Does india have good agriculture


India is the world’s second most populous country and one of the world’s fastest growing major economies since 2000. India is also among the world’s largest producers and consumers of a range of crop and livestock commodities.Oct 8, 2020

What is the importance of Agriculture in India?

India is a global agricultural powerhouse. It is the world’s largest producer of milk, pulses, and spices, and has the world’s largest cattle herd (buffaloes), as well as the largest area under wheat, rice and cotton.

Is India’s agricultural productivity comparable to other countries?

Although India has attained self-sufficiency in food staples, the productivity of its farms is below that of Brazil, the United States, France and other nations. Indian wheat farms, for example, produce about a third of the wheat per hectare per year compared to farms in France. Rice productivity in India was less than half that of China.

Which state of India is the best in crop production?

No single state of India is best in every crop. Tamil Nadu achieved highest yields in rice and sugarcane, Haryana in wheat and coarse grains, Karnataka in cotton, Bihar in pulses, while other states do well in horticulture, aquaculture, flower and fruit plantations.

Does India need a different set of solutions for agriculture?

India needs a different set of solutions for agriculture and for those working the land. India is an agricultural country. Agriculture is “only” ~16 % of GDP but the largest sector for employment.


Is India good at agriculture?

India is ranked under the world’s five largest producers of over 80% of agricultural produce items, including many cash crops such as coffee and cotton, in 2010. India is one of the world’s five largest producers of livestock and poultry meat, with one of the fastest growth rates, as of 2011.

Does India have a lot of agriculture?

India’s supply of arable land is second only to that of the United States, its economy is one of the fastest growing in the world, and its industrial innovation is legendary. But when it comes to agriculture, its output lags far behind potential.

What is the position of India in agriculture?

India ranks 11th and 12th globally in services and manufacturing sectors respectively, and second in the world in the agricultural sector.

Which country is No 1 in agriculture?

Key Takeaways. The world’s top food-producing countries—China, India, the U.S., and Brazil—also rank in the top 10 by land area. China is the world’s largest grain producer, yet has grown more dependent on food imports in recent decades. Much of India’s output is produced by subsistence farmers and consumed locally.

Why is India so fertile?

Complete Answer: The Indo-Gangetic Plains of India consists largely of alluvial deposits which are brought down by the rivers originating from the Himalayas and the peninsular region. The alluvial soil is fertile in nature. The rich deposits of this soil make this area suitable for agriculture.

Why farmers are poor in India?

As per experts’ opinion the factors which contribute to the poor performance of the Indian agricultural sector are multi-dimensional, such as: poor access to reliable and timely market information to the farmers, absence of supply and demand forecasting, poorly structured and inefficient supply chains, inadequate cold …

Why India is known as agricultural country?

agriculture has been practised in India for ages. it is called the backbone of Indian economy. about 60% to 70% of India’s population depends upon agriculture for their livelihood. net sown area still accounts for about 46% of the total cultivated area of india.

Why is agriculture popular in India?

Agriculture is a very important sector of the Indian economy. It is because it provides employment to roughly half of India’s workforce and contributes to 17% of India’s GDP. Since independence, a lot of changes have been observed in the sector. Post-independence India was dependent on imports of agricultural produce.

What does India produce the most?

India is the world’s largest producer of milk, pulses and jute, and ranks as the second largest producer of rice, wheat, sugarcane, groundnut, vegetables, fruit and cotton.

Which country has richest farmers?

1. China. China has 7% of the arable land and with that, they feed 22% of the world’s population.

Who is the biggest farmer in India?

1. Pramod Gautam. Pramod Gautam, a former automobile engineer who switched to farming in 2006. Now he earns over a crore annually after executing an utterly different cultivation method.

Which country has the best soil in the world?

Ten of the most fertile countries include Bangladesh, Denmark, the Ukraine, Moldova, India, Hungary, Rwanda, Comoros, Togo and Gambia. There are a few types of soil that are considered highly fertile. Each type of soil consists of different types of nutrients that contribute to the growth and health of crops.

How much of India’s crop yield is sustainable?

Despite these recent accomplishments, agriculture has the potential for major productivity and total output gains, because crop yields in India are still just 30% to 60% of the best sustainable crop yields achievable in the farms of developed and other developing countries.

What is India’s biggest supplier?

It has become one of the world’s largest supplier of rice, cotton, sugar and wheat. India exported around 2 million metric tonnes of wheat and 2.1 million metric tonnes of rice in 2011 to Africa, Nepal, Bangladesh and other regions around the world.

How did India become self-sufficient in the 1970s?

Such rapid growth in farm productivity enabled India to become self-sufficient by the 1970s. It also empowered the smallholder farmers to seek further means to increase food staples produced per hectare. By 2000, Indian farms were adopting wheat varieties capable of yielding 6 tonnes of wheat per hectare.

What is the nutritional standard in India?

Though the available nutritional standard is 100% of the requirement, India lags far behind in terms of quality protein intake at 20% which is to be tackled by making available protein rich food products such as eggs, meat, fish, chicken etc. at affordable prices.

How much wheat did India produce in 1948?

A hectare of Indian wheat farm that produced an average of 0.8 tonnes in 1948, produced 4.7 tonnes of wheat in 1975 from the same land.

What was the net export of India in 2004?

This represents explosive growth, as in 2004 net exports were about $5 billion . India is the fastest growing exporter of agricultural products over a 10-year period, its $39 billion of net export is more than double the combined exports of the European Union (EU-28).

How much did India export in 2013?

India exported $38 billion worth of agricultural products in 2013, making it the seventh largest agricultural exporter worldwide and the sixth largest net exporter. Most of its agriculture exports serve developing and least developed nations.

What is the agriculture sector in India?

The agriculture sector is one of the most important industries in the Indian economy, which means it is also a huge employer. Approximately 60 percent of the Indian …

How much of India’s population works in agriculture?

The real gross value added by agricultural sector in India in fiscal year 2018 amounted to about 20.7 trillion Indian rupees.

What percentage of India’s agricultural production is cereals?

Production of cereals is one of the primary contributions of the agricultural sector to India. Cereals account for almost 46 percent of the Indian agricultural market. The annual yield of coarse cereals was about 1,784 kilograms per hectare in fiscal year 2017.

What are the main food sources of Indians?

Rice and wheat are the two main food staples for Indians. India is the second largest producer of both rice and wheat across the world. Even though farming makes up a large share of agriculture in the country, livestock rearing along with fishing also contribute significantly to feeding India’s population as well its economy.

What are the challenges of agriculture in India?

Three agriculture sector challenges will be important to India’s overall development and the improved welfare of its rural poor: 1. Raising agricultural productivity per unit of land: Raising productivity per unit of land will need to be the main engine of agricultural growth as virtually all cultivable land is farmed.

What are the most suited agricultural programs for promoting new varieties of crops and improved farm practices?

More extreme events – droughts, floods, erratic rains – are expected and would have greatest impact in rain-fed areas. The watershed program, allied with initiatives from agricultural research and extension, may be the most suited agricultural program for promoting new varieties of crops and improved farm practices.

What is the livestock sector?

The livestock sector, primarily due to dairy, contributes over a quarter of agricultural GDP and is a source of income for 70% of India’s rural families, mostly those who are poor and headed by women. Growth in milk production, at about 4% per annum, has been brisk, but future domestic demand is expected to grow by at least 5% per annum.

What are the most important needs of India?

1. Enhancing agricultural productivity, competitiveness, and rural growth. Promoting new technologies and reforming agricultural research and extension: Major reform and strengthening of India’s agricultural research and extension systems is one of the most important needs for agricultural growth. These services have declined over time due …

What was the impact of agricultural intensification in the 1970s?

Agricultural intensification in the 1970s to 1980s saw an increased demand for rural labor that raised rural wages and, together with declining food prices, reduced rural poverty. However agricultural growth in the 1990s and 2000s slowed down, averaging about 3.5% per annum, and cereal yields have increased by only 1.4% per annum in the 2000s.

What is India’s biggest producer?

India is a global agricultural powerhouse. It is the world’s largest producer of milk, pulses, and spices , and has the world’s largest cattle herd (buffaloes), as well as the largest area under wheat, rice and cotton. It is the second largest producer of rice, wheat, cotton, sugarcane, farmed fish, sheep & goat meat, fruit, vegetables and tea.

How much will milk production grow in the future?

Growth in milk production, at about 4% per annum, has been brisk, but future domestic demand is expected to grow by at least 5% per annum. Milk production is constrained, however, by the poor genetic quality of cows, inadequate nutrients, inaccessible veterinary care, and other factors.


India is an agrarian economy with half of its labor market representing agriculture-related sectors and more than 54 percent of the nation’s land categorized as arable. India is among the world’s leaders in terms of production volume for various commodities such as rice, wheat, cotton, sugar, horticulture, and dairy.

Leading Sub-Sectors

India is the largest tractor market in the world. Tractor production in India accounts for about 35 percent of global production volume. However, the utilization of tractors is low compared to other leading economies because the average size of farms in India is less than three acres.

Popular Trade Events

Agritechindia, Bengaluru International Exhibition Center, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

How much water does rice need to grow?

One kilogram of rice requires over 1,500 litres of water to grow (this is a relatively efficient case – the average is worse). If this water is pumped up from deep water tables, this consumes a lot of energy. Say the water table depth is 200 metres – some areas are far deeper.

How much of the world’s electricity is dependent on rain?

Almost 30% depend on the rain. Thus, it is only very small fractions who are the beneficiaries of free electricity, and many of them actually sell water to their neighbours. This exposes the justification of electricity distortions in the name of the poor – they don’t get free electricity.

How much of the GDP is agriculture?

Agriculture is “only” ~16 % of GDP but the largest sector for employment. Officially farmers are only a few hundred million, but adding family members who help or occasionally farm, as also wage labourers, the number of farm workers is likely to be closer to half a billion people.

What are the health impacts of pesticides?

Third, while the health impact for consumers is debated, the system-level impacts are clearer. Farmers who have overused conventional pesticides have high cancer risks, and unabated use of antibiotics in livestock rearing is a major cause for drug-resistant infections.

Why do smaller farms lose money?

On average, smaller holdings lose money, i.e., their household costs are higher than revenues, a chunk of which come from non-farming activities. The smallest farms are afloat since they do not pay for labour, relying entirely on the family, and they consume much of what they produce, influencing the choice of crops.

What does rising GDP mean?

Rising GDP means growth of non-agricultural incomes. As Figure 1 below shows (in log scale), India is not very different from a number of advanced countries in absolute GDP coming from agriculture spread per capita. There is some room for growth, but far less than growth in GDP.

What is the pressure on land?

The pressure on land is an outcome of policy, which condemns most people to marginal farming. India needs a different set of solutions for agriculture and for those working the land. India is an agricultural country. Agriculture is “only” ~16 % of GDP but the largest sector for employment. Officially farmers are only a few hundred million, …

What are some interesting facts about Indian agriculture?

Surprising Facts About Indian Agriculture That You Should Know. India ranks 2nd in the world. with an agricultural production of $459 billion (2019). The value of India’s agricultural production is much higher than the USA, which once supplied food grains to India to tide over our domestic food shortage. Read more.

What is the agricultural sector?

The agricultural sector creates wealth from land, water & light. using skilled family labour and agri inputs. India a low-cost agricultural producer. India is the only country where one can buy 10 eggs or 12 banana or 4kg of potato or 1kg tomatoes with only 1 USD.

What has changed in India since the 1980s?

“Since the 1980s, Indian agriculture has undergone a shift in production, as farmers have planted less area to food grains and more to high-value crops. This shift coincides with strong economic growth, which has boosted incomes and, in turn, expanded consumer demand for higher valued foods, such as vegetables, fruits, milk, and some meat products. Yet, India’s agricultural policies continue to follow a Green Revolution strategy developed to achieve grain self-sufficiency in the 1960s”

Which country is the largest milk producer?

India is largest milk producer, ranks 2nd in vegetables and fruits, 3rd in fish production, 4th in egg and 5th in poultry production in the world. Horticulture and livestock production engage a large share of small and marginal farmers, and thus plays a critical role in rural economy. Load More Amazing Facts.

Which country ranks 9th in agriculture?

Globally India ranks 9th for the agricultural exports. China and India with majority of their small and marginal holding lands are 1st and 2nd in the world agriculture production respectively. The aggregate output/ha/year in small farms is higher on account of multiple cropping intensity, diverse output …

Is India a multi-product country?

India is a multi-product agricultural powerhouse. No other country grows and consumes as many food and non-food crops as India. Indian agriculture is now driven largely by high-value segments. such as horticulture, dairy, poultry and inland fisheries. The agricultural sector creates wealth from land, water & light.

Is India an underdog?

One thing is clear, Indian agriculture is no longer an underdog. Indian agriculture is no longer an underdog. Our agricultural production is far above that of the United States, which once supplied food grains to India to tide over our domestic food shortage.❞.




“Slow agricultural growth is a concern for policymakers as some two-thirds of India’s people depend on rural employment for a living. Current agricultural practices are neither economically nor environmentally sustainable and India’s yields for many agricultural commodities are low. Poorly maintained irrigation systems and almost universal lack of good extension services are among the f…

Definition of farmer

The Indian government National Policy for Farmers. Department of Agriculture & Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India. pp 4. Accessed on 22 March 2021.</ref>
Indian farmers are people who grow crops. Various government estimates (Census, Agricultural Census, National Sample Survey assessments, and Periodic Labour Force Surveys) give a different number of farmers in the country ranging from 37 million to 118 million as per the different defin…


As per the 2014 FAO world agriculture statistics India is the world’s largest producer of many fresh fruits like banana, mango, guava, papaya, lemon and vegetables like chickpea, okra and milk, major spices like chili pepper, ginger, fibrous crops such as jute, staples such as millets and castor oil seed. India is the second largest producer of wheat and rice, the world’s major food staples.


Vedic literature provides some of the earliest written record of agriculture in India. Rigveda hymns, for example, describes ploughing, fallowing, irrigation, fruit and vegetable cultivation. Other historical evidence suggests rice and cotton were cultivated in the Indus Valley, and ploughing patterns from the Bronze Age have been excavated at Kalibangan in Rajasthan. Bhumivargaha, an Indian Sans…


Indian irrigation infrastructure includes a network of major and minor canals from rivers, groundwater well-based systems, tanks, and other rainwater harvesting projects for agricultural activities. Of these, the groundwater system is the largest. Of the 160 million hectares of cultivated land in India, about 39 million hectare can be irrigated by groundwater wells and an additional 22 million hectares by irrigation canals. In 2010, only about 35% of agricultural land in …


As of 2011 , India had a large and diverse agricultural sector, accounting, on average, for about 16% of GDP and 10% of export earnings. India’s arable land area of 159.7 million hectares (394.6 million acres) is the second largest in the world, after the United States. Its gross irrigated crop area of 82.6 million hectares (215.6 million acres) is the largest in the world. India is among the top three global producers of many crops, including wheat, rice, pulses, cotton, peanuts, fruits an…

Agriculture based cooperatives

India has seen a huge growth in cooperative societies, mainly in the farming sector, since 1947 when the country gained independence from Britain. The country has networks of cooperatives at the local, regional, state and national levels that assist in agricultural marketing. The commodities that are mostly handled are food grains, jute, cotton, sugar, milk, fruit and nuts Support by the …

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