Lemon Farming – Step By Step Guide to Growing Lemon Tree Commercially

Lemon Farming | A guide to growing Lemon fruit trees

The following post is about Lemon Farming or How to grow Lemon Tree Commercially.

Little About Lemon Farming

Citrus is one of the most important fruit crop, which is highly demanded by the people throughout the globe. And, lemon fruit is the most important fruit of the citrus category.

Lemon is mostly asked because of its extensive bitterness. It is also known for its juice and pulp throughout the different portion of the world. It is mostly asked for its extensive bitterness. Its extensive bitterness is beneficiary in curing numbers of disease and disorder. It is full of amazing medicinal value, and it is especially recommended to the pregnant women.

So, one can easily create a big profit through growing this citrus fruit, lemon fruits in a big area at commercial scale, or can grow it as indoor fruit plant tree.

So, let us learn how to grow Lemon trees commercially.

Lemon Varieties

There are numbers of Lemon varieties, which are popular for growing in different geological regions according to their climate conditions and soil requirement.

lemon varieties

However, here I had listed some of the most popular varieties of Lemon fruit tree, which are highly recommended for growing in different climate condition with high yielding capacity.

  • Verna – Its production accounts for about 70 % of the total lemon production in the world. It is originated in Spain. And it is mainly produced in Alicante and Murcia. It bears an average to large size lemon fruit, with a pronounced nipple & well-developed neck. The skin is rough, thick, and irregular, but the pulp is tender. It has juice with an appropriate acidity content, although it is less abundant than in other varieties.
  • Fina – It comes from an old Spanish variety produced near the river Segura. Its productions account for about for 20% of the production of total lemon fruit production. It bears Spherical or oval fruit, with a short and smooth nipple with thin skin. The pulp is contained highly juice content along with few seeds in it. And, the tree is vigorous, highly productive and thorny in nature.
  • Eureka – It is mainly cultivated outside the Mediterranean area. Especially in South Africa, California, Australia, Argentina, and Israel. It bears fruit with average to thin thickness skin, usually smooth. However, it is bit rough. The fruit contains very fewer seeds with a higher level of acidity juice content.
  • Lisbon – It is an Australian lemon variety, cultivated in the great areas of the desert of Arizona. It bears fruits similar to the Eureka lemon variety. However, it has a less definite nipple with the rough texture of the skin. And, the juice levels and its acidity level in fruit are similar to that of Eureka variety.
  • Primofiori – It bears rounded & oval shape lemon fruit, with a short and smooth nipple.  Along with thin skin and juicy pulp with very fewer seeds.
  • Villafranca – It bears fruit with more seeds in comparison to the Eureka variety. However, the fruit tree is more vigorous. And, it is very difficult to distinguish both varieties when they are adult.
  • Femminello – It includes several selections of average size lemons with quite thick skin & less juice content fruit than other lemon varieties, but more acidic content. However, the seeds amount depends on harvesting purpose.
  • Génova – This variety is mostly cultivated in South America and surrounding area. It bears fruits having a smooth skin and a substantial and acid pulp.
  • Meyer – This variety is hybrid of the lemon tree, orange tree and the mandarin tree. It bears fruits similar to the orange, large in size and round shape, with a small nipple. Th fruit skin is yellowish orange, smooth, soft and thin in nature. However, it lacks the characteristic smell of lemons. The pulp of this variety is dark yellow, very juicy and tender with more or less 10 seeds inside in it.

Where Do Lemon Tree Grow?

For commercial growing of Lemon fruit trees, it is essential to obtain optimum lemon fruit production with less input and efforts. And, this is possible only with a suitable cultivar grown in suitable climate condition and preferred soil. So, learn what soil and climate condition do lemon fruit tree preferred for optimum growth of fruit plant.

lemon farming intercropping and irrigation

Climate Conditions Required for Lemon farming

When it comes to climate requirement of this fruit plant, the sub-tropical climate conditions are best suitable for optimum growth with excellent fruit development of this crop.

Keep in mind that a temp. below 40 ‘C is dangerous for the young plant’s growth and development. And, a Soil temperature about 250 ‘C is best suitable for optimum root growth.

Dry, arid climate conditions along with well-defined summer with low rainfall (range – 75 cm to 250 cm) is most favorable for the excellent growth of this fruit crop.

Do not that High humidity ensures the spreading of numbers of diseases. Frost is also highly injurious to this crop. During summer, Hot wind results in the desiccation and flower drop with young fruits drop.

It can also grow up to some altitude, around 2000 m and adapted to a cooler climate condition.

Location & Land Selection for lemon farming

Lemon can be grown over a wide range of soils. However, few soil properties such as soil fertility, soil reaction, drainage, free lime and salt concentrations, etc. are some very important factors which determine the planting density, plant grown, and amount of fruit yield. So, care to be taken while selection land for lemon farming.

Lemon fruit plant can flourish well on light soils having a good drainage capacity. And, deep soils having pH range from 5.5 to 7.5 are considered as the best suitable for lemon tree farming. But, do note that they can be grown up to a pH ranges from 4 to 9. Havier soils and light loam soils with well drainage facility subsoils are supposed to be the ideal for growing lemon trees.

Do note that the presence of calcium carbonate (CaCo3) in very high concentration within the feeding zone may affect the growth adversely.

How to Plant Lemon Fruit Plant?

In commercial lemon fruit farming, planting method, plant density, placing between lemon plants, time of plantation, and method of planting are more responsible for the fruit production and yield. So, care to be taken in all these crucial points of Lemon farming.

Soil Preparation for lemon farming

Growing lemons on suitable land ensure healthy fruit production with excellent quality of fruits. So, the land should be plowed, cross plowed and leveled well before planting seedlings on the soil.

In mountainous regions, transplanting should be done on terraces against the slopes. In such type of land, high-density transplanting of seedlings is possible as aerial space is more available than that in flat land.

Weed from the previous crop should be discarded before planting seedlings. Then after, weed should be removed at regular interval of four weeks to avails optimum growth rate and healthy plant development.

Time of Planting In Lemon Farming

This subtropical crop can be cultivated throughout the year. However, the best time for planting lemon trees in from June to August.

For planting lemon young seedlings, a pit having a size of two feet of each (60 cm X 60 cm X 60 cm) should be dug. Then, about 10 kg of well rotten FarmYard Manure along with 500 gm of superphosphate should be supplemented per each pit before planting lemon young seedlings to the pit.

However, one can easily grow lemon fruit plant throughout the whole year with the facility of a good irrigation system.

Planting Density & Spacing in lemon farming

The planting spacing in lemon farming varies according to the growing cultivar of the lemon fruit (lemon variety), the soil on which cultivations is to be done, growing climate conditions, etc.

lemon farming intercropping and irrigation

However, generally, the normal planting spacing is 4.5 m X 4.5 m. One can go for high-density planting to plant more plants in comparison to the normal planting spacing (4.5 m X 4.5 m) on the basis of soil fertility and cultivar yield capacity.

With the normal planting spacing (4.5 m X 4.5 m) in commercial lemon farming, on can easily maintain about 500 plants per unit hectare land (exactly – Plant population – 494 plants / ha.

However, in too light soils, the planting spacing should be reduced to 4.0 m X 4.0 m. Whereas in the fertile soils, and in higher rainfall regions, the planting spacing should be 5 m x 5m for the optimum growth and development to obtain excellent quality fruit plant.

Irrigation In Lemon Farming

Lemon seedling needs life-saving watering up to next one year after the transplanting seedlings on the land. Especially, during winter and summer season. Watering should be followed on regular basis.

Irrigations are the primary task, which is responsible for plants healthy growth and healthy development, especially during flowering and fruiting period. It also helps the fruit to attain better shape and marketable size. Under the unirrigated condition, there are chances of damaging to spring blossom are high. And the next crop maturing in October to November may be heavier.

Always avoid overwatering. Because overwatering may lead to root rot and collar rot easily to occur.

Light irrigation in the lemon field with high frequency is always beneficial for healthy yield. Do not that water containing more than 1000 ppm salts for Irrigation in lemon farming is injurious the quality of fruits.

However, the quantity of water & number of irrigation depends on the soil type and growth stage of the crop. Partial drying out of the soil in the spring season should be done to enhance the growth rate.

Application of Manures & Fertilisers in Lemon Farming

Lemon seedling should be manure in about 3 equal doses, 3 times in a calendar year, in Feb, June, and Sept. However, the dose of manure and fertilizer varies on the basis of soil type, age, and growth of plants.

The manuring dose should be increased every year in equal proportionate to reach the full quantity on the 8th year.

Fertilisers should be spread on the ground up to the leaf drip and should be mixed up with the soil by light spading.

A light Irrigation should be applied to overcome the moisture stress, just after the application of manures and fertilizers. Also, try to give one or two micronutrient mixtures to enhance the plant growth and development for the healthy fruit production.

Intercultural Operations in Lemon Farming

lemon farming guide

Weed Control

Plowing, basin spading, weed control, etc., are some important inter-culture activities for the soil aeration and plant health. Chemical means of weed control with a suitable weedicide such as simazine, Grammaxone, Diuron, Terbsal, etc. should be adopted to minimize the weeds in the field.

Intercrops between plants

Leguminous vegetables such as cowpeas, peas, french bean, or any other vegetables, etc., can be grown in lemon orchards.

However, Intercropping is advisable only for the initial 2 to 4 years of planting seedlings.

Trimming & Pruning of Plants

Trimming and pruning of lemon plant should be done in order to enhance the growth of strong trunk. Around all shoots in the first 40 to 50 cm from the ground level developed in the early stage of growth should be eliminated. keep the central plant to remain open.

Branches of fruiting plant should be well scattered to all sides. Cross twigs along with water suckers are to be eliminated earlier.

However, the fruit-bearing trees need little or about no pruning. So, all injured, diseased, and drooping branches along with the dead wood should be removed at regular interval to initiating citrus lemon greening.

Pests & Diseases in Lemon Tree Farming

lemon fruit farming

Lemon Tree | Pests & Pests Control

The lemon tree belongs to citrus fruit plant category. So, there are chances of appearing numbers of hazardous pests and insect, which can minimize your fruit production and also the quality of fruits. So, it is a better idea to learn them and control them as sooner as they appear in your field.

The following is a list of some common pests and diseases, that are commonly observed in the commercial lemon tree farming. –

  • Ants
  • Scale
  • Mealy Bugs
  • Cottony Cushion Scale
  • Leafminer
  • Sooty Mold
  • Aphids
  • Spider mites
  • Fungus gnat
  • Citrus Thrips
  • Whitefly
  • Melanose fungus
  • Citrus Canker
  • Powdery mildew
  • Collar Rot
  • Lemon Scab
  • Black Spot
  • Gummosis

Management

All of these insects and disease, especially disease occurs due to deficiency of various types of minerals, and macronutrients. So, try to avoid any kind of deficiency in your soil. And, if present, correct it by supplementing suitable supplement.

Also, try to make use of liquid pesticide to avoid pests and insects to ruin your field.

Lemon Fruit Harvesting

Harvesting of quality fruit should be carried out at a different interval. Usually, try to pick mature fruit at about 3 to 4 times a year. However, quality of fruit must be checked before harvesting or picked.

lemon fruit picking

They attain a proper size with a rounded shape fruit and attractive color having TSS to the Acid ratio of 12:1. And, at this stage, are best suitable for harvesting.

However, the harvesting time and season vary on the basis of market demand and variety of lemon. In general, harvesting of picking of fruit should be done from mid of January to mid of February till the end of February.

Try to harvest at proper mature fruitage to get an excellent yield of fruit. And, for the exporting purpose of lemon, harvesting should be done, as sooner as they attain their maturity shape and size with proper texture.

Yield

The yield of lemon farming varies on the basis of fertility of soil, the productivity of soil, variety of lemon grown, climate conditions and yielding capacity of lemon variety.

However, in commercial lemon farming, from the 2nd year of planting seedlings on the field, more than 50 fruit per plant tree can be picked. Which goes increases from year to next year.

And, from the 6 to 7 year of planting lemon trees, one can easily pick about 750 fruit per tree and even more than it per each year.

Post Harvesting

After harvesting fruit, a proper washing with clean water should be done in order to bring excellent fruit color. After washing dipped the fruits in Chlorinated water @ 2.5 ml per Liter of water. After that dried them partially. Then, do Citrashine wax coating with foam.

harvesting lemon

It improves fruit appearance and also maintains a good quality of fruits. After that, packing of fruit should be done after drying out them. Fruits should be packed in boxes

Have a happy lemon Farming with Excellent fruit production with best quality fruits!!!😄

Profitable Banana Farming; Information & Guide for Beginners

Banana Farming; Tips & Guide Process Profit and cost Information 

Introduction

Hey, Guys!! Did you know that with the help of Banana farming (cultivation), you can earn good profits? As Banana is an extraordinary commercial fruit. Friends, farming banana is an easy & simple process, but to achieve the desired amount of banana production requires too much dedication to your banana farm, a good yard management skills, and some basic knowledge about the banana farming like land selection, plants irrigation, care & management, & so on.

So, friend!! let us know more about the banana farming business plan  & how to cultivate banana and earn billions from this commercial business like scientific farming of banana along with Banana farming tips. Farmers by following banana cultivation can earn a huge profit because banana fruit along with banana tree raw materials are high in demand in the market also have the good price.

Scientifically, it belongs to the family of “Musaceae” & genus of “Musa”. Banana plants are not a tree but are giant herbs that give a delicious food which is able to grow as high as 20 feet tree & are native to Northern Australia, Southeast Asia, & some tropical parts of India. Nowadays, suckers are used for planting banana because farming with tissue culture is beneficial in many ways like it avoids all type of disease & pest. Also, tissue culture method enhances the growth of the plant.

Yield in the Banana Farming

What is banana yield per tree? A banana tree produces at least 20 kg banana fruit minimum per each blossom of Banana, in a very short time period (about 150 days). One with good farm management skilled, proper care & management can achieve a good profit by farming Banana. minimum 20 kg per tree

So, before starting the Banana farming, let us learn some health benefits of consuming banana fruit.

Health Benefits of Banana:- 

Here below is a list of some of the health benefits of consuming banana fruit

  1. Are bananas good for weight loss? Yes, because bananas are rich in fiber so eating a banana, a day helps in weight loss.
  2. Banana fruits are excellent source of energy
  3. Use of Banana is good for the health of Heart.
  4. Consuming banana also help in weight management as are also excellent source of fiber
  5. If you are suffering from Depression, then consuming banana helps in swinging your mood. Try it!
  6. Use of Banana is also good for the eye health & bones
  7. Long time consumption of banana fruit helps in stopping the kidney cancer.
  8. They are also good for the patients, who regularly suffer from the Ulcer problem.
  9. Banana fruit is also an excellent source of minerals & vitamins.
  10. Bananas are rich in vitamin B6 & of potassium

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Apart from this much of healthy benefits, banana tree raw materials are also in high demand & have plenty of application in our day to day life like banana leaves are used in preparing plates, seat pads for benches, umbrellas, clothing fabric, fishing lines, & as cooking material in the kitchen.

Other Name Of the Banana

Apart from Banana, it has lots of name over the world wide. Here I had tried to mention some of it the local name for you to learn them.

Local Names of Banana in World

Here is a list of local name of Banana of some country all over the world

  1. Banana (English)
  2. Kela (India/ Hindi)
  3. Kera (Nepali)
  4. Kesel (Sri Lanka, Sinhalese)
  5. Xiāngjiāo (Chinese)
  6. ばなな (Japanese)
  7. 바나나 (Korean)
  8. Mawz,مَوْز(Arabic)
  9. Chuối (Vietnamese)
  10. Kinciof (Taiwanese)
  11. Muz (Turkish)
  12. Банан (Russian)
  13. Moz (Persian)
  14. Kluai (Thai)
  15. Saging (Filipino)
  16. ចេក, Chek (Cambodian)

Local Names of Banana in INDIA

Here is a list of local name of Banana in India

  1. Kela (Hindi)
  2. Kela (Urdu)
  3. Kele (Marathi)
  4. Kela (Gujarati)
  5. Vazhaipazham (Tamil)
  6. Khiel (Kashmiri)
  7. Arati pandu (Telugu)
  8. Kadali (Oriya)
  9. Kale/কলা  (Bengali)
  10. Kôl (Assamese)
  11. Yethampazham (Malayalam)
  12. Balehannu (Kannada)
  13. Kella (Punjabi)
  14. Lafoi (Manipuri)
  15. Kellin/केळें (Konkani)

Find, which is yours!!

Major Producers of Banana

When it comes to production, INDIA tops the list of banana producer all over the world. As banana is native of Northern Australia, Southeast Asia, & some tropical parts of India, produce widely by those countries because of the delicious taste of Banana fruit, is getting more popularity than other commercial fruit farming like Pomegranate Farming or Dragon Fruit Farming.

Here is the list of top 10 producers of banana all over the world

1. India
2. China
3. Uganda
4. Philippines
5. Ecuador
6. Brazil
7. Indonesia
8. Colombia
9. Cameroon
10. Tanzania

Factors Affecting Production

Banana production; about more than 20 kg of banana fruit per each blossom of banana can be achieved if plant manages well & care properly. Because of this much banana yield per tree, it may result in the most profitable fruit trees to grow. So, it is a good thing to learn how can we can raise yield.

Here is a list of some factors that give their direct effect on the production of Banana Farming

  1. Varieties (cultivar) of Banana
  2. Climate Condition & Soil preparation
  3. Propagation & timely irrigation
  4. Timely application of suitable Manure and Fertilizers
  5. Care & management of your banana farm
  6. Post harvesting Care

All these mentioned are key factors in deciding the production in Banana cultivation.

Varieties of Banana

Saba Banana, Grand Nain Banana & Cavendish Banana are the most popular cultivar of Banana, used mostly by the banana farmer to achieve higher yield per acre land. The main purpose of going for a hybrid is to produce optimum as possible. And select only high yielding & fast growing cultivar so that you became able to harvest them in short time.

Dwarf Cavendish, Karthali, Safed Velchi, Rasthali, Awak, Tanduk, Monthan, Red banana, grand nain, Nyali, Raja  Abu, Robusta, Basara, Ardhapuri, Poovan, Karpurvalli, Nendran, Robusta, Hill Banana, Monthan, Karthali, Poovan, Emas, Nendran, Nangka and Rastali are some common varieties that are used by the Banana farmer for cultivating banana.

Varities of Banana

Select a cultivar, specific to your climate condition & is also high in yield.

Climate condition for Banana Farming

If climate supports a well then you can easily obtain optimum production from it by selecting a high yielding cultivar. So, selection of banana cultivars is so based on the atmosphere. Since Banana plants are native to the tropical area, they grow well in a region with an atmospheric temp, ranging from 15 ºC to 35 ºC. Which state that, can grow well in warmer season with fair moisture & low wind.

As this crop a warm seasonal crop, excessive cold cause to crop injuries. So, always select a place, where the temp. does not fall under 15 ºC. A normal temp about 18 ºC to 30 ºC is basically required for good development of the plants.

Soil Requirement for Banana Farming

Banana can be cultivated over a wide range of soil. However, a moistened soil with rich in organic matter & well drainage power along with 80 % loam, 70 % silt, & 45 % clay is considered as the best soil for the healthy vegetative growth of banana. It should slightly acidic in nature, having pH about 6.5 to 8. Do not farm it in lower pH soil because it causes to get more chance of disease in your crop like Panama disease. Also avoid cultivating banana in low laying areas, nutritionally deficient, ill-drained soil,  sandy, and black cotton soils for higher production.

Organic matter like high nitrogen content, fair phosphorus with lots of potash ensure high production of Banana. If your soil is deficient of those organic matters, then it is a good idea to supplement them. Avoid planting bananas in water logging soil to prevent condition roots rot. However, this can be fixed by farming banana in raised gardens

If your soil is deficient of any essential organic matters like Nitrogen, Potash, Phosphorus, etc then it is advised you to go for the soil test before starting farming Bananas. You can go for the soil test to any govt. lab or the nearest Agricultural Department Institute like any Agri college…

Land selection and Its preparation in Banana Farming

A proper site for your commercial Banana farming is also an important task as this will directly impact the overall production. Select a suitable place for your banana farm, which is rich in the Organic matter. Organic matter like high nitrogen content, fair phosphorus with lots of potash ensure high production.

Select an open place for your banana farming because they thrive their best in bright sunlight. Bring the selected soil into fine tilth form which can be easily achieved by 2 or 3 plowing with a tractor. But as they are a tree like herbs, a speedy wind may lead to breaking down of the plant. So, a monsoon with an avg. rainfall of 700 mm is good for the healthy vegetative growth of banana. Some varieties like ‘Hill banana” are not able to give you more production at higher heights.

Growing Cowpea & Daincha, and burying them in the soil can help in increasing fertility of your soil as they are green manuring crops.

Here below is a guide about field preparation of different types of land:

  • Garden lands: About two to four ploughings are enough for such type of soil
  • Wetlands: For such type of land, there is no need of ploughings
  • Padugai: About one to two ploughings are enough for such type of soil
  • Hill Banana: For farming bananas on the hills, clean the forest & construct a stone wall for your banana farm

If your soil is deficient of organic matter, then it is a good thing to supplement those at the time of field preparation. However, application of farm yard manure is considered as the best one. So, for farming banana, an addition of farm yard manure about 45 tonnes per unit hectare land is enough. This will enhance soil fertility & also, the plant growth. Make sure that it mixed well with the uppermost soil.

Spacing in Banana Farming,,

Propagation In Banana Farming

Propagation in Banana farming mainly done with the help of Suckers & with the help of Tissue Culture. Mostly used to planting banana by suckers.

For planting bananas with the help of Suckers, suckers are sword well by using well-grown rhizome (a conical or spherical in shape) with active developing buds. They should be weighed not more than 700 gm for using them as propagating matter in the Banana cultivation.

Suckers or Tissue culture?

In banana farming, most of the people used to planting banana with the help of sucker because it is a low-cost method. While planting banana with the help of tissue culture seedling is a costlier method because, in this method, Banana seeds are grown by many operation activities after investing too much time.

As per my suggestion, for commercial banana farming, go for the tissue culture method of propagation. This is a costlier method but has lots of benefits over Suckers planting method. Due to variation in size & age of suckers, there is more chance of getting suckers infected of some common nematodes & pathogens. And also, a ununiform crop of banana which takes more time to become ready for harvesting. While in-vitro clonal propagation, banana plants are disease free, early yielding, healthy uniform in growth is observed.

Tissue culture Planting

Advantages of Tissue Culture

Here below is a list of some benefits of using Tissue culture plants in the Banana farming:

  1. A disease & pest free seedling is observed.
  2. Crop becomes ready for harvesting in very short time period
  3. Uniform growth of banana plant is observed with higher production
  4. Plant mature in short time than normal farming
  5. There is no staggered harvesting of bananas
  6. True to the type of mother plant under good management
  7. This method of farming make us able to farming bananas through out the complete year as easy availability of banana seedling
  8. With help of this, it is possible to obtain 2 consecutive raccoons in banana cultivation in short time, which directly decrease the cost of cultivation
  9. More plant productivity, about 95 to 99 % plants bears fruit bunches

What an awesome this technique is? Try it, it definitely benefits you.

Planting in Banana Farming:-

Planting Season

With the help of tissue culture, it is possible to plant bananas during any time in a year. Try to avoid planting in excessive hot temp or coolant temp.

Banana Plantation Spacing

A good spacing in your commercial farming is also a key factor, which decides the production. So, for Banana plantation spacing, planting should be done with spacing 1.8 meters X 1.5 meter. This will make you able to plant more than 3600 banana plant per unit hectare land & is also assumed to be most economical and efficient spacing for commercial banana cultivation

Spacing in Banana Farming

For high-density plantation or High-Density Planting, plant bananas at with spacing of 1.6 meter X 1.6 meters. But this may cause to lower production because of more struggle for sunlight between the plant. For higher production, it the recommended to plant them at the spacing of 2 M X 2.5 M. By this, you can easily raise, more than 2000 banana tree per unit hectare land & is also minimize the incidence chance of Sigatoka.

Planting Method

Planting method needs more care, from rest of the activities. So, plant them in a suitable way. For planting, removed polyethylene bags without disordering root ball of the plant. The plant it in the prepared hole keeping distance of 2 to 3 cm between the pseudo-stem. Take care while pressing the soil around the planted plant. Do not press it hard, as it causes to irregular growth of the plant. Also, avoid deep planting

Irrigation in Banana Farming

A Banana crops require too much water for the healthy vegetative growth of banana fruit because they are a water loving plant. To obtain maximum productivity from it, give water too much to this commercial crop. And in monsoon, an avg. rainfall of 700 mm is good for the healthy vegetative growth of banana. In the critical condition like drought, deep irrigation should be provided to this crop.

Just after planting it on the field, a frequent irrigation is essential. Provide water sufficient enough for good development of plants. A banana tree did not bear any fruit bunch, if properly not irrigate. But, always try to avoid excessive watering, it will lead to roots rotten which finally results in low production in your crop.

Irrigation in Banana Farming

Irrigation with the help of drip irrigation system more preferred over the traditional method. As drip irrigation is helpful in making effective use of water, manure as well as of fertilizer. It also lessens the chance of new emergence of weed. This also saves your precious & valuable time as it does not require any laborious work to give water with drip irrigation. It is recommended in those regions, where there is less availability of enough water.

Intercultural Activities & Weed Contol

Weeding is a common problem of all type of crops. Controlling it can lead to higher production in your crop. Here is some task to perform, to get rid of the weed.

Spraying, Glyphosate about 2 liters per unit hectare before plantation is helpful in controlling the weed. However, 2 manual weedlings are necessary to keep weed from the field.

Here below are some task to perform, to get rid of the weed. Carry out them carefully!

Micronutrient Foliar Spray

Spaying

To improve physiological, morphological, and the yield attributes, application of FeSo4 (0.2%), H3Bo3 (0.1%), CuSo4 (0.2%) along with ZnSo4 (0.5%) as combined foiler spray has effective results. This micro nutrient spray by mixing up the following per 100 liters of water.

  1. Zinc Sulphate (500 gm): – Add 10 ml of sticker solution like Teepol in 500 gm ZnSo4, before spraying it on the field.
  2. Ferrom Sulphate (200 gm): – Add 10 ml of sticker solution like Teepol in 200 gm FeSo4, before spraying it on the field.
  3. Copper Sulphate (200 gm): – Add 10 ml of sticker solution like Teepol in 200 gm CuSo4, before spraying it on the field.

Removal of the male buds

Remove male buds is beneficial for the healthy & vegetative growth of fruit. This also increases bunch weight via enhancing fruit growth.

Bunch Spray

Spraying of monocrotophos (about 0.2%), just after the emergence of fruits to avoid thrips. Thrips discolor the healthy fruit causes to became unattractive fruit. Take care that people are always looking for fresh & healthy fruit in the market. They always avoid buying such unattractive fruit, even at the too low rate.

Bunch Covering

To obtain quality banana production, the fruit bunched should be covered by polyethylene or covering material to prevent it from direct sunlight. Covering these fruit bunches by using dried leaves is economically beneficially to the growers. Bunch covering also provides protection from dust, birds, insect and also spray residue. Covering with blue plastic is a good idea. This will help in raising the temp. for good development of fruit & finally the early maturity of fruits

Bunch covering in Banana Farming Dehandling of false hands of the bunch

Incomplete buds, which are incapable of producing quality fruit should be removed, just after the bloom. This will increase the weight of other fruit bunches. Mostly, they appear just above the false hand. So, removed them manually.

Propping

Fruit bunches are heavy in weight because of which plant lose their body balance & may fall on the field. To support them, propping of the tree should be done. Propped these overload tree with the help of 2 bamboo sticks, forming a triangle between them to the stem. This will also ensure the uniform growth of fruit bunches

Application of Manure and Fertilizers in Banana Farming

Timely application of suitable manure & fertilizer is proper dose is essential in achieving a production. Organic matter like high nitrogen content, fair phosphorus with lots of potash ensure high production. So, your solid should be rich of these all organic matter. Here below, I have given reliable information about the application of Manure and fertilizers for an ideal condition to obtain a production of 10 metric ton per unit acre land. Any one can obtain a good yield, even there is nutrient deficient soil for this cultivation.

Make your soil rich in all essential nutrient, required for good production and application of farm yard manure the best one. So, give about 15 kg of farm yard manure, about 250 gm Nitrogen, about 75 gm Phosphorous, about 300 kg Potassium to each & every plant. If your soil has some nutrient deficiency, then they should be should be the supplement at the time of field preparation.

We can also provide these essential organic matters (Nitrogen, Phosphorous, & Potassium) in water with the help of drip irrigation system as it makes effective use of them as this gives direct water to the stem of the plant. However, the successful farmer used to give about 0.1 kg Phosphorous & 0.25 kg Potassium at the time of planting banana crops while the Nitrogen is given in 3 equal doses; at the time of vegetative growth, at the time of reproductive stage to continuously raise the productivity of the soil.

Pests and Diseases in Banana Farming

High-density planting in Bananas is more likely to be attacked by fungal diseases, Viral diseases also some of the insect (pests) which directly give their impact on quality & quantity production of fruit.

Pest

The common pests found in the commercial banana crop are listed below:

  1. Nematodes
  2. Rhizome weevil
  3. Fruit scarring battle
  4. Pseudostem weevil
  5. Thrips &
  6. Aphids

Fungal Diseases

The common fungal diseases that attacks on the commercial banana crop are listed below:

  1. Panama wilt
  2. Head rot &
  3. Sigatoka leaf spot

Viral Diseases

The common viral diseases that attacks on the commercial banana crop are listed below:

  1. Banana Bract Mosaic Virus
  2. Banana Streak Virus
  3. Banana Mosaic Virus &
  4. Banana Bunchy Top Virus

Controlling Measure

For symptoms & controlling measures, please consult nearest a horticulture department as they are good source of reliable information for your local region

Banana Harvesting

Timely banana harvesting leads to higher production of fruit. As they How Long Does Banana Take to Grow? is totally depends on the cultivars & climate condition of your surroundings. After about 250 to 360 days (normally). But harvest this delicious fruit, when they reach their maturity. At this stage, quality & quantity fruit can be obtained which is high in market demands. Cultivate only those verities which are high yielding & fast growing. It will make you able to earn a big profit in the very short time period with high production.

Harvesting in Banana Farming

For large scale commercial banana farm, tissue culture planting helps in collecting two raccoons of banana in very short period. Harvest them & rip them at home. If you, not a good market for selling these fruit, then export them to other markets. Usually, fruits are harvested after about three to four month of opening the 1st hand.

Removed carefully & collect these fruit bunches in a basket at a good collecting place. Keep them in sunlight since it accelerates the ripening and qualifying of fruits. For local consumption, hands are usually left on fruit stalks & sold to retailers.

Yield in the Banana Farming

Yield in the Banana Farming

How much is banana yield per hectare? By this crop, in a time period of two & half-years (26 to 32 months), you became able to produce as high as 100 tonnes of fruits per unit hectare land with the help of tissue culture technique. With help of tissue culture, it is also possible to obtain more raccoons with the help of Fertigation & drip irrigation system.

Under the use of combined drip irrigation with, a yield of Banana as high as 100 Tones per hector can be easily obtained with the help of tissue culture technique, even similar yield in the ratoon crops can be achieved if the crop is managed well.

Yield in Banana Farming

Here is a table, that will help you to choose the variety of Banana. Since you can choose any variety, that is perfect for your climate condition and is suitable for the soil.

Production of different cultivars in Banana cultivation

Cultivars (Varieties) Avg. production (tonnes per unit ha.)
Grand Naine 65
Rasthali, Basrai 50
Red banana, Hirsal, Lal Velchi, Safed Velchi, 45
Dwarf Cavendish, & Chini desiMonthan 40
Robusta Champa 40
Shrimanti 70
Nendran 35
Meanyham 55
Ardhapuri, 55
Poovan 40-50

This production varies according to the atmosphere & cultivars. However, good farm management skill & high-density planting enhances the production.

Post Harvest Management

Here below are some suggestion to perform after harvesting of fruit. Learn them

  1. Discard over mature & injured fruits
  2. Clean fruit below running water by using dil sodium hypochlorite sol.
  3. Remove latex, if present by treating fruit with thiabendazole
  4. Short out on the basis of size as Grade A, B, C.
  5. For local market, use lorries for transportation to minimize your cost Or pack
  6. Pack it in suitable box & store fruit in cool place to maintain fruit quality

Export of Banana

Bottom Line

Dear friends!! Bananas are really most profitable fruit trees to grow. As in a time period of two to two-half year, you can produce fruits as high as more than 100 tonnes per unit hectare land. But take care of all those effective points like regular farm management, selecting a proper & suitable cultivar (high yielding & fast growing), etc.

Try to use planting with tissue culture techniques with the help of drip irrigation system. It is really a fun & profitable farming if climatic condition supports a well.

Produce fresh & healthy fruit and earn billions from this commercial business.