Does kenya depend on agriculture

image

The agricultural sector is the backbone of the economy, contributing approximately 33 percent of Kenya’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP). The agriculture sector employs more than 40 percent of the total population and 70 percent of the rural population.Mar 10, 2022

What is the importance of Agriculture in Kenya’s economy?

The agricultural sector is the backbone of the economy, contributing approximately 33 percent of Kenya’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP). The agriculture sector employs more than 40 percent of the total population and 70 percent of the rural population.

How much of Kenya’s total agricultural output is non-marketed subsistence production?

About one-half of Kenya’s total agricultural output is non-marketed subsistence production. Agriculture is also the largest contributor to Kenya’s gross domestic product (GDP).

What is the best farming in Kenya for small scale farmers?

Dairy goat farming in Kenya is emerging as a high-return option for Kenyan small-scale farmers, although it remains hobbled in some regions by marketing and distribution challenges, even as the sector soars in other nearby regions. 10. Beekeeping in Kenya Bee Farming in Kenya – Traditionally honey in Kenya was collected from wild bees in forests.

What is dairy farming in Kenya?

Dairy Farming in Kenya is a type of farming whereby cattle are kept for milk production. Dairy farming is mainly practiced in several parts of the Rift Valley and the Central, Eastern, Coast and Western parts of Kenya.

image


How much does Kenya rely on agriculture?

Agriculture is key to Kenya’s economy, contributing 26 per cent of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and another 27 per cent of GDP indirectly through linkages with other sectors. The sector employs more than 40 per cent of the total population and more than 70 per cent of Kenya’s rural people.


Why is agriculture important in Kenya?

Agriculture is also responsible for most of the country’s exports, accounting for up to 65% of merchandise exports in 2017. As such, the sector is central to the government’s Big 4 development agenda, where agriculture aims to attain 100% food and nutritional security for all Kenyans by 2022.


Is agriculture big in Kenya?

Overview. Agriculture dominates the Kenyan economy, accounting for 40% of the overall workforce (70% of the rural workforce) and about 25% of the annual workforce. The country’s major agricultural exports are tea, coffee, cut flowers, and vegetables. Kenya is the world’s leading exporter of black tea and cut flowers.


What is Kenya’s economy based on?

The Economy of Kenya is a market-based economy with a few state enterprises. Major industries include agriculture, forestry, fishing, mining, manufacturing, energy, tourism and financial services. As of 2020, Kenya had the third largest economy in Sub-Saharan Africa, coming behind Nigeria and South Africa.


Is Kenya self sufficient in food?

Import dependency and self-sufficiency on food imports in Kenya 2020. In 2020, the import dependency rate for food products in Kenya was measured at 14.9 percent, while the self-sufficiency ratio was at 88.4 percent.


Why is agriculture the backbone of Kenya’s economy?

Over 60% of Kenya’s workers are employed in agricultural establishments making the sector the largest employer in Kenya: 75% of Kenya’s industrial raw materials is sourced from the agriculture sector.


What is Kenya’s main resources?

The natural resources of Kenya include oil, gas, limestone, gypsum, soda ash, diatomite, gemstones, fluorspar, zinc, wildlife, and hydropower.


What is Kenya known for?

Kenya is known for the Big Five and the Great Wildebeest Migration. It’s also known for its world record-breaking athletes, its rich biodiversity, and great safari destinations. Kenya is known for being home to Lupita Nyong’o and Barrack Obama Snr. The most famous foods in Kenya are Nyama Choma and Githeri.


Does Kenya import food?

Monthly import value of food and beverages from 2019-2022 Kenya imports mainly maize, unmilled wheat and wheat flour, rice, and sugar. The majority of the goods come from Uganda, South Africa, European countries, India, and the United States.


Why is Kenya so rich?

Kenya has one of the most developed power sectors in sub-Saharan Africa, with an active private sector, a strong national power utility, and abundant renewable energy resources, especially geothermal, wind, and solar. Sustainable electricity is needed for strong economic growth.


Why is Kenya not a developed country?

However, its key development challenges still include poverty, inequality, transparency and accountability, climate change, continued weak private sector investment and the vulnerability of the economy to internal and external shocks.


Why is Kenya poor?

Although Kenya’s economy is the largest and most developed in eastern and central Africa, 16.1% (2025/2026) of its population lives below the international poverty line. This severe poverty is mainly caused by economic inequality, government corruption and health problems. In turn, poverty also worsens these factors.


What percentage of Kenya’s land is agricultural?

Farming in Kenya – Although less than eight percent of Kenya’s land is under agriculture, farming is Kenya’s most important economic activity. With most of Kenya’s landmass being arid or semi-arid, only about 20 percent is suitable for farming…. About 80 percent of Kenya’s workforce engages in farming or food processing.


How much did agriculture contribute to Kenya’s economy in 2012?

In 2012, agriculture was the main contributor to Kenya’s economic growth of 4.6 percent , up from 4.4 percent in 2011.


How many hectares of potatoes are grown in Kenya?

Potato Farming in Kenya. About 35,000 hectares of potatoes are grown annually in Kenya. Potato farming In Kenya has high potential. Potato production has increased in recent years mainly due to growth in population and diversification of crops.


How many laws were consolidated in Kenya?

The Government of Kenya has instituted a number of reforms to improve the sector’s efficiency and production. These include legal reforms in which some 130 laws were consolidated. This process is expected to encourage investment.


Why do people farm cattle in Kenya?

Some raise large herds to sell, others, in the case of dairy, raise them to sell their milk. Many raise cattle to show in fairs and other local events.


What are the challenges facing agriculture in Kenya?

Challenges facing Agriculture and Farming in Kenya: Post-harvest wastage has been identified as the main challenge facing agricultural production in Kenya. It is feared that close to 50 percent of Kenya’s produce is lost in the post-harvest period at a time when Kenya’s food reserves are dwindling.


What is the mainstay of Kenya’s economy?

Agriculture in Kenya, Farming, Livestock, Role And Challenges. Agriculture is the mainstay of the Kenyan economy, contributing 23 percent of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and generates 60 percent of total foreign exchange earnings. To mitigate the challenge of adverse weather, the government allocates a substantial amount …


What percentage of Kenya’s GDP is agriculture?

The agricultural sector is the backbone of the economy, contributing approximately 33 percent of Kenya’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP). The agriculture sector employs more than 40 percent of the total population and 70 percent of the rural population.


How does USAID help Kenya?

To support Kenya’s Journey to Self-Reliance, we work towards a more competitive, vibrant, and inclusive agricultural market system, especially for women and youth. We support new ideas and innovations that improve the productivity and incomes of smallholder farmers. We also expand access to finance for farmers, entrepreneurs, and businesses. We operate an innovative credit facility that works with local financial institutions to unlock capital, providing loans to under-served borrowers, such as rural farmers and small and medium-sized businesses.


How does feed the future work?

Feed the Future aims to reduce the need for recurrent humanitarian assistance by accelerating economic growth for vulnerable communities to be able to withstand shocks. Our programs focus on regions in Kenya that experience cyclic shocks, where livestock is central to the economy, and rainfall is increasingly sporadic. USAID also helps pastoralists earn more money from their herds, prevents diseases through increased access to water and sanitation, and improves the management of drought-prone rangelands. Despite the presence of the COVID-19 pandemic, USAID activities continue to strengthen the self-reliance of vulnerable households by supporting livelihood diversification, increasing access to animal health services, and increasing sustainable management of grazing areas.


What is feed the future?

As part of the Feed the Future initiative, USAID brings partners together to address the root causes of hunger and poverty. We work to enhance food security and increase incomes through improving the competitiveness and diversity of agricultural market systems and livelihoods. The initiative focuses on four main value chains: dairy, livestock, horticulture, and staple foods. We link farmers to markets and modern farming practices, improve quality and supply of agricultural inputs, increase access to financing, and promote private sector solutions.


How important is agriculture in Kenya?

Importance of agriculture in Kenya. According to the Trading Economics statistics, only 8% of Kenyan lands are under cultivation. Moreover, only 20% of Kenyan lands are arable, as most of them are either arid or semi-arid. Despite this fact, agriculture in Kenya plays a vital role for the country’s economy. More than 80% of Kenyan population is …


What is the role of agriculture in Kenya?

As it was already written above, agricultural sector is the main source of the nation’s food and raw materials and plays the main role in providing the basis of subsistence.


What is the agricultural sector in Kenya?

The agricultural sector is still playing a vital role in the economy of Kenya. This sphere was one of the first to fully transfer the function of service provision to the county authorities, emphasizing the importance of county governments’ role in ensuring food security. Agricultural sector is the main key to the Kenyan economy endowing 26% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and another 27% of GDP indirectly through cooperation with other sectors, as it was already described above. Thanks to the agricultural sector, over 40% of the total number of Kenyans are employed and more than 70% of Kenya’s rural population is involved in the agricultural sphere. Agriculture in Kenya is huge and complex, with a multitude of public, parastatal, non-governmental, and private sectors.


Why did agriculture slow down in Kenya?

The agriculture in Kenya progress slowed down after the oil crisis in 1973 because of the fact that less untapped land became available. Involvement of Kenyan authorities in marketing, coupled with inefficient trade and exchange rate politics discouraged the agricultural production during the 1970s.


How much of Kenya’s population is agricultural?

Thanks to the agricultural sector, over 40% of the total number of Kenyans are employed and more than 70% of Kenya’s rural population is involved in the agricultural sphere. Agriculture in Kenya is huge and complex, with a multitude of public, parastatal, non-governmental, and private sectors.


How are agricultural products transported?

Agricultural products are being transported by different kinds of vehicles, mostly by trains and roadways from farm to factories. This need for transportation becomes a job-creator. One of the biggest employers. A well developed agricultural sector serves as one of the main employers in the country.


What was the poverty in Kenya?

Poverty in Kenya: facts and causes. After the Kenyan independence, the country’s government with United Kingdom’s financial help little by little transferred large areas to African ownership. However, there are still large almost entirely commercial agricultural lands owned by Europeans.


What is the agricultural sector in Kenya?

Agriculture sector profile of Kenya. Agriculture plays a vital role in Kenya as it provides employment, food security and foreign exchange among others. It does so despite the fact about 89% of its land is arid and semi arid and about 11% of the land of Kenya has a high potential for agriculture. Agriculture is the mainstay …


What is the ministry of agriculture in Kenya?

The Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries in Kenya is vested with the power of overseeing the agricultural sector.


What is the role of agricultural cooperatives in Kenya?

Kenyan agricultural cooperatives play a central role in the livelihoods of a majority of the Kenyan population as about 80% percent of Kenyans derive their income directly or indirectly through cooperative activities, and cooperatives account for 40% of all sales across the agriculture sector.


How do cooperatives help farmers?

Cooperatives help farmers gain access to formal markets, engage government institutions, and improve their production practices. Agricultural cooperatives form 46 per cent of all cooperative societies in the country. They have 3 million members out of a total membership of 7 million in the entire cooperative movement.


What is the Kenya Vision 2030?

In the Kenya Vision 2030, agriculture is identified as a key sector in achieving the envisaged annual economic growth rate. This shall be achieved through transformation of smallholder agriculture from subsistence to an innovative, commercially-oriented and modern agricultural sector. Agriculture Sector Development Strategy (ASDS, 2010-2020) has been developed to support the implementation of the Vision 2030. The strategy outlines the characteristics, challenges, opportunities, vision, mission, strategic thrusts and the various interventions that the government will undertake to propel the agricultural sector to the future.


What is the mainstay of Kenya’s economy?

Agriculture is the mainstay of the Kenyan economy directly contributing 26 % of the GDP annually, and another 25 % indirectly. The sector accounts for 65 % of Kenya’s total exports and provides more than 70 % of informal employment in the rural areas.


How many regional development authorities are there?

There are six authorities: Coast Development Authority. Ewaso Ng’iro North Development Authority.


What are the main industries in Kenya?

Agriculture, forestry, and fishing. Agriculture plays an important role in Kenya’s economy. Although its share of gross domestic product (GDP) has declined—from more than two-fifths in 1964 to less than one-fifth in the early 21st century—agriculture supplies the manufacturing sector with raw materials and generates tax revenue …


What are the major imports of Kenya?

Imports include machinery and transport equipment, chemical products, petroleum and petroleum products, and food and beverages. Among Kenya’s chief trading partners are India, China, Uganda, and Tanzania. Kenya is a member of the East African Community Customs Union.


What crops were deregulated in the 1990s?

National boards that controlled key export crops such as coffee, tea, and cotton were deregulated beginning in the early 1990s. A field of sisal in southeastern Kenya. © Joan Egert/Dreamstime.com. The major crops for domestic consumption are corn (maize) and wheat.


What is the most industrially developed country in East Africa?

Kenya is the most industrially developed country in East Africa, but it has not yet produced results to match its potential. Manufacturing is based largely on processing imported goods, although the government supports the development of export-oriented industries. Major industries include agricultural processing, publishing and printing, and the manufacture of textiles and clothing, cement, tires, batteries, paper, ceramics, and leather goods. Assembly plants, which utilize imported parts, produce various kinds of commercial and passenger vehicles and even export a small quantity to other African countries such as Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, and Burundi.


What are the products of Kenya?

One hundred-shilling banknote from Kenya (front side). Agricultural products such as tea, fresh flowers, fruits and vegetables, and coffee constitute the greatest proportion of Kenya’s exports. The remainder of the exports consists of petroleum products, cement, hides and skins, and soda ash.


What is the central bank of Kenya?

The state-run Central Bank of Kenya, established by legislation in 1966, regulates the money supply (the monetary unit is the Kenyan shilling ), assists in the development of the monetary, credit, and banking system, acts as banker and financial adviser to the government, and grants short-term or seasonal loans.


What is the importance of forests in the domestic economy?

Forests occupy only a small portion of the land but are extremely important in the domestic economy. Most of the area of forest reserves is wooded bush, bamboo, and grass; the remainder consists of planted softwoods, which now support a domestic paper industry.


What is the role of agriculture in Kenya?

Agriculture is also responsible for most of the country’s exports, accounting for up to 65% of merchandise exports in 2017. As such, the sector is central to the government’s Big 4 development agenda, where agriculture aims to attain 100% food and nutritional security for all Kenyans by 2022. “We found that productivity increases in …


How does agricultural productivity help in Kenya?

STORY HIGHLIGHTS. The new Kenya economic update shows that boosting agricultural productivity can help reduce poverty, particularly in rural areas. The report notes that increasing agricultural productivity and market access can enable more rural poor households to grow enough food to begin selling it, leading to welfare gains and poverty reduction.


What is Kalro in agriculture?

Agricultural researchers from the Kenya Agriculture and Livestock Research Organization (KALRO) have been working to produce drought-resistant crops to maximize crop outputs for smallholder farmers in Kenya’s rural areas.


How much does agriculture contribute to poverty in Kenya?

NAIROBI, April 8, 2019 – Kenyan households that are exclusively engaged in agriculture contributed 31.4% to the reduction of rural poverty, and agriculture remains the largest income source for both poor and non-poor households in rural areas, according to the latest World Bank economic analysis.


Is fertilizer used in Kenya?

Increase the use of fertilizer: The report found that fertilizer use remains inadequate in Kenya. The report also found the targeting mechanisms for the government’s fertilizer subsidy program is inefficient, often benefiting medium/large scale famers relative to small-scale farmers.


Is Kenya’s agriculture rain dependent?

The low usage of irrigation means Kenya’s agriculture is fully rain dependent and susceptible to drought shocks. The analysis shows that investing in irrigation and agricultural water management for smallholders can reduce productivity shocks and raise the sector’s total factor productivity, potentially climate proofing the sector.


What is the role of agriculture in Kenya?

Agriculture plays a large role in Kenya’s economy. The agricultural industry employs more than 40 percent of Kenya’s total population and more than 70 percent of the country’s rural inhabitants. Any country can benefit from sustainable agriculture, but it is even more important that those with a heavy reliance on agriculture make sustainability …


How does sustainable agriculture help Kenya?

Sustainable agriculture in Kenya can improve crop yields, stimulate the economy and help mitigate climate change . Kenya is implementing a range of programs to increase sustainable agriculture. These are important steps to help the country build a prosperous future for all who live there.


How does Ace Africa help Kenya?

Ace Africa has also been working to improve sustainable agriculture in Kenya by implementing what the organization calls Community Livelihood Programs. These programs deal with the problem of decreased soil fertility by teaching local farmers how to make organic compost.


What is the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center?

The International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (known by its Spanish acronym CIMMYT) is another organization devoting itself to increasing sustainable agriculture in Kenya. One of the main techniques taught by CIMMYT is intercropping. Intercropping improves crop yields by planting multiple different crops among each other in the same field.

image


Overview

Agriculture in Kenya dominates Kenya’s economy. 15–17 percent of Kenya’s total land area has sufficient fertility and rainfall to be farmed, and 7–8 percent can be classified as first-class land. In 2006, almost 75 percent of working Kenyans made their living by farming, compared with 80 percent in 1980. About one-half of Kenya’s total agricultural output is non-marketed subsistence production.


Production

Kenya produced in 2018:
• 5.2 million tons of sugarcane;
• 4 million tons of maize;
• 1.8 million tons of potato;
• 1.4 million tons of banana;


Agricultural products

The most common varieties that Kenyan sweet potato farmers grow are white, red and purple. The yellow-fleshed sweet potato’s popularity has increased, due to nutritionists promoting it as a source of vitamin A, which is lacking in the Kenyan diet. The vitamin A deficiency is not fatal, but it leaves the immune system depleted and susceptible to measles, malaria and diarrhoea. The deficiency also may cause blindness.


Agricultural methods

Because of pests, disease and decreased soil nutrients, farmers are rotating their sweet potato plants as much as possible, which means using a field for sweet potato plants only once every 5 years, and not having the crop in the same field for two consecutive years. “Planting rice between two sweet potato crops have long been suggested.” When sweet potatoes and rice crops were planted in fields adjacent to each other, the sweet potato weevil infestation level dro…


Million-acre scheme

David Gordon Hines was seconded by the UK 1954–1962 to advise the Kenya minister of agriculture about the “Million-acre scheme” to buy expatriate farms mostly in the Kenya Highlands.


Agricultural research by government institutions

The Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI) is mandated with relevant research. KARI is the national institution bringing together research programmes in food crops, horticultural and industrial crops, livestock and range management, land and water management, and socio-economics. KARI promotes sound agricultural research, technology generation and dissemination to ensure food security through improved productivity and environmental conservation.


See also

• Ministry of Agriculture (Kenya)
• Economy of Kenya
• Coffee Industry of Kenya
• Poultry farming in Kenya
• Tea Production in Kenya


External links

• Kenya Agricultural & Livestock Research Organisation
State corporations of Kenyan agriculture from the Kenyan government main site
• FAO: Monitoring African Food and Agricultural Policies
• Agricultural Development Corporation
• Agricultural Finance Corporation


A Little Information About Agriculture

Image
I bet you know that in countries where per capita real income is pretty low, all the economic responsibility falls on the agricultural sector and other primary institutes. Continual growth in agricultural production and the rise in the per-capita income of the countrified community in balance with the industrialization and urbanization leads to a growing demand in industrial produc…

See more on tuko.co.ke


Importance of Agriculture in Kenya

  • According to the Trading Economics statistics, only 8% of Kenyan lands are under cultivation. Moreover, only 20% of Kenyan lands are arable, as most of them are either arid or semi-arid. Despite this fact, agriculture in Kenya plays a vital role for the country’s economy. More than 80% of Kenyan population is at least somehow engaged in the agricultural sector or food processing. Farming in Kenya is mostly popular among small farmers, capable onl…

See more on tuko.co.ke


Role of The Agricultural Sector in The Kenyan Economy

  • As it was already written above, agricultural sector is the main source of the nation’s food and raw materials and plays the main role in providing the basis of subsistence. For years, the citizens of a given country were fully depending on the bread-basket filled by the farmers. Therefore, everyone depended on agriculture sphere and was interested…

See more on tuko.co.ke


Importance of Agriculture in Kenya Economy in Present Day

  • The agricultural sector is still playing a vital role in the economy of Kenya. This sphere was one of the first to fully transfer the function of service provision to the county authorities, emphasizing the importance of county governments’ role in ensuring food security. Agricultural sector is the main key to the Kenyan economy endowing 26% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and another 27% of GDP indirectly through cooperation with other se…

See more on tuko.co.ke

Leave a Comment