What is the role of Agriculture in rural development?
Farming and related activities make up the basic fabric of rural life, contributing significantly to the overall state of rural regions in terms of employment and business opportunities, infrastructure and quality of the environment.
Does the rural economy depend on agriculture and allied occupations?
It is time that rural economy depends on agriculture and allied occupations in an underdeveloped country. The rising agricultural surplus caused by increasing agricultural production and productivity tends to improve social welfare, particularly in rural areas.
Can agricultural productivity reduce poverty in rural areas?
Three-quarters of the world’s poor live in rural areas and most earn their living from farming. Enhancing agricultural productivity is thus essential to achieving poverty reduction. Productivity growth in agriculture is also the driving force behind structural transformation. he purpose of this research program is twofold:
What is rural development in simple terms?
Rural development in simple terms can be defined as the process of improving the quality of life and economy in the remote and rural parts of the country. These rural areas may be isolated and sparsely populated, but, in most cases, they offer a picturesque natural setting with a rich culture.
How can we promote rural development?
Rural livelihoods are enhanced through effective participation of rural people and rural communities in the management of their own social, economic and environmental objectives by empowering people in rural areas, particularly women and youth, including through organizations such as local cooperatives and by applying …
What is the role of agriculture in development?
According to Muir, “Agricultural progress is essential to provide food for growing non-agricultural labour force, raw materials for industrial production and saving and tax revenue to support development of the rest of the economy, to earn foreign exchange and to provide a growing market for domestic manufactures.”
What leads to the development of rural?
The main factors are: (i) providing macroeconomic and political stability; (ii) institutions establishing property rights and incentives; (iii) access to competitive input markets and remunerative output markets; and (iv) adoption of productivity-enhancing technology, and (v) real income growth in the non-agricultural …
Why the development of agriculture is significant to the development of the rural areas?
The main potential contributions of farming to rural development are in terms of supporting employment, ancillary businesses, and environmental services. In peripheral regions, farming may be necessary to support the economic and social infrastructure.
How does agriculture promote progress and development of every country?
Agriculture plays a major role in economic growth and development. As the provider of food it is a cornerstone of human existence. As a furnisher of industrial raw materials it is an important contributor to economic activity in other sectors of the economy.
Why agriculture is important in developing countries?
Agriculture can be important for developing countries in several ways; where food security is weak it can be a vital source of nutrition, it provides income for farmers and farm workers and thus revenues for rural areas, job opportunities in related areas such as processing and in some cases export revenue and thus …
What is the difference between rural development and agricultural development?
“Agricultural Development” mainly aims at increasing agricultural products such as crops, livestock, fish and etc. Human being, land and capital are simply regarded as production goods and means. On the other hand, “Rural Development” mainly targets on people and institutions.
What are the elements of rural development?
What Are the Three Basic Elements of Rural Development?Basic necessities of life.Self-respect.Freedom.
What is rural development in agriculture?
Rural development is the process of improving the quality of life and economic well-being of people living in rural areas, often relatively isolated and sparsely populated areas. Rural Development has traditionally centered on the exploitation of land-intensive natural resources such as agriculture and forestry.
Why the agriculture is important?
Agriculture plays a chiefly role in economy as well as it is considered to be the backbone of economic system for developing countries. For decades, agriculture has been related with the production of vital food crops. The Present era of farming contains dairy, fruit, forestry, poultry beekeeping and arbitrary etc.
What are the importance of agriculture to the community?
The importance of agriculture to the community cannot be overstated. For one, it creates jobs for members of the community, boosts the community’s economic growth, sustains the community by the food source, and other raw materials.
Why is agriculture important in rural development?
Agriculture also plays an important part in rural development, especially due to land use, in countries where the sector is of less economic significance. 3. The main potential contributions of farming to rural development are in terms of supporting employment, ancillary businesses, and environmental services. …
How can farming contribute to rural development?
3. The main potential contributions of farming to rural development are in terms of supporting employment, ancillary businesses, and environmental services. In peripheral regions, farming may be necessary to support the economic…show more content…
What is the importance of maintaining farm employment?
The maintenance of appropriate levels of farm employment is a key concern in countries where the greater part of employment is currently provided in the farming sector. Political and social stability could be especially threatened by changes in economic activity which produce sudden impacts on farming. Small and isolated economies, particularly those whose trade is dependent on a limited range of agricultural products, may be vulnerable to changes in global trading conditions. Even in those economically developing countries in which one agricultural sector is considered efficient in global terms, rural society, which overall depends on many other sectors of activity may be at risk of serious upheaval from rapid change. In these regions, efforts to strengthen the farm sector could include investment and improvements in productivity, while assuring the management of consequent changes to rural employment
What is the role of peasants in the economy?
For centuries, peasants have constituted the great majority of all agricultural labour. Peasants can be described as groups of people that practice self-sufficient agricultural activities, although peasant farming is not just an enterprise but also a unit of domestic economy (Gałęski, 1972: 41). Industrialisation and the changes it has brought forth in the economy and society have modified the way in which peasants live and are perceived in modern times, especially in Western countries. Throughout industrialisation and the rise of capitalism, peasantry as a social group has been expected to disappear in numerous occasions as a result of these processes. However, it would be incorrect to assume that peasants and their way of living have ceased
Why is the study of the contributions of agriculture to the rural development of Udi Local Government Area considered vital?
The study of the contributions of agriculture to the rural development of Udi Local Government Area is considered vital because it is believed that the result will help us to know the contributions which agriculture has provided to the local government area .
How did agriculture start?
The development of agriculture started when the ancient hunters who depended on fruits and vegetables as well as animals as their food found out that some of the seeds. From the fruits they dropped, as they moved along germinated and grew on their own. They started nursing some of these economics fruit crops as their own. In his quest for food and shelter, man has adopted many agricultural practices through the ages and his technical skills and material resources grew. The four major types are hunting and gathering, pure subsistence agriculture, mixed subsistence with some cash crops production and pure commercial agriculture.
What is the agriculture sector in Nigeria?
Agriculture sector is the leading non-oil sector in Nigeria economy . About 70 of the total population engaged in agriculture while about 30 of the total working population are taking part in white colar jobs and others in commercial activities. This is the reason why demand is greater than supply in Nigeria market, today concerning food production.
What is the main stay of rural dwellers?
To guide the research, the above opinions were gathered and analysed/interpreted, analysis of data revealed agriculture is the main stay of the rural dwellers, that proper awareness has not been created about agriculture by those concerned and that these rural dwellers are aware of the contributions of agriculture to rural development.
What are the problems in rural Nigeria?
One of the major problems facing rural areas, both in Nigeria and other underdeveloped countries of the world, is the rural to urban migration. As young and energetic men and women migrate to the urban areas, the rural areas instead of developing tend to slide more and more into underdevelopment. Various government and agencies have been endeavouring in one way or the other to develop the rural areas of Nigeria, especially Udi Local Government Area which is the focus of this research. These include the provision of electricity, pipe borne water supply, access roads, etc. However, these measures have not fully stemmed the rural urban migration and the continuing decline of rural areas.
What are the problems of agriculture?
There are also other problems that face agriculture already. These problems lies in the traditional and subsistence system of agriculture. Production techniques are poor and there are few applications of fertilizers and insecticides.
Why is demand greater than supply in Nigeria?
Since 1960, most people in the rural areas have been migrating to the urban areas in search of employment which offers a good living condition and because of this, agriculture is neglected.
What is the role of agriculture in rural development?
Agriculture plays a great role in overall development of rural areas; though, it is not the only factor on which rural development depends. Overall rural development includes development in agriculture along with other sectors, like development in education, health facilities, transportation, basic amenities like water and electricity, proper infrastructure etc. There is no doubt that the development in terms of infrastructure, water and electricity will support agriculture sector and hence the village economy.
How are agriculture and rural development related?
Agriculture and Rural Development are two different aspects, yet they are also co-related . While agriculture hugely contributes in sustaining rural economy and strengthening its social structure, reducing poverty etc; rural development on the other hand, includes the developments in agriculture sector as well as other sectors like, health, education, roads, industrialization and others. Agriculture sector is obviously benefited by infrastructure development, because of better accessibility to markets and urban trade centers.
How does agriculture affect the rural economy?
Agriculture sector has a huge potential for transforming rural economy by making it, self sustainable. Growth in agriculture produces consequently leads to economical development and poverty eradication. It makes the village economy self sustainable; however, the overall development of a rural area depends on wide number of factors other than agriculture. The two however are closely co-related in some aspects as we will know in the following essay.
Why has the government increased spending on agriculture?
Government has in the subsequent years increased spending on agriculture and related sectors in a bid to make them independent and self reliant. The money is spent on improving agriculture sector right from the production stage to marketing stage.
What is village economy?
Villages primarily are agriculture based economies, not only in developing but also in developed nations around the world. Development in rural areas, up to a large extent depends on Agriculture, as it constitutes the prime source of livelihood and food for farmers and other villagers.
How much does agriculture contribute to the world economy?
Also, agriculture contributes to 6.4% of world’s total economic production, which roughly sums up to $5,084,800 million. On the contrary, despite such huge potential of agriculture in improving economy and eliminating poverty, rural population in most parts of the world faces slow social and economic development.
How has urbanization impacted rural communities?
Today, urbanization has made people from rural areas to shift to cities and towns, for better opportunities and facilities. This trend isn’t specific to a particular region of the globe, but is witnessed almost in every country. Despite this huge population shift from rural to urban centers, agriculture has remained a significant source of income and livelihood for one-third of the world population. Agriculture, at the grass root level functions as a family run business, by the farmers. Nearly 70-80% of total world’s poor people rely on agriculture for livelihood, including the farmers. Hence, the role that agriculture plays in Rural Development is significant.
The first step in the CUREMIS exercise was a survey conducted among all the regional and sub-regional policy officers and outposted staff of the Economic and Social Department of FAO.
2. POVERTY, INEQUALITY AND FOOD INSECURITY
Poverty, inequality and food insecurity are the most crucial and persistent problems facing humanity. Their alleviation is – or at least should be – at the heart of any meaningful development effort. There is currently a generalized and renewed interest on poverty issues by international organizations and development scholars.
3. POLICY REFORMS AFFECTING AGRICULTURE AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT, AND CHANGES IN THE ROLE OF THE STATE
Almost two decades of experience with macro-economic stabilization and market oriented policy reforms and the consequent, generalized but uneven, pace of withdrawal of the state from economic activities related to food and agriculture have left a number of questions still unanswered or only partly answered.
4. GLOBALIZATION AND INTERNATIONAL TRADE LIBERALIZATION
Globalization is a term very widely used, in the research and policy debates, as well as by the press and the general public, but very seldom precisely defined. In fact, several definitions have been put forward that put the stress on different aspects of the phenomenon.
5. INCREASING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION: SUSTAINABILITY AND TECHNOLOGY CHALLENGES
As the scale of human activities expands, the capacity of ecosystems to (re)generate the natural resource base becomes an increasingly binding constraint to further growth and development.
Why is agricultural advancement important?
Agricultural advancement is necessary for improving the supply of raw materials for the agro-based industries especially in developing countries. The shortage of agricultural goods has its impact upon on industrial production and a consequent increase in the general price level.
Why is increased agricultural output important?
It is seen that increased agricultural output and productivity tend to contribute substantially to an overall economic development of the country, it will be rational and appropriate to place greater emphasis on further development of the agricultural sector.
How does rural economy affect social welfare?
The rising agricultural surplus caused by increasing agricultural production and productivity tends to improve social welfare, particularly in rural areas. The living standard of rural masses rises and they start consuming nutritious diet including eggs, milk, ghee and fruits. They lead a comfortable life having all modern amenities—a better house, motor-cycle, radio, television and use of better clothes.
Why is the progress in agriculture important?
The progress in agricultural sector provides surplus for increasing the exports of agricultural products. In the earlier stages of development, an increase in the exports earning is more desirable because of the greater strains on the foreign exchange situation needed for the financing of imports of basic and essential capital goods.
What is the role of agriculture in the economy?
Agricultural sector plays a strategic role in the process of economic development of a country. It has already made a significant contribution to the economic prosperity of advanced countries and its role in the economic development of less developed countries is of vital importance. ADVERTISEMENTS: In other words, where per capita real income is …
Why is agriculture important for the economy?
If agriculture fails to meet the rising demand of food products, it is found to affect adversely the growth rate of the economy. Raising supply of food by agricultura l sector has, therefore, great importance for economic growth of a country.
How can agriculture reduce inequality?
In a country which is predominantly agricultural and overpopulated, there is greater inequality of income between the rural and urban areas of the country. To reduce this inequality of income, it is necessary to accord higher priority to agriculture. The prosperity of agriculture would raise the income of the majority of the rural population and thus the disparity in income may be reduced to a certain extent.