Sunflower Farming: A Simple Guide To Growing Sunflower | Profit

How to Grow Sunflowers? A Guide to Sunflower Farming

Introduction

Sunflower crop is an extraordinary oil seed crop, which was grown firstly in India. It is grown as unbaked plant crop to meet the market demand for vegetable oil, all over the globe. This crop was firstly introduced in the form of a peg harvest in 1969. Due to its big production capacity and high value over the years, sunflower cultivation has become more popular all over the globe in very short. Growing mass of sunflower will not only provide edible oil but also save foreign exchange in very large extent. There are great health benefits of consuming sunflower oil and its seeds.

This commercial crop is quick in maturing and can tolerate dry, is insensitive to temperature and light, so you can grow this crop all the during a year as a Kharif weather, Rabi weather and Zayed weather. But the best season for planting this crop is the summer because, during summer, there is a great availability of honey bee at this time, which is very helpful and is more important for its higher yield. This crop is very useful for the treatment of vegetable ghee and diseases by its oil.

Sunflower cultivation

How long do sunflowers take to grow? it mainly depends on the climatic conditions and the sunflower variety, which is used for the sunflower cultivation. So, grow a fast growing cultivar of sunflower which is also high in yielding to obtain maximum production. But, generally, it takes about 78 to 95 days in Kharif season, 100 to 125 days in Rabi season and 95 to 115 days in the autumn season.

All like the other commercial crop, sunflower crop does not affect more by the day length and the season of cultivation. So, sunflower can be grown throughout the year, excepting the freezing temp.

So, let us learn why there is great demand for sunflower seeds in the market.

Health Benefits of Sunflower Seeds

The following is the list of top health benefits if eating sunflowers seeds daily.

Health benefits of sunflower

  1. Sunflower seeds contain 80 % of Vitamin E, which helps in lowering the risk of various heart diseases.
  2. Sunflower seeds have high antioxidant content in them, which is helpful in preventing many kinds of cancer.
  3. Sunflower seeds are also helpful in boosting thyroid function.
  4. Sunflower seeds also help in bone loss, combat osteoporosis, & muscle cramps.
  5. Sunflower seeds are also helpful in improving the skin health.
  6. Sunflower seeds are mainly used for preparing the vegetable ghee.
  7. Sunflower seeds are also helpful in lowering the risk of blood pressure.
  8. It is also helpful in preventing diabetes up to some extent.
  9. Sunflower seeds full of protein and minerals, so it is also can be used as weight loss diet.

However, decide you own, how much sunflower seeds to eat daily? and take advantages of it…

Sunflower Varieties

Selecting a right sunflower variety is one of the most important tasks, which needs more care and attention. Selecting a fast growing and high yielding variety of sunflower is mainly responsible for the production. Nowadays, with the help of advance sunflower farming techniques, there is numerous kind of sunflower hybrid seed are available in the market.

However, select a right cultivar which is high in production having high oil %age. Also, it should also have toleration to biotic and abiotic stresses. So, that you can produce optimum and earn a lot from this commercial farming.

Note: Please go through the sunflower varieties list, So, that you can learn which can give you more production in short time period.

Where Do Sunflowers Grow?

Sunflower varieties

Climate Condition For Sunflower

This commercial crop can be cultivated on each type of soil throughout the year. But, cool climatic conditions are required during the germination period and also during the growth of sunflower seedlings.

Sunflower seedlings can tolerate frosts condition up to some extent till they bear 4 to 8 leaf during growth development. But, a hot atmosphere is needed in the time interval of the flowering stage from the sunflower seedling stage. Also, hot temp is also required till the maturity.

High humidity along with rainfall and cloudy weather during flowering stage can cause lower seedling and hence less production.

Best Soil For Sunflowers

Sunflower can grow on any type of soil and also soil having controlled pH range and saline soil up to some extent. However, sunflower crop thrives their best in deep loamy soil with an availability of good irrigation and drainage.

Sunflower seedlings

The best soil pH for sunflower cultivation is 6.8 to 8.0. So, by selecting proper sunflower variety, you can produce optimum from this cultivation.

How to Plant Sunflower Seeds?

Sunflower seeds are sown by the Dibbling and furrow method. With the dibbling method, one can sow about 5 to 7 kg of sunflower seeds per hectare land. Whereas with the furrow method, it is possible to plant about 10 kg of watermelon seeds per hectare.

When seedling appears, excess seedling should be thinned after two weeks of the seedling. Also, a proper seed treatment is to be carried out for better germination of sunflower seeds So, that you can achieve a good plant density. A plant population around 50,000 to 75,000 plants per hectare is considered as the best suitable for producing maximum depending on the water availability and sunflower cultivar.

Seed treatment and method of Propagation in sunflower Farming

For quick seed germination and higher production, a seed treatment is to be done. For this soak seeds of sunflower for about 4 to 6 hrs. Shake them in shade and make a difference before splitting.

Seeds treatment in sunflowers farming

Seed treatment should be done with any fungicides such as Captain, Thiram, Bavis, Carbendazimdazim etc. so that borne diseases do not emerge later. Then these treated sunflower seeds should be planted at a depth of 5 to 8 cm deep inside the soil by keeping appropriate spacing.

After sowing sunflower seeds on the field, first irrigation should be done after two to three days for better germination.

Sowing of seeds should be done with the help of corn planter.

When to Plant Sunflower Seeds?

It is the common question, ask by the every sunflower grower nowadays. Since sunflower can be cultivated throughout the year but planting them before 15 to 20 days of the last spring frost expects. However, below is a guide for you on growing sunflowers.

Sunflower seed germination

Land Preparation for Sunflower Farming

Sunflower crop needs a well crushed, weed-free soil with sufficient moisture supply. Also, soil should have fine tilth form. For this, about two to three normal plowing is enough to bring you soil in fine tilth form.

Make sure about the moisture content. A good moisture content is needed at the time of sowing seeds to get better germination %age. A good germination will ensure a good profit from this crop.

What Month to Plant Sunflowers?

As this crop can be cultivated throughout the year with different climate condition, but planting this crop in the hot climate condition has better results.

So, cultivating sunflower in the hot season, planting of this crop should be done in April is considered as the best for having good results in this commercial crop.

Appropriate Spacing in Sunflower Farming

Planting sunflowers with appropriate spacing mean you are going to produce more from the others. So, always plant with good spacing.

A planting density of 60,000 sunflower plants per hectare is considered as the best on. But, for dry atmosphere, this ranges from 40,000 to 50,000 plans per hectare and region with good water availability, you can plant more than 75,000 plants.

Decide your own, how much plants you want to plant and decide a specific spacing for them.

Irrigation in Sunflower Farming

If you are growing sunflowers as Kharif crop, then there is no need for any irrigation to this crop, but supply once if there is uneven rainfall in your surroundings. Whereas as rabi crop, irrigation should be done thrice, usually after 40, 80, 110 days after planting on the main field.

sunflower farming

This crop is very sensitive to water stress during the flowering stage and grain filling stages. So, take care in this interval. Irrigate once, if there is moisture deficiency in this interval. As like other crops, this crop also requires more water supply in the hot season.

At the grain-filling stage in this crop, supply water gently and in the windless evening to avoid water lodging. However, a special care in irrigation during bud initiation stage, flowering stage, and seed development stages is required.

Application of Manure and Fertilizers in Sunflower Farming

This crop is exhaustive and can respond adequately to the timely application of suitable manure and fertilizers.

However, application of 15 tonnes of farmyard manure is good enough for producing more, especially in the drylands & low fertile soils.

Pests and Diseases in Sunflower Farming

Sunflower Pests and diseases

Sunflower Pests

Sunflower beetle, Seed weevil (red), Banded Sunflower Moth, Cutworms, Seed weevil (gray), Sunflower moth (head moth), Sunflower stem weevil, Wireworms are the name of some most common pest that usually observed in the sunflower farming.

Learn the symptoms, and take controlling measure as sooner as they appear in your sunflower farm.

Sunflower Diseases

Alternaria, Phoma black stem, Downy mildew, Sclerotinia, Sunflower rust are some common diseases that most observed in the sunflower farming.

Learn the symptoms, and take controlling measure as sooner as they appear in your sunflower farm to produce more.

Note: Pest and diseases in sunflower farming should be controlled because of a little presence of cause a big difference in the production.

Harvesting Sunflower Seeds

How long do sunflowers take to grow? it takes about 78 to 95 days in Kharif season, 100 to 125 days in Rabi season and 95 to 115 days in the autumn season. A timely sunflower harvesting can yield more so harvest them when the moisture content of seeds is 20 %.

Harvesting sunflower seeds

Usually, all the sunflower heads become not ready for harvesting at a time. So, harvest heads when they turn yellowish to slightly brown. About two to three harvesting should be done to obtain quality production.

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After harvesting, dry them in the sunny day. Threshes the beats of sunflower head center through a small stick.

Yield of Sunflower Farming

By cultivating suitable cultivar of sunflower hybrid, with good farm management skill, appropriately an average yield of more than 30 quintals sunflower seeds per hectare can be produced.

So, grow the best and care it to earn a big profit…

Commercial Rose Farming Business Information Guide For Farmers

Commercial Rose Farming Business, process, profit and cultivation

If you are planning for start to flower farming then Rose Farming Business is the profitable business for farmers. Here in this article, you will see the step by step information for Rose Farming Business in India. Rose is the king of all flowers and it is a very pretty flower which is grown in all around the world.  Rose flower is praise for its beautiful look and aroma.

The scientific name of the rose is “Rosa” and it belongs from the “Rosaceae” family. Rose flowers and Rose oil are very demanded in the local market as well as in the global market. It places the first position in the international market.

Generally, rose plants are six ft high from the land. The Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and West Bengal are the most rose farming project state in India. The successful commercial rose farming process mostly depends on the varieties of rose flower. In latest technology, there are many rose planting methods are available but the rose cultivation in greenhouse method is very famous and convenient for rose plants. 

  •  In pots
  • On the terrace
  • Indoor
  • Open fields
  • Green house
  • Poly house

Rose flower plant image

Climate Required For Growing Roses

Roses are grown well in tropical and subtropical weather condition in the worldwide. The perfect temperature conditions for rose farming techniques in between 15 °C to 28 °C. Rose plants at list require 5 to 6 hours the sunlight during the growth phase and flowering period. Generally, the sunshine requires in moisture weather condition area or in a cloudy situation. Roses also grow well at below 15°C temperature.

 

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Best Soil Required  For Rose Farming Business

For profitable rose farming business, you can require the soil PH in between 6 to 7.5 it is the best PH for getting the high yield. Rose plants are growing well in sandy loam soils with high organic matter and also have a high content of oxygen. If you have a 30cm long soil then you must be required approximately 30% of organic matter.

Rose flower land images

Land Preparation And Planting For Rose Farming Business

Rose flowers are generally cultivated by using the seeds, budding and cuttings but most of the farmers are planting rose flower by using seeds.  In rose farming business, first of all, plow the soil for making it weed free and tilth soil. You can be sowing the rose seed in the nursery beds or pits before 4 to 6 weeks of planting the plants in the main field. Also, create the 60 to 90 cm deep and 60 to 90 cm across pits or beds for sowing rose seeds. After that fill the beds or pits by using some soil and decomposed farm yard manure (FMY) and provide irrigation.

In between November to January farmers sowing the rose seeds in nursery beds and before monsoon rose plants are ready for planting in the main field.  When the rose plants come from the nursery immediately planting them in the main field. At evening time or after the afternoon it’s considered as the best time for Planting the rose plant.

If you are planting the rose plant in the one-acre land then must keep the line to line distance 5ft and plant to plant distance 5 ft. You can approximately be planting the 4000 rose plant in a one-acre land. Time in between  September to October is the optimum season for planting the rose plant in the farm. Rose plants require pruning one time in a year that is done in November, December, and January.

Rose flower plants in nursery beds

Homemade Fertilizer For Rose Plants In Rose Farming Business

When you preparing land for the rose farming project then mostly use the organic matter don’t use the chemical fertilizer. If you are using the chemical for rose farming process then you can not get the good quality in rose water or oil.   By using the organic fertilizer you will get the high-quality based rose flower.    

You can make the organic fertilizer by using the cow urine, tobacco, Datura(Angel’s trumpets). First of all Mixing well this three material and buried in the land for one month. After a one month, you will get the ready pesticide and you can apply on the rose plant.  You can only use this organic fertilizer 1 kg or l litter in one-acre land. 

If you want to use the chemical fertilizer then apply the  8 grams nitrogen, 8 grams Phosphorus, and  16 grams Potassium per plant.  After the pruning, in three-months interval apply the 10 kg decomposed farm yard manure (FYM) and above chemical fertilizer to rose plants.

Fertilizer For Rose Plants pictures

Best Irrigation System For Rose Farming

There are many irrigation systems are available in latest technology like drip irrigation, sprinkler irrigation, micro jet, and basin irrigation but rose flower plant requires less water compared to other flower farming. So, the drip irrigation and sprinkler irrigation systems are suitable for the rose farming business. 

After transplanting the rose plant in the main field irrigation is required immediately. In starting, days rose plants require irrigation daily or one time in two days. After some day it requires irrigation one time in a week.  

Irrigation for rose farming business

Diseases And Pests In Rose Farming

Most Common Rose Insect Pests

  • Aphids
  • Two-spotted mite
  • Thrips
  • Rose Slugs (Rose Sawflies)
  • Caterpillars
  • Curculio beetles
  • Japanese beetles
  • Scale insects
  • Leaf Cutting Bee
  • Nematodes
  • Rose chafer
  • Metallic flea-beetles

Diseases Of Rose Plant

  • Crown gall rot
  • Black Spot
  • Powdery Mildew
  • Downy mildew
  • Rust
  • Anthracnose
  • Grey mould
  • Verticillium wilt
  • Sooty moulds
  • Canker
  • Nematodes, parasitic
  • Rose mosaic
  • Rose wilt
  • Rose rosette disease

Reference: Wikipedia

Harvesting Of Rose Flowers

Rose flowers are ready for harvesting from the main field when the flower get the bright color petals.In the first year, rose plants are prepared for the flowering and in the second year you will get a good yield from this rose flowers. Rose plants obtain the flowering in March after the 45 to 50 days of pruning. Generally, rose flowers can stay 40 days on the plant. The rose flowers mostly picked by hands at early morning.

After the harvesting rose flowers are immediately put in the water bucket then it’s transferred into the cold storage. Rose flowers require 2 to 5°C temperature in cold storage. 

Rose flower harvesting from the farm image

What is the use of Rose?

Depending on the Roses varieties and species rose flowers and its petals are used in various things.

  • Rose water
  • Rose oil
  • Gulkand
  • Floral arrangements
  • Bouquets
  • Worship
  • Presentation of gifts or Decoration of gifts
  • Ornamental use
  • Use in medicinal
  • Culinary purposes
  • Use for expressing feelings
  • Cosmetics
  • Used for making perfumes and scented products

Rose Names In Different Languages

  • Gulab (Urdu, Hindi)
  • 장미과의 식물
  • Changmi (Korean)
  • 玫瑰 (Chinese)
  • රෝස
  • Rosa (Sinhalese, Sri Lanka)
  • ดอกกุหลาบ (Thai)
  • Hoa hồng (Vietnamese)
  • Rosa (Filipino)
  • गुलफ (Nepali)
  • Roos (Dutch)
  • Pоза (Russin)
  •  warda (Arabic)
  • Gul(Turkish)
  • Muikuix (Taiwanese)
  •  Roja puvvu (Telugu)
  • ரோஜா
  • Roja (Tamil)
  • Gulābi (Konkani)
  • গোলাপ (Bengali)
  • Gulab (Gujarati)
  • Glaba (Oriya)
  • ਗੁਲਾਬ  (Punjabi)
  • গুলাব (Manipuri)
  • गुलाब
  • Gulab (Marathi)
  • Gulabi (Kannada)
  • റോസാച്ചെടി
  • Penimirpushpam (Malayalam)

Different Varieties Of Roses With Names

There are various type of roses varieties are available in worldwide which has a different color like red, pink, white, yellow, maroon, orange. This are the commercial varieties of roses which have a good demand in the national and international flower market throughout the year.

  • Old roses: Lady Banks, Rose de Rescht, Green Rose, Yolande d’Aragon, Francis Dubreuil, Baronne Prevost.
  • Modern/hybrid: Floribunda, Grandiflora, Hybrid tea rose, Fragrant Plum, Gold Metal, Amber Queen, Iceberg.
  • Wild/species roses: Rugosa rose, Multiflora rose.
  • Miniature rose: Kristin, Rise n’ shine, Magic Carrousel, Child’s Play, Baby boomer.
  • Climbing roses: Mme. Alfred Carriere Climbing Rose, Zepherine Drouhin Climbing Rose, Sombreuil Climbing Rose, Renae Climbing Rose, New Dawn Climbing Rose.
  • Shrub roses: Ballerina, Mister Lincoln, Peace.
  • Tree/standard roses

 

Rose flower varieties garden image

Health Benefits Of Rose Flower For Human

  • The rose flower petals are used for the weight loss.
  • It also works as natural aphrodisiac.
  • Different rose flower petals are relieve stress and depression.
  • The rose flower petals help to combat symptoms of piles.
  • The rose flower petals are a well-known astringent.
  • The rose water can be used to treat acne naturally.
  • Rose water makes your skin young and healthy.
  • It is beneficial for skin and its troubles.
  • Rose water and rose tea good for women.
  • Rose makes the immune system stronger.
  • Cures sore throat.
  • Improves digestive powers.
  • Rose water is the cure for constipation and diarrhea.
  • Maintains urinary tract health.
  • Natural stress buster.

Rose tea health benefits photo

Rose Flower Yield

In rose farming yield of rose flowers mainly depends on the climate, field management, irrigation, variety and quality of seeds, and fertilizers. If you have a proper land and good farm management then you can get the 10 lakh flowers/ha/year.

Rose flower yield photo

In the national and inter national market, rose flowers are very demanded. So, you can get the good returns from the Rose Farming Business. This all information that is required for any farmer or investor to grow a commercial rose flower.

I hope I have covered the all informative details for the rose farming process. If you like this information then please gives your review in the comment box and share this information with you other investor/ farmers friends.

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