Stevia Plant Cultivation in India; Information and Guide

Profitable Stevia Plant Cultivation in India

Stevia plant cultivation in India

About stevia plant

Stevia leaf, commonly known as the “sweet leaf, sugar leaf, and honey leaf” and much related other names in the local. Stevia plant is also known as “Meethi Tulsi” in the local. Basically, stevia leaves widely used for its higher sugar content & also to treat some of the health conditions by the local. Stevia leaves are also a good source of Zero calorie Sweet.

Stevia leaves are 30 times sweeter as compared to the normal sugar. The essence of the stevia Rebaudioside-A is something around 300 to 400 times more sweeter than the normal sugar. The sweetness of stevia leaves can be sensed over a long time. Amazing!! What a sweeter and Delicious it is!

Stevia plant as Medicine plant

There are 2 substances in stevia leaves

1.) Stevioside(about 10 % -20 %) and also,

2.) Rebaudioside-A( about 1-3 %)

The Stevioside may remain stable at the temperature of 100′ C. This fact is the significant benefit of Stevioside over various other sweeteners. Because of this ingredients, the research on this plant also stated as the safe sweetener in the world.

In the present time, lots of people suffer from the diabetic problem. Since the main characteristic of stevia plant or stevia leaves is that use of this will helps in lessens the blood sugars level in the body as it does not contain any calorie, it is also referred as zero calorie plant in the local.

 

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So, it has more chance of getting a great demand in the local and international market than other crop farming and gardening farming. So, guys! today, we are going to learn how to start a stevia farm & earn a great profit from this. Let us know, stevia plant health benefits.

Stevia plant Health Benefits

Stevia plant as Medicine Plant

Is stevia good or bad for health? Friends, it is one of the natural sweetener plants that is high in sugar content. There are lots of stevia plant medicinal uses as it is mostly consumed by the Diabatic person, as it is helpful in the prevention of diabetes who are suffering from diabetes.

Here below is a list of some health benefits of the stevia plant.

  1. Stevia plant uses as a natural sweetener as has high sugar content than normal sugar with Zero calories.
  2. Stevia plant uses most by the diabetic patient to lessens the sugar levels in the blood.
  3. Use of stevia plant or leaves is also helpful in providing protection to gums & teeth.
  4. Use of stevia leaves has effective results in beating dandruff and acne problem
  5. Use of stevia leaves helpful in reducing the heartburn problem
  6. Use of stevia leaves helpful in reducing the indigestion problem that it avoids gas problem
  7. Stevia plant uses as a natural sweetener for weight loss
  8. It heals wounds faster, try it.
  9. Use of it may also help in minimizing fine lines & wrinkles on the face.
  10. Stevia plant can be also used as best sweetener for coffee, so avoid those healthiest artificial sweeteners & stay fit

From above mention health benefits, it also has more health benefit. So, it is well known for the cosmetic use, weight loss and so. So, it is up to you to decide is stevia good or bad. Does stevia cause cancer? NO, stevia plant is natural sweetener & is safe to use. Because of this, it is also listed in natural sweeteners list. 

Improved Varieties of Stevia Plant

Cultivars are developed to obtain high production with the low care of them. The most popular cultivar of stevia plant are listed below are able to produce a higher amount of leaves in Indian climatic condition:

  1. MDS 13 and
  2. MDS 14

These two variations are developed for low management & low care and to obtain the high yield. For farming stevia plant in Indian climatic condition, these two varieties are helpful in producing more leaves. And are also effective for cultivating stevia plant in extreme temp & also for regions which are continuously suffering from drought condition because of low rainfall.

Climate Required for Stevia Farming

In India, this plant can be cultivated through out the complete year. Climate like semi & semi hot climatic condition is found very suitable in such areas where the minimum temp. does not fall under 0 ‘C temp. This natural sweetener plant can be cultivated up to 11 ‘C temp effectively & below that, this may cause to complete destruction of your stevia crop.

Stevia plant cultivation

As this crop can grow well in the tropical & sub-tropical areas, an idle temp. ranging between 28 ‘C to 33 ‘C is a good thing that can boost your commercial stevia leaves production. An avg. rainfall about 150 mm per annum is essential needs to produce a higher amount of stevia leaves. This state that we can also operate this commercial farming in those low region where there is low rainfall.

Soil Requirement for Stevia Plant Farming

For the successful cultivation of Stevia, sandy loam land with proper drainage power, rich in organic matters & red in color is considered as the idle soil for its cultivation. The pH of the essential soil should be ranged between 6 to 7. It has been found that this range is best suitable for the cultivation of stevia in the water filled or alkaline land.

If your soil has any type of nutrient deficiency or micronutrient deficiency, then they should be supplemented at the time of field preparation because organic matter like fair phosphorus, high nitrogen content along with lots of potash ensure high leaves production.

So, you can raise your leaves production or profit via taking care of minor and minor fact in the Stevia cultivation.

Land selection and Its preparation in Banana Farming

This commercial crop can be cultivated over a wide variety of soil. But they grow their best in the tropical & sub-tropical region. Cultivars of stevia plants are also able to grow well in the low rainfall region like a desert. But cultivating stevia plants in those soils which are full of organic matter has effective results in producing a higher amount of leaves production.

So, select a place where the minimum temp. did not fall under 10 ‘C & the max. does not cross 45 ‘C because of temp. above 45 ‘C & nightly temp. below 10 ‘C may lead to completely damage your crop.

A good field preparation will help you keeping the weed away from the crop & breaking down of the clods harrowed and repeated plowed before plantation. About two to three plow is enough for bring down the selected soil into the fine tilth from, which helps in the good development of stevia plant. Take care that selected land should not be responsive to pudding & flooding.

Propagation in Stevia Plant Farming

In this commercial cultivation, propagation is mainly done by the cutting stem of the plant. Cut the plant stem about 15 centimeters longer from the leaf axils part, of present year growth. This will make you more profitable via raising the annual profit as more leaves production.

Planting Season in Stevia Plant Farming

Stevia plant can be cultivated though out the complete year. However, the best period for the propagation of Stevia plant is from February to March, that is cold weather. These cuttings became ready for grafting after about a month of rooting of the plant.

High-Density Planting

High-density planting in stevia crop leads to higher production of leaves. So, plant about 25000 plants of stevia per unit acre land for high density planting is beneficial in optimum production of leaves.

Spacing

For high density plantig, a good spacing betwwen each plant & row is essential. Transpant those rooten plants on the raised beds which are 15 cm higher & about 60 cm wider. The rows in the stevia crop should be kept about 40 to 45 cm apart. The plant are planted, keeping a distance of 35 cm between them.

With the help of this rows spacing & Plant spacing, you can achieve a high-density planting of stevia. You can plant about 25000 no’s of plant per unit acre land. Which is sufficient enough to earn a great profit from this.

Manures and Fertilizers used in Stevia Plant Cultivation

It is observed that the Stevia crops is well responsive to the fertilizers & manures with low in nitrogen content. It is a good thing to make use of organic manures because of they release nitrogen content too  slowly. Also the addition of FMY (Farm Yard Manure Vermi compost, cow dung manure is also beneficial for leave production.

stevia farming fertilizer

Because the plenty of health benefits of using leaves of the stevia plant, they are directly consumed by humans at great scale. Because of this, it is good to do not use any type of chemical fertilizer or insecticide in its cultivation to maintain its quality. In its one instance, the quantity of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potash in the form of an aggregate is 30:120:120 kg per unit hectare land, which is recommended to obtain a high yield of Stevia plant cultivation. If you find the deficiency of this much fertility, you can easily obtain by use of organic matter like this to complete, 70-80 kg vermicompost or 200 kg of dung manure is sufficient enough to achieve an optimum production of leaves.

Irrigation in Stevia Plant Cultivation

Stevia Farming Drip Irrigation

Must take care that the Stavia’s crop is not able to tolerate the drought. This crop is not able to tolerate drought well. Drought gives bad results in this crop, it reduces the yield. That means this crop requires frequent water at regular interval of time. It is good to or should be irrigated during the 10 days alternate in the winter season and in the summer, every week.

Although sprinklers or drip irrigation are best suited for this crop.  Avoid the excessive moisture level in the soil, it is not favorable for the good growth of stevia plant.

Traditional or Drip Irrigation System?

Farmers used to irrigate this crop with the help of traditional method of irrigation. But, produce higher amount of stevia leaves, drip irrigation system us recommended to you. Because drip irriagation system has plenty of benefits over the traditional method of irrigation.

Take care that this crop did not needs water  in the winter season & rainy season.

Intercultural Activities or Weed Control

Weeds are the unusual plant that are presence in any type of crop and can lessens the leaves production via disturbing the good development of plant. So, it is good thing to removed them manually or with the help of any weedicide.

For this, removal of weed from the field should be carried out just after the irrigation to make your soils weedless. This will directly impact on your production by boosting your soit. Friends! greater is the weedless soil, better are the results in this crop as leaves production.

stevia Plant weed control

Weed control also plays a role in raising or reducing the yield of stevia crop.

Disease and Pest Control in Stevia Crop Cultivation

Generally, not a single type of disease or worm is found in the stevia crop. But sometimes the spots on the leaves are observed, which are characteristic of the lack of boron element in the Soil. For this, a controlled amount of  6 % of the borax can be sprayed. Spraying neem oil with water is effective in controlling all type of pest & disease, if found in stevia crop.

Harvesting in the Stevia crop cultivation

Timely harvesting of your commercial crop can lead to higher amount of production. So, to provide you confort, i had given guide on best method for harvesting of leaves in stevia crop. Learn it carefully!

Stevia Plant Harvisting

Pruning flowers

Stevia leaves are known for their sugar content characteristics, widely consumed by the diabatic patient. So, to get high market price, it is good idea to produce quality leaves of stevia. Removal of flowers in this crop should be done at regular interval because flowering leads to overgrowth of plant while producing less amount of stevia leaves. Perform this tast repetadely to obtain maximum leaves production. Flowering more in your crop causes to reduction of stevia leaves quality. If flowering is not removed for more than two days, then it will directly reduce the amount of stevioside in the leaves (reduce about 50 %);  a huge loss to the cultivars & mostly to the consumer.

So, it is better to know, when to harvesting stevial leaves? When stevia plant reach their maturity, about two feet in height they shold be harvested. They takes about three to five month to reach this stage. After this, you can harvest them about three year by harvesting leaves regularly along with good farm management skill. For regular harvesting, try to collect fresh & healthy leaves at an interval of three months.

For harvesting this crop longer time, don’t forgot to remove the new flowers. They will lessens you leaves quality & quanity

Harvesting

Stevia plant Harvestor, Machine

Stevia leaves became ready for their first harvesting at approximately about 4 months after planting. After that, up to three year , you can harvest them at an interval of three months. By following this way, you will be able to obtain 3 or 4 harvesting per annum for about three years (well, there are reports of stevia plants as old as 11 years). After that, the % stevioside level in the leaves is reduced, So, the entire plant is harvested about  6 to 7 cm above from the ground.

Care of Stevia Leaves after Harvesting

After harvesting stevia leaves, proper care of them should be taken to maintain their quality for getting a high market price. Here is some task to perform after harvesting leaves.

  1. Remove the twigs leave & make them dry
  2. To make them dry, make use of dryer or keep them in sunlight
  3. After that, store these dry leaves in glass jars or in air tight polythene packs.

Yield of Stevia Plant Cultivation

By selecting high yielding cultivar with good crop management skill along with proper care, an avg. production of 3000 kgs of dried stevia leaves can be produced per unit acre land. However, the leaves production of stevia plant can be raised by proper care & good farm management practices.

Stevia Farming Video

Bottom Line 

What is Benefits of Stevia Cultivation or market Demand of stevia leaves? Friends! this is highly demanded natural sweetener with Zero calorie. However, the international market price of stevia leaves is approximately 300 to 400 per kg dried stevia leaves, but if the sale of Stevia is considered to be at Rs 100 per kg, then in the first one auction, you will be easily able to earn 5 to 6 lac from a one acre land, and it will increase in the following years. This profit is much more than the total investment made in the initial, and the profit will increase more in the coming years. In the last three years, the net profit of about 1 to 5 lac can be easily obtained by cultivation of stevia plant in a one-acre land.

Thank’s a lot for visiting our site. Stay tuned with us for getting much like and related more article on profitable Agri farming.

Have a great success in Stevia Plant Cultivation!

Organic Ginger Farming Guide & Information for Beginners

Ginger Farming About Ginger Farming Guide, Process ,Profit

Ginger is one of the spices crops which is grown throughout the different portion of the world, mostly in the Asian continent such as India, China, etc. It is one of the important commercial spice crops which is mostly grown for producing its excellent aromatic rhizomes. Gingers are supposed to have an excellent proven medical value which is beneficial for the healthy human life. Because of excellent medicinal value, there is great demand for ginger roots in the market all time throughout the year, especially during the cold months.

In addition to the great market demand of raw ginger, there is also a big market of ginger products such as dry ginger, ginger powder, bleached dry ginger, ginger oil, ginger candy, ginger oleoresin, ginger ale, ginger beer, ginger wine, brined ginger, ginger flakes, ginger squash, etc. Apart from this, it is also used in the preparation of many kinds of food items. It is also used as flavoring agent due to its unique and extraordinary aroma.

What Is Ginger?

Basically, this commercial crop is native to the Asian Continent, especially to southern and eastern Asia. Ginger plant is a herbaceous perennial crop that belongs to Zingiberaceae. This crop needs rhizomes for vegetative propagation.

Ginger Cultivation

The plants have leafy stems having an avg height of 60 to 90 cm with leaf base, sheathing the stems. Ginger leaf has narrow and lanceolate dark green color with 20 cm length with a noticeable midrib along with speckled and yellowish small flowers, each having a purple speckled lip. After plantation on the main field, within an interval of 8 to 10 months, this commercial crop becomes ready for harvesting. At its maturity, green leaves change to yellow.

 

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Commercial ginger farming or cultivation is not a hardworking job, but to make gold out of it, there is need of good farm management skills to be practiced. Apart from being grown on the large scale, ginger can also be grown in containers, greenhouses, pots, indoors and even backyards also.

Ginger | Scientific Name And Botanical Name

The scientific name and the botanical name of ginger is Zingiber officinale which belongs to the family “Zingiberaceae” and the genus “Zingiber”.

Health Benefits of Ginger

health benefits of ginger

Ginger is an extraordinary medicinal plant which is praise for excellent health benefits. However, the following is a list of some of the health benefits of eating ginger…

  1. Ginger is well known for boosting the bone health and giving relief from joint pain.
  2. From the ancient time, this medicinal plant is being used to cure diarrhea.
  3. Gingers are also very strong carminative that is are beneficial in causing excess gas elimination.
  4. Gingers are also good for the healthy digestive system.
  5. Ginger is also found to be beneficial in providing protection from some kinds of cancer such as colorectal cancer, ovarian cancer, etc.
  6. Gingers are also beneficial in keeping skin healthy and free from any type of infections.
  7. From the ancient times, gingers are well known for increasing the sexual activity in the human and also for the good circulation of blood.
  8. It also helps in preventing Menstrual Cramps.
  9. Gingers are helpful in treating the migraine and also preventing us from cold, cough and various flu.
  10. Ginger is also the home remedy for the diabetic patients which is also beneficial in reducing morning sickness problems.

Major Ginger Producer of World

When it comes to production, India tops the list of ginger production followed by China and Nepal.

  1. India
  2. China
  3. Nepal
  4. Nigeria
  5. Thailand and
  6. Indonesia

India is the largest ginger producer, producing more than 33 % of total ginger production in the world.

Ginger | Local Names

Adrak (Hindi), Jiang (Chinese), Aduwa (Nepali), Inguru (Sinhalese, Sri Lanka), Jiāng (Mandrian), Khing (Thai), 薑 (Taiwanese), ادرک or Adrak (Urdu), цагаан гаа (Mangolian), kŏn’gang (Korean), Zanjabeel(Arabic), Halia (Malay, Malesia), Can khuong (Vietnamese), Zencefil (Turkish), Kha Nhei (Cambodian), Shōga (Japanese), Inji (Tamil), Adu (Gujarati).

Where Does Ginger Grow?

ginger plantation

Climate Requirement For Ginger Farming

Ginger is a perennial warm crop which thrives it best in warm and humid climatic conditions. This crop can be cultivated well in the tropical area from the sea level to an avg altitude of 1500 MSL under both irrigated conditions and rainfed conditions. However, a moderate rainfall is required for the optimum root production at the time of sowing on the main field till the rhizomes sprout along with well-distributed rain during its growing period. Before harvesting this crop, dry weather and climate condition are also required for around one month for good production.

Soil Requirement For Ginger Farming

Gingers are able to grow on a large variety of soils ranging from sandy and clayey loamy soils to red loamy soils. However, it thrives it best in a deep, friable and well-drained loamy soils which are also full of all the essential organic matters. Since they are not able to grow on alkaline soil, ginger plantation should be avoided on such types of soil for better yield.

Also, crop rotation is necessary for the excellent production of ginger farming. Never cultivate ginger on the same field in repeated years.

The ideal pH for growing ginger is a pH, ranging between 5.3 to 6.8 that is almost neutral soils for the excellent growth of plants. However, the facility of well-drained soil is the key factor that plays an important role in successful ginger cultivation.

Intercropping in Ginger Farming

Intercropping in ginger farming is as a basic requirement for obtaining higher yield or production. Since they thrive their best in shade, cultivation should be followed a mixed crop with shade-providing crops such as castor farming, pigeon pea farming or banana farming, cluster bean farming, etc.

However, ginger can also be grown as a mixed crop with coconut farming, coffee farming, and orange farmingFor ginger farming on higher height, intercrop this crop with chilies and tomatoes.

How to Start Ginger Cultivation?

Growing ginger commercially

Selecting a Suitable Ginger Variety

There are numbers of improved varieties of ginger available in the market throughout the different portion of the world. For commercial cultivation, China, and Rio-De-Janeiro are two most important varieties which are praised for producing high-quality roots.

However, Nadia, Maran, Karakkal are known for a High quantity of dry ginger. China, Rio-De-Janeiro, Ernad China, etc are well known for producing High oleoresin. The Sleeve Local, Himachal, Narasapattam, etc are grown for producing High volatile oil ginger. Whereas Rio-De-Janeiro, Wynad Local, China, Maran, Varadha are grown for producing green ginger.

Land Preparation For Ginger Farming

Land preparation plays an important role in deciding the yield of any crop. Likewise other crops, land preparation plays a vital role. Follow minimum tillage operations in the land preparation for ginger production.

Prepare beds having 1 m width, 15 cm height, and with good length. The spacing between each of the beds should be 40 to 45 cm. Left it open to the sunlight so that pests and diseases organism died off.

However, beds Solarisation is the best way to learn the pests and disease organism present in the soil. It is a technique, by which moistened beds on the field are covered through polythene sheets and are exposed to the sun for about one month. keep the polythene sheets safely at proper place after their use in solarization.

Planting Material In Ginger Farming

High quality and preserved seed rhizomes are used in the ginger plantation. The seed rhizomes should be free from all types of pests and diseases. And are also collected from organically cultivated ginger farms for healthy ginger production.

However, after collecting high-quality seed rhizomes, do not treat them with any chemical before planting on the main field. Select only fast growing and high yielding seed rhizomes for excellent ginger production.

While selection, make sure of, seed rhizomes should not be broken into pieces, each having 3 sprouted buds on each of these seed rhizomes. The piece should have 5 cm length and weigh from 20 to 30 gm.

How to Plant Ginger?

Before plantation, add about 30 to 40 gm of powdered neem (Azadirachta indica) cake into each prepared pit and mix it well with soil. After that, ginger plantation should be followed in row system plantation, at 25 cm row distance. For cultivating ginger in irrigated conditions, the ridges method of plantation should be followed at a distance of 45 cm. For plantation, the collected ideal seed rhizomes should be planted by keeping the suitable spacing between them. The seed rhizomes should be well mixed with rotten farmyard manure and after putting in shallow pits, covered with soil and leveled.

How to plant ginger

Around 1500 kg of quality seed rhizome is needed for doing cultivation on one-acre land. However, for planting at higher heights, more quality seeds should be planted to maintain the plant density. Before plantation, these collected rhizomes should be treated well with 25 % of a gallon with Monocrotophos for half an hours to control the early pests and diseases in ginger production.

Ginger Growing or Planting Season

The sowing season of ginger varies according to the climate conditions and weather. However, to meet the market demand, the sowing should be done in April to May.

An immediate irrigation should be given after sowing on the main field. Whereas for the rainfed crop, mulching should be done to provide protection from heavy rains and sun for a healthy enrichment of essential organic matter content in the soil and also to control moisture loss. This will also enhance the germination percentage. Also, provide shade to this crop for better plant growth. Usually, the shoots or seedling appears in two to three weeks of the plantation.

Irrigation in Ginger Farming

The facility of well-drained soil is the basic necessity of the ginger production. And the first irrigation should be done immediately after the plantation on the main field for better germination in the crop. Then after succeeding irrigations should be followed on the regular basis like supplying water once a week or an interval of 10 days.

drip irrigation in ginger farming

On an average, around 20 irrigations in ginger production are essential throughout the growing period of roots. Whereas ginger cultivation in rainfed conditions, well-distributed rainfall is required during its complete growing period.

However, irrigating with the Sprinkler or drip method of irrigation is best and ideal one for maximum production in ginger cultivation.

Application of Manure and Fertilizer in Ginger Farming

The timely application of suitable manure and fertilizers plays a vital role in the ginger production. However, they can thrive their best in a deep and loamy soil, rich in all the essential organic matter content. So, to increase the soil fertility and productivity, add about 30 tonnes of well rotten farmyard manure at the time of land preparation only.

However, following is a schedule for the application of manure and fertilizers in ginger cultivation.

Application Time Nitrogen (kg/ha) Phosphorous
(kg/ha)
Potassium
(kg/ha)
During Ginger Plantation 70 70 70
45 days after planting of roots 60
120 days after planting of roots 45
Total Requirement 175 70 70

Note: A less fertile soil may require manure and fertilizers at a higher amount. Learn the fertility of your soil through a soil test.

Pests, And Diseases in Ginger Farming

The ginger crop is very prone to pests and diseases and the presence of any pests and diseases in crop directly impact on the production.

Pests, And Diseases in Ginger Farming

Pests Observed in Ginger Farming

Shoot Borer

Shoot borer makes holes in the pseudostem and the grass is thrown out of the holes and also, the central shoot of affected plants becomes yellow and withers.

Control measures

For controlling shoot borer in the ginger crop effectively, spray 0.1 % malathion once a month on the regular basis between July to August.

Leaf Roller

Such kinds of caterpillar totally feed on the leaf through folding of the leaf.

Control measures

For controlling leaf roller, spraying 0.05 % Dimethoate has effective results.

Chinese Rose Beetle

The ”Shot-hole” coming of leaves and the entire leaf is consumed, excepting the leaf veins. Whereas adult insects are a reddish-brown beetle in appearance which used to feed on the plants during the night.

Control measures

Chinese rose beetles get attracted towards dim light. So, try to keep shining bright light in the field to control them effectively.

Rhizome Flies

They totally feed on the rhizomes via make bore into the seed rhizomes

Control measures

For controlling measures, spraying of 0.05 % methyl parathion, @ about 3 times from July onwards is found to be beneficial.

Scales

They used to suck sap from seed rhizomes and further causing them to dry up.

Control measures

Dip the affected ones into 0.05 % dimethoate at the time of plantation onwards for controlling them effectively.

Diseases Observed in Ginger Farming

Soft Rot

This disease of ginger is one of the most destructive diseases which may cause major loss, even total destruction of affected clumps. The symptoms of this diseases include the light yellowing of plant tips and downwards spreading of leaf blades.

If not controlled timely, then it may spread to the entire crop and follow by withering, drooping and drying of leaves. Moderately, it spreads to the entire crop and leads to lower down the production.

Control measures

For controlling soft rot disease of ginger, follow the below instruction:

  • Provide well-drainage soil for cultivation
  • Always select disease-free rhizomes for cultivation
  • Treat the selected rhizomes with 0.3 % Dithane M-45 for 45 minutes before planting on the field.
  • Also, beds drenching should be done with a suitable fungicide such as 0.1 % Captafol.

Root Knot Nematode

This disease cause water-soaked lesions of ginger roots. This also reduces the plant vigor via yellowing of plants.

Control measures

The best of controlling this disease it to perform solarization of soil.

Leaf Spot of Ginger

This disease causes small oval formation and white center with dark brown margin on the leaves.

Control measures

For controlling this disease effectively, spray 1 % Bordeaux mixture, uniformly throughout the crop.

Bacterial Wilt

The mild curling and dropping of leaves from the base leaves. Which further spreads to the upwards and finally to the pseudostem of plants

Control measures

Spray Streptocycline at 200 ppm for controlling this diseases effectively.

Ginger Harvesting

One can start harvesting ginger after about five months of the plantation. However, this crops takes about 9 months to became fully mature for harvesting. The maturing period for different ginger variety varies in accordance with the climate and weather conditions. And, for optimum production, harvesting at fully maturing age is essential.

Where Does Ginger Grow

When to Harvest Ginger

Harvesting of ginger roots should be done at their full maturity. Usually, at their full maturity, the leaves changes to yellow and pseudostems start drying gradually.

How to Harvest Ginger

Give a light irrigation before harvesting to loosening of the soil. For harvesting ginger, the Rhizomes should be lifted with the help of a spade or a digging-fork.

Post Harvesting Tasks in Ginger Farming

After harvesting, the roots should be washed. The skin should be discarded from the green ginger by soaking it in water. The scraped developed while harvesting should be washed away and roots are dried for about five days in the open sunlight. Again, wash in clean water, dry and rubbed it with hand to remove all the remaining skin bits on roots.

Ginger Harvesting

Peeling of roots should be done carefully because excessive and careless scraping of roots will result in damage to epidermal cells which are praised for the extraordinary and aromatic ginger oil. Avoid use of steel knives and ginger storage for a longer time period.

Yield of Ginger Farming

The yield of ginger farming depends on the soil fertility, facility of drainage and shade, the variety used for cultivation, farm management skills, etc. However, the yield of dry ginger is not more than 30 % of total fresh ginger harvested.

organic ginger farming

One can easily harvest more than 15 tonnes of green ginger with minimum care and
management while cultivation. Since the recovery % of dried ginger is not more than 30 % of green ginger harvested.

Bottom Line of Ginger Farming

By following Ginger Farming or cultivation, farmers can really make gold out, but some care to be taken while growing and planting ginger on the field.