How and why does agriculture vary throughout the world



How did Agri-culture change the world?

Agriculture changed the world in such a way that it’s considered the turning point of human history. It all started about 10,000 years ago when people decided to change from a nomadic lifestyle (hunter-gatherers) to producers of food, hence agriculture.

What is the importance of Agriculture in our country?

Agriculture is an important source of livelihood in most parts of the world. It involves tough work but it contributes to food security and health of the nation. Before the industrial revolution, agriculture was the primary source of economy.

What is the difference between agriculture and agriculture?

While agriculture usually refers to human activities, certain species of ant, termite and beetle have been cultivating crops for up to 60 million years.

How much of the world’s economy is agriculture?

Even though agriculture represents a small share of the world’s economic output, this industry employs almost 30% of all workers. Developing countries are more likely than developed countries to rely on agriculture as a larger percentage of GDP. Overall, agriculture as a share of total GDP is highest in countries in Africa and South Asia.


Why does agriculture vary around the world?

Agricultural methods often vary widely around the world, depending on climate, terrain, traditions, and available technology. Low-technology farming involves permanent crops: food grown on land that is not replanted after each harvest.

How has agriculture change over time?

We found that the use of two major inputs—land and labor—decreased over time. Between 1982 and 2007, land used in agriculture dropped from 54 to 51 percent of total U.S. land area, while farming used 30 percent less hired labor and 40 percent less operator labor.

What are the 4 factors that affect agriculture?

Different factors which influence agriculture are soil, climate, monsoon, irrigation facilities, availability or adoption of different technology.

What are major agricultural production regions around the world?

The most productive systems are concentrated in temperate zones of Europe, followed by Northern America, and rain-fed systems in the subtropics and humid tropics. Rain-fed cropping in highland areas and the dry tropics tend to be relatively low- yielding, and is often associated with subsistence farming systems.

What are the major changes in agriculture?

Around this time, agriculture underwent two big changes. The first is that increased usage of iron ploughshares resulted in higher grain yields. An iron ploughshare may turn over heavy, clayey soil better than a wooden ploughshare. The second reason is that people started farming paddy.

What are some differences between traditional and modern agriculture?

Modern agricultural practices emphasize production, capital gain, input intensity and crop consistence. In contrast, traditional agricultural practices emphasize localization, biodiversity, shared genetic resources and a cultural appreciation for many different crops.

What are the major factors affecting agricultural production?

Environmental factors that influence the extent of crop agriculture are terrain, climate, soil properties, and soil water. It is the combination of these four factors that allow spe- cific crops to be grown in certain areas.

Which factors best account for the variation in farming practices and production around the world?

Which factors best account for the variation in farming practices and production around the world? the amount of food that an individual consumes.

What are the factors that affecting agricultural production?

Climatic factors such as light, water, and rainfall, temperature, air, relative humidity and wind also affect farming in various ways. Just like other abiotic elements of environmental factors such as soil and topography, they influence how crops grow and develop.

How does geography affect agriculture?

Physical geography features (access to water, climate, soil types, landforms) influence how people farm in a region. Irrigation, terrace farming, deforestation, desertification, and the drainage of wetlands have occurred as farmers try to increase production to feed an ever-growing human population.

Why does agricultural production occur in regions?

why do you suppose agricultural production occurs within regions? because you have to have certain things to plant things and grow crops, I don’t think they know what they can do yet they might not be informed correctly. Compared to the rest of the world, is food in the united states expensive or inexpensive.

Which region has the most agriculture?

California had the highest agricultural receipts in the United States in 2020 followed by Iowa, Nebraska, Texas and Kansas. ota.

Why is agriculture important to the world economy?

Given its importance to the worldwide economy, agriculture is one of the most appealing markets for disruption, and also for growth. For example, the Canadian government is investing 49.5 million in technology like robotic harvesters and computer networks to digitize and automate aspects of agricultural production.

What is the African economy?

Much of the African economy relies on agricultural production. In eight African countries, including Sierra Leone, Mali, and Guinea-Bissau, more than a third of GDP comes from agricultural output. Similarly, in seven African countries, including Niger, Chad, and Uganda, more than 70% of the population is employed in agriculture.

What are the factors that affect agricultural production?

As a result, agricultural production plays a pivotal role in the world economy. Factors like climate, arable land, access to technology, and amount of human labor affect agricultural production in different parts of the world. Our new series of visualizations take …

How much of the world’s GDP is agriculture?

As of 2018, agriculture only represents 3% of the world’s GDP, down from 4% in 2010. Even though agriculture represents a small share of the world’s economic output, this industry employs almost 30% of all workers. Developing countries are more likely than developed countries to rely on agriculture as a larger percentage of GDP.

Which countries have low agriculture?

New Zealand – $14.4 billion – 6.16% employed in agriculture. 3. Papua New Guinea – $4.2 billion – 67.66% employed in agriculture. While Australia and New Zealand have low employment in agriculture, some of the Pacific island nations such as Papua New Guinea and Timor-Leste employ more than half of their workers in agriculture.

Which region has the highest agricultural output?

Countries in South Asia and Southeast Asia have the highest agricultural production in this region, as well as the highest employment in agriculture. By contrast, countries in the Middle East like Oman and Yemen have the lowest agricultural output.

Which countries have a higher percentage of the population engaged in agriculture?

Developed countries like the U.S. employ fewer people, but produce more agricultural output. Countries in Central America and the west coast of South America have a higher percentage of the population engaged in agriculture. Use this visualization.

What mutation occurred during the spread of farming into southeastern Europe?

But at some point during the spread of farming into southeastern Europe, a mutation occurred for lactose tolerance that increased in frequency through natural selection thanks to the nourishing benefits of milk.

What was the farming revolution?

Taking root around 12,000 years ago, agriculture triggered such a change in society and the way in which people lived that its development has been dubbed the ” Neolithic Revolution.”. Traditional hunter-gatherer lifestyles, followed by humans since their evolution, were swept aside in favor of permanent settlements …

What is the meaning of “agriculture”?

agriculture. Noun. the art and science of cultivating land for growing crops (farming) or raising livestock (ranching). annual plant. Noun. plant with a life cycle of no more than one year, and often much less. barley. Noun. grass cultivated as a grain.

When did corn cobs first appear?

While maize-like plants derived from teosinte appear to have been cultivated at least 9,000 years ago, the first directly dated corn cob dates only to around 5,500 years ago . Corn later reached North America, where cultivated sunflowers also started to bloom some 5,000 years ago.

How long ago did goats come to Europe?

Dates for the domestication of these animals range from between 13,000 to 10,000 years ago. Genetic studies show that goats and other livestock accompanied the westward spread of agriculture into Europe, helping to revolutionize Stone Age society. While the extent to which farmers themselves migrated west remains a subject of debate, …

What is the meaning of “neolithic”?

noun, adjective. a type of grain. Near East. Noun. imprecise term for countries in southwestern Asia, sometimes including Egypt. Neolithic. Noun. (~9000 B.C.E. to ~2000 B.C.E.) last phase of the Stone Age, following the Mesolithic. nomadic.

What is genetic mutation?

genetic mutation. Noun. change to the genetic structure of an organism. harvest. Noun. the gathering and collection of crops, including both plants and animals. hunter-gatherer. Noun. person who gets food by using a combination of hunting, fishing, and foraging.

How does agriculture help the poor?

Agriculture can help reduce poverty, raise incomes and improve food security for 80% of the world’s poor, who live in rural areas and work mainly in farming. The World Bank Group is a leading financier of agriculture.

What is the leading cause of death worldwide?

Risks associated with poor diets are also the leading cause of death worldwide. Millions of people are either not eating enough or eating the wrong types of food, resulting in a double burden of malnutrition that can lead to illnesses and health crises.

How many agricultural innovations are there in Peru?

In Peru, since 2013, nearly 600 agricultural innovations have been identified and tested with the help of competitive matching grants. More than 110 of these innovations have been validated at the farm level, and as of September 2020, one or more of them have been adopted by nearly 32,000 producers.

How many people benefit from the Ceará program?

In Brazil since 2019, 7,400 people in rural communities in Ceará have benefited from improved agricultural production, access to water and sanitation, and 26,000 household water connections have been financed. More than 90,000 people are expected to benefit from this program over the next 5 years.

How does IBRD help agribusiness?

boosts agribusiness by building inclusive and efficient value chains; and. improves food security and produces enough safe, nutritious food for everyone, everywhere, every day and is nutrition-smart. In 2020, there was US$5.8 billion in new IBRD/IDA commitments to agriculture and related sectors.

How much of the world’s GDP is agriculture?

Agriculture is also crucial to economic growth: in 2018, it accounted for 4 percent of global gross domestic product (GDP) and in some developing countries, it can account for more than 25% of GDP.

How does the food system affect the world?

The current food system also threatens the health of people and the planet: agriculture accounts for 70 percent of water use and generates unsustainable levels of pollution and waste. 1/3 of food produced globally is either lost or wasted.

What were staple food crops?

Staple food crops were grains such as wheat and barley, alongside industrial crops such as flax and papyrus. In India, wheat, barley and jujube were domesticated by 9,000 BC, soon followed by sheep and goats. Cattle, sheep and goats were domesticated in Mehrgarh culture by 8,000–6,000 BC.

Why is fallow period shortened?

This fallow period is shortened if population density grows, requiring the input of nutrients (fertilizer or manure) and some manual pest control. Annual cultivation is the next phase of intensity in which there is no fallow period. This requires even greater nutrient and pest control inputs.

How does industrialized agriculture depend on fossil fuels?

Industrialized agriculture depends on fossil fuels in two fundamental ways: direct consumption on the farm and manufacture of inputs used on the farm. Direct consumption includes the use of lubricants and fuels to operate farm vehicles and machinery. Agriculture and food system share (%) of total energy.

How much of the world’s land is used for livestock production?

Livestock production occupies 70% of all land used for agriculture, or 30% of the land surface of the planet. It is one of the largest sources of greenhouse gases, responsible for 18% of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions as measured in CO 2 equivalents. By comparison, all transportation emits 13.5% of the CO 2.

How does agriculture increase yield?

Agriculture seeks to increase yield and to reduce costs. Yield increases with inputs such as fertilisers and removal of pathogens , predators, and competitors (such as weeds). Costs decrease with increasing scale of farm units, such as making fields larger; this means removing hedges, ditches and other areas of habitat.

What is agricultural science?

Agricultural science is a broad multidisciplinary field of biology that encompasses the parts of exact, natural, economic and social sciences used in the practice and understanding of agriculture. It covers topics such as agronomy, plant breeding and genetics, plant pathology, crop modelling, soil science, entomology, production techniques and improvement, study of pests and their management, and study of adverse environmental effects such as soil degradation, waste management, and bioremediation.

How does agriculture affect the environment?

Agriculture is both a cause of and sensitive to environmental degradation, such as biodiversity loss, desertification, soil degradation and global warming, which cause decrease in crop yield. Agriculture is one of the most important drivers of environmental pressures, particularly habitat change, climate change, water use and toxic emissions. Agriculture is the main source of toxins released into the environment, including insecticides, especially those used on cotton. The 2011 UNEP Green Economy report stated that agricultural operations produced some 13 per cent of anthropogenic global greenhouse gas emissions. This includes gases from the use of inorganic fertilizers, agro-chemical pesticides, and herbicides, as well as fossil fuel-energy inputs.

What is the role of agriculture in the economy?

In addition to providing food and raw material, agriculture also provides employment opportunities to a very large percentage of the population.

What is the basic need of life?

After air and water, food is the basic necessity of life. It is the basic need of human beings, to lead a problemless and healthy life. As, without food people will most probably not exist and even if they do, without food they wont have energy so eventually they wont be able to do any other economic activities too.

What is agriculture used for?

Agriculture is practiced for the purpose of producing food and other human needs such as clothing, shelter, medicines, weapons, tools, ornaments, and indefinitely many more including livestock feed. It is likewise practiced as a business for economic gain. 2.5K views. ·.

What is the importance of agriculture in India?

Agriculture is the most important occupation for 60% of the population either directly or indirectly. In India, agriculture contributes about sixteen percent (16%) of total GDP and ten percent (10%) of total exports.

What is the primary sector of the economy?

Answered 2 years ago. Agriculture is primary sector of economy. It means that without this activity no life can be sustained in the world. It provides the people, humans their food, it provides food for various domestic animals which in turn provide us milk, eggs, chickens and meat etc.

What is the key to economic activity?

Thus agriculture is the key root of all economic activities. Agriculture provides not only food for human beings and animals, but it is also the main source of raw material for industries, such as textiles, sugar and oil. It also acts as a consumer of industrial products like farm machinery, fertilizers and pesticides.

What is the main source of raw material for industries?

Agriculture provides not only food for human beings and animals, but it is also the main source of raw material for industries, such as textiles, sugar and oil. It also acts as a consumer of industrial products like farm machin. Continue Reading. After air and water, food is the basic necessity of life.

What are some examples of medicinal principles?

These constitute some important medicinal principles. Examples include cardiac glycosides like digitalis for heart failure. Senna is a glycoside used for the treatment of constipation. Steroidal glycosides to produce steroid drugs.

Why is agriculture important?

Agriculture is an important source of livelihood for people in most parts of the world. It involves laboriuous work, yet it contributes to food security and the health of the nation. Before the industrial revolution, agriculture was the primary source of economy. Despite many commercial options coming up, still many rely on agriculture …

How are alkaloids obtained?

Opium alkaloids like morphine relieve severe pains, cough, and also lose motions. They are obtained by growing opium poppyplants on farms. Similarly, alkaloids like hyoscine, ephedrine, physostigmine are obtained by agriculture.

What is the largest source of cloth material?

Agriculture is the largest source of cloth material. This clothing material is obtained from cotton. This cotton is also used for making jeans, bedding material, etc. Further, jute and other fibers are used to make gunny bags.

What are some of the things that people in developing countries rely on for livelihood?

Many people from developing nations rely on agriculture for livelihood. Some people involved in other businesses or jobs still have agriculture as a side business. Agriculture does not limit to cultivation and farming alone. It also extends to dairy, poultry, fisheries,sericulture, beekeeping (honey insects), etc.

What are grapefruits used for?

They are digestible by kids, old age, and sick people. Grapefruits are also used for producing wine.

What are some sources of protein?

Other sources of protein, like meat, fish, and dairy, also rely on agriculture. Protein from vegetarian sources are cheap and also healthy without chances of infections. So people rely on agriculture protein for their daily needs.


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