What is the role of the Kenya Ministry of Agriculture?
The Ministry of Agriculture is mandated to promote and facilitate the production of food and agricultural raw materials, boost agro-based industries and exports and enhance sustainable use of land resources. Farming in Kenya – Although less than eight percent of Kenya’s land is under agriculture, farming is Kenya’s most important economic activity.
What is the most developed horticultural sector in Kenya?
Flower farming in Kenya is the most developed sector and accounts for about 40 percent of all horticultural exports. It is dominant around Lake Naivasha and in Kinangop, Nakuru, Limuru, Athi River, Thika, Kiambu, and Eldoret.
Can agricultural productivity help reduce poverty in Kenya?
The new Kenya economic update shows that boosting agricultural productivity can help reduce poverty, particularly in rural areas The report notes that increasing agricultural productivity and market access can enable more rural poor households to grow enough food to begin selling it, leading to welfare gains and poverty reduction
Can drought-resistant crops help smallholder farmers in Kenya?
Agricultural researchers from the Kenya Agriculture and Livestock Research Organization (KALRO) have been working to produce drought-resistant crops to maximize crop outputs for smallholder farmers in Kenya’s rural areas. The new Kenya economic update shows that boosting agricultural productivity can help reduce poverty, particularly in rural areas
What type of agriculture does Kenya have?
The country’s major agricultural exports are tea, coffee, cut flowers, and vegetables. Kenya is the world’s leading exporter of black tea and cut flowers. Kenya’s high rainfall areas constitute about 10% of Kenya’s arable land and produce 70% of its national commercial agricultural output.
What countries practice Mediterranean agriculture?
What regions have Mediterranean Agriculture?The regions around the Mediterranean Sea (Southern France, Italy, Southern Spain, Greece, Turkey, Spain and Egypt)Central and Southern California.Central Chile.The Western Cape of South Africa.South and Southwest Australia.
Where is Mediterranean agriculture most common?
Mediterranean agriculture is mostly observed in 19 countries on the Mediterranean coast of Europe, Asia, and Africa.Europe. In Europe, such agriculture is predominant in Portugal, Spain, France, and Italy, the south part of Bosnia and west part in Albania, and the south part in Greece.Asia. … Africa.
What type of agriculture is practiced in the Mediterranean climate?
It is a form of agriculture found in Mediterranean type of climate. The four main aspects are orchard farming, viticulture, cereal and vegetable cultivation. Products grown include: olives, pomegranates, oranges, fig, pears, grapes, etc.
Which one of the following is not characteristic of Mediterranean agriculture?
Option 3 is NOT the characteristic feature of Mediterranean Climate Vegetation. The characteristics of the natural vegetation found in the Mediterranean Climate region are as follows: Trees with small broad leaves are widely spaced and never very tall.
In which country Mediterranean agriculture is Practised a Canada B Argentina C Tunisia D South Africa?
Mediterranean Agriculture It is practised in the countries on either side of the Mediterranean sea in Europe and in north Africa from Tunisia to Atlantic coast, southern California, central Chile, south western parts of South Africa and south and south western parts of Australia.
Which countries have Mediterranean climate famous for horticulture?
These crops are important in many Mediterranean countries: Spain, Portugal through Southern France to Italy, Greece, Turkey, and the Middle East through Morocco and Tunisia to Egypt. They are also being introduced in other areas of the world such as California, Australia, and South America.
Why Mediterranean agriculture is more beneficial agriculture?
The advantage of Mediterranean agriculture is that more valuable crops such as fruits and vegetables are grown in winters when there is great demand in European and north American Markets.
What percentage of Kenya’s GDP is agriculture?
The agricultural sector is the backbone of the economy, contributing approximately 33 percent of Kenya’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP). The agriculture sector employs more than 40 percent of the total population and 70 percent of the rural population.
How does USAID help Kenya?
To support Kenya’s Journey to Self-Reliance, we work towards a more competitive, vibrant, and inclusive agricultural market system, especially for women and youth. We support new ideas and innovations that improve the productivity and incomes of smallholder farmers. We also expand access to finance for farmers, entrepreneurs, and businesses. We operate an innovative credit facility that works with local financial institutions to unlock capital, providing loans to under-served borrowers, such as rural farmers and small and medium-sized businesses.
How does feed the future work?
Feed the Future aims to reduce the need for recurrent humanitarian assistance by accelerating economic growth for vulnerable communities to be able to withstand shocks. Our programs focus on regions in Kenya that experience cyclic shocks, where livestock is central to the economy, and rainfall is increasingly sporadic. USAID also helps pastoralists earn more money from their herds, prevents diseases through increased access to water and sanitation, and improves the management of drought-prone rangelands. Despite the presence of the COVID-19 pandemic, USAID activities continue to strengthen the self-reliance of vulnerable households by supporting livelihood diversification, increasing access to animal health services, and increasing sustainable management of grazing areas.
What is feed the future?
As part of the Feed the Future initiative, USAID brings partners together to address the root causes of hunger and poverty. We work to enhance food security and increase incomes through improving the competitiveness and diversity of agricultural market systems and livelihoods. The initiative focuses on four main value chains: dairy, livestock, horticulture, and staple foods. We link farmers to markets and modern farming practices, improve quality and supply of agricultural inputs, increase access to financing, and promote private sector solutions.
What are the challenges facing agriculture in Kenya?
Challenges facing Agriculture and Farming in Kenya: Post-harvest wastage has been identified as the main challenge facing agricultural production in Kenya. It is feared that close to 50 percent of Kenya’s produce is lost in the post-harvest period at a time when Kenya’s food reserves are dwindling.
What percentage of Kenya’s land is agricultural?
Farming in Kenya – Although less than eight percent of Kenya’s land is under agriculture, farming is Kenya’s most important economic activity. With most of Kenya’s landmass being arid or semi-arid, only about 20 percent is suitable for farming…. About 80 percent of Kenya’s workforce engages in farming or food processing.
How many hectares of potatoes are grown in Kenya?
Potato Farming in Kenya. About 35,000 hectares of potatoes are grown annually in Kenya. Potato farming In Kenya has high potential. Potato production has increased in recent years mainly due to growth in population and diversification of crops.
How much did agriculture contribute to Kenya’s economy in 2012?
In 2012, agriculture was the main contributor to Kenya’s economic growth of 4.6 percent , up from 4.4 percent in 2011.
How many laws were consolidated in Kenya?
The Government of Kenya has instituted a number of reforms to improve the sector’s efficiency and production. These include legal reforms in which some 130 laws were consolidated. This process is expected to encourage investment.
Why do people farm cattle in Kenya?
Some raise large herds to sell, others, in the case of dairy, raise them to sell their milk. Many raise cattle to show in fairs and other local events.
What is the mainstay of Kenya’s economy?
Agriculture in Kenya, Farming, Livestock, Role And Challenges. Agriculture is the mainstay of the Kenyan economy, contributing 23 percent of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and generates 60 percent of total foreign exchange earnings. To mitigate the challenge of adverse weather, the government allocates a substantial amount …
What is the agricultural sector in Kenya?
The Agricultural Sector in Kenya. Agriculture is one of the most critical production sectors in society. Proper agricultural techniques and efficient transportation of goods are crucial in reducing food insecurity. They are also vital in ensuring that everyone is provided with adequate nutrition.
How much of Kenya’s GDP is agricultural?
In Kenya, the agricultural sector makes up 24% of its GDP via direct agricultural production. It makes up an additional 3% via agricultural manufacturing and distribution. More than 80% have jobs in the farming sector in Kenya. Unfortunately, many barriers over the past decade have inhibited agrarian success in Kenya.
Why is it so hard for farmers to compete with importers?
The rising price of necessary agricultural inputs, such as fertilizer, has been making it difficult for farmers to compete with importers. Importers can sell their products at lower costs and push local producers out of the market. In the first half of 2018, food imports rose by more than 50%.
How many tons of produce are rejected in Kenya?
Nonprofit Work. It is estimated that each day, 83 tons of produce grown on Kenyan farms are rejected after being deemed aesthetically imperfect for export. In many cases, these products end up in landfills. In January 2017, the World Food Programme began an initiative to reduce the amount of wasted food in Kenya.
How many people in Kenya are in food insecurity?
Based on a 2020 food insecurity projection by the European Commission, between 6% and 9% of Kenyans have faced food insecurity this year. This is a result of many factors in the agricultural sector in Kenya.
Is Kenya arid or semi-arid?
Additionally, the climate of Kenya makes it susceptible to drought, flooding and landslides. Roughly 83% of Kenya is on “arid” or “semi-arid” land. These areas are much more likely to suffer from droughts, which drastically diminish crop yields.
Does Kenya have subsidies for fertilizer?
In recent years, the Kenyan government has begun implementing subsidies on farm inputs such as fertilizer. These subsidies have made local farmers equip to compete in the agricultural market. In tandem with this, the government has been improving rural infrastructure so that these farmers have access to a broader customer pool.
What is the role of agriculture in Kenya?
Agriculture plays a large role in Kenya’s economy. The agricultural industry employs more than 40 percent of Kenya’s total population and more than 70 percent of the country’s rural inhabitants. Any country can benefit from sustainable agriculture, but it is even more important that those with a heavy reliance on agriculture make sustainability …
How does sustainable agriculture help Kenya?
Sustainable agriculture in Kenya can improve crop yields, stimulate the economy and help mitigate climate change . Kenya is implementing a range of programs to increase sustainable agriculture. These are important steps to help the country build a prosperous future for all who live there.
How does Ace Africa help Kenya?
Ace Africa has also been working to improve sustainable agriculture in Kenya by implementing what the organization calls Community Livelihood Programs. These programs deal with the problem of decreased soil fertility by teaching local farmers how to make organic compost.
What is the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center?
The International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (known by its Spanish acronym CIMMYT) is another organization devoting itself to increasing sustainable agriculture in Kenya. One of the main techniques taught by CIMMYT is intercropping. Intercropping improves crop yields by planting multiple different crops among each other in the same field.
What is the role of agriculture in Kenya?
Agriculture is also responsible for most of the country’s exports, accounting for up to 65% of merchandise exports in 2017. As such, the sector is central to the government’s Big 4 development agenda, where agriculture aims to attain 100% food and nutritional security for all Kenyans by 2022. “We found that productivity increases in …
How does agricultural productivity help in Kenya?
STORY HIGHLIGHTS. The new Kenya economic update shows that boosting agricultural productivity can help reduce poverty, particularly in rural areas. The report notes that increasing agricultural productivity and market access can enable more rural poor households to grow enough food to begin selling it, leading to welfare gains and poverty reduction.
What is Kalro in agriculture?
Agricultural researchers from the Kenya Agriculture and Livestock Research Organization (KALRO) have been working to produce drought-resistant crops to maximize crop outputs for smallholder farmers in Kenya’s rural areas.
How much does agriculture contribute to poverty in Kenya?
NAIROBI, April 8, 2019 – Kenyan households that are exclusively engaged in agriculture contributed 31.4% to the reduction of rural poverty, and agriculture remains the largest income source for both poor and non-poor households in rural areas, according to the latest World Bank economic analysis.
Is fertilizer used in Kenya?
Increase the use of fertilizer: The report found that fertilizer use remains inadequate in Kenya. The report also found the targeting mechanisms for the government’s fertilizer subsidy program is inefficient, often benefiting medium/large scale famers relative to small-scale farmers.
Is Kenya’s agriculture rain dependent?
The low usage of irrigation means Kenya’s agriculture is fully rain dependent and susceptible to drought shocks. The analysis shows that investing in irrigation and agricultural water management for smallholders can reduce productivity shocks and raise the sector’s total factor productivity, potentially climate proofing the sector.
What is the agricultural sector in Kenya?
The agriculture sector contributes 51 percent of Kenya’s GDP (26 percent directly and 25 percent indirectly) and accounts for 60 percent of employment and 65 percent of exports (World Bank, 2018, p. 35). The sector is dominated by smallholder production on farms of between 0.2 and 3 hectares, which account for 78 percent of total agricultural production and 70 percent of commercial production (World Bank, 2015, pp. 2-3). Agricultural GDP is driven by horticulture and cash crops, but productivity is low, particularly for cereals. Given that most of the poor are in the agriculture sector, productivity also matters for poverty reduction. Agriculture sector growth accounted for the largest share of poverty reduction between 2005 and 2015 (World Bank, 2018, pp. 20, 35).
What is the only region of the world where the rural population will continue to grow beyond 2050?
Sub-Saharan Africa is the only region of the world where the rural population will continue to grow beyond 2050 (Jayne et al, 2017, p. 3). Figures 1 and 2 compare Kenya’s overall population growth and rural population growth with that of other countries in sub-Saharan Africa. In common with most other countries on the continent, the number of Kenyans employed in farming continues to increase in absolute terms, but is falling as a share of the workforce (Yeboah & Jayne, 2016, p. 15).
How long is K4D research?
This report is based on 6.5 days of desk-based research. The K4D research helpdesk provides rapid syntheses of a selection of recent relevant literature and international expert thinking in response to specific questions relating to international development. For any enquiries, contact email@example.com.
Does Kenya have a fertiliser market?
The Kenyan government continues to intervene in cereal markets, particularly in the supply of inputs. The fertiliser market was liberalised in the early 1990s, and the bulk of fertilisers are now imported and distributed by the private sector, but the government still procures and distributes substantial quantities through its subsidy programmes. This has led to “uncertainty over the timing of delivery and year-on-year support… poor targeting of subsidies… late planting and high farmer dependency” (D’Alessandro et al., 2015, p. 41).
What is knowledge management in agriculture?
Aims: Knowledge Management (KM) in agriculture is a core aspect of agricultural productivity and profitability, but is one area with scanty literature. The aim of the current study was to determine the knowledge management practices, challenges and coping strategies adopted by public agricultural extension agents in Nandi-hills Sub-county, Nandi County, Kenya under a fairly new devolved system put in place by the constitution of Kenya in 2010. Study Design: Descriptive cross sectional case study survey design was adopted for the study. Place and Duration of Study: The study was conducted in Nandi-hills Sub-County, Nandi County, Kenya. Data were collected between January and April, 2019. Methodology: All the Extension agents in the Sub-county were targeted. A questionnaire with closed and open ended questions was used to collect data from the 32 participants in the Sub-county and the data was analysed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20. Descriptive statistics were utilized to document the practises based on their frequencies and associations. 7% of the respondents were certificate holders, 37% were diploma holders while a majority; 56% were degree holders. Associations between attributes was analysed by running Goodman and Kruskals’ gamma. Results: Findings indicated that lack of organized knowledge sharing fora, poor ICT infrastructure, lack of budgetary support and transport were the major challenges facing knowledge management. There was strong negative correlation between education levels with rating of knowledge storage (Gamma = – 0.647, p = 0.001) and with access to stored information (Gamma = – 0.824, p = 0.001). Conclusion: Diverse methods of knowledge capture and storage were utilized and faced varied challenges mostly attributed to inadequate facilitation to support knowledge capture and storage in modern forms such as ICT. Cooperation and collaboration with private sector players was adopted as a strategy to cope with the challenges.
Why is information important in agriculture?
Information is vital in agricultural development because it is a tool for communication. Extension services are required to improve agricultural productivity by providing farmers with requisite information helping them to optimize use of limited resources (Muyanga and Jayne, 2006; Singh et al., 2017).
What is regenerative agriculture?
Regenerative agriculture involves farming practices that rejuvenate soil health. The project will encourage an inter-cropping system of maize and high-yielding, nitrogen-fixing climbing beans, alongside agroforestry crops such as Calliandra Calothyrsus and Leucaena Spp to improve soil fertility and provide staking material for the climbing beans.
What are the main crops grown in Embu?
Key commodities produced by farmers in Embu are maize, dairy cattle, bananas and beans. The region’s favourable rainfall patterns and high agricultural potential positions it as one of the leading food baskets of Kenya.
Political Climate and Environmental Barriers
Increasing Cost of Agricultural Inputs
The rising price of necessary agricultural inputs, such as fertilizer, has been making it difficult for farmers to compete with importers. Importers can sell their products at lower costs and push local producers out of the market. In the first half of 2018, food imports roseby more than 50%. For a country whose economy is mainly dependent on agriculture, this can be very detrimental.
In recent years, the Kenyan government has begun implementing subsidies on farm inputssuch as fertilizer. These subsidies have made local farmers equip to compete in the agricultural market. In tandem with this, the government has been improving rural infrastructure so that these farmers have access to a broader customer pool. In addition to these …
It is estimated that each day, 83 tons of produce grown on Kenyan farms are rejected after being deemed aesthetically imperfect for export. In many cases, these products end up in landfills. In January 2017, the World Food Programme began an initiative to reduce the amount of wasted food in Kenya. This program diverted these “ugly” fruits and vegetables from landfills to schools…