- 1 Which area of Russia has the richest agriculture?
- 2 Does Russia have little land for agricultre?
- 3 What are the main agricultural products of Russia?
- 4 What are the main crops grown in Russia?
- 5 How much grain is produced in Russia in 2024?
- 6 What is the production target for Russia in 2020?
- 7 Contact
- 8 Global Agricultural Information Network (GAIN)
- 9 How much food did Russia export in 2017?
- 10 What is the role of global food consumption and production in Russia?
- 11 What is the Russian government doing to unlock Russia’s potential?
- 12 Is Russia an agricultural country?
- 13 Is Russia underdeveloped?
- 14 Is Russia a good country for agriculture?
- 15 How much corn did Russia produce in 2015?
- 16 Why are Russian farmers reluctant to grow food?
- 17 What is the main food source in Russia?
- 18 How long does it take for maize to grow?
- 19 What was the most important crop in the USSR?
- 20 What is the climate of the USSR?
- 21 What is the cause of the drier air mass in Russia?
- 22 What caused the crop failure in the USSR?
- 23 What is the name of the land in Russia that is fertile?
- 24 Is Russia well known?
- 25 Is Russia’s agriculture limited by climatic factors?
- 26 What is the main crop in Russia?
- 27 Why did Russia export grain?
- 28 When did agriculture become a priority?
- 29 How has the livestock sector benefited from the Russian government?
- 30 Is Russia still developing its domestic market?
- 31 Is the Russian ruble devaluation a boon?
- 32 Does Russia have a cheese industry?
- 33 What is agricultural machinery?
- 34 How much fertilizer is used in an arable land?
- 35 What is value added in agriculture?
- 36 What is cultivated land?
- 37 What is farm machinery?
- 38 Opening Up Russian Agriculture
- 39 The Business of Farming
- 40 Trade and Geopolitics
- 41 Conclusion
Which area of Russia has the richest agriculture?
· Russia as the largest country by landmass worldwide is also in possession of a vast area for agricultural activity.
Does Russia have little land for agricultre?
· Russian agriculture has been one of the fastest growing segments of the economy in recent years with gross output up 2.4 percent in 2017, as the Russian economy emerged from a two-year recession. In 2017, Russia was the world’s largest exporter of wheat, the second-largest producer of sunflower seeds, the third-largest producer of potatoes and milk, and the fifth …
What are the main agricultural products of Russia?
· In Russia, about four-fifths of cropland lay in a zone of risky agriculture, while for the United States only one-fifth of cropland could be regarded as located in that zone. Climatic conditions determine agriculture in relation to crop composition, productivity, and fluctuations in …
What are the main crops grown in Russia?
· So, there is a place for agricultural holdings, which sometimes reach a size of several thousand hectares. Wheat, barley, corn, sunflower and rapeseed are the main crops, but peas, chickpeas and bast fiber grow there as well. These lands are of high value for agriculture. They contain a high percentage of humus and are called “chernozem”. Chernozem literally …
How much grain is produced in Russia in 2024?
The steadily growing cereal and grain production levels are expected to reach roughly 134 billion metric tons by 2024. With over one-fifth of global oat production and a total of nearly 80 million hectares of planted farmland as of 2018, Russia ranks as a major crop producer on an international level. Despite the decline in the cattle count in …
What is the production target for Russia in 2020?
State production targets for livestock and poultry slaughter in 2020 were set at 14.4 million metric tons. The national consumption levels of major agricultural products in Russia have been fairly stable. Grain was leading by consumption levels, with wheat the most demanded type.
Russian agriculture has been one of the fastest growing segments of the economy in recent years with gross output up 2.4 percent in 2017, as the Russian economy emerged from a two-year recession.
Global Agricultural Information Network (GAIN)
Insight and analysis from FAS’s overseas offices on issues affecting agricultural production and trade.
How much food did Russia export in 2017?
As such, in 2017 Russia generated USD 20.7 billion in exports followed by President Putin’s announcement of Russia’s new ambition: USD 45 billion of food exports by 2024.
What is the role of global food consumption and production in Russia?
These enterprises acquire existing corporate farms and vertically integrate them, combining primary production, processing, distribution, and sometimes retail sales. Such a vertical structure helped them to reduce costs caused by the market and infrastructural deficiencies faced by Russian farms.
What is the Russian government doing to unlock Russia’s potential?
Thus, the Russian government has begun taking steps to start to unlock Russia’s potential within the global industry. As such, major plans to accelerate growth of non-resource exports and its intention to support this business were announced. Moreover, the Ministry of Agriculture is developing export support programs that are to be sponsored by the government, such as capital expenditures recovery, concessional financing, subsidizing of logistics costs and implementation of joint investment projects with businesses. The Russian Export Center offers a wide range of services to promote Russian goods in cross-border markets.
Is Russia an agricultural country?
Russian agriculture has much untapped potential – if only productivity and efficiency can be increased. Most of Russia’s agricultural activities are located in the European part of Russia (before the Ural Mountains). Meanwhile very little is known in the West about the historic agricultural development of the Asian part of Russia, which covers approximately 77% of the Russian territory or 13 million km 2. Russia’s Asian portion, if taken alone, is the largest country on earth by a wide margin, yet it is home to only one-third of Russia’s cultivated croplands (Rosstat, 2016). Thus, while geopolitical risks have their negative impact, there are plenty of reasons for international food companies to start new projects in Russia. As such, several major foreign companies are continuing to strengthen their positions in Russia, including Louis Dreyfus, Cargill, CP Foods and NCH Capital.
Is Russia underdeveloped?
On the other hand, Russia’s infrastructure is underdeveloped. Moreover, one should not forget about the absence of qualified and diligent workers. Lastly, land is one of the biggest sources of profit for governmental officials, meaning that unless agricultural businesses or producers deliver that, they may also meet obstacles on the way.
Is Russia a good country for agriculture?
Apart from agricultural enterprises, Russia does offer a good platform for individual farmers. The country’s inexpensive and fertile land attracts not only Russian but also foreign farmers. Although there are high barriers of entry to be able to compete with the biggest agricultural enterprises, as consultancy firm BEFL reported in 2019, Russia’s excess of resources and growing demand offer numerous opportunities for a small-sized agricultural organisation. Moreover, there are multiple sources of governmental help to assist local as well as foreign agricultural producers. Beginning in 2017, start-up farms have the right to apply for subsidies and, if approved, some state assistance is provided. There is also the “Beginning Farmer” program, which allows qualified parties to receive a grant for developing their own agricultural businesses.
How much corn did Russia produce in 2015?
Russian corn yields increased by almost 50% during the same period reaching 4.93 tons per hectare in 2015. However, such seeds consistently provide the expected uniform characteristics and high yield performance only during the first harvest.
Why are Russian farmers reluctant to grow food?
Their vulnerability to heat, early frost in autumn, and acid soils made Russian farmers reluctant to cultivate these crops. Thus one of the problems associated with adverse climate conditions in Russia is the limited cultivation of feed grain crops rich in protein.
What is the main food source in Russia?
In the USSR, the major animal feed cereal was barley. Again, the main advantage of barley is that the crop can withstand early frost and a deficit of moisture. Barley produces adequate harvests when planted in clay soils, although it tends to prefer well-drained loam. These peculiarities of the crop determine the wide geographical distribution of barley in Russia, that is, its cultivation in cooler northern regions as well as in the arid warmer regions of the country. From 1940 to the 1980s, the area devoted to barley crops increased threefold due to a growing domestic demand for feed grain. Oats, another grain grown for fodder, differ from barley with respect to their greater vulnerability to heat and moisture. Oat crops were more affected by drought. On the other hand, oats can withstand the acid regime of poor podzolic soils, which is why the crop was cultivated mainly in the forest zone (Kruchkov and Rakovskaya, 1990).
How long does it take for maize to grow?
The optimum growing season for maize is 150 to 180 days. For full maturation the crop requires a thermal level of 200 degree-months and a moisture level of 80 percent, a combination found only in a small part of the USSR (western Ukraine and the Northern Caucasus) but in 35 percent of American cropland (White, 1987).
What was the most important crop in the USSR?
In the USSR, the most important food crop was wheat, which was planted on more than 50 percent of the cereal-crop area in the 1960s and 1970s.
What is the climate of the USSR?
According to the Koppen (Parker, 1972) climate classification system, the most typical climate in the USSR is “humid continental,” marked by at least some (but sometimes not much) precipitation all year round but with cool summers and cold winters. This type of climate is characteristic for 31 percent of the USSR.
What is the cause of the drier air mass in Russia?
Drought occurs when a mass of dry arctic air invades European Russia and forms an anticyclone. The anticyclone, being quasi stationary somewhere in the southeast of the region, causes the air mass to become drier.
What caused the crop failure in the USSR?
Historical evidence found in KGB reports1 shows that drought was the major climatic phenomenon most frequently affecting Russian farming. Figure 1.2. shows the frequency of reports of different types of such weather anomalies. Forty-eight percent of all reports mentioned drought as the main cause of crop failure in the regions. The second place is occupied by heavy rains that caused deterioration in the condition of crops mostly in the autumn, in central as well as northern parts of Russia. Hail is in third position. In the USSR hail was regarded as a serious factor and measures were adopted to help reduce the frequency of hail damage by two-thirds in the 1970s (Parker, 1972). It may seem surprising to find frost in the last place, although spring and autumn frosts are traditionally regarded as important unfavorable factors in Russian agriculture.
What is the name of the land in Russia that is fertile?
These lands are of high value for agriculture. They contain a high percentage of humus and are called “ chernozem ”. Chernozem literally translates from Russian as “black soil”. People often use the “black gold” metaphor (one more source of income for Russia after crude oil, another black gold). Chernozem is very fertile due to the high content …
Is Russia well known?
Russia is not well-known by the Western world . The agricultural giant does play a decisive role in the market. But how limited is the country’s potential?
Is Russia’s agriculture limited by climatic factors?
Despite the large potential, Russia’s agricultural production could remain limited by climatic factors.
What is the main crop in Russia?
Russian grain output began rising steadily: from 1996-2000 to 2017-2019, yearly production increased from 63mn tonnes (mmt) to 116 mmt. Wheat, barley and corn are the main grain crops, respectively comprising 66, 16 and 11% of …
Why did Russia export grain?
Rather than importing grain and oilseeds to feed a high-cost livestock sector during the late Soviet period, Russia downsized the sector, replaced domestically produced livestock goods with imports , and beginning around 2000 started exporting grain.
When did agriculture become a priority?
In 2005, the federal government identified agriculture as a national priority area that would receive increased funding (along with health, education and housing). From 2005 to 2010, total state support to agriculture rose by 135% in real (inflation-adjusted) terms.
How has the livestock sector benefited from the Russian government?
The livestock sector has benefited from not only input productivity growth but also favourable state policy. In the 2000s, the Russian government took action to reverse the extreme decline of the livestock sector during the 1990s.
Is Russia still developing its domestic market?
The domestic market development has accelerated in recent years, although the process is far from being over. In the meantime Russia still needs to finish off building up the basic industry that provides the raw materials for food processing.
Is the Russian ruble devaluation a boon?
The Russian sanctions and now yet another ruble devaluation have been a boon for the agricultural sector, insomuch as they push imports of agri-goods down further, which supports the development of the domestic industry. “Since 2000, Russia has been a bigger agricultural importer than exporter, and as such has run agricultural trade deficits.
Does Russia have a cheese industry?
After a mad scramble and a few years later, Russia now has a domestic cheese industry, and there is even the famous “Siberian camembert” but the domestic food processing industry remains underdeveloped. The Russian sanctions and now yet another ruble devaluation have been a boon for the agricultural sector, insomuch as they push imports …
What is agricultural machinery?
Agricultural machinery > Tractors : Agricultural machinery refers to the number of wheel and crawler tractors (excluding garden tractors) in use in agriculture at the end of the calendar year specified or during the first quarter of the following year. Tractors : Number of tractors 2000.
How much fertilizer is used in an arable land?
Fertilizer use > Kg per ha of arable land : Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) measures the quantity of plant nutrients used per unit of arable land. Fertilizer products cover nitrogenous, potash, and phosphate fertilizers (including ground rock phosphate). Traditional nutrients–animal and plant manures–are not included. For the purpose of data dissemination, FAO has adopted the concept of a calendar year (January to December). Some countries compile fertilizer data on a calendar year basis, while others are on a split-year basis. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded.”
What is value added in agriculture?
Value added : Agriculture, value added (% of GDP ). Agriculture corresponds to ISIC divisions 1-5 and includes forestry, hunting, and fishing, as well as cultivation of crops and livestock production. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3.
What is cultivated land?
Cultivable land > Hectares : Cultivable land (in hectares) includes land defined by the Food and Agriculture Organisation as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded.”
What is farm machinery?
Farm machinery > Tractors : Farm machinery refers to the number of wheel and crawler tractors (excluding garden tractors) in use in agriculture at the end of the calendar year specified or during the first quarter of the following year.
Opening Up Russian Agriculture
- Two centuries of fluctuations
Russia, with its vast land mass, went through a number of fluctuations during the 19th and 20thcenturies. Despite having a greater population than the rest of Europe at a time, most of which lived in rural agricultural communities, Russia could not compete in terms of its industrial …
- 21st century modernisation
Over the past two decades, Russian agriculture has undergone an intensive modernisation process. This was underpinned by developing macroeconomic factors, among which increased integration into international trade, expanded technology transfer and foreign agricultural invest…
The Business of Farming
Global food consumption and production created a surge of global money into agriculture, causing the appearance of a different type of agricultural enterprise in Russia – agroholdings. These enterprises acquire existing corporate farms and vertically integrate them, combining pri…
- New entrants
Apart from agricultural enterprises, Russia does offer a good platform for individual farmers. The country’s inexpensive and fertile land attracts not only Russian but also foreign farmers. Although there are high barriers of entry to be able to compete with the biggest agricultural enterprises, a…
Trade and Geopolitics
- Sanctions and ambitions
Under the sanctions regime, Russia managed to meet its food security target by consuming only 20% of the whole production volume of core cluster products, leading to the necessity to boost exports. As such, in 2017 Russia generated USD 20.7 billion in exports followed by President Put…
- Tapping into trade
Russian agriculture has much untapped potential – if only productivity and efficiency can be increased. Most of Russia’s agricultural activities are located in the European part of Russia (before the Ural Mountains). Meanwhile very little is known in the West about the historic agricul…
From a business standpoint, there are favourable conditions for producers and exporters of Russian food commodities. From an environmental point of view, the resources Russia possesses offer opportunities for sustainable agriculture that could be helpful to the world at large in the near future. While both are a promising sign that Russia will take a worthy place among global fo…