How to start a profitable Fish farming commercially as Business

How to start a profitable Fish farming commercially as Business

Fish Farming commercially

Introduction

Hey, friend!! are you looking for a business farming which can give you too much profit in a short period? Yes, then let me tell you that today I am here with an article which will help you in this. Yes, today I am going to provide you a step by step guide on the commercial fish farming and also the ways, how to make it more and more profitable. From this article, you can find anything related to this farming like what is the importance of using fish in your food or health benefits of fish, advantages of fish rearing and How to start a profitable fish farming business.

Farming a fish does not need much effort, but to achieve a good profit or a good yield from it requires too much dedication, a good management skill, and the technique used for this farming.

Importance of Fish

Every farmer thinks about what is the future aspect of that commercial business which he is going to start. So, friends don’t think too a much about this farming business. There are more than 50 % of people in the world, who use to fish in their diet regularly. Amazing!!! So, there is no need of marketing your fish. One can easily sell it in the local market or can export in the international market.

The major source of fishes is the natural water bodies like seas, river, etc. Due to large consumption of fishes, leads to decrease in stock of them.

What can we do? We can make an effort to ensure the fish stock by raising them is a small fish farm. How to start a small fish farm? So, for starting a small fish farm, you need just some basic things like a pond, a tank for water, an healthy food and a favorable climate condition to them to breed over in a huge quantity.

Fish Farming

So, if you are thinking to start a fish farm than it is advisable to raise Catfish, salmon, Tilapia, Tuna are some example most profitable fish to farm.

Let us what are the advantages of raising fishes.

Advantages of Fish Farming

Starting a fish farming has lots of advantages. The main advantages of farming fishes are listed below.

  1. Importance; As fishes are included in the diet of more than 50% people of the world, there is great demand for fishes in the market.
  2. Marketing; There is no need to the marketing of your product; fish. The consumer always searches for fresh and healthy fish.
  3. Good return; Fish farm can give you an instant and rapid income in a very short time period.
  4. Basic Needs; Basically, fish need a water & healthy food in sufficient amount. However, a clean environment leads to higher production.
  5. Water Availability; There is easy availability of various types of water bodies like lots of rivers and lake. So, you can start it anywhere, just fill up the pond and start raising fishes.
  6. Hybrid species; In the market, short time breeding and fast growing hybrid are easily available like catfish, salmon… so raise those most profitable fish.
  7. Availability of labor; It did not require more labor, but using low-cost labor is advisable.
  8. Integrated Fish farming; This technique of raising fish is more beneficial than normal farming fish. In this, you can raise fish along with domestic birds, crops, livestock farming, or any vegetable farming. As it will minimize your cost of feeding and also maximize your production.
  9. Employment Opportunities; An unemployed, educated & young people can start this business easily. And also can earn a lot with good farm management practice and proper care.
  10. No need of qualification; There is no need of qualification for most profitable fish to farm. One with its basic needs can easily start this most profitable fish farm.
  11. Bank Loan Availability; If you want to start raising commercial fishes as a business, and you have not a much initial investment required for the establishment of your pond, then you can also apply for bank loan. Visit your nearest bank or financial associate to apply for the loan.

So, raising commercial fishes as a business has lots of advantages. So, let us learn How to start a most profitable fish farm.

Type of Your Farm

One can raise fishes by extensive & intensive farming method. The three most used method for raising fish are cage system, tank system, and Pond system. So, it is up to you for which you would like to go for. But from these three methods, pond system of raising fish is most profitable and also suitable for farming commercial fishes as a business.

But, if you want to small scale fish farming, then go for the option of tank system or cage system of raising fish.

Here below is a brief information of all these three types.

Cage System Fish farming

In cage system, prepare a cage and then place it into the prepared pond or other water bodies like Lake. Start feeding fishes and harvest them as soon as they reach their marketing age. As healthy and quality fish are in market demand.

Tank System Fish farming

In tanks system, prepare some tanks and put into the water bodies, stock fish in that prepared tanks, feed regularly and harvest them as they reach their marketing stage.

Pond System Fish farming

Pond System; As this system is popular of all this three, we will learn this method more deeply.

Let us learn how to start Fish Farming Business?

How to Start Fish Farming Business?

Farming a fish does not need much effort, but to achieve a good profit or a good yield from it requires too much dedication, a good management skill, and the technique used for this farming. Managing a business requires systematic and field related experience. So, if Want to start a fish farm and have not much practical knowledge, then start small scale fish farming, it will help in increasing your practical knowledge & after that, you can increase your fish farm.

For starting a fish farming business, you have to handle out some step involved in it. These steps are listed below

  1. Preparing or constructing a fish pond; a good enough for your business.
  2. Selection of proper and good farm location.
  3. Selection of fast growing and high breeding species of fish.
  4. Feeding Fish; for good growth of fishes.
  5. Care and maintenance of you fish farm.
  6. Timely Harvesting & Marketing of your fishes.

Let us learn these step in more details.

Preparing a Fish Pond

In pond system fish farming, pong preparation is an important task. Construct a pond good enough for fish farming. We can’t operate a fish farming business without a good pond, require for stocking water. One can use an existing pond or prepare a one for this business. But select a place for your pond with a clean environment as it helps in increasing your fish production.

With the help of pond system, you can produce fish through out the complete year. However, raising seasonal fish is also profitable and cost less.

How to start fish farming

For producing fish with the help of seasonal pond, rear high breeding & fast developing species of fish. It will help you to earn a high production in a very short time period with a rapid income. But take care there should be no shortage of water, as water shortage in fish farming business cause the death of fishes and finally, you as a loss in business.

For preparing pond, first of all, fertilize the pond after cleaning it perfectly. Manage the pH value of soil as well as of water for good production and also try to provide a clean environment as these are key factors in deciding the fish production in your business.

Select a Suitable Farm location

Preparing a proper in this business farming is not enough, it also needs a suitable location so that you can easily connect to the local market. Select a location for your fish farm, which has clean surroundings and also easy water availability. Avoid polluted places for you fish farm as it can lead to hazardous to your fish. A location with full of natural resources like the coastal area or the location near rivers, supposed to be the best location for starting a most profitable fish farm.

Here below is a list of factors to consider in site selection of your fish farm, Learn them.

  1. Type of Location; While selecting location for your business, avoid sloppy lands, select a location with level land
  2. Future aspect; Before starting your fish farm at any place, select a bigger piece of land so that you can conduct all types of essential farm exercises.
  3. Avoid bad environment; Bad environment like a polluted and flooded area may affect your fish raising business too seriously.
  4. Avoid chemical and fertilizers; Avoid farm located near a crop field, because growers use toxic and harmful chemicals in bigger quantity like pesticide & fertilizers to obtain higher production as these chemicals mixed well with water and make it polluted.
  5. Area or Size; Select a farm location which is just lower than the natural water bodies as it will minimize the cost of pong filling.
  6. Transportation; Select a farm location from which you can easily get connected with the local market and also transportation availability. A good transportation helps in marketing your fish, buying all essential equipment and requirements from the market.

So, if you want to start a commercial fish farming, then it is recommended to you that please take care of above mention point to select the best location for your business of rearing fishes.

FAQ: What should be the size of the pond for commercial fish farming?

No, matter! how much bigger is your pond. One can start this by using a small pond also, but the basic thing to notice is the continuous source of water. There should be no shortage of water while farming the fishes. because fish are not able to survive without the water.

As bigger is your pond size, more are the chances of good return from this farming.

Pond Design & Construction

In fish farming, preparing a good pond and selection of the location of your business is the basics, but preparing a good pond at the selected site should have good design and is construct a well.

Firstly, prepare a good design of your pond so that you can construct it well. Construct in accordance with the available facilities. Also think of filling your pond with water, feeding your fish, harvesting them.

Fish Farming pond design and construction

But, take care that the construction & designation of your fish pond totally depends on the hybrid or species of fish, which you want to raise. And also the location selected for your fish farm. If you have not sufficient knowledge of designing and construction of fish pond than please take the advice of your nearest Fisheries Institute to learn more about specific pond design for specific fish species.

In any fish rearing business, the atmosphere surrounding your fish pond is also an important task as it will help in the good development of fishes as well your production. A good and clean atmosphere lead to optimum fish production so always try to maintain a healthy atmosphere around your pond.

Selection of Fish Breeds

It is the selected breed of fish, that decide the amount of production in your business. Raising some species of fish is so beneficial to us that it can give a good return with instant income. So, it is advisable to raise a fish species which is high in breeding and is also fast growing or maturing.

Selection of fish hybrid plays a vital role in sustainability and stability of your business. Select a fish species in according with its market demand, availability of the resources, care and maintenance requirements for it etc. Try to utilize all the available resources to maximize your business as possible.

In maximizing your fish farming business, go for Polyculture. Polyculture (growing or raising two or more fish breeds in the same pond) is the best plan for maximum utilization of available resources. You can easily get the quality fish seeds or baby fishes from the nearest fish farmer or from fisheries department.

Take care while buying those hybrid or baby fish from the market. Always buy a healthy baby fish or fish seed for your farm which is not infected. Purchase them from a reliable and known source like a farmer or a fisheries department.

 

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Breed selection in fish farming

For sustainability of your fish farming business, select that species of fish which has great demand in your local market. Some aquaponics fish species like the carp, salmon, tilapia, and catfish are some most profitable fish to farm. And are also popularly grown by the successful farmer, all over the worlds. However, selection of fish species also depends on the region of your fish farm.

Feeding Fishes

This business of growing fish dominantly depends on the food, which you are giving to them. A healthy and quality food for fishes leads to the better amount of production. So, always try to feed these breeds a healthy and quality food. No matter, which breed you have raised in your fish farm. Always try to provide a high quality, nutritious food in a sufficient amount to your fish. It will be helpful in increasing production to the maximum and also make your fishes healthy.
Fish Feeding
If you are supplying natural food to the breed, then it is advisable to provide supplementary food along with it. It will make your fishes healthy and happy too. For this, you can prepare this at home or buy it from the local market. There are various types of prepared commercial fish feed available in the market for specific fish species.
If you do not want to buy it from the market and want to prepare it by your own. Then, learn more about preparing the supplementary fish feed. But, don’t forget to add all types of necessary nutrient elements to that food, like minerals, vitamins, salt etc.
Feed your fish several times a day, depending on the fish species.

Care & Management of Fish Farm

Not for fish rearing, for any commercial business; proper care and good farm management experience lead to a better result than the normal farming. So, it is better to take care of some things.
Below are some suggestion for you learn about care & management of Fish farm.
  1. Feed your fish, a high quality, fresh & Nutritious food to keep them healthy.
  2. Change pond water occasionally, it will reduce the chance of getting Infection & if not possible, it advisable to make use of some chemical according to the expert’s suggestion
  3. Observe the health of your fish on a routine basis.
  4. Perform all the essential farm activity time to time.
  5. Always try to keep the pond atmosphere clean and fresh, which is suitable for good growth of fishes.
  6. Always maintain pH of your soil & water, favorable to good growth and do it regularly.
  7. It is advisable to stock some essential drugs for your fish farm.
  8. Keep away all types of predators which include snakes, frogs, etc…

So, above are some of the basic instruction that can lead you to a successful fish farmer!!

Harvesting

In this business, in a period of very short time, you will be able to obtain the production as healthy & developed fishes in your pond. Since it is up to you to decide that when to harvest your fishes? Harvesting period of fishes varies from species to species as this business totally depends on the breed used for raising.

However, start collecting your fishes when they reach their marketing age. After about short time period, you will be able to collect healthy fishes. Harvesting healthy fish leads to greater profit as your product; fishes will be sold on the basis of their weight & their rates are fixed in the market.

Fish Farming harvesting

For collecting fishes from the pond, make use of fishnet or collect it by removing the pond water. Must take care of temp. while collecting fishes, it should be low. So, the collection should be carried out in the morning or in the evening.

After collection, transfer those fishes to the market as soon as possible.

Marketing

After collecting your product that is, fish from the pond, you have to sell them in the nearby market. As you know that about more than 50% people in the world, uses fish regularly in their diet. There is great demand for fishes in the market, whether it be carp, salmon, tilapia, or a catfish. There are many agencies available, which can help you to export them to foreign countries. So don’t worry about marketing the products, just focus on the other steps.

For selling your collected fishes, it is a good idea to sell them to the local market rather than export them to foreign countries. Because it will directly minimize your cost of exporting. And also good returns. But if you interested in selling your fish to the international market, a farmers association group can help in this.

Final Words

Hey, friends!! Starting a fish farm as Business is really a profitable business, that can give you a rapid and instant income in a period of short time and is also a good source of employment for the young and educated peoples.

So, if are interested in starting a most profitable fish farm and have not much practical knowledge, then it is a suggestion you to start small scale fish farming, it will help in increasing your practical knowledge & after which, you can increase your fish farm. Always raise hybrids like carp, salmon, tilapia, or a catfish which are some example of most profitable fish to farm. 

God bless you!!!

How to start your own Vermiculture Business?

Vermicompost Preparation Process and Profit guide 2018

Hello, friends! Want to start your own Vermiculture Business and does not have much knowledge of Vermiculture? Then, don’t worry friends, today I am going to Inform you about How to Start a Profitable Vermiculture Business In India or anywhere all over the world.

Today we will learn How to Compost or Prepare your own compost, a step by step guide on vermicompost preparation method, What does it nutrient content and it NPK ratio and also how to make vermicompost at home.

So, let us move ahead and learn how to start vermiculture business.

About Vermicompost

We all are familiar well with the earthworms found in the land are the multifaceted organism for the humans being. Earthworm converts the residue of crop and other organic matter of trees fallen on the field of land to the small pellets which act as native manure for plants.

Earthworms are also helpful in produces a better crop with the help of tractor which is not possible with the other system without disturbing the plants. Earthworm also helps in maintaining long-term sustainability of physical, chemical and biological properties of soil along with the fertility power of the soil.

About vermicompost

Earthworm used decomposable organic wastes as their food, from which about 5 to 10 percent of the consumed food is absorbed by the body cell of the earthworm and the rest of their food is excreted in the form of pellets which is known as Vermi- compost. In the present time, the rearing of earthworm in known as the Vermiculture and in the controlled condition, the method of producing the fertilizer by rearing the earthworm is known as the vermicompost.

Synthetically, it is prepared by the mixing up the dead remnant, eggs, cocoons, microbial organism etc in the controlled system and is called the wormy compost.

Advantages and Benefits of Vermicompost

Here below is a list of some advantages of using vermicompost in your farm.

  1. Worm compost is rich in all the essential plant nutrients and provides excellent plant growth and encourages the growth of new leaves and improves the quality and shelf life of the produce.
  2. Encourage the plant to develop well along with the new plant.
  3. Improve the growth and quality of plant
  4. It is easy to handle vermicompost and apply, and does not have any bad odor.
  5. It promotes the fertility power of soil along with the soil structure.
  6. It improves the drainage power (water holding capacity) of soil.
  7. Worm compost is full of earthworms cocoons, which helps in increasing worm activity in soil and is also raise the population of worms in the soil.
  8. Worms are helpful in neutralizing the soil fertility.
  9. Vermicompost is totally free from the weed seed, toxic element, pathogens, and such like factors
  10. Vermicompost is rich in enzymes, valuable vitamins, and hormones like auxins, gibberellins, and more.
  11. Use of vermicompost is helpful in preventing soil from erosion.
  12. Nutrient content of vermicompost is higher when compared to traditional composts.
  13. Vermicompost harbors certain microbial populations that help in Nitrogen fixation in the soil and ‘P’ solubilization.
  14. Use of worm comps
  15. Percentage of N: P: K content is more in vermicompost when compared to traditional or bacterial compost.

So, using vermicompost in your farm is too beneficial to increase your production; quality and also quantity. Try it!!!

Chemical composition of vermicompost

The chemical composition mainly depends on the wastes, water, their sources of raw material and the method which is used to the preparation of it. Basically, In vermicompost, NPK ratio is more than the ordinary manure and Also, the vermicompost nutrient content. It contains all the nutrient which is needed for the good growth of plant like it contains 5 times more Nitrogen than in the farm yard manure, 8 times more Phosphorous, 11 times more potash and 3 times magnesium and many like such nutrient in greater quantity than the farm yard manure. So the use of it is better preferred than the farm yard manure commonly known as the dung manure in locals.

Vermicompost nutrient content

The nutrient contained in it is fully depended on the degradable waste, used for the preparation of compost. Better the waste used, better is the quality of compost.  The heterogeneous waste material is preferred than the homogeneous waste since they provide the wide range of nutrient.

Here is a list of some common nutrient which is available in this wormy compost.

Organic carbon 9.5 – 17.98 %
Nitrogen              0.5 – 1.50 %
Phosphorous 0.1 – 0.30 %
Potassium 0.15 – 0.56 %
Sodium 0.06 – 0.30 %
Calcium and Magnesium 22.67 to 47.60 meq per 100 gm
Copper 2 – 9.50 mg per 1 kg  
Iron        2 – 9.30 mg per 1 kg
Zinc 5.70 – 11.50 mg per 1 kg
Sulphur                128 – 548 mg per 1kg

Which are to much higher than the ordinary compost like the chicken manure and so.

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Importance of Earthworms in Agriculture

From ancient times, earthworms are known as the integral friend of farmers. Considering the importance of earthworm in maintaining the fertility by the reversal of the land.

Earthworms are very helpful to the smaller and medium farmers by playing the vital role of supplying fertilizers which are multiple in quantity than the dung manure. In soil, annually earthworm build thick surface of 1 to 5 mm as fertilizer using their body cell.

So the earthworms are useful and beneficial to the land as follows:

Improve physical quality of land

Vermicomposting

Earthworms feed on the available crop residue and carry that residue along with them on the ground, of which 5 to 10 percent of their food is used up by them and the rest is excreted through their body cell as compost in the night time. This unused excreted material is so much benefit to the soil which is fine structure pellet. These pellets help in raising the fertility power of soil and also increase the air efficiency of soil. Research on vermiculture has reported that at every year, earthworms reverses 2 to 250 tons of soil which result as 1 to 5 mm thick surface of the land, increasing annually by the earthworms.

  1. permanent pellets like soil particle are generated because of regular plowing of land by farmer and reversal of soil by the earthworms. These pellets like soil particle improve the soil structure and air circulation which further help the soil to do some biological activity, humus formation and the nitrogen fixation of the soil on which they are implemented.
  2. This improvement in the structure of land increase the storage capacity and also help to better the drainage power of soil which finally result in increasing the groundwater levels of land.
  3. Vermi compost also provides favorable soil climate for the crop, since there is the availability of heat and microenvironment.

Improving Chemical Quality and Fertility of the Land

Soil fertility provides all the nutrient required for the growth of the plant, which basic potential of any soil to cultivate any crop. Higher the fertility power of soil, greater is the production as yield. Soil collect that nutrient from the crop residue on the field of land and from the microorganism, whose combined system result as the nutrient for the plant. Micro-organism first decomposes all the biological residue to the degraded remnant and then that semi degraded remnant is converted to the vermicompost by the earthworms. So in this way, by incorporating micro-organism and earthworms turns the biological substance to the optimum fine pellet like compost by decomposing them which is highly beneficial is raising the soil fertility.

Improve the organic quality of the land

Basically, any land has some specific organic matter present in that land along with the micro-organism. The quantity may differ from land to land and region to region. The presence of earthworms is the indication of the fertile land. The fertility depends on the number and quantity of these earthworms along with their species. There are various species of earthworms found in different areas.

One can easily measure the biological properties of any land by measuring the numbers of earthworms, their diversity and their rate of activation along with the complex series of microorganism present found in that land. The activity of earthworm with the dissection of the crop residue is the major feature of the land fertility. Earthworms, with the help of the crop residue available on the field of land, can provide carbon to the crop as an energy source and supply sustainable nutrient to the plant or to the soil by creating enzymes, vitamins, amino acids and the humus in the soil.

Vermicomposting preparation

In this way, earthworm plays a vital role in maintaining the fertility power of soil, since earthworms are the best ever friends of the farmers.

How to prepare vermicompost

Any type of biodegradable waste can be used as raw material for preparing this compost. Here is a list of some commonly used waste: –

  1. Crop residue
  2. Weed biomass
  3. Waste from the agro-industries
  4. Waste from the plant
  5. Waste from vegetable
  6. Waste from the hotels
  7. A biodegradable waste.

Different stages of Vermicomposting

Stage 1

Pre-preparation including the collection of wastes of the degradable waste from the undegradable waste.

Stage 2

Digestion of collected waste for about month till the heaping of along with the cow dung slurry, this digested material is fit for earthworms consumption.

Stage 3

A cement base is needed for putting the waste for compost preparation. Allow worms to go inside the soil for loosening the soil with watering.

Stage 4

Collect the worms from the concrete base after collection of the prepared compost.

Stage 5

Storage of prepare compost in the appropriate place so that moisture can be maintained along with the growth of micro-organism.

What do earthworms need to survive?

Earthworms need five essential basic things. Those five basic things are Bedding, A food source, Adequate moisture which contains more than 50% water by weight, Adequate aeration, and  Avoids extreme temperature as it is harmful to worms.

Vermicompost preparation

Here is a step by step guide on Vermicompost preparation method. Do follow them for preparing this compost.

Vermicomposting worms

African earthworm

Commonly found worms have not much capacity so that they are less used for preparing compost purpose at huge scale. From all species of worms, African earthworms are preferred than the other because they produce the higher quantity of compost in a short interval of time.

Site selection for vermiculture

A suitable place is needed for Vermicomposting. You can choose a shady place which has high humidity and cool weather.

Container for vermicompost or composting bins

To collect the production or compost, you should have an open place like container or Composting bins to place the prepared compost and give some time so that micro-organism can activate on the manure and makes it more fertile than the previous one. Since humidity must be maintained during this period so that the growth of microorganism becomes more.

Vermicompost at Ranchi

One can also prepare a cement open block which is 3 feet higher and has the same or wider. The room should be sloppy so that water can be collected at one end and can be reused.

Vermicompost bed

If you are preparing compost with the help of worms then, you must have to take care of them. But how? and what should be Vermicompost bed size? So, prepare a bed for them by placing saw dust, sugarcane trash, husk, coir waste in the prepared container. The thickness should be or can keep up to 3-5 cm. Then after, a layer of fine sand of the same thickness is to be spread over that which is followed by the garden soil, most of the same size.

Take care that all layer must be moistened with water.

Worm food

Composting worms are big eaters. Records have shown that compost worm eats more than their body weight each a day and they can eat anything like the plant and the degradable waste. These worms prefer to some food than the other basically the dung manure are their best favorable food including the dairy waste. As much they eat, higher is the amount of their production. Research has been shown that the rabbit manure is the best food for the composting worms as possible as natural.

Common worms food

Manures are the best and preferred food for the compost worms which include the cattle manure, poultry manure, sheep or goat manure, hog manure, rabbit manure, fresh food scraps like peels, leftover commercial food processing waste, pre-composted food waste, biosolids as human waste, seaweed, legume hays, corrugated cardboard, fish and poultry offal like animal mortalities.

Selection of raw material for vermicomposting

All the food used by the compost worm is the raw material since all food, eaten by them is not used by the worms. Only 5 to 10 percent of them is used by them and all the remaining extra food is excreted through their body cell. You can use everything as raw material which can be biodegradable. Since worms used only the degradable waste as their food, letting the remaining.

Idle Conditions for Earthworms in Compost Material

Here below are some idle condition for preparing vermicompost

  1. A pH range should be between 6.5 and 7.5 along with moisture content of 60-70% below and above range mortality of worms taking place.
  2. Suitable aeration should be 50% from the total pore space.
  3. Temperature range of 19 to 35°C is suitable for best production.

Preparing of vermicompost in the container or in composting bins

For preparing this compost, use the predigested material (mention earlier) and Mix that material well with 30% cattle dung, by weight or volume and keep the prepared container (composting bins). must take care of the moisture, it should not be lower than the 60%. Then over that material, place selected earthworms, uniformly throughout the mixture. There is no need of placing worms inside the mixture, they automatically move inside by themselves.

Watering on the bed

commercial vermicompost preparation

To prepare compost using the worms, it is necessary to maintain the moisture of mixture so that microorganism can grow rapidly for better compost. There is no need of daily watering on the mixture. But, the only thing to do is to maintain the moisture of mixture, not less than 60%. you can water the mixture through various way like sprinkling. Do not water, when you are going to take out the produced compost.

Precautions while Vermicomposting

Here below are some points to consider, for profitable vermiculture business.

  1. The compost pit should be protected from direct sunlight and a certain temperature has to be maintained.
  2. Make sure that the addition of higher quantities of acid rich substances such citrus wastes should be avoided.
  3. Make sure to have a drainage channel around the heap to avoid stagnation of water particularly in high rainfall areas in rainy season.
  4. Always maintain the moisture level by watering.
  5. Avoid worms predator like a crane. As they will lessen your profit
  6. The worms should be protected from the natural predators
  7. Make sure that compost beds/heaps are not covered plastic sheets/material since this can trap the heat and gases.
  8. Should not overload the vermicompost heap to avoid high temperature that adversely affects their population.
  9. Water stress or dry conditions kill the earthworms. Make sure to water daily in summer and every third day in rainy and winter season to supply the continuous moisture to the beds.
  10. Use organic materials in composting which is free from materials such as stones, glass pieces, plastics, ceramic tubes.

So, these are the main precaution for a profitable vermiculture business. Take care of them.

How to compost or Compost collection

From the container (composting bins), you can take out the prepared compost at same interval of time like at a week or a gap of 10 days. Take care of the worms should not come with the compost. Check the quality of compost and prepared compost must be taken out when it is prepared so that worms yield more and more compost.

Many asked that how long does it take to make compost? You can collect that prepare compost from composting bin after about three to four month of starting this composting process.

Harvesting of earthworms

A collection of worms after the compost production is essential so that you can use them for the next batch for preparing the compost. It will help you to reduce the cost for the next time planning of composting. So always try to collect all the worms from the bed.

prepares Vermicompost

You can collect these worms with the help of cow dung ball. Prepare a cow dung ball of size as possible by you. Then put that dung ball into the bed and let it remains the ball for about 24 hrs. Take out the dung ball on the next day. You will find that all worms stick to the ball. You can separate them by placing that dung ball in a bucket, full of water. They will separate from the dung ball in the water. Used them for the next batch.

Storing and packing of vermicompost

Advantages of vermicompost

Compost should be stored in dark and cool place with maintaining moisture about 40%. prevent that compost from sunlight because it will lead to nutrient loss along with lowering the moisture of the compost. It is preferred that try to keep store the compost in open dark room rather than closed sector.

Must take care of maintaining the moisture level of prepared compost.

How to Make Vermicompost at Home

How to make your own vermicompost at home? Anyone can make it small quantity (as per need) at home with the following steps. Do follow to make vermicompost at home.

First of all, prepare a composting bed and then after adding organic waste to it about 5 to 6 cm in the composting bed, avoid inorganic material from your organic waste as they lessen your compost quality. After adding the organic waste and some earthworms to it, composting worms as easily available in the market. Maintain the moisture level of bed (> 50%), since it helps the worms fast composting. Do not let the bin too dry or over water as it will kill your worms. Check the moisture level of your composting bin on a reguler basis and always avoid sunlight from it or keep it close. Water your composting bin on the basis of need to maintain the moisture level. Nearly about three to four month of starting this process, collect the

Maintain the moisture level of bed (> 50%), since it helps the worms fast composting. Do not let the bin too dry or over water as it will kill your worms. Check the moisture level of your composting bin on a regular basis and always avoid sunlight from it or keep it close. Water your composting bin on the basis of need to maintain the moisture level. Nearly about three to four month of starting this process, collect the

Nearly about three to four month of starting this process, collect the prepared compost from the composting bin and store it proper place. Take care while storing, keep it in a cool and shady place so that you obtain a quality compost.Hence, your vermicompost is ready for use. Use it and get benefits of it.

Hence, your vermicompost is ready for use. Use it and get benefits of it.

Vermicomposting preparation

Application of vermicompost in agriculture in Various Crops

Give only sufficient amount of compost to any crop. As the application of it in proper will definitely raise the amount of production in any crop. So, here below is a guide on some suggested doses. However, wormy compost can be applied to your soil at any stage, just mix it well in soil.

  1. About 6 to 7 tonnes of vermicompost per hectare is enough for any crop to grows well.
  2. Apply about 11 to 12 tonnes for a vegetable crop.
  3. Apply about 100 to 250 gm per sq. feet for flower plants.
  4. Apply about 6 to 12 kg of compost per tree if you are farming commercial tree