How to Start Pig Farming Business Plan In India With Videos

Raising Pigs for Meat Production

About Pig Farming

Rearing pigs as a business plan is really a profitable business that can create a huge and rapid income in a very short time period. One who wants to raise animal commercially, them pig is one of preferred and most raise animal by the people for creating income from its meat. The main advantage of rearing pigs is that it can give birth to 5 to 15 children as a single time so that your business is going to increase rapidly. Apart from creating a great profit, pig farming is also a good source of employment for the young and educated unemployed youth.

Pig Farming has a great market potential for it’s tasty and delicious meat. Apart from being delicious, pig meat is also high in protein content. One can also create a good income by exporting pork or pig meat. In addition to eating pig meat as food, each and every part of pig’s body is useful. Number’s of luxury items are made from pig fat, skin, hair, pork, and bones.

Anyone can create a huge income via raising pigs as a business plan, but it requires right and fact to factual information to make it more and more profitable one. Presently, there are numbers of training center’s, which provides training for commercial pig farming. Also, it is a good idea to raise only commercial pig breeds, since this business plant is base on the meat, commercial breed of pig weight averagely from 85 to 100 kg, whereas the usual breed of pig weight up to 50 kg. In addition to the capacity of good weight, the meat from the commercial breed of pig is also delicious in taste and is high in protein content.

modern pig farming in India

A few years ago, the business of raising or rearing pig or pig farming is not considered a good job and is thought to be the business of socially back warded people. But, nowadays, this business plan is followed by numbers of people, throughout the globe. Pig farming, being commercially followed in India, it is also followed in China, Russia, Brazil, America, and Germany and many other countries all over the globe.

Why Should I Select Pig Farming Business?

There are many advantages of rearing or raising pigs as commercial business plan. Here below is a list of some advantages of the pig farming business plan.

  1. Require Less Capital: It is easy to set up a pig farming business since it requires less initial investment to prepare the house for them and other facilities.
  2. Rapid Growth Rate: Pigs have high feed conversion capability that means they grow faster in comparison to the other domestic animal. In addition to this, pigs are capable of converting all types of waste and inedible food, grain byproduct, garbages, forages, etc to nutritious and tasteful meat.
  3. Easy Food Availability: Pigs are capable of eating all types of food including waste and inedible food, grain byproduct, garbages, forages, waste from fruits and vegetables, sugarcane, etc. They are also capable of eating grasses and green plants.
  4. High in Productive: The maturity age of pig ranges from 8 to 9 months. After that, they can breed twice a year. And, every single go, they can give birth to 5 to 15 young ones.
  5. High Meat Producing Rate: One can obtain meat from the pig, up to more than 75 % of body weight from a living pig.
  6. Great Market Potential: There is a great market potential of pig’s meat on both; local and international market since pork is higher in energy, fat and also in water content in addition to taste.
  7. Pig Manure & Fat: The manure from pigs is also used as fertilizer. Pig manure is also used to fishes in fish farming.
  8. Pig Fat: The fat, obtained from the pig is also utilized for feeding poultry birds, and also for preparing soap, paints in chemical industries. And, is being increasing day to day.
  9. Pig Byproducts: The meat from pig has great market demand. You can also export it to the international market. And, the pig byproducts such as bacon, ham, sausages, lard, pork, etc also have high market demand.
  10. Good Source of Employment: Pig farming business plan provides a good source of employment to the young, educated and uneducated to the unemployed youth.

So, this is why? the pig farming business plan is preferred more by the peoples currently. So, let’s learn how to start pig farming business?

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How to Start Pig Farming Business?

Rearing pigs or raising pigs for meat is a not hard working job, but to achieve a good profit from this business plan requires good farm management practices which include the selection of productive breed of pig, selection of suitable good farm location, Constructing a good house for pigs, feeding management, breeding pigs, controlling diseases and also marketing pig products.

Commercial pig farming

So, let’s learn all these tasks in detail.

Selecting a Suitable Farm Location

The first thing in starting a pig farm is to select a best and suitable location for your pig. You have to assure several facilities to ensure a good and rapid income from pig farming business.

Select a place for your farm, which is facilitated by a good source of fresh and clean water which is free from noise. For establishing a farm at best place, the rural region is considered as the best suitable. Since, in the rural region, there is easy availability of labors at the cheaper rate.

How To Start Pig Farming-pig housing

However, a good market near your farm is also very helpful in marketing your pig products and can sell them at a good rate. Make sure of the good facility of medications, and vaccines. In this, having a facility of the veteran is the best thing. A good transportation is also required.

Raise a High Yielding And Productive Breed of Pig

There are numbers of species available in the market, which are raised commercially throughout the globe. But, it is a good idea to select a fast maturing and highly productive commercial breed of pig. However, White Yorkshire, Hampshire, Light White Yorkshire, Landrace, Duroc, Indigenous, and Knight houses are more prevalent.

However, here is a list of few breeds of pig, which are mostly used for raising pigs for meat, all over the world.

  • Berkshire
  • Chester White
  • Duroc
  • Hampshire
  • Landrace
  • Poland China
  • Spotted
  • Yorkshire

Commercial breed of pig

White Yorkshire

This is a commercial breed of pig, which is mostly used for rearing pigs or raising pigs for meat. It is white in color and has dark sport on their body parts. They have slightly raised face and have medium size ears. They also have a very high reproductive capacity.

Usually, the male of this species weighs from 300 to 400 kg whereas the female of this species weighs from 200 to 325 kg. So, they are considered as the best one since this business is totally based on the meat production.

Landrace

This is also one of the best commercial breeds of pig. It has a longer body with too snout ear and nose. It is white in color. It has very excellent reproductive power as like the Yorkshire species have.

The average weight of such types of the pig is from 250 kg to 350 kg whereas the females have weighed from 200 kg to 300 kg.

Hampshire

This commercial species of the pig is of medium size. They have thick physical and they are black in color. This species of the pig is considered as the best commercial breed of pig for meat businessmen.

The male of this breed weighs around 320 kg whereas the females of this species weigh around 250 kg.

Ghangaru

Ghangaru species of the pig is also raised commercially as a business to create income by selling their meat. This species of pig have an excellent maturing power. In addition to their excellent growth rate, there also a requirement of less effort to maintain them.

They are capable of converting all the waste and garbage into high quality of meat. In addition to this, they have excellent reproductive power. At a single time, they can give birth to about 7 to 14 young one, weighing about 1.0 kg at the time of birth.

Pig Housing

Constructing a comfortable house for reared pigs is another important task that plays important role in your business. Satisfactory housing with all the essential equipment is required for making pig farming successful as a business. The house will not provide shelter to your reared pigs, but it also keeps away all the time of predator, parasites, numerous pig diseases, many other crucial factors.

However, be assured of all the essential requirement of the pig should be well facilitated. Along with all the essential requirement, there is also need of good ventilation system in the house for keeping the farrowing, weaner, boar, and dry sow separately. There is different space requirement for each type of the pig.

Also, try to create a happy environment which is free from pollution which needs a distinctive farm location. Also, housing for them will help you in collecting the disposal, which can be sold as manure in the market, which has very excellent demand in the agriculture. Also, the outside and inside environment of your house should be protected all the times for higher meat production.

How To Start Pig Farming-pig housing

Make sure of proper hygiene of your farm. Your farm should be dry and clean. During winter, make use of heat lamp in the house to keep your farm warmer. However, it is a good to prepare the bed by using the straw to create a warmer environment in your pig house. Whereas in the summer, create a healthy environment because, in the drier environment, pigs used to lose weight, around 5 kg, each a day.

Keeping pig’s healthy and happy because this business, pig farming mainly depends on the meat.

Feeding Pigs

This is the most important task of this business, commercial pig farming business. Because the health, growth rate, reproductive power, etc all factors depends on the feeding. Feeding a high-quality food which is also full of nutritious to your pigs for keeping them healthy and happy. It can be bought from the market or can be prepared at home.

For preparing a nutritious and a high-quality fodder for pigs, one can use maize, wheat, oat, sorghum, grains, rice, and other millets. Protein can be supplement by adding meat meal, fishmeal, oil cakes, etc to it. Also, add all the minerals and vitamins to it for making it more nutritious. In addition to this, try to add antibiotic, about 10 mg per kg of fodder as the supplement.

How To Start Pig Farming

The best way of feeding pigs is to keeping the separately and feeding them alone on the basis of their age. Since they require food on the basis of their body weight and age. However, it is a good idea to allow them for feeding on green legumes. There is also need of providing the adequate amount of clean & fresh water along with sufficient food.

In commercial pig farming business, it is a good to feed the reared pigs on the basis of their body weight and age. Here below is a chart for you, showing the food requirement of the pig with different body weight.

Food Requirement on the Basis of Pigs Body Weight
Pigs Weight Daily Food (kg) Required Per Pig
25 kg 2.5 kg
50 kg 3.5 kg
100 kg 5.5 kg
150 kg 7.0 kg
200 kg 8.0 kg
250 kg 8.5 kg

Breeding Pigs

The breeding process in the pig is very simple and easy. Usually, the commercial breeds of pigs, both; males and females take about 8 to 9 months for becoming mature for breeding. At this stage, both males and females weigh around 100 kg.

breeding in Pig Farming

The heat period in the female ranges up to three days. The first day of the heating period is considered as the best for breeding for the Gilt Whereas for Sow, the 2nd day is considered as the best. This can become suitable again for breeding after about a week from the weaning.

The gestation phase in the pigs is around 120 days. A female can reproduce twice a year and each of the time, it is capable of giving birth to about 6 to 14 young ones at each time. However, use only healthy pig, both males, and females for the breeding purpose.

Pig | Care, And Management

Rearing pigs or raising pigs for meat is not a hard working job, but to obtain a good profit from this business requires good care and management of these mammals. It is essential to keep them healthy and happy since this business is totally depended on selling of body that is the meat of pigs. So, take good care of them. Also, always keep them safe from all types of diseases. There is no need of all the male piglets for breeding, so they can be sold after some weeks of their birth by keeping some healthy male piglets.

There is also need of good fodder management in pigs for their healthy and fast growth. Since additional care should be taken of sow or female during the lactation period. There is also need of more care of breeding boar, newborn piglets, and pregnant females. A proper vaccination of these young ones should be done when they are three to four weeks older.

A calm environment is needed for healthy growth of pigs and piglets. Also, avoid guests in the house.

Pig | Diseases

Here below is a list of some common diseases, that are found in the pig.

pig care and management

All these diseases are based on the body part of systems.

Gastrointestinal System

  • Colibacillosis
  • Enterocolitis
  • Constipation
  • Rectal Prolapse
  • Salmonella Infections

Integumentary System

  • Dry, and Flaky Skin
  • Sarcoptic mange
  • Melanoma
  • Sunburn
  • Bleeding back syndrome or dippity pig syndrome
  • Erysipelas

Musculoskeletal System

  • Lameness
  • Infectious arthritis
  • Overgrown or cracked hooves
  • Zygomycosis
  • Tetanus
  • Fractures

Nervous System

  • Systemic bacterial infection
  • Overheated
  • Salt toxicity
  • Seizure

Respiratory System

  • Atrophic Rhinitis
  • Pneumonia
  • Swine influenza

Urinary System

  • Cystitis and urolithiasis
  • Psychogenic water consumption
  • Chronic kidney failure

Note: Apart from the above list of pigs diseases, your animals may get infected with any other unknown disease. So, learn the symptoms of all the pig diseases and cured them as soon as they observed in your pig farm.

Pig Slaughtering & Marketing

When pigs attain their slaughtering age, one can sell them into the local market as well as export to the international market. Since marketing of your business is the easiest task in pig farming because there is a great demand for pig meat and have great market potential. One can easily sell the other pig byproducts to the local market. Since exporting pig meat and other byproducts can give you more profit.

Pig Farm | Video

Here below is a video of Slaughtering Pig. Watch it out!!!

Slaughter Pig | Video

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VK1-zxBd6fc

Let’s learn it and Enjoy this business!!!

Indian Pig Farms

See how to maintan an indian pig farm in the follwoing video.

Final Words

Commercial pig farming or rearing pigs for meat is really a profitable business which can create a huge income in a very short time period. Nowadays, the social scene this business has greatly changed. There are many modern techniques developed for commercial pig farming.

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However, to make it more and more profitable and successful, farmers have to take training from well-known training centers so that they can attain some practical knowledge of pig rearing business. There is need of a comfortable shelter and environment for them. Also, feeding them with a nutritious fodder along with clean and fresh water is also essential to keep the pig happy and healthy. Provide them proper protection and medicines to earn a lot from this business.

Have a grand Success in Pig Farming Business

How to Raise Turkey Birds for Meat? A Guide to Turkey Farming

Turkey Farming – How to Raise Turkey Birds for Meat

Introduction

Turkey (Meleagris Galloparo) is a bird which is most popular on the American continent and the Europe continent. And, with the ease of popularity of bird, the grower had begun raising or rearing of turkey bird as a business plan. And, the business of turkey farming is profitable and fun providing too!!!

Turkey Farming Business Plan is getting more and more popularity all over the world. Because these birds have the faster growth rate as like poultry and layer birds have. And, reach their slaughter within the short span of time.

Turkey farming or turkey rearing is mainly done for egg and meat production. However, the purpose of meat production of raising turkey is more popular than the turkey egg production. Although people also used to keep toms (mature male turkey) as a pet at home, hotel, resort, garden, etc.

The less popularity of turkey farming business is because of the early establishment of poultry farming and layer farming.

But, there is great market demand for lean meat obtain from turkey’s. And, it increases up and up with the popularity of birds.

commercial turkey bird farming

The rearing business of turkey is similar to other poultry birds farming like ducks, quails, etc. But, it is easy to raise turkey bird in compare to other poultry birds. Because birds are very familiar with the human beings.

Small farmers can start this marvelous business plan and can create a gold bar of it within a short time period. They can be grown easily in the free-range system and under semi-intensive rearing system. Capital input while making the shelter for them, equipment requires is lower than other poultry bird farming.

The rearing of birds for meat purpose is more popular. Since are not suitable for egg production because of fastest growth rate amongst poultry birds. Although, there is also less management of birds is required while rearing these lean meat producers.

So, let us learn how profitable and how to raise turkey birds as a business plan.

How to Raise Turkey Birds For Meat Production

Raising turkey birds for meat production is a good idea to create income. Because, with increasing food requirement, the lean meat obtain from turkey birds is gaining more and more popularity.

The steps involve in commercial turkey birds farming are:

  • Selection of Suitable Turkey Breeds
  • Constructing a Comfortable Housing For Birds
  • Selection of Birds rearing system
  • Feeding and Watering Management
  • Brooding Management and 
  • Care and Management of pests and diseases in birds

So, let us learn how to raise turkey birds for meat production?

Selection of Suitable Turkey Breeds

There are numbers of breeds are available in the different portion of the world. But, all breeds are not good for raising for lean meat production. Only a few of them are suitable for commercial raising for meat production.

commercial turkey breeds

So, always select modern and improved turkey breeds for meat production business. Because such types of breeds have excellent meat conversion ratio in comparison to common turkey breeds. They are famous for producing more meat with a facility of less food in a short time period.

One such famous modern turkey breed is Broad-breasted White. It is famous for producing tasty, yummy and flavorful lean meat. However, the following is a list of some world famous breeds of turkey, used for commercial meat production:

  • Broad-breasted White
  • White Holland
  • Standard Bronze
  • Whites
  • Beltsville Small White
  • Bourbon Reds
  • Bronze
  • Narragansetts
  • Bourbon Red
  • Royal Palm
  • Black &
  • Slate

However, for commercial turkey meat production, it is advised to go for only fastest growing breeds like Broad-Breasted Whites, White Hollands, White, and Standard Bronze, etc. To maximize profit.

Housing and Fencing in Turkey Farming

There is a need for a good home with the facility of all essential availabilities like fodder, water, fresh air, etc for their healthy growth. So, make sure of all of the essential facility while making a new house for birds.

Along with permanent housing. fencing is also required. Fencing of the house will provide protection from predators. Make fencing as high and strong as possible. Make use of following for fencing turkey house:

  • Electric poultry netting
  • Wooden posts
  • Metal T – posts &
  • Woven wire fencing

commercial turkey farming

Point to Consider While Making Housing for Turkey birds

Keep in mind of the following point to construct a good housing for turkeys for their healthy growth and meat production:

  1. Make Sure of enough space for birds for to keep birds happy and healthy. So, decide your own how many birds to raise, and then think about space requirement. The minimum space requirement for a single bird is about 4 sq ft.
  2. Fencing should be as strong and high as possible to protect birds from predators. The height of fencing should be at least 4 feet, above from the ground.
  3. Do not let the birds graze on the field till they reach their grazing age.
  4. Make sure of adequate light and fresh air flow in the house.
  5. Always make use of wooden litter.
  6. Ensure facility of proper ventilation inside the bird’s house.
  7. With the availability of all essential facility, try to maintain proper hygiene in the house to avoid any kind of contamination.
  8. Make of any strong material for making fencing of the house. Since turkeys are bigger and strong birds than other poultry birds.
  9. Make sure of proper stock of food for birds,
  10. With the good stock of food, also provide an adequate amount of fresh and clean water for the healthy growth of birds.

Turkey Rearing System

Turkeys are are large size poultry birds and are stronger than other domestic birds. For commercial meat production, there are two methods of rearing birds. These two are:

  • Free Range system of rearing Birds
  • Intensive System of rearing birds

Free Range System of Rearing Birds in Turkey Farming

For raising birds with the free-range system, fencing of land should be done with suitable strong fencing material. Generally, around the one-acre open land is good enough for raising 250 adult turkeys birds. Also, provide shelter @ 4 Sq ft per each bird during night time. Planting tree in the growing area is a good idea to provide shade and also to maintain cool temp.

turkey birds farming

Fencing is essential to give protection from predators. Free range farming system is good for turkeys. Since this big size birds are good foragers. And can eat small insects, earthworms, kitchen water, snails, and termites. So, let the birds graze around after they reach their grazing age. This helps in lessening the cost of feeding birds with nutritious fodder.

Calcium should be supplemented if there is calcium deficiency in birds. Calcium deficiency can be corrected by giving 250 gm of calcium per week to each bird as oyster shell.

The feeding cost of birds can be reduced by supplanting fodder with vegetable waste @ 10 % of the food. Timely dipping and deworming of birds are essential to enhance the bird’s growth. This also helps in controlling parasitic attack to birds.

Intensive System of Rearing Turkey Birds

This method of rearing birds helps in improving production efficiency of raise birds. It also helps in easy care and management of birds while raising them for meat production.

Feeding Management in Turkey Meat Production

As this business is totally depended on the meat production, it is essential to feed birds with nutritious fodder in satisfactory amount. So, that birds can grow with optimum growth rate and keep them happy and healthy.

Learn how to feed the turkey birds from a genuine source. This also helps you in minimizing the feeding costs and prevent problems in meat production business.

feeding management in turkey farming

Turkey birds require nutritious food with more protein content for few weeks or during the brooding period. Try of feed with such fodder which contains at least 28 % of protein.

The poultry feeding fodder, Chick starter is the best for feeding turkeys. As it is made with 28 % protein content. Try to feed birds with this nutritious fodder for about first 6 weeks. After which, any suitable fodder like Grower feed can be used for feeding this larger size birds. But, it should contain at least 20 to 25 % of protein content.

But, do note that along with feeding with nutritious and quality fodder, providing fresh and clean water in sufficient amount is also essential. The food and water requirement for turkey bird is higher than other poultry birds.

Brooding Management in Turkey Farming

In commercial turkey farming business, brooding management is essential to avoid any kind of loss. Because for the first few weeks, the life of poult’s are very critical and needs care for raising the healthy flock.

The brooding management includes the facility of the suitable brooding environment. This also includes providing a warm, dry and draft free atmosphere in the house. So, learn the following guide for brooding turkey birds successfully…

brooding in turkey farming

  • Provide floor space @ around 2.0 sq. ft of per poult for the first 6 weeks. It helps in preventing crowding. It also helps in the better livability of birds with excellent growth performances.
  • Maintain proper cleanliness in the brooder house. And carry out disinfect too! Make use of strong disinfectant like Lysol, chlorine bleach with water for proper sanitization in the house.
  • Then after, the house should be dried off for at least 3 days before poults placing in the house.
  • Floor covering should be done with 3 to 5 inches clean, and dry absorbent litter. This can be done by placing crushed corn cobs, wood shavings, straw, peanut hulls, etc.
  • Litter should be cover off with a paper about five days to stop poults from consuming it. This helps in consuming litter rather than consuming feed for the 1st week.
  • Place infrared bulbs and electric brooders to create a warm and dry atmosphere in the house. Temp during brooding plays an important role in the healthy growth of poults.
  • Place brooder guards in the house to provide protection to the poults from draft conditions. This also helps in keeping birds around the warm atmosphere of the brooder.
  • Also, place few feeders along with few waterers in the brooding region. But, do not place exactly under the heat source.
  • This is beneficiary in keeping birds closely around the warm atmosphere and helps in feeding poults easily. It also helps in feeding food quickly.
  • The feeding frequency and amount should be done on the basis of poults age. Increase it with the increasing age of poults.
  • And, always feed with nutritious fodder containing at least 25 % of protein content.
  • Providing sufficient amount of fresh and clean water along with enough food is must essential for the healthy growth and development of birds. There is need of help for locating water for birds.
  • Dipping of the beaks for the first few days is helpful in drinking birds. Once, poults start drinking, they become capable of drinking water on their own. Supply enough fresh and clean water.
  • Try to check poults often during this brooding period. Regularly check health and hygiene in the house.
  • After about a week, placed brooder guards should be removed.
  • However, it is necessary to keep brooder guards during the long cold period to provide heat and keep the dry atmosphere.

Care and Management of Turkey

turkey farming

Since this business is depended on livestock farming of birds. Proper care and management of birds are essential. This is helpful in reducing the loss %age in livestock farming. It also helps in attaining proper growth of birds.

 

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Pest of Turkey

All like other commercial birds, turkeys are also very prone to several pests, insects, and diseases. The common parasites of turkeys are:

  • Roundworms and
  • Fowl mite

carry out dipping and deworming of raised birds to keep birds happy and healthy. However, they are also get attacked by several kinds of bacteria, bacterial, fungal, and viral infections.

Disease of Turkey

diseases of turkey birds

The common diseases of turkey birds are:

  • Erysipelas
  • Erysipelas
  • Fowl cholera
  • Blue comb disease
  • Coccidiosis
  • Arizonosis
  • Chronic respiratory disease
  • New castle disease,
  • Paratyphoid
  • Turkey coryza and 
  • Turkey venereal disease

Pests and Disease Control in Turkey Farming

To minimize any kind of loss in this business plan, follow the given below vaccination schedule. Timely application @ proper dose helps in preventing all pests and diseases in birds. This vaccination schedule also helps in obtaining proper bird growth.

Vaccination Schedule for Turkey Birds

Turkey Bird Age Vaccination
1 Day old New Castle Disease – B1 Strain
24 days & 30 days Fowl Pox
35 Week New Castle Disease – (R 2 B)
55 days to 65 days Cholera Vaccine

Marketing in Turkey Farming

When it comes to the marketing of turkeys meat, there is no need of bother more about it. The demand for turkeys meat is increasing more and more and is gaining popularity across the worldwide. Because it produces lean meat which is low in fat content.

turkey farming for meat

Male birds attain their slaughtering age at their age of 2 years old. Usually, females have less weight than make birds. Female birds also take more time to reach their slaughtering age. Generally, a 24 weeks old male easily weigh from 12 kg to 15 kg

When birds reach their slaughtering age, they should be sent off for selling in the market. And, local markets are the great place for it.

Final Word

Turkey farming business plan is truly very lucrative and is very enjoyable too!!!

However, before getting started a new turkey farm, please consult a near turkey farm. So, that you can learn tips and trick of turkey farming to increase your meat production. And you can earn little practical knowledge of the turkey farming business plan.