 to 12% fines are given boundary classification, which is generally done at laboratory. A coarse grained soil is said to be sandy soil if the percentage of sand is greater than gravel. If percentage of fines (i.e.


What percentage of fines is clean sand?

If percentage of fines (i.e. silt & clay) present in a sandy soil is less than 5%, then it is identified as clean sand. Clean sand can be either classified as well graded sand (SW) or poorly graded sand (SP).


How to tell if soil is silty?

The back of the hand is then lightly tapped. If the soil is silty, water rises quickly to its surface and gives it a shiny or glistening appearance. Then if the soil pat is deformed, in some instances by squeezing and in others by stretching, the water flows back into it and leaves the surface with a dull appearance. Usually, the greater the proportion of clay in the sample, the slower the reaction to the test. The reaction is described as rapid, slow or none.


How many nos of field test are there for silt and clay?

Furthermore, since both are microscopic, physical properties other than particle size must be used as criteria for field identification. There are 4 nos of field test that we can easily conduct on the field to describe or classify silt & clay. These are. Dilatancy.

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