does agriculture include fishing



Are hunting and fishing agricultural occupations? The U.S. Department of Labor’s Dictionary of Occupational Titles and the USDA say “yes.” Hunters, fishers and professional guides in these endeavors are considered agricultural producers, as well as are operators of plant nurseries, forest managers, loggers and Christmas tree growers.

The Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting sector comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing crops, raising animals, harvesting timber, and harvesting fish and other animals from a farm, ranch, or their natural habitats.


Is fishing classified under agriculture or as an industry?

The Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting sector comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing crops, raising animals, harvesting timber, and harvesting fish and other animals from a farm, ranch, or their natural habitats. The establishments in this sector are often described as farms, ranches, dairies, greenhouses, nurseries, orchards, or hatcheries.

Is fish considered livestock or agriculture?

 · i do not think hunting for fish is part of agriculture, but fish farming which involves the conscious effort to raise the fish to be harvested at a later stage is rather part of agriclture 🏠 Home

Is agriculture considered an industry?

 · Are hunting and fishing agricultural occupations? The U.S. Department of Labor’s Dictionary of Occupational Titles and the USDA say “yes.” Hunters, fishers and professional …

Is aquaculture the new agriculture?

 · Nevertheless, I find this elucidation on what is agriculture especially convenient is where its coverage is limited to crop production ( agronomy and horticulture) and livestock …


Is seafood considered agriculture?

Aquaculture is the farming of aquatic organisms, such as fish, shellfish (bivalves and crustaceans), amphibians, reptiles, turtles and aquatic plants. Aquaculture is described as farming because of interventions with breeding and the growing process, improving aquatic animal health and production.

What are the 4 areas of agriculture?

1 AnswerAgronomy: Agronomy is about the soil, and how the crops will grow in different kinds of soil.Agriculture Engineering: Agriculture Engineering is learning about how the different machines work.Horticulture: Horticulture is all about the fruits and vegetables and how to grow them.More items…•

What is considered agriculture?

Agriculture is the art and science of cultivating the soil, growing crops and raising livestock. It includes the preparation of plant and animal products for people to use and their distribution to markets. Agriculture provides most of the world’s food and fabrics.

What type of farming is fishing?

Fish farms or fish farming is a form of aquaculture. The act of fish farming is about raising fish commercially in tanks or enclosures for human consumption.

What is agriculture and fishery?

[Agrifishery] Scope: this refers to cultivation of crops through soils and other medium growing of trees, raising of livestock, poultry, or fish w/c includes harvesting, processing and marketing of product of farm activities and practices.

What are 7 branches of agriculture?

Agriculture involves growing of crops and rearing of animals for family consumption and profit making. Agriculture has five branches namely; agricultural engineering, agricultural economics, animal husbandry, horticulture and agronomy. It plays a positive role in the improvement of the economy.

What is the example of agriculture?

The definition of agriculture is the science, art and business of farming and ranching. Commercial farms and ranches which provide vegetables and meat to the general public are examples of agriculture.

What are the three main types of agriculture?

Topic Three (3.3): Agriculture Typesdescribe the different types of agriculture:arable, pastoral and mixed.subsistence and commercial.

What are the 8 sectors of agriculture?

The important sectors consider include Agriculture, Horticulture, Animal husbandry, Fishery, Soil and water conservation, Poultry, dairy farming, Agriculture Marketing, Milk-fed financial institute and Social forestry.

Is fishing an industry?

fishing industry, Taking, processing, and marketing of fish and other seafood from oceans, rivers, and lakes. Fishing is one of the primary forms of food production; it ranks with farming and probably predates it. The fishing industry employs more than 5 million people worldwide.

Is fish a livestock?

Horses are considered livestock in the United States. The USDA classifies pork, veal, beef, and lamb (mutton) as livestock, and all livestock as red meat. Poultry and fish are not included in the category.

What is the difference between fish farming and aquaculture?

Fish farming is a form of aquaculture in which fish are raised in enclosures to be sold as food. It is the fastest growing area of animal food production. Today, about half the fish consumed globally are raised in these artificial environments. Commonly farmed species include salmon, tuna, cod, trout and halibut.


What is the agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting sector?

The agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting sector is part of the natural resources and mining supersector. The Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting sector comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing crops, raising animals, harvesting timber, and harvesting fish and other animals from a farm, ranch, or their natural habitats.

What is a farm?

A farm may consist of a single tract of land or a number of separate tracts which may be held under different tenures. For example, one tract may be owned by the farm operator and another rented.

Why are hunting and fishing important?

Hunting and fishing were important precursors to people developing the techniques for crop and livestock production. Attractions to hunting and fishing are stored in our inherited genetic material.

What are the occupations related to hunting and fishing?

A variety of occupations related to hunting and fishing have developed. Besides fishing and hunting for sport and food, wildlife habitat management and trophy procurement on managed environments are rapidly growing agricultural industries.

What are the precursor activities of farming?

We’ve come a long way since our days of relying solely on hunting, fishing and scavenging for essentials to live ; these precursor activities contribute to our capabilities to farm.

Is hunting an agricultural occupation?

Are hunting and fishing agricultural occupations? The U.S. Department of Labor’s Dictionary of Occupational Titles and the USDA say “yes.”

Why do people hunt and fish?

Hunting and fishing for subsistence, and fun, spring from the urge to obtain food and materials for clothing and shelter.

Where did agriculture originate?

Cultivation of crops was independently initiated in southeastern Asia (China and the Indochina peninsula) some 3-5,000 thousand years later and in Central and South America another 3,000 years after that. Insofar as is known, domestication of livestock began first in southwestern Asia also, about 10,000 years ago with sheep and goats; chickens and pigs were domesticated in southeastern Asia about 8,000 years ago and llamas in Peru some 4,000 years ago.

When did humans start farming?

Our earlier human predecessors relied on hunting, fishing and gathering other edibles, such as seeds, fruits, tubers, and so forth, until they began to purposefully grow crops some 13-15,000 years ago . Archeological evidence indicates farming was first undertaken in what was the fertile crescent of southwestern Asia, which encompasses parts of present-day Iran, Iraq and Turkey.

What is the most important fish species produced in fish farming?

Worldwide, the most important fish species produced in fish farming are carp, catfish, salmon and tilapia.

Why is the cost of inputs per unit of fish weight higher than in extensive farming?

The cost of inputs per unit of fish weight is higher than in extensive farming, especially because of the high cost of fish feed. It must contain a much higher level of protein (up to 60%) than cattle feed and a balanced amino acid composition, as well.

What is the purpose of a farm pond?

These use irrigation ditches or farm ponds to raise fish. The basic requirement is to have a ditch or pond that retains water, possibly with an above-ground irrigation system (many irrigation systems use buried pipes with headers.)

Can fish be raised in cages?

A few advantages of fish farming with cages are that many types of waters can be used (rivers, lakes, filled quarries, etc.), many types of fish can be raised, and fish farming can co-exist with sport fishing and other water uses.

Why is aeration important for fish?

Aeration of the water is essential, as fish need a sufficient oxygen level for growth. This is achieved by bubbling, cascade flow, or aqueous oxygen.

What is the FCR of fish?

These higher protein-level requirements are a consequence of the higher feed efficiency of aquatic animals (higher feed conversion ratio [FCR], that is, kg of feed per kg of animal produced). Fish such as salmon have an FCR around 1.1 kg of feed per kg of salmon whereas chickens are in the 2.5 kg of feed per kg of chicken range.

How can fish production be increased?

In these kinds of systems fish production per unit of surface can be increased at will, as long as sufficient oxygen, fresh water and food are provided. Because of the requirement of sufficient fresh water, a massive water purification system must be integrated in the fish farm. One way to achieve this is to combine hydroponic horticulture and water treatment, see below. The exception to this rule are cages which are placed in a river or sea, which supplements the fish crop with sufficient oxygenated water. Some environmentalists object to this practice.

What is agriculture?

1. Agriculture is an enterprise or business, activity, or practice. It is synonymous with farming.

What is agriculture in biology?

2. Agriculture is the growth of both plants and animals for human needs (Abellanosa, A.L. and H.M. Pava. 1987. Introduction to Crop Science. Central Mindanao University, Musuan, Bukidnon: Publications Office. p. 238).

What is the science and practice of producing plants, other crops, and animals for food, other human needs, or economic

Agriculture is the science and practice of producing plants, other crops, and animals for food, other human needs, or economic gain.

What is agricultural enterprise?

Agriculture, Agricultural Enterprise or Agricultural Activity means the cultivation of the soil, planting of crops, growing of fruit trees, including the harvesting of such farm products, and other farm activities and practices performed by a farmer in conjunction with such farming operations done by persons whether natural or juridical. (Sec. 3b, Chapter I, Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law of 1988 (R.A. No. 6657 as amended by R. A. 7881), Philippines. Retrieved September 2, 2010, from

What is the deliberate effort to modify a portion of Earth’s surface through the cultivation of crops and the raising of

3. Agriculture is the deliberate effort to modify a portion of Earth’s surface through the cultivation of crops and the raising of livestock for sustenance or economic gain. (Rubenstein, J.M. 2003. The Cultural Landscape: An Introduction to Human Geography. 7th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc. p. 496).

Is agriculture a business?

There can be no exact definition for everyone. Photo of a portion of a large pineapple plantation shows that agriculture is a business too

Why should we farm fish?

To understand why we should farm fish we must first consider the significance of agriculture in the modern world. The development of agriculture occurred around 13,000 years ago, initially farming grains, fruits, and mammals [1]. Farming led to a profound change in mankind’s pace of technological development and quality of life. Suddenly humans no longer had to live life as wanderers; foraging for food, living in mobile villages, and suffering when Mother Nature did not provide adequate food. As we settled into an agrarian lifestyle we improved our techniques for growing food. By domesticating plant and animal species we increased yields and enjoyed a higher quality of life. Yet since the invention of farming nearly 13,000 years ago man has continued to forage on one final frontier, the ocean.

Why is aquaculture important?

The nutritional benefits of consuming fish have led to increased demand in both developed and developing countries. There are a couple of other unique advantages to aquaculture as compared to traditional agriculture; first is the ability to farm in a three dimensional environment.

How does overfishing affect the fisheries?

Overfishing is also a growing concern in nearly all the world’s fisheries. As demand continues to outstrip supply, prices increase and the pressure on an already dangerously low fish population is heightened. Government employed fishery managers are responsible for walking a tight rope between allowing fisherman to harvest enough fish to keep the industry alive, while leaving enough fish behind to allow for a sustainable harvest in the years to come. In order to accomplish this, fishery managers rely on complicated sets of rules and regulations to create artificial barriers to easily catching fish. Rules range from time limits, gear restrictions, to harvest quotas. All of these rules require enforcement and they change from species to species, country to country and year to year. These rules only apply where countries have jurisdiction, typically in their economic exclusive zones (EEZ), which reach 200 miles offshore. Beyond those limits, in the high seas, fishermen face fewer rules and less scrutiny. International treaties and agreements attempt to manage the fisheries beyond individual government jurisdictions, but enforcement is difficult and overfishing can still occur. The collapsing Pacific and Atlantic Bluefin tuna fisheries are good examples of the difficulty of managing the stock of a species that roams between dozens of countries.

Is Alaskan salmon seasonal?

The Alaskan salmon industry is a great example of a seasonal fishery that cannot supply fresh fish at all times of the year.

What are the advantages of aquaculture?

Aquaculture offers many advantages over all traditional fisheries the foremost being the ability to provide fresh, consistent supply of fish year-round. Traditional fisheries rely on the seasonality of fish movements, breeding cycles, and weather conditions to determine when fish are caught.

What is the basis of all aquatic food webs?

These fatty acids are initially synthesized by phytoplankton, the base of nearly all aquatic food webs, and these nutrients move up the food web until they are eventually consumed by fish. In addition to omega-3’s fish also contain other important dietary fats and proteins.

How does food production affect the environment?

All food production has an impact on the environment, this includes both wild-caught and farmed fish, vegetables and fruit. The conscientious consumer already knows the environmental costs of beef production; the water, fuel, and feed to produce a pound of beef are all high relative to other forms of food production. However, it is also important to realize that when you drink a glass of cold orange juice, not only was there carbon dioxide produced during the harvest and shipping of the product, but the field where those oranges were grown in Florida were once a subtropical forest full of birds, reptiles, and insects. Similarly, the wheat in your morning toast was grown on what was previously prairie land, full of natural grasses. And finally the raspberry jam that you are putting on your toast may have come from a field in the Northwest United States that once supported old growth forests. These land-based ecosystems were once impacted by the introduction of farming, yet we seem to give these forms of agriculture a free pass while holding aquaculture to a higher standard. The only difference is 100 years ago we did not have environmental scientists arguing the merits of keeping wild ecosystems intact, we were instead focused on feeding millions of people. It is impossible to farm something without impacting the environment, the question is instead what are the benefits and drawbacks, and what as a society are we willing to accept, based on our needs. Turning tidelands into oyster beds does affect the crabs, fish, seals and other creatures that call that area home, but is it worth it to produce a healthy food? Many articles have been published online and in print posing the question “Is aquaculture bad for the environment?” And it is a good question, but it is only fair to ask this same question about all of our farmed food, because under strict environmental standards the answer will always be yes.

What is agriculture used for?

Agriculture also provides wood for construction and paper products. These products, as well as the agricultural methods used, may vary from one part of the world to another. Start of Agriculture. Over centuries, the growth of agriculture contributed to the rise of civilizations.

How did agriculture help people?

Agriculture enabled people to produce surplus food. They could use this extra food when crops failed or trade it for other goods. Food surpluses allowed people to work at other tasks unrelated to farming. Agriculture kept formerly nomadic people near their fields and led to the development of permanent villages.

What tools did people use to make food?

Over time, improved farming tools of bone, stone, bronze, and iron were developed. New methods of storage evolved. People began stockpiling foods in jars and clay-lined pits for use in times of scarcity. They also began making clay pots and other vessels for carrying and cooking food.

How big was the average farm in 2007?

The size of an average farm in the United States in 2007 was 449 acres, or about the size of 449 football fields. agriculture. Noun. the art and science of cultivating land for growing crops (farming) or raising livestock (ranching). aquaculture.

What is the science of growing plants in nutrient solutions?

Agriculture includes such forms of cultivation as hydroponics and aquaculture. Both involve farming in water. Hydroponics is the science of growing plants in nutrient solutions. Just one acre of nutrient solution can yield more than 50 times the amount of lettuce grown on the same amount of soil.

What countries used old agriculture?

Farmers in Asia, Australia, Africa, and South America continued to use old ways of agriculture. Agricultural Science. In the early 1900s, an average farmer in the U.S. produced enough food to feed a family of five. Many of today’s farmers can feed that family and a hundred other people.

What did the Islamic Golden Age do to agriculture?

This system preserved nutrients in the soil, increasing crop production. The leaders of the Islamic Golden Age (which reached its height around 1000) in North Africa and the Middle East made agriculture into a science. Islamic Golden Age farmers learned crop rotation.

When are fishing taxes due?

If you have income from your farming or fishing business, you may be able to avoid making any estimated tax payments by filing your return and paying your entire tax due on or before March 1 of the year your return is due. This rule generally applies if farming or fishing income was at least two-thirds of your total gross income in either the current or the preceding tax year. If March 1 falls on a weekend or legal holiday, you have until the next business day to file your return and pay the tax.

What is the form for farming income?

Farming – Report income and expenses from farming on Schedule F (Form 1040), Profit or Loss From Farming. Additionally, use Schedule SE (Form 1040), Self-Employment Tax to figure self-employment tax if your net earnings from farming are $400 or more. For more information, refer to Topic No. 554, Publication 225, Farmer’s Tax Guide and Agriculture Tax Center.

What is the 1040 for fishing?

Fishing – Report income and expenses from fishing on Schedule C (Form 1040), Profit or Loss From Business (Sole Proprietorship). Use Schedule SE (Form 1040) to figure self-employment tax if your net earnings from fishing are $400 or more. For general information about the rules applying to individuals, including commercial fishermen who file Schedule C, refer to Publication 334, Tax Guide for Small Business. If your trade or business is a partnership or corporation, see Publication 541, Partnerships or Publication 542, Corporations.

What are aquaculture controls?

These controls are designed to limit catches to volumes that are economically and biologically sustainable and to allow any overfished stocks to rebuild. Aquaculture producers face challenges in identifying suitable sites for aquaculture enterprises and in meeting planning requirements.

What are the key aspects of Australian aquaculture?

This brief contains an overview of Australia’s commercial fisheries and aquaculture industries and six key aspects of Australian commercial fisheries and aquaculture including: industry structure, trends in production, trade, consumption, sustainability and innovation.

What is FAO 2018?

FAO 2018a The state of world fisheries and aquaculture 2018 —opportunities and challenges, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.

What are some examples of innovation in Australian fisheries?

Some examples of innovation in the Australian fisheries and aquaculture sectors include the development of infrastructure to supply foreign markets ( for example, live export of rock lobster) and technologies such as ranching of tuna to maximise the return generated from fisheries resources.

How many stocks are considered sustainable?

Of the 294 stocks assessed in the reports, 175 were classified as sustainable; these contribute 85 per cent of the total catch of the 83 species. Nine stocks were classified as transitional/recovering, 26 as transitional/depleting, 5 stocks as environmentally limited and 17 as overfished. The status of 49 stocks was classified as undefined; these stocks contribute 4 per cent of the total catch of the 83 species. The undefined stock classification indicates limited or conflicting information was available to undertake the assessment.

What was the share of Australian seafood consumption in 2001?

Between 2001–02 and 2016–17 the share of imports in Australian seafood consumption increased from 59 per cent to 66 per cent , largely reflecting a rise in the volume of seafood imports.

Where do they import seafood?

The main sources of seafood imports are Thailand, China, Vietnam and New Zealand.


Aquaculture makes use of local photosyntheticproduction (extensive) or fish that are fed with external food supply (intensive).

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Fish Farms

  • Within intensive and extensive aquaculture methods, numerous specific types of fish farms are used; each has benefits and applications unique to its design.

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  • Feeding
    The issue of feeds in fish farming has been a controversial one. Many cultured fishes (tilapia, carp, catfish, many others) can be raised on a strictly herbivore diet. Top-level carnivores (most salmonidae species in particular) on the other hand, depend on fish feed, of which a large portio…
  • Stocking density
    Secondly, farmed fish are kept in concentrations never seen in the wild (e.g. 50,000 fish in a 2-acre (8,100 m2) area.). However, fish tend also to be animals that aggregate into large schools at high density. Most successful aquaculture species are schooling species, which do not have social p…

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Indoor Fish Farming

  • Other treatments such as ultraviolet sterilization, ozonation, and oxygen injection are also used to maintain optimal water quality. Through this system, many of the environmental drawbacks of aquaculture are minimized including escaped fish, water usage, and the introduction of pollutants. The practices also increased feed-use efficiency growth by providing optimum water quality. On…

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Slaughter Methods

  • Tanks saturated with carbon dioxide have been used to make fish unconscious. Their gills are then cut with a knife so that the fish bleed out before they are further processed. This is no longer considered a humane method of slaughter. Methods that induce much less physiological stress are electrical or percussive stunning and this has led to the phasing out of the carbon dioxide sl…

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  1. Fish farming in the fjords of southern Chile
  2. Houseboat rafts with cages under for rearing fish near Mỹ Tho, Vietnam
  3. Transport boats moored at fish processing plant, Mỹ Tho
  4. Communal Zapotec fish farm in Ixtlán de Juárez, Mexico

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See Also

Further Reading

  1. “Dead Loss: The high cost of poor farming practices and mortalities on salmon farms”. Just Economics. February 2021. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  2. Benson, Tess. “Advancing Aquaculture: Fish Welfare at Slaughter” (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2011-06-12.
  3. Yue, Stephanie. “An HSUS Report: The Welfare of Farmed Fish at Slaughter” (PDF). Humane S…
  1. “Dead Loss: The high cost of poor farming practices and mortalities on salmon farms”. Just Economics. February 2021. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  2. Benson, Tess. “Advancing Aquaculture: Fish Welfare at Slaughter” (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2011-06-12.
  3. Yue, Stephanie. “An HSUS Report: The Welfare of Farmed Fish at Slaughter” (PDF). Humane Society of the United States. Retrieved 2011-06-12.
  4. European Food Safety Authority (2004). “Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Animal Health and Welfare on a request from the Commission related to welfare aspects of the main systems of stunning and…

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