Prawn Farming Guide At Home For Beginners | Cultivation

Prawn Farming | Cultivation 

Little About Prawn Farming or Cultivation

Are you interested in starting your own Prawn farm as a business plan? Then you are at the right platform. Today, I am here with all the information about Prawn farming such as the Investment, food, pest and disease and also, what is the profit margin in the Prawn farming.

Is Prawn a fish?

Yes… Prawn is a type of fish, which has plenty of market demand because of its taste and also their benefits in numbers of the country, all over the globe. Besides consuming more in India, Prawns are also consumed in United Kingdom, Japan, United States, including the Commonwealth countries on large scale.

Prawn farming has their own importance in the fisheries industry. Nowadays, Prawns have acquired a specific place in the diet of many peoples all over the globe. Many peoples are fond of eating Prawns, as directly, as fried or in any other way…

This farming business does not require much capital and also a large land. Nowadays, numbers of people are doing this; Prawn farming business and earning millions of money. Friends, earning millions of money from it is not a hard working job, but it requires proper care and management. So, it is essential to learn, only correct and proper information about Prawn farming to earn a great success in this farming business.

Benefits of Prawns

Prawns are not only beneficial in the business sector but are also beneficial to us in various ways. Prawns are rich in minerals and vitamins, which are able to treat numbers of diseases, present in our healthy body making us sick or unhealthy or unfit.

Now, let us learn what are the health benefits of eating Prawns in the following section.

  • Prawns are the excellent source of The presence of Selenium in our body directly prevent the growth of cancer cells in the body. So, Prawns can keep us from many cancer.
  • The content of fatty acids in the Prawns is too high, which is helpful in keeping a healthy heart.
  • Prawns are also an excellent source of Calcium, which is helpful in strengthening the bones.
  • The Vitamin E present in the Prawns is also helpful in keeping healthy skin and also preventing all the skin infections.
  • The Vitamin B12 presence in the Prawns is also beneficial in the cleaning of the nerves and arteries of our body.
  • Prawns are low-calorie food. So, eating Prawns is also beneficial in weight loss and being healthy.

Presence of all these minerals and vitamins in Prawns, consuming them is beneficial in many ways. Eating Prawns is also helpful in preventing many diseases, present in our to make healthy and fit.

Think Before Starting Prawn Farming

It is a great idea to start farming smartly, and a smart farmer always considers about the essential, cost and investments and also some task before starting this farming business. Here is a guide for you, learn these points, take some time and think about them before starting Prawn raising the business.

  1. Learn how many types of Prawns are there in the world and decide of them, which one can give you more profit?
  2. Also, learn the how much it cost to start a new Prawn farm, depending on the scale of your business.
  3. Also, think about the fodder, care, and management needed for the growing Prawns economically.
  4. Also, learn how to prepare Prawn nutritious fodder at home only? if you not much capital.
  5. Also, think of the space, cost, initial capital required for starting Prawn farming.
  6. Also, learn how to test your water to find out the elements present in it.

Whatever is this, it is advised to take a visit to your nearest Prawn farm, if available to learn all these points in deeper and also better information about this.

How to Start Prawn Farming

Nowadays, Prawn Farming business is being very popular and is also increasing more. New growers select this business plan firstly rather than going for any other commercial farming business because of great profit margin. And, the popularity of Prawns in the market is being raised more and more from day to day. There is also a great demand of Prawns in the food processing industry, because of which Prawns are growing more by the new growers.

Apart from all these shrubs, Prawns farming can also be done with other commercial farming, such as duck farmingfish farming, etc. Nowadays, it is possible to raise Prawn all time during the complete year and the craziness of it is also increasing.

For having your own Prawn farm, you must have sufficient size pond as basic essential. If you have not any pond, then it is advised to take one on lease or construct your own pond. It is great ideas to take pond on the lease.

As with Commercial fish farming, this farming business also requires a pond having sufficient size, so that Prawn can grow well. So, for commercial Prawn farming, a 1,500 sq feet area is good enough to start a new Prawn farming business. Prepare a pond having dimension 8 X 8 feet for farming Prawns which should have a depth of about 5 feet deeper.

Initial Investment in the Prawn Farming

This farming business does not require much capital as an initial investment and can give you good returns in a very short time period. A capital of 75,000 as the initial investment is good enough to start a profitable prawn farming business in a one-acre pond. In around 8 to 9 months, you will be able to harvest this costliest yield. The costliest input in this farming is the investment of baby prawns or living prawns. You can collect those growing prawn easily from the market. Usually, the price of one kg baby or living prawns is ranging from Rs 300 to 500. However, raising high quality and fast growing baby Prawns can lead to good profits.

So, here below is the calculation of all material along with their cost, which is essential to start a new prawn farm.

Type of Investment Cost of that Investment (in Rs)
Cost of Prawn Shed Rs 15,000
Cost of Food Rs 5,000
Cost of Fertilizer Rs 5,000
Cost of preparing a pond [one time (100 feet pond)] Rs 30,000
Cost of Miscellaneous Investment Rs 20,000
Total Expenses  Rs 75,000

Note that the above mention calculation can vary from person to person depending on the level of business. This can also vary depending on the selection of various equipment.

Site Requirements

Fro starting a prawn farming business, a land is an essential need having sufficient size to raise the prawns in the pond. So, select a good farm location for your business of growing prawns commercially. Availability of water at that location is also basic essential. Also, pay attention to the distance, how near is your farm from the nearest local market. Establishing a prawn farm near a city is can reduce the cost of transportation to raise your profit from the products. A city connected with roads is the best way of cheapest transportation with any vehicle.


There is some basic requirement, without which the business of growing or raising prawns is not possible and is also not profitable one. So, it is a good idea to acquire all the basic needs of prawn, which needed initially for the growing prawns as a business plan.

Here below is the list of all the basic requirements, required for prawn farming.

  • A pond with a good and clean water source
  • Healthy and quality baby prawn to raise
  • Farm shades
  • Manpower: Low-cost labor
  • Some vehicles for the means of transportation for carrying your product to the market
  • A good and quality food; should have a well stock
  • A net to collect the prawn from the pond

Prawn Culture In The Pond

Preparing A Fertile And Productive Pond

For starting the commercial prawn farming, you have to construct a sufficient size pond so that prawns can grow well and you can obtain healthy and quality product from this business plan to earn good returns. Note that your prepare pond should not have the depth of more than four feet and is also should have well designed such as square construction or circle construction.

The base of your prepared pond must have clean surface along with soil pH, ranging from 7 to 8. Spray a suitable disease resistant chemical fertilizers on the side surfaces of the pond to keep away the selected baby prawn from the disease in the pond.

Also, an addition of cow dung manure is also helpful in increasing the fertility and reproductive capacity in the pond and also enhances the growth of plants and planktons. Now, the pond should be filled up with clean water. Leave that filled for about ten days, so that this commercial small creature can grow in the pond.

Breeds Selection

Breed selection in this farming business is also an important task that decides the amount of profit in your business. Growing fast growing and high yielding breed of prawns will definitely yield more production at the last. Grow specific high yielding breed, depending on your climate condition. Since growing breed which is fast growing in nature and requires a minimum care and management is always beneficial in earning good returns.

Water Treatment

To produce healthy prawns, it is very important to treat that cultivating pond water. First of finding out the what elements are presents in that pond water? Then after, supplement the pond water with all essential elements required for producing higher and quality prawns with the help of suitable water treatment.

Growing Prawns

After placing the certain prawn larvae, let them time grow under the supervision of the skilled and expert in the Hatchery, at least 1 month for better prawns development. When the prawns reach the maturity age of one month and their initial growth level is going correctly, then you can put them in the growing pond.

How much Prawns per pond?

If your pond is 50 meters long, 30 meters wide, and two feet deeper, then you can put at least more than 3,000 Prawns in it. Give them food, two to three times a day for their healthy development. Stable Oxygen level and proper feeding are also main factors, which enhances the Prawn’ growth for better production.

Do maintain the Oxygen level in your pond for achieving higher production, and check it regularly.

Feeding of Your Prawn Pond

Nowadays, numbers of the variety of fodder available in the market for the nutritious diet of your Prawn, but it is a little bit expensive. And because of this, small-scale farmers are unable to purchase this expensive fodder due to money shortage.

One can easily prepare this nutritious diet at home only by using the vegetable west particle, along with extra fodder, giver to the husbandry animal… and can get relieved from the tension of buying the expensive fodder for the Prawns. You can also use the cow dung for the preparation of nutritious and healthy fodder along with the almonds, corn and such like protein-rich food to meet the protein requirement.

Provide this expensive or homemade nutritious fodder in sufficient amount, at least thrice a day.

Prawns Disease And Their Treatment

All like other farming business, diseases are also observed in this Prawn farming business. Viral infected diseases are common in this farming such as

  • White Spot Syndrome Virus (WSSV),
  • Yellowhead Disease Virus (YHDV),
  • Taura Syndrome Virus (TSV),
  • Infectious Hypodermal and Haematopoietic Necrosis Virus (IHHNV),
  • Vibrio harveyi, etc are some common diseases that observed in the commercial Prawn farming.

It is essential to prevent your pond from all these observed diseases to obtains a higher yield and to maintain the quality of the Prawns. However, maintaining water quality can avoid, all these observed diseases.

Harvesting Prawns

The harvesting time of Prawn is mainly depended on the Prawn condition along with the market demand and price. They are collected with the help of cast net from the various area of growing pond on the basis of average weight and shape, size. At the harvesting stage, the soft shell is should be less than 5 % in the pond. This can be achieved by scheduled harvesting of the Prawns between 2 moultings. Molting can be identified by the existence of exuviae in the growing pond.

If your Prawns weigh averagely around 30 gm, then harvesting should be after a week of the exuviae appearance. Where the upcoming molting can be observed after two weeks.

Iced those collected Prawns or store them at nearby cold store or shift them to the processing plants within 10 hrs of harvesting.


If growing Prawns is done with advance Prawns farming techniques, then one can easily earn about more than 3 lack by just investing Rs 50,000 as the initial capital in this business plan.

One can raise this profit by taking proper care and good management of the Prawn farm and also selecting a high yielding and fast growing Prawns breed.

Lemon Farming – Step By Step Guide to Growing Lemon Tree Commercially

Lemon Farming | A guide to growing Lemon fruit trees

The following post is about Lemon Farming or How to grow Lemon Tree Commercially.

Little About Lemon Farming

Citrus is one of the most important fruit crop, which is highly demanded by the people throughout the globe. And, lemon fruit is the most important fruit of the citrus category.

Lemon is mostly asked because of its extensive bitterness. It is also known for its juice and pulp throughout the different portion of the world. It is mostly asked for its extensive bitterness. Its extensive bitterness is beneficiary in curing numbers of disease and disorder. It is full of amazing medicinal value, and it is especially recommended to the pregnant women.

So, one can easily create a big profit through growing this citrus fruit, lemon fruits in a big area at commercial scale, or can grow it as indoor fruit plant tree.

So, let us learn how to grow Lemon trees commercially.

Lemon Varieties

There are numbers of Lemon varieties, which are popular for growing in different geological regions according to their climate conditions and soil requirement.

lemon varieties

However, here I had listed some of the most popular varieties of Lemon fruit tree, which are highly recommended for growing in different climate condition with high yielding capacity.

  • Verna – Its production accounts for about 70 % of the total lemon production in the world. It is originated in Spain. And it is mainly produced in Alicante and Murcia. It bears an average to large size lemon fruit, with a pronounced nipple & well-developed neck. The skin is rough, thick, and irregular, but the pulp is tender. It has juice with an appropriate acidity content, although it is less abundant than in other varieties.
  • Fina – It comes from an old Spanish variety produced near the river Segura. Its productions account for about for 20% of the production of total lemon fruit production. It bears Spherical or oval fruit, with a short and smooth nipple with thin skin. The pulp is contained highly juice content along with few seeds in it. And, the tree is vigorous, highly productive and thorny in nature.
  • Eureka – It is mainly cultivated outside the Mediterranean area. Especially in South Africa, California, Australia, Argentina, and Israel. It bears fruit with average to thin thickness skin, usually smooth. However, it is bit rough. The fruit contains very fewer seeds with a higher level of acidity juice content.
  • Lisbon – It is an Australian lemon variety, cultivated in the great areas of the desert of Arizona. It bears fruits similar to the Eureka lemon variety. However, it has a less definite nipple with the rough texture of the skin. And, the juice levels and its acidity level in fruit are similar to that of Eureka variety.
  • Primofiori – It bears rounded & oval shape lemon fruit, with a short and smooth nipple.  Along with thin skin and juicy pulp with very fewer seeds.
  • Villafranca – It bears fruit with more seeds in comparison to the Eureka variety. However, the fruit tree is more vigorous. And, it is very difficult to distinguish both varieties when they are adult.
  • Femminello – It includes several selections of average size lemons with quite thick skin & less juice content fruit than other lemon varieties, but more acidic content. However, the seeds amount depends on harvesting purpose.
  • Génova – This variety is mostly cultivated in South America and surrounding area. It bears fruits having a smooth skin and a substantial and acid pulp.
  • Meyer – This variety is hybrid of the lemon tree, orange tree and the mandarin tree. It bears fruits similar to the orange, large in size and round shape, with a small nipple. Th fruit skin is yellowish orange, smooth, soft and thin in nature. However, it lacks the characteristic smell of lemons. The pulp of this variety is dark yellow, very juicy and tender with more or less 10 seeds inside in it.

Where Do Lemon Tree Grow?

For commercial growing of Lemon fruit trees, it is essential to obtain optimum lemon fruit production with less input and efforts. And, this is possible only with a suitable cultivar grown in suitable climate condition and preferred soil. So, learn what soil and climate condition do lemon fruit tree preferred for optimum growth of fruit plant.

lemon farming intercropping and irrigation

Climate Conditions Required for Lemon farming

When it comes to climate requirement of this fruit plant, the sub-tropical climate conditions are best suitable for optimum growth with excellent fruit development of this crop.

Keep in mind that a temp. below 40 ‘C is dangerous for the young plant’s growth and development. And, a Soil temperature about 250 ‘C is best suitable for optimum root growth.

Dry, arid climate conditions along with well-defined summer with low rainfall (range – 75 cm to 250 cm) is most favorable for the excellent growth of this fruit crop.

Do not that High humidity ensures the spreading of numbers of diseases. Frost is also highly injurious to this crop. During summer, Hot wind results in the desiccation and flower drop with young fruits drop.

It can also grow up to some altitude, around 2000 m and adapted to a cooler climate condition.

Location & Land Selection for lemon farming

Lemon can be grown over a wide range of soils. However, few soil properties such as soil fertility, soil reaction, drainage, free lime and salt concentrations, etc. are some very important factors which determine the planting density, plant grown, and amount of fruit yield. So, care to be taken while selection land for lemon farming.

Lemon fruit plant can flourish well on light soils having a good drainage capacity. And, deep soils having pH range from 5.5 to 7.5 are considered as the best suitable for lemon tree farming. But, do note that they can be grown up to a pH ranges from 4 to 9. Havier soils and light loam soils with well drainage facility subsoils are supposed to be the ideal for growing lemon trees.

Do note that the presence of calcium carbonate (CaCo3) in very high concentration within the feeding zone may affect the growth adversely.

How to Plant Lemon Fruit Plant?

In commercial lemon fruit farming, planting method, plant density, placing between lemon plants, time of plantation, and method of planting are more responsible for the fruit production and yield. So, care to be taken in all these crucial points of Lemon farming.

Soil Preparation for lemon farming

Growing lemons on suitable land ensure healthy fruit production with excellent quality of fruits. So, the land should be plowed, cross plowed and leveled well before planting seedlings on the soil.

In mountainous regions, transplanting should be done on terraces against the slopes. In such type of land, high-density transplanting of seedlings is possible as aerial space is more available than that in flat land.

Weed from the previous crop should be discarded before planting seedlings. Then after, weed should be removed at regular interval of four weeks to avails optimum growth rate and healthy plant development.

Time of Planting In Lemon Farming

This subtropical crop can be cultivated throughout the year. However, the best time for planting lemon trees in from June to August.

For planting lemon young seedlings, a pit having a size of two feet of each (60 cm X 60 cm X 60 cm) should be dug. Then, about 10 kg of well rotten FarmYard Manure along with 500 gm of superphosphate should be supplemented per each pit before planting lemon young seedlings to the pit.

However, one can easily grow lemon fruit plant throughout the whole year with the facility of a good irrigation system.

Planting Density & Spacing in lemon farming

The planting spacing in lemon farming varies according to the growing cultivar of the lemon fruit (lemon variety), the soil on which cultivations is to be done, growing climate conditions, etc.

lemon farming intercropping and irrigation

However, generally, the normal planting spacing is 4.5 m X 4.5 m. One can go for high-density planting to plant more plants in comparison to the normal planting spacing (4.5 m X 4.5 m) on the basis of soil fertility and cultivar yield capacity.

With the normal planting spacing (4.5 m X 4.5 m) in commercial lemon farming, on can easily maintain about 500 plants per unit hectare land (exactly – Plant population – 494 plants / ha.

However, in too light soils, the planting spacing should be reduced to 4.0 m X 4.0 m. Whereas in the fertile soils, and in higher rainfall regions, the planting spacing should be 5 m x 5m for the optimum growth and development to obtain excellent quality fruit plant.

Irrigation In Lemon Farming

Lemon seedling needs life-saving watering up to next one year after the transplanting seedlings on the land. Especially, during winter and summer season. Watering should be followed on regular basis.

Irrigations are the primary task, which is responsible for plants healthy growth and healthy development, especially during flowering and fruiting period. It also helps the fruit to attain better shape and marketable size. Under the unirrigated condition, there are chances of damaging to spring blossom are high. And the next crop maturing in October to November may be heavier.

Always avoid overwatering. Because overwatering may lead to root rot and collar rot easily to occur.

Light irrigation in the lemon field with high frequency is always beneficial for healthy yield. Do not that water containing more than 1000 ppm salts for Irrigation in lemon farming is injurious the quality of fruits.

However, the quantity of water & number of irrigation depends on the soil type and growth stage of the crop. Partial drying out of the soil in the spring season should be done to enhance the growth rate.

Application of Manures & Fertilisers in Lemon Farming

Lemon seedling should be manure in about 3 equal doses, 3 times in a calendar year, in Feb, June, and Sept. However, the dose of manure and fertilizer varies on the basis of soil type, age, and growth of plants.

The manuring dose should be increased every year in equal proportionate to reach the full quantity on the 8th year.

Fertilisers should be spread on the ground up to the leaf drip and should be mixed up with the soil by light spading.

A light Irrigation should be applied to overcome the moisture stress, just after the application of manures and fertilizers. Also, try to give one or two micronutrient mixtures to enhance the plant growth and development for the healthy fruit production.

Intercultural Operations in Lemon Farming

lemon farming guide

Weed Control

Plowing, basin spading, weed control, etc., are some important inter-culture activities for the soil aeration and plant health. Chemical means of weed control with a suitable weedicide such as simazine, Grammaxone, Diuron, Terbsal, etc. should be adopted to minimize the weeds in the field.

Intercrops between plants

Leguminous vegetables such as cowpeas, peas, french bean, or any other vegetables, etc., can be grown in lemon orchards.

However, Intercropping is advisable only for the initial 2 to 4 years of planting seedlings.

Trimming & Pruning of Plants

Trimming and pruning of lemon plant should be done in order to enhance the growth of strong trunk. Around all shoots in the first 40 to 50 cm from the ground level developed in the early stage of growth should be eliminated. keep the central plant to remain open.

Branches of fruiting plant should be well scattered to all sides. Cross twigs along with water suckers are to be eliminated earlier.

However, the fruit-bearing trees need little or about no pruning. So, all injured, diseased, and drooping branches along with the dead wood should be removed at regular interval to initiating citrus lemon greening.

Pests & Diseases in Lemon Tree Farming

lemon fruit farming

Lemon Tree | Pests & Pests Control

The lemon tree belongs to citrus fruit plant category. So, there are chances of appearing numbers of hazardous pests and insect, which can minimize your fruit production and also the quality of fruits. So, it is a better idea to learn them and control them as sooner as they appear in your field.

The following is a list of some common pests and diseases, that are commonly observed in the commercial lemon tree farming. –

  • Ants
  • Scale
  • Mealy Bugs
  • Cottony Cushion Scale
  • Leafminer
  • Sooty Mold
  • Aphids
  • Spider mites
  • Fungus gnat
  • Citrus Thrips
  • Whitefly
  • Melanose fungus
  • Citrus Canker
  • Powdery mildew
  • Collar Rot
  • Lemon Scab
  • Black Spot
  • Gummosis


All of these insects and disease, especially disease occurs due to deficiency of various types of minerals, and macronutrients. So, try to avoid any kind of deficiency in your soil. And, if present, correct it by supplementing suitable supplement.

Also, try to make use of liquid pesticide to avoid pests and insects to ruin your field.

Lemon Fruit Harvesting

Harvesting of quality fruit should be carried out at a different interval. Usually, try to pick mature fruit at about 3 to 4 times a year. However, quality of fruit must be checked before harvesting or picked.

lemon fruit picking

They attain a proper size with a rounded shape fruit and attractive color having TSS to the Acid ratio of 12:1. And, at this stage, are best suitable for harvesting.

However, the harvesting time and season vary on the basis of market demand and variety of lemon. In general, harvesting of picking of fruit should be done from mid of January to mid of February till the end of February.

Try to harvest at proper mature fruitage to get an excellent yield of fruit. And, for the exporting purpose of lemon, harvesting should be done, as sooner as they attain their maturity shape and size with proper texture.


The yield of lemon farming varies on the basis of fertility of soil, the productivity of soil, variety of lemon grown, climate conditions and yielding capacity of lemon variety.

However, in commercial lemon farming, from the 2nd year of planting seedlings on the field, more than 50 fruit per plant tree can be picked. Which goes increases from year to next year.

And, from the 6 to 7 year of planting lemon trees, one can easily pick about 750 fruit per tree and even more than it per each year.

Post Harvesting

After harvesting fruit, a proper washing with clean water should be done in order to bring excellent fruit color. After washing dipped the fruits in Chlorinated water @ 2.5 ml per Liter of water. After that dried them partially. Then, do Citrashine wax coating with foam.

harvesting lemon

It improves fruit appearance and also maintains a good quality of fruits. After that, packing of fruit should be done after drying out them. Fruits should be packed in boxes

Have a happy lemon Farming with Excellent fruit production with best quality fruits!!!😄