De agricultura by cato the elder

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What is Cato the elder best known for?

Cato the Elder. Cato the Elder (/ˈkeɪtoʊ/; Latin: Cato Major; 234–149 BC), born Marcus Porcius Cato and also known as Cato the Censor (Cato Censorius), Cato the Wise (Cato Sapiens), and Cato the Ancient (Cato Priscus), was a Roman senator and historian known for his conservatism and opposition to Hellenization.

What is the message of De Agri Cultura by Cato?

Cato makes a strong contrast with farming, which he praises as the source of good citizens and soldiers, of both wealth and high moral values. De agri cultura contains much information on the creation and caring of vineyards, including information on the slaves who helped maintain them.

Are there any proverbs from Cato the elder?

A collection of Sayings, some of them translated from Greek. The two surviving collections of proverbs known as the Distichs of Cato and the Monosticha Catonis probably belong to the 4th century AD and are not works of Cato the Elder. The wrinkle ridge system Dorsa Cato on the Moon is named after Cato.

What is the real age of Cato?

According to the chronology of Cicero, Cato was born in 234 BC, in the year before the first Consulship of Quintus Fabius Maximus Verrucosus, and died at the age of 85, in the consulship of Lucius Marcius Censorinus and Manius Manilius. Pliny agrees with Cicero. Other authors exaggerate the age of Cato.

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What book did Cato the Elder write?

De agri culturaHe was the first to write history in Latin with his Origines, a now lost work on the history of Rome. His work De agri cultura, a rambling work on agriculture, farming, rituals, and recipes, is the oldest extant prose written in the Latin language.


When did Cato write de Agricultura?

about 160 bcCato’s only surviving work is De agri cultura (On Farming), a treatise on agriculture written about 160 bc. De agri cultura is the oldest remaining complete prose work in Latin.


Who was Cato the Elder?

Marcus Porcius Cato ( / ˈkeɪtoʊ /; 234–149 BC), also known as Cato the Censor ( Latin: Censorius ), the Elder and the Wise, was a Roman soldier, senator and historian known for his conservatism and opposition to Hellenization.


Where was Cato the Elder born?

Biography. Cato the Elder was born in the municipal town of Tusculum, like some generations of his ancestors. His father had earned a reputation as a brave soldier, and his great-grandfather had received a reward from the state for having had five horses killed under him in battle.


How old was Cato when he died?

Other authors exaggerate the age of Cato. According to Valerius Maximus he survived his 86th year, according to Livy and Plutarch he was 90 years old when he died. These exaggerated ages, however, are inconsistent with a statement of Cato himself that is recorded by Plutarch.


What wars did Cato fight?

Battles/wars. Second Punic War. Roman-Syrian War. Marcus Porcius Cato ( / ˈkeɪtoʊ /; 234–149 BC), also known as Cato the Censor ( Latin: Censorius ), the Elder and the Wise, was a Roman soldier, senator and historian known for his conservatism and opposition to Hellenization.


Why did Plutarch choose Cato?

During the campaign in Greece under Glabrio, Plutarch’s account (albeit rejected by historian Wilhelm Drumann) suggests that before the Battle of Thermopylae, Cato was chosen to prevent Corinth, Patrae, and Aegium from siding with Antiochus. During this period, Cato visited Athens where, in trying to prevent the Athenians from listening to the propositions of the Seleucid king, Cato addressed them in a Latin speech, which required an interpreter to be understood by the audience. Whether this was out of necessity or merely a choice by Cato remains unclear, however, since the assertion that he might very well have already known Greek at the time can be made from anecdotal evidence. For example, Plutarch said that while at Tarentum in his youth he had developed a close friendship with Nearchus, who was himself a Greek philosopher. Similarly, Aurelius Victor stated he had received instruction in Greek from Ennius while praetor in Sardinia. Nevertheless, because his speech was an affair of state, it is probable that he complied with the Roman norms of the day in using the Latin language while practicing diplomacy, which was considered as a mark of Roman dignity.


How did Cato use his eloquence?

However true this account, Cato used his eloquence and produced detailed financial accounts to successfully defend against criticism of his consulship. The known fragments of the speeches (or one speech under different names) made after his return attest to the strength of his arguments.


What did Cato do?

He came from an ancient Plebeian family who were noted for their military service. Like his forefathers, Cato was devoted to agriculture when not serving in the army. Having attracted the attention of Lucius Valerius Flaccus, he was brought to Rome and began to follow the cursus honorum: he was successively military tribune (214 BC), quaestor (204 BC), aedile (199 BC), praetor (198 BC), consul (195 BC) together with Flaccus, and censor (184 BC). As praetor, he expelled usurers from Sardinia. As censor, he tried to save Rome’s ancestral customs and combat “degenerate” Hellenistic influences.

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