Does agriculture contribute to nigeria economy


Agriculture remains the largest sector in Nigeria contributing an average of 24% to the nation’s GDP over the past seven years (2013 – 2019). In addition, the sector employs more than 36% of the country’s labour force, a feat which ranks the sector as the largest employer of labour in the country.

How to make money from agriculture in Nigeria?


  • Provision of food; of course, we all know this one, this is the major purpose of agriculture; to feed the nation. …
  • Increase in GDP; Like I previously said, agriculture has contributed highly to the GDP of our economy. …
  • Provision of employment; agriculture as a whole agriculture has as created an employment opportunity for some people. …

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What are the problems of Agriculture in Nigeria?

  • Soil structure and fertility
  • many of the soils in West Africa are very high in clay and extremely hard (physically) to cultivate
  • where slash and burn is practiced, soil fertility is very low and fertilizers must be applied (and aren’t)

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How to start an agricultural business in Nigeria?

  • Determining a location with the best climate condition suitable for your desired crops.
  • Ascertain the topography of the area
  • Determine the soil type as it suits your desired agricultural produce e.g. cashew and cocoa do well in sandy-loams; Yam and Cassava do well with sandy clay.

What are the prospects of Agriculture in Nigeria?

Prospects. Despite the above-named challenges, the potential for growth of the agricultural and agribusiness sector is immense. The agribusiness sector provides employment for more than half of the workforce in Nigeria either directly or indirectly. This implies that agribusiness is capable of reducing the unemployment rate in the country.


How has agriculture contributed to the growth of Nigeria economy?

Agriculture contributes 40% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and employs about 70% of the working population in Nigeria (CIA, 2012). Agriculture is also the largest economic activity in the rural area where almost 50% of the population lives.

What are the contributions of agriculture to the economy?

Agriculture provides an expanding market for the products of the other sectors in the initial stages of development of the economy. Agricultural sector, while helping the development of the other sectors, also finds the income of its people increasing.

What are the benefits of agriculture in Nigeria?

10 Importance of Agriculture in NigeriaProduction and Provision of Food for Human Consumption.Provision of Raw Material.Employment of Labour.Protection of the Environment.Preservation of Species.Foreign Exchange.Boost Export.Means of Subsistence.More items…•

What is the contribution of agriculture to Nigeria’s GDP in 2020?

About 24 percent of Gross Domestic Product was generated by the agricultural sector. The largest contribution was given by crop productions, which generated 21.8 percent of the country’s GDP in 2020. Agriculture contributes to a significant part of the country’s GDP.

Why agriculture is the main stay of Nigeria economy?

Agriculture in Nigeria is a branch of the economy in Nigeria, providing employment for about 35% of the population as of 2020. As reported by the FAO, agriculture remains the foundation of the Nigerian economy, despite the presence of oil in the country. It is the main source of livelihood for most Nigerians.

What is the backbone of Nigeria economy?

Agriculture Remains Backbone of Nigeria’s Economy, Says CBN.

Why agriculture is regarded as mainstay of Nigeria economy?

Despite the decline in the share of agriculture in GDP, it continues to play a significant role in the development of the economy and society, provides a large number of jobs, produces food, raw materials, and contributes to food security, poverty reduction; it contributes to the development of trade and the economy as …

What is the largest contributor to Nigeria’s national income?

agricultureDistribution of gross domestic product (GDP) across economic sectors Nigeria 2020. In 2020, agriculture contributed around 24.14 percent to Nigeria’s GDP, 28.22 percent came from industry, and 46.39 percent from the services sector.

What percentage of Nigeria are involved in agriculture?

70 percentAlthough it depends heavily on the oil industry for its budgetary revenues, Nigeria is predominantly still an agricultural society. Approximately 70 percent of the population engages in agricultural production at a subsistence level.

How much does agriculture contribute to the GDP of Nigeria?

Agriculture currently contributes between 30 and 40 percent to the national gross domestic product (GDP) of the country with a huge majority of the rural population engaging in subsistence agriculture. The relatively diverse variety of climatic conditions in Nigeria makes it possible to raise a wide range of crops across the country.

What was the role of agriculture in Nigeria?

The Role of Agriculture in Nigeria. Prior to the discovery of oil in Nigeria, agriculture was the mainstay of the economy. Agriculture was then the highest earner of foreign exchange for the country, and Nigeria was also largely self-sufficient in food production. However, with the discovery of oil, the lure of petro dollars turned the focus …

How much cocoa does Nigeria produce?

In the agricultural sector, cocoa is the highest foreign exchange earner with Nigeria producing more than 200,000 tons of cocoa per annum. This output can be greatly increased if the current traditional methods of cultivation are traded for more modern mechanized methods.

What has the government done to promote agriculture in Nigeria?

In recent years, the government of Nigeria has put forth policies to promote agriculture in the country. Although a lot has been achieved in the area of food security, a lot still has to be done. Provision of Raw Materials to Support Industries.

How much land is arable in Nigeria?

This land area amounts to about 82 million hectares. Unfortunately, only about half of this arable land mass is being currently cultivated.

Why is food security important in Nigeria?

Food Security. It is a common saying that the quality of food consumed by a people is a stark revelation of the quality of life of the people. With a population of more than 160 million and growing, Nigeria needs to produce enough food to cater for her growing population and also export to earn foreign exchange.

What is the highest employer of labour in Nigeria?

Although no longer the largest sector of the Nigerian economy, agriculture still remains the single highest employer of labour in Nigeria, most especially in the rural areas.

What is the importance of agriculture in Nigeria?

Importance of agriculture in Nigeria 1 major source of employment. 2 main source of food provision. 3 valuable contributor to Nigerian GDP (gross domestic product). 4 major source of foreign exchange. 5 major source of raw material for different industries.

How much did agriculture contribute to Nigeria’s economy in 2010?

The contribution of the agricultural sector to the Nigerian economy in 2010-2017 averaged 3.7 billion Naira. Experts indicate that this is about 40 percent of the GDP and this figure doesn’t change much year after year. Of course, sometimes the numbers are lower and sometimes, they are much higher but the average records show stable constant growth.

Why is it important to develop agricultural businesses?

The importance of developing agricultural businesses and providing all the necessary conditions for local farmers and foreign investors in endless. It’s up to the government to help develop this important sector of the economy and educate potential farmers as well as already established farmers on new and easier farming methods and the types …

How much of Nigeria’s arable land is cultivated?

Only about the third of all the arable lands are actually cultivated. Read also. Factors affecting agricultural production in Nigeria. The development of the agricultural business is extremely important to the country. It can solve many current problems and improve the standard of living of millions of ordinary Nigerians.

Is Nigeria a low income country?

Still, the high GDP (compared to many other African countries) doesn’t guarantee low poverty rate. A large number of Nigerians still live below the poverty line. While many citizens are employed in the agricultural sector, large number of Nigerians are still unemployed. Only about the third of all the arable lands are actually cultivated.

Can a country survive without agriculture?

No country can survive without agriculture, either as an income generating sector of the economy or simply as a domestic food production sector. READ ALSO: Major forms of agriculture in Nigeria. Source: Legit. Hot: Jorge Garcia Famous dragons Pharrell williams net worth Derek jeter wife Npower news.

What is the agricultural production of Nigeria?

The country is a leader in various types of agricultural production, such as palm oil, cocoa beans, pineapple, and sorghum. It is the largest producer of sorghum in the world just after the United States, and ranks fifth in the production of palm oil and cocoa beans . Nigeria is also a large global nuts exporter. In terms of value, it is the second leading exporter of cashew nuts worldwide. Indeed, oil, fruits, nuts, seeds are among the ten best performing export categories .

What are the most common crops in Nigeria?

Among households, the most common crops in Nigeria are maize and cassava, which are grown by almost 50 percent of households. In addition, other widespread crops are Guinea corn, yam, beans, and millets. In quite a few plot-growing maize crops, households used to apply herbicides, while about half use inorganic fertilizers.

What are the main inputs for maize?

Among all major crops grown by Nigerian households, herbicides, in organic fertilizers, animal tractions , and organic fertilizers are the most common farming inputs.

How many people will be in Nigeria by 2050?

Indeed, the Nigerian population is forecast to reach over 400 million people by 2050. Estimations published in 2019 show that by 2050 the consumption of livestock products is going to increase significantly. For instance, the consumption of milk might grow by over 260 percent, for eggs by 250 percent.

How many people in Nigeria go without food?

In recent years, the average share of the Nigerian population suffering from severe food insecurity has been rising. Between 2017 and 2019, about nine percent of people went for entire days without food, due to lack of money or other resources. In fact, the food CPI is increasing month by month in Nigeria.

What are the best exports in Nigeria?

Indeed, oil, fruits, nuts, seeds are among the ten best performing export categories . Agriculture is a key activity for Nigeria’s economy after oil. Agricultural activities provide livelihood for many Nigerians, whereas the wealth generated by oil reaches a restricted share of the population.

Is Nigeria a global leader in agriculture?

Apart from household farming activities, Nigeria is a global leader in agricultural production, as mentioned before. In large production, palm oil crops experienced a significant increase in the past two decades, reaching over one million metric tons in the last three years.

Why is agriculture important in Nigeria?

One of these material resources includes a vast array of land that is arable. This is among the reason for this post on “The Importance Of Agriculture In Nigeria Economic Development”. However, despite the presence of such wealth, the economic status of Nigeria is decreasing apart from the poverty that is increasing every day in the country. In fact, currently, Nigeria has been tagged to be among the World power when it comes to the agricultural sector. A major reason for the decline in the economic status of the country lies mostly in the hands of the Government. This is due to the fact that the Government has centralized the source of income to the country by relying only on the crude oil that the country is also endowed with.

Why is Nigeria’s economy declining?

A major reason for the decline in the economic status of the country lies mostly in the hands of the Government. This is due to the fact that the Government has centralized the source of income to the country by relying only on the crude oil that the country is also endowed with . There are many sectors in Nigeria that can contribute to …

What is the role of agriculture in the development of the economy?

Another role of agricultural sector in developing the economy is the role performed by the agricultural sector in the provision of agro-based raw materials to cater for the fledging, manufacturing and production industry.

What will happen if the traditional agricultural methods are improved with modern mechanized methods?

This is giving a hope that if the traditional agricultural methods are improved with modern mechanized methods, the agricultural sector will do well in contributing to the economic development of the country.

What percentage of Nigeria’s land is arable?

Looking at the lands present in Nigeria, about 80 percent of this land is arable.

What are the major crops grown in Nigeria?

The major crops grown in Nigeria in abundance are sesame, Maize, millet, Oil Palm, banana, rice, rubber, sorghum, soybeans, yams etc.

Which provides the highest income in Nigeria?

And for your information, agriculture provides the highest income for Nigeria when compared with the income the oil is providing in Nigeria now. Apart from that, Nigeria is also blessed with enough food to feed the nation during that period.

Why is agriculture important in Nigeria?

Why Agriculture in Nigeria is Important. Agriculture is at the center of the Nigerian economy, providing the main source of livelihood for the majority of Nigerians. The farming sector of this West African country employs about 70 percent of the entire country’s labor force. Nigeria’s small farms produce 80 percent of the total food …

What percentage of Nigeria’s food is produced by small farms?

Nigeria’s small farms produce 80 percent of the total food and 33 percent of this country’s land is under cultivation for this purpose. This is the leading African country in farming because it has the highest levels of productivity and profitability in this particular sector. Agriculture in Nigeria is the foundation of the economy, …

Why is Nigeria so profitable?

This country is at a huge advantage in terms of agriculture profitability because of the huge demand for farm produce. Nigeria has the benefit of having large stretches of fertile land available to cultivate. This country has one of the largest expanses of land in Africa with more than 900 thousand square kilometers and 70 percent …

What percentage of Nigeria’s land is cultivated?

This country has one of the largest expanses of land in Africa with more than 900 thousand square kilometers and 70 percent of it is able to be cultivated to produce sustenance for the population of Nigeria. This land provides Nigeria with practically an unlimited source of farming food, providing agricultural produces and jobs for the people.

What is the largest consumer in Africa?

Nigeria is Africa’s largest rise consumer. It is mainly small-scale farmers who produce rice, sell 80 percent of their total production and only consume 20 percent of their product. This creates a huge market for the consumption of rice by way of the vast population of Nigeria, as well as the larger continent of Africa.

Why is livestock development important in Nigeria?

Livestock development is also an important aspect of Nigeria’s agriculture. The domestic production of livestock products is far below the national demand , which causes large imports of livestock and livestock products.

Which country produces the most cassava?

Nigeria is the largest producer of cassava in the world. This West African country produces cassava for 20 percent of the world, 34 percent of Africa and 46 percent of West Africa. Despite the fact that Nigeria has an enormous market for cassava, it is mostly grown for family consumption and local sale by smallholders.

How much is Nigeria’s GDP in 2020?

In real terms, Nigeria’s GDP for the first quarter of 2020 stood at N16.7 trillion, meaning agriculture generated about N3.7 trillion. The NBS said in all, the non-oil sector contributed the largest chunk of 90.6 per cent to the economy.

Why did Buhari urge farmers to increase their food production?

“I wish the farmers could go and stay in their farms so that we can produce what we need sufficiently so that we don’t have to import.

How much will agriculture grow in 2020?

In terms of growth rate, agriculture grew by 2.20 per cent in the first quarter of 2020 over the corresponding period in 2019, a decline since the first quarter of 2019 grew by 3.17 per cent over the previous year.

What are the sub-activities of agriculture?

Four sub-activities make up the agricultural sector, namely, crop production, livestock, forestry and fishing. According to the data, crop production remained the major driver of the sector, as it accounted for 90.54 per cent of overall nominal growth of the sector in the first quarter of 2020.


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