Cato’s only surviving work is De agri cultura (On Farming), a treatise on agriculture written about 160 bc. De agri cultura is the oldest remaining complete prose work in Latin. It is a practical handbook dealing with the cultivation of grape vines and olives and the grazing of livestock, but…
What does De Agri Cultura mean?
De Agri Cultura. De Agri Cultura (Latin pronunciation: [ˈdeː ˈaɡriː kʊlˈtuːraː], On Farming or On Agriculture), written by Cato the Elder, is the oldest surviving work of Latin prose.
What is the message of De Agri Cultura by Cato?
Cato makes a strong contrast with farming, which he praises as the source of good citizens and soldiers, of both wealth and high moral values. De agri cultura contains much information on the creation and caring of vineyards, including information on the slaves who helped maintain them.
What is the style of De Agri Cultura by Plautus?
Its direct style, however, was noted by other ancient authors like Aulus Gellius as “forceful and vigorous”, in a context of extreme simplicity. Perhaps the main achievement of De agri cultura is its depiction of rural life during the Roman Republic.
Who wrote De agriculture?
history of ancient Rome this period come from Cato’s De agricultura. Although based on Greek handbooks discussing estate management, it reflects the assumptions and thinking of a 2nd-century senator. Cato envisaged a medium-sized, 200-iugera farm with a permanent staff of 11 slaves.
Was Cato the Elder a farmer?
His epithet “Elder” distinguishes him from his equally famous great-grandson Cato the Younger, who opposed Julius Caesar. He came from an ancient Plebeian family who were noted for their military service. Like his forefathers, Cato was devoted to agriculture when not serving in the army.
What was the famous saying of Cato?
“Wise men profit more by fools than fools by wise men.” “He who hesitates is lost.” “Those who are serious in ridiculous matters will be ridiculous in serious matters.” “After I’m dead I’d rather have people ask why I have no monument than why I have one.”
Was Cato a censor?
In 184, Cato became censor; afterwards, he became a most authoritative presence in the Senate and remained active until the year of his death (149 BCE). He is often remembered for his hostility to Greek learning, but he is also considered the virtual founder of Roman historiography, oratory, and Latin prose in general.
What is agricultural land allocation?
With the exception of Athens, and a few areas where aerial surveys have permitted analysis of historical land distribution, agricultural property allocation is not well known. Before the 5th century BCE, it is certain that the land belonged to great landowners, such as the Attican Eupatrides. Nevertheless, land use varied regionally; in Attica domains were divided among smaller plots, whereas in Thessaly they had single tenants.
What are the main agricultural texts in Greek?
Most Greek language agricultural texts are lost, except two botany texts by Theophrastus and a poem by Hesiod. The main texts are mostly from the Roman Agronomists: Cato the Elder’s De agri cultura , Columella’s De re rustica , Marcus Terentius Varro and Palladius. Varro mentions at least fifty Greek authors whose works are now lost. Attributed to Mago the Carthaginian, the agricultural treatise Rusticatio, originally written in Punic and later translated into Greek and Latin, is now lost. Scholars speculate whether this text may have been an early source for agricultural traditions in the Near East and Classical world.