Tilapia Fish Farming Guide & Info | Tips for big Profit

Tilapia Fish Farming Process, Profit & Guide

Fishes are one of the important species that are being farmed from long back ago to make money. Fishes are also the cheapest best species that are consumed mainly for their high protein content throughout the world.

When it comes to fish farming, Tilapia is the #2nd most farmed fish in the world. Basically, these fishes are freshwater fishes inhabiting the shallow streams, rivers, ponds, and lakes. But, currently, the availability of this fish in natural water resource is being decreased due to the over-exploitation and pollution.

Presently, the increasing fish meat consumption and fish demand in the world made the farmers to raise fishes to create income from it to meet the market demand too. Farmers can raise Tilapia fishes in ponds, tanks or any other water body. In fact, Tilapia fish farming is the best way to create local employment for skilled as well as non-skilled people

In India, this fish was introduced in 1952, and a ban was imposed by the fisheries research committee of India on this fish in India. However, the commercial farming of Tilapia fish is approved in some states of India.

Farmers need to contact fisheries department or an aquaculture department for guidelines and all necessary licenses for it. So, check below guideline on Tilapia Fish farming to make a big profit from it with minimum care and management of fishes. In this guideline, you can learn the Scientific classification, various farming method, feeding management, breeding, pond management, and other management for profitable tilapia fish farming.

Importance of Tilapia Farming

Tilapia owns a big importance in the commercial fish farming business sector. As Tilapia grows very rapidly in suitable climate conditions and environment, most of the fish farmer used to rear Tilapia, besides being very tasty to eat. And, there is a great demand for this fish in the market. Since most of the people used to eat almost all kind of Tilapia recipes. In fact, this creates a revolution in the fish farming sector.

tilapia farming in india

However, when it comes to the Tilapia fish farming potential, low-lying areas having water stagnation are best suitable for the agricultural activities. Specifically, such kind of areas can be converted into water resource like a pond in order to raise Tilapia fishes.

Tilapia is also one of the easiest and most profitable fish, used to farm because of their mode of reproduction and their omnivorous diet. Raising Tilapia fish in tanks or a channel is considered as the safest for the environment. Since It does not spread the waste and diseases from the fish tank to the clean environment.

Farmers can get desired profit within a short time period if they raise the Tilapia fishes with modern technology. In fact, modern farmers are more interested in rearing Tilapia farming due to the high market rate and higher demands in the market. Tilapia fishes are well known for surviving in averse natural condition with disease resistance power. They can survive in 15 to 38 Degree Centigrade temp. and grows their best in 18 to 32 Degree Centigrade temp. Once can easily rear these fishes twice or thrice accordingly the available facilities.

Scientific Classification of Tilapia

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Actinopterygii
Order Perciformes
Family Cichlidae
Sub-family Pseudocrenilabrinae
Tribe Tilapiini
Genus Tilapia

What is Monosex Tilapia Fish Farming?

In Tilapia Fish Farming, it is difficult to rear different aged sized fishes in the same rearing pond due to their unconditioned propagation.

Farmers can rear the male fishes only, which are known as Monosex Tilapia, separated from the female fishes. Because male fishes grow faster with uniform size and gain good weight in comparison to the female ones. And, the farming of only Monosex Tilapia (Male) separated from females is known as Monosex Tilapia Fish Farming.

In fact, Genetically Improved Farmed Tilapia (GIFT) boost the market potential. As they are scientifically confirmed to be the superior to freshwater carps. And, are also considered as the best suitable for rearing in the Asian continent climate conditions and atmosphere.

Advantages of Monosex Tilapia Fish Culture

  • Tilapia fishes are faster in growth with uniform size and weight.
  • It has an excellent market demand in both; local as well as international markets.
  • It prefers almost all types of supplementary feeds.
  • They can be profitably cultured in seasonal ponds.
  • They can be also cultured with a high stocking density in the ponds or local water resources.
  • They have high disease resistance power and are able to grow in almost all kind of adverse environment.
  • These fishes can be also raised in saline water, where the salinity is in between 12 to 16 ppt.
  • Well known for attaining huge profit with average fish farming pond management and care.
  • Are able to feed on pond natural feed like planktons, algae, etc.

How to Start Tilapia Fish Farming Commercially

tilapia farming

However, to attain good profit from this business farming, farmers require following some simple care and management tips. The tips on Tilapia fish culture includes –

  • Selection of Suitable pond
  • Feeding Management
  • Suitable farming Method or rearing method
  • Breeding along some care and management…

So, let us learn about all these points of concerns.

Selecting a Suitable Farm Location for Tilapia Farming

Pond selections play a significant role in the successful Tilapia fish farming. So, care to be taken while selecting pond location. So, make sure of following points of concern while selecting a pond for Tilapia Fish culture.

  • Always select a pond or tank having a good water depth with a minimum 1.5 to 2-meter water depth.
  • Never let the water level to falls down below 1.5 meters.
  • The selected pond soil should be water retentive with sufficient water supply availability to ensure a good profit.
  • Always avoid industrial areas, flood-prone areas, and chemically impacted soils while selecting a pond for Tilapia.
  • For rearing Tilapia’s in an old fish pond, the old pond should be renovated in order to avoid an occurrence of any disease and damage in the pond. Make sure to check the inlet and outlet of the old pond.
  • Make sure to check the minimum depth of the pond.
  • Desilting of existing ponds should be carried out.
  • Also, Impoundment of non-essential areas of water bodies should be done.
  • Make sure to check to construct or repair watchmen rooms, civil structures, water supply arrangements, and electricity supply.

Optimal Temperature for Tilapia Fish Farming

Tilapia fishes can survive in 12 °C to 35 °C. However, for their optimum growth rate, the optimum temperature for tilapia is 15 °C to 32 °C

Liming in Fish Pond

Generally, fish ponds are more acidic in nature and are also less productive than the alkaline fish ponds. So, to bring down the pH to the desired value, lime is used. Since a preferred pH of pond directly states a better production.

The use of lime is also beneficial in the following –

  • To increase the pH level of the fish pond.
  • It can also act as a buffer and can avoid the fluctuations of pH in the pond.
  • It also increases the resistance of soil to parasites.
  • The toxic effect of lime kills the parasites, present in the pond. It also boosts the organic decomposition.

However, for commercial production, it is always a better idea to go for a soil test, at least once. It helps the producer to learn the pH of the soil, and the amount of lime should be used to correct the pH. A new pond should be filled with water, only after liming it.

So, Please, apply as much as lime as required on the basis of the following table to bring the pH value at the desired value for the better fish production.

Lime in kg/ha Soil pH
2000 4.5-5.0
1000 5.1-6.5
500 6.6-7.5
200 7.6-8.5
None 8.6-9.5

Pond Management in Tilapia Fish Culture

To select a suitable farming method in Tilapia farming is the most important thing to attain good profit and income. Tilapia fishes are farmed under nursing pond management and stocking pond management.

tilapia farming

Nursing Pond Management in Tilapia Fish Culture

Pond water should be emptied in order to make it dry. If is not possible to dry out the pond, then, make use of chemicals in order to eradicate cannibalistic and unwanted fishes from the pond. Now, 750 kg of dung along with 15 kg urea, 7 kg of TSP, 100 kg of lime, and 2 kg of MOP per acre pond area should be applied in order to produce natural fish feed.

Arrange fence with a net around the pond area in order to close the entrance for frogs, snakes, and other natural predators to avoid any kind of fish loss. After a week of fertilizing the pond, start stocking of 3 weeks aged Monosex Tilapia in the pond. Usually, one can easily stock about 1.5 to 2 lac Monosex Tilapia per unit acre land of the pond.

The pond should be supplemented with high protein containing feed at about 15 % of the body weight of the total stocked fishes. It is recommended to feed them twice or thrice a day rather than feeding once at different intervals.

Fishes should be raised in this system for about 7 to 9 weeks. Thereafter, they should be transferred to the main stocking pond.

Stocking Pond Management in Tilapia Fish Farming

Now, here in stocking pond management, 2 months old and older fishes are rear, transferred from nursery pond. So, make sure about the stocking pond depth. It should be just like the nursery pond or little deeper. Likewise, make use of chemicals in order to eradicate cannibalistic and unwanted fishes from the pond.

harvesting fishes

Now, in order to produce natural fish feed, 750 kg of dung along with 12 kg urea, 6 kg of TSP, 100 kg of lime, and 2 kg of MOP per acre pond area should be applied per unit acre pond area. In general, it starts growing within a week of fertilizing the fish pond. However, when it comes to fish stocking density, stock only 25 thousand fishes per unit acre tocking pond area to obtain higher growth rate and excellent fish weight. It is also essential to maintain the natural fish food amount in the pond, 500 kg of dung, 3 kg of urea, along with 2 kg of TSP should be applied at an interval of 7 days. However, if you are using supplementary fish feed, then, stop applying the fertilizers in the pond.

The pond water should be changed on daily basis at 5 % to 6 % when the fishes gain the weight of about 100 gm. When it comes to Monosex tilapia fishes, they attain 200 gm to 250 gm body weight within a time period of 4 months after stocking them in the rearing pond.

And, from this stage, farmers can start their selling to the local market. Farmers should harvest the fishes on the basis of market requirement. One can wait for a little time till fishes attain body weight of 500 gm or even more in order to earn more and more profit.

Feeding Management & Feed Rate in Tilapia Farming

Tilapia fishes are an omnivorous fish species. And, generally, they consume everything including planktons, algae, and various types of aquatic plants. For large scale commercial Tilapia farming, farmers can buy the commercial fish feed from a nearby market. One can also produce natural fish feed or organic fish feed with the help of above method. If possible, please buy a good stock of Commercial feed from the market. Since it is healthy and effective for the fish and it provides the highest growth to the fishes.

And, In commercial tilapia fish production, providing nutritious food to fishes is very important for quick growth and higher body weight of the fish. So, please follow the average daily feed requirement schedule for optimum growth of fishes.

Body Weight (Grams) Daily Feed Rate No.Of.Times a Day
20 to 25 8 % to 10 % 3 to 4
50 to 100 6 % to 8 % 3 to 4
100 to 200 5 % to 6 % 3
200 + 2 % to 4 % 3

Breeding in Tilapia Fish Culture

The breeding process of Tilapia is a very simple, and it is not so difficult as compared to others. However, for breeding purpose,  place the brood-stocks in a small sized tank, then after the fry should be transferred to a larger pond or tank for further rearing process.


However, it is very difficult to fishes as male or female, when are very young. So, it is a big problem in commercial fish farming, since male tilapia grow faster than compared to the female ones. So, modern commercial tilapia producers make uses of hormones or genetically chosen fishes in order to produce only male tilapia, leaving the females for profitable farming.

Care & Management in Tilapia Farming

Tilapia production is not a difficult task. However, care of some point of concern should be taken in order to reduce any loss in this business farming. So, to obtain desirable production of tilapia fishes,

Take care of following points in fish feeding management in tilapia fish farming

  • Make sure to change the pond water occasionally for the better growth of fishes.
  • Regularly check out the PH of water and soil. The PH value of pond water should be in from 7 to 8 for the excellent growth rate of fishes.
  • Make sure of any diseases should not enter in to the pond. The presence of any diseases in the pond directly lower down the production.
  • Keep pond safe by keeping away all types of natural predators such as snakes, frogs, etc.
  • There is also need of fresh and clean environment for the optimum fish production.
  • Feeding should be done properly with sufficient amount of food having high nutritious value and protein content.
  • Periodical monitoring of the fishes is to be carried out for disease incidence and growth. Records for day to day management of the pond to be kept for inspection.

How Do You Harvest Tilapia Fishes?

In a very short time period, about 6 months, tilapia fishes reach their market age. The growth rate of fishes depends on the food and environment provided to the fish. So, always feed with fresh & nutritious, high-quality food in sufficient amount in a clean and fresh pond environment.

harvesting fishes

Depending on the market, decide how much fish is to be harvest from the pond. There are two popular ways or method for harvesting fish in commercially tilapia farming.

  • Harvesting with the help of fishnet
  • By removing the pond water

Normally, harvesting fishes in the morning and afternoon are considered as the best time for harvesting fishes.

After harvesting, send off the collected fishes to the nearby local market for marketing.

Final Words

Hope that this is enough for Tilapia farming or tuna fish farming. However, kindly inform us if you feel any kind of discomfort while going through this article by commenting below in the comment box.

But, Tilapia fish farming is really fun providing a business plan. Have a Grand Success in Tilapia fish farming…

How to Start Pig Farming Business Plan In India With Videos

Raising Pigs for Meat Production

About Pig Farming

Rearing pigs as a business plan is really a profitable business that can create a huge and rapid income in a very short time period. One who wants to raise animal commercially, them pig is one of preferred and most raise animal by the people for creating income from its meat. The main advantage of rearing pigs is that it can give birth to 5 to 15 children as a single time so that your business is going to increase rapidly. Apart from creating a great profit, pig farming is also a good source of employment for the young and educated unemployed youth.

Pig Farming has a great market potential for it’s tasty and delicious meat. Apart from being delicious, pig meat is also high in protein content. One can also create a good income by exporting pork or pig meat. In addition to eating pig meat as food, each and every part of pig’s body is useful. Number’s of luxury items are made from pig fat, skin, hair, pork, and bones.

Anyone can create a huge income via raising pigs as a business plan, but it requires right and fact to factual information to make it more and more profitable one. Presently, there are numbers of training center’s, which provides training for commercial pig farming. Also, it is a good idea to raise only commercial pig breeds, since this business plant is base on the meat, commercial breed of pig weight averagely from 85 to 100 kg, whereas the usual breed of pig weight up to 50 kg. In addition to the capacity of good weight, the meat from the commercial breed of pig is also delicious in taste and is high in protein content.

modern pig farming in India

A few years ago, the business of raising or rearing pig or pig farming is not considered a good job and is thought to be the business of socially back warded people. But, nowadays, this business plan is followed by numbers of people, throughout the globe. Pig farming, being commercially followed in India, it is also followed in China, Russia, Brazil, America, and Germany and many other countries all over the globe.

Why Should I Select Pig Farming Business?

There are many advantages of rearing or raising pigs as commercial business plan. Here below is a list of some advantages of the pig farming business plan.

  1. Require Less Capital: It is easy to set up a pig farming business since it requires less initial investment to prepare the house for them and other facilities.
  2. Rapid Growth Rate: Pigs have high feed conversion capability that means they grow faster in comparison to the other domestic animal. In addition to this, pigs are capable of converting all types of waste and inedible food, grain byproduct, garbages, forages, etc to nutritious and tasteful meat.
  3. Easy Food Availability: Pigs are capable of eating all types of food including waste and inedible food, grain byproduct, garbages, forages, waste from fruits and vegetables, sugarcane, etc. They are also capable of eating grasses and green plants.
  4. High in Productive: The maturity age of pig ranges from 8 to 9 months. After that, they can breed twice a year. And, every single go, they can give birth to 5 to 15 young ones.
  5. High Meat Producing Rate: One can obtain meat from the pig, up to more than 75 % of body weight from a living pig.
  6. Great Market Potential: There is a great market potential of pig’s meat on both; local and international market since pork is higher in energy, fat and also in water content in addition to taste.
  7. Pig Manure & Fat: The manure from pigs is also used as fertilizer. Pig manure is also used to fishes in fish farming.
  8. Pig Fat: The fat, obtained from the pig is also utilized for feeding poultry birds, and also for preparing soap, paints in chemical industries. And, is being increasing day to day.
  9. Pig Byproducts: The meat from pig has great market demand. You can also export it to the international market. And, the pig byproducts such as bacon, ham, sausages, lard, pork, etc also have high market demand.
  10. Good Source of Employment: Pig farming business plan provides a good source of employment to the young, educated and uneducated to the unemployed youth.

So, this is why? the pig farming business plan is preferred more by the peoples currently. So, let’s learn how to start pig farming business?

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How to Start Pig Farming Business?

Rearing pigs or raising pigs for meat is a not hard working job, but to achieve a good profit from this business plan requires good farm management practices which include the selection of productive breed of pig, selection of suitable good farm location, Constructing a good house for pigs, feeding management, breeding pigs, controlling diseases and also marketing pig products.

Commercial pig farming

So, let’s learn all these tasks in detail.

Selecting a Suitable Farm Location

The first thing in starting a pig farm is to select a best and suitable location for your pig. You have to assure several facilities to ensure a good and rapid income from pig farming business.

Select a place for your farm, which is facilitated by a good source of fresh and clean water which is free from noise. For establishing a farm at best place, the rural region is considered as the best suitable. Since, in the rural region, there is easy availability of labors at the cheaper rate.

How To Start Pig Farming-pig housing

However, a good market near your farm is also very helpful in marketing your pig products and can sell them at a good rate. Make sure of the good facility of medications, and vaccines. In this, having a facility of the veteran is the best thing. A good transportation is also required.

Raise a High Yielding And Productive Breed of Pig

There are numbers of species available in the market, which are raised commercially throughout the globe. But, it is a good idea to select a fast maturing and highly productive commercial breed of pig. However, White Yorkshire, Hampshire, Light White Yorkshire, Landrace, Duroc, Indigenous, and Knight houses are more prevalent.

However, here is a list of few breeds of pig, which are mostly used for raising pigs for meat, all over the world.

  • Berkshire
  • Chester White
  • Duroc
  • Hampshire
  • Landrace
  • Poland China
  • Spotted
  • Yorkshire

Commercial breed of pig

White Yorkshire

This is a commercial breed of pig, which is mostly used for rearing pigs or raising pigs for meat. It is white in color and has dark sport on their body parts. They have slightly raised face and have medium size ears. They also have a very high reproductive capacity.

Usually, the male of this species weighs from 300 to 400 kg whereas the female of this species weighs from 200 to 325 kg. So, they are considered as the best one since this business is totally based on the meat production.


This is also one of the best commercial breeds of pig. It has a longer body with too snout ear and nose. It is white in color. It has very excellent reproductive power as like the Yorkshire species have.

The average weight of such types of the pig is from 250 kg to 350 kg whereas the females have weighed from 200 kg to 300 kg.


This commercial species of the pig is of medium size. They have thick physical and they are black in color. This species of the pig is considered as the best commercial breed of pig for meat businessmen.

The male of this breed weighs around 320 kg whereas the females of this species weigh around 250 kg.


Ghangaru species of the pig is also raised commercially as a business to create income by selling their meat. This species of pig have an excellent maturing power. In addition to their excellent growth rate, there also a requirement of less effort to maintain them.

They are capable of converting all the waste and garbage into high quality of meat. In addition to this, they have excellent reproductive power. At a single time, they can give birth to about 7 to 14 young one, weighing about 1.0 kg at the time of birth.

Pig Housing

Constructing a comfortable house for reared pigs is another important task that plays important role in your business. Satisfactory housing with all the essential equipment is required for making pig farming successful as a business. The house will not provide shelter to your reared pigs, but it also keeps away all the time of predator, parasites, numerous pig diseases, many other crucial factors.

However, be assured of all the essential requirement of the pig should be well facilitated. Along with all the essential requirement, there is also need of good ventilation system in the house for keeping the farrowing, weaner, boar, and dry sow separately. There is different space requirement for each type of the pig.

Also, try to create a happy environment which is free from pollution which needs a distinctive farm location. Also, housing for them will help you in collecting the disposal, which can be sold as manure in the market, which has very excellent demand in the agriculture. Also, the outside and inside environment of your house should be protected all the times for higher meat production.

How To Start Pig Farming-pig housing

Make sure of proper hygiene of your farm. Your farm should be dry and clean. During winter, make use of heat lamp in the house to keep your farm warmer. However, it is a good to prepare the bed by using the straw to create a warmer environment in your pig house. Whereas in the summer, create a healthy environment because, in the drier environment, pigs used to lose weight, around 5 kg, each a day.

Keeping pig’s healthy and happy because this business, pig farming mainly depends on the meat.

Feeding Pigs

This is the most important task of this business, commercial pig farming business. Because the health, growth rate, reproductive power, etc all factors depends on the feeding. Feeding a high-quality food which is also full of nutritious to your pigs for keeping them healthy and happy. It can be bought from the market or can be prepared at home.

For preparing a nutritious and a high-quality fodder for pigs, one can use maize, wheat, oat, sorghum, grains, rice, and other millets. Protein can be supplement by adding meat meal, fishmeal, oil cakes, etc to it. Also, add all the minerals and vitamins to it for making it more nutritious. In addition to this, try to add antibiotic, about 10 mg per kg of fodder as the supplement.

How To Start Pig Farming

The best way of feeding pigs is to keeping the separately and feeding them alone on the basis of their age. Since they require food on the basis of their body weight and age. However, it is a good idea to allow them for feeding on green legumes. There is also need of providing the adequate amount of clean & fresh water along with sufficient food.

In commercial pig farming business, it is a good to feed the reared pigs on the basis of their body weight and age. Here below is a chart for you, showing the food requirement of the pig with different body weight.

Food Requirement on the Basis of Pigs Body Weight
Pigs Weight Daily Food (kg) Required Per Pig
25 kg 2.5 kg
50 kg 3.5 kg
100 kg 5.5 kg
150 kg 7.0 kg
200 kg 8.0 kg
250 kg 8.5 kg

Breeding Pigs

The breeding process in the pig is very simple and easy. Usually, the commercial breeds of pigs, both; males and females take about 8 to 9 months for becoming mature for breeding. At this stage, both males and females weigh around 100 kg.

breeding in Pig Farming

The heat period in the female ranges up to three days. The first day of the heating period is considered as the best for breeding for the Gilt Whereas for Sow, the 2nd day is considered as the best. This can become suitable again for breeding after about a week from the weaning.

The gestation phase in the pigs is around 120 days. A female can reproduce twice a year and each of the time, it is capable of giving birth to about 6 to 14 young ones at each time. However, use only healthy pig, both males, and females for the breeding purpose.

Pig | Care, And Management

Rearing pigs or raising pigs for meat is not a hard working job, but to obtain a good profit from this business requires good care and management of these mammals. It is essential to keep them healthy and happy since this business is totally depended on selling of body that is the meat of pigs. So, take good care of them. Also, always keep them safe from all types of diseases. There is no need of all the male piglets for breeding, so they can be sold after some weeks of their birth by keeping some healthy male piglets.

There is also need of good fodder management in pigs for their healthy and fast growth. Since additional care should be taken of sow or female during the lactation period. There is also need of more care of breeding boar, newborn piglets, and pregnant females. A proper vaccination of these young ones should be done when they are three to four weeks older.

A calm environment is needed for healthy growth of pigs and piglets. Also, avoid guests in the house.

Pig | Diseases

Here below is a list of some common diseases, that are found in the pig.

pig care and management

All these diseases are based on the body part of systems.

Gastrointestinal System

  • Colibacillosis
  • Enterocolitis
  • Constipation
  • Rectal Prolapse
  • Salmonella Infections

Integumentary System

  • Dry, and Flaky Skin
  • Sarcoptic mange
  • Melanoma
  • Sunburn
  • Bleeding back syndrome or dippity pig syndrome
  • Erysipelas

Musculoskeletal System

  • Lameness
  • Infectious arthritis
  • Overgrown or cracked hooves
  • Zygomycosis
  • Tetanus
  • Fractures

Nervous System

  • Systemic bacterial infection
  • Overheated
  • Salt toxicity
  • Seizure

Respiratory System

  • Atrophic Rhinitis
  • Pneumonia
  • Swine influenza

Urinary System

  • Cystitis and urolithiasis
  • Psychogenic water consumption
  • Chronic kidney failure

Note: Apart from the above list of pigs diseases, your animals may get infected with any other unknown disease. So, learn the symptoms of all the pig diseases and cured them as soon as they observed in your pig farm.

Pig Slaughtering & Marketing

When pigs attain their slaughtering age, one can sell them into the local market as well as export to the international market. Since marketing of your business is the easiest task in pig farming because there is a great demand for pig meat and have great market potential. One can easily sell the other pig byproducts to the local market. Since exporting pig meat and other byproducts can give you more profit.

Pig Farm | Video

Here below is a video of Slaughtering Pig. Watch it out!!!

Slaughter Pig | Video


Let’s learn it and Enjoy this business!!!

Indian Pig Farms

See how to maintan an indian pig farm in the follwoing video.

Final Words

Commercial pig farming or rearing pigs for meat is really a profitable business which can create a huge income in a very short time period. Nowadays, the social scene this business has greatly changed. There are many modern techniques developed for commercial pig farming.

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However, to make it more and more profitable and successful, farmers have to take training from well-known training centers so that they can attain some practical knowledge of pig rearing business. There is need of a comfortable shelter and environment for them. Also, feeding them with a nutritious fodder along with clean and fresh water is also essential to keep the pig happy and healthy. Provide them proper protection and medicines to earn a lot from this business.

Have a grand Success in Pig Farming Business