how and why is agriculture limited in the middle east

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Due to a lack of cultivable land and a limited amount of water, the Middle East produces less than half of the food and agro-industrial products it consumes. With the exception of Israel, agriculture in the region remains undeveloped. Most Middle Eastern countries are highly dependent on food from abroad.

Why is there so little agriculture in the Middle East?

 · Despite the fact that MENA is the most water-scarce and dry region in the world, many countries in the region, especially those around the Mediterranean Sea, are highly dependent on agriculture. The contribution of the agricultural sector to the overall economy varies significantly among countries in the region, ranging, for example, from about 3.2 percent …

What are the main agricultural products of the Middle East?

 · Several observations may be safely made regarding agriculture in the Middle East: it has continued to be the major economic sector in the region; it has developed conspicuously …

What happens to crop residues in the Middle East?

 · How and why is agriculture limited in the middle east. Answers: 2 Show answers Another question on Geography. Geography, 22.06.2019 13:40:calculate the sum of the interior …

Why is agriculture so important in MENA?

The limiting factor of agricultural production is water. Of land, and good land, there is an abundance. But much of it cannot be utilized be- cause there is not enough water to raise …

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Why is farming difficult in the Middle East?

Middle East regions remain largely dependent on imports to meet the population’s food needs due to extreme weather conditions, arid climate, and unavailability of natural resources that make agriculture production difficult.

Why is there limited farming on the Arabian peninsula?

Historically, agriculture in the Arabian Peninsula was limited mostly to date farming and small-scale vegetable production in widely scattered oases, except in a small coastal strip in the southwest. Small plots produced enough food for the local communities, and any extra was sold to passing caravans.

Is the Middle East suitable for agriculture?

Wheat and barley are the major staple crops grown in the Middle East region. In addition, significant quantities of rice, maize, lentils, chickpeas, vegetables and fruits are produced throughout the region, mainly in Egypt, Syria, Saudi Arabia and Jordan.

What is the agriculture in the Middle East?

The main rainfed crops are wheat, barley, legumes, olives, grapes, fruit and vegetables. A wide range of subtropical crops, including fruit and vegetables, is also grown under irrigation in the summer months.

Why is agriculture not possible in Saudi Arabia?

The water supply in Saudi Arabia, and specifically the lack of water has always been the major constraint on agriculture and the determining factor on where cultivation occurred. The kingdom has no lakes or rivers. Rainfall is slight and irregular over most of the country.

What is the most limited resource on the Arabian Peninsula?

In Arabian Peninsula, ready availability of fresh water has always been a major concern. The region is one of those with the lowest absolute and per inhabitant water resources (Osman-Elasha 2010). Throughout history, the scarcity of water in the region has affected the lives and livelihood of inhabitants.

Is there fertile land in the Middle East?

Named for its rich soils, the Fertile Crescent, often called the “cradle of civilization,” is found in the Middle East. Because of this region’s relatively abundant access to water, the earliest civilizations were established in the Fertile Crescent, including the Sumerians.

How might limited water affect the future of the Middle East?

Water supplies across the Middle East will deteriorate over 25 years, threatening economic growth and national security and forcing more people to move to already overcrowded cities, a new analysis suggests.

What methods are used to farm in dry areas in the Middle East?

Herding and raising livestock is a common means of earning a living in areas that are dry for farming. Animals that are raised include cattle, goats, and sheep. The faring often occurs along the coasts and in dry areas with the use of irrigation techniques.

Why does Arabia use less than 2% of its land for agriculture?

By 1998, agricultural jobs provided work for 12 percent of the labor force. Less than 2 percent of Saudi Arabian land is used for cultivation. Crops are grown mainly in the southwest of the kingdom, where there is rainfall sufficient for farming, or in areas where oases provide enough ground water for irrigation.

Why can’t farmers use seawater anymore?

Farming With Salty Water Is Possible One of the many adverse effects of global climate change is the rise of sea levels, which scientists say can increase the salinity level of fresh water reserves. As saline water cannot be used for irrigation, farm fields close to the seashore are lost to agriculture.

What kind of food is grown in the Middle East?

Grains are the basis of the Middle Eastern diet, where wheat and rice are considered staple foods. Barley is also widely used in the region, and maize in addition has become common in some areas.

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What is the role of agriculture in the Middle East?

The contribution of the agricultural sector to the overall economy varies significantly among countries in the region, ranging, for example, from about 3.2 percent in Saudi Arabia to 13.4 percent in Egypt. Large scale agricultural irrigation is expanding, enabling intensive production of high value cash and export crops, including fruits, vegetables, cereals, and sugar.

What is the Middle East’s agricultural waste?

Agricultural Wastes in the Middle East. Large quantities of agricultural wastes are produced annually in the Middle East, and are vastly underutilised. Current farming practice in the Middle East is usually to plough these residues back into the soil, or they are burnt, left to decompose, or grazed by cattle.

What is crop residue?

The term ‘crop residues’ covers the whole range of biomass produced as by-products from growing and processing crops. Crop residues encompasses all agricultural wastes such as bagasse, straw, stem, stalk, leaves, husk, shell, peel, pulp, stubble, etc. Wheat and barley are the major staple crops grown in the Middle East region.

What is the most important source of fuel in Egypt?

In Egypt, crop residues are considered to be the most important and traditional source of domestic fuel in rural areas. These crop residues are by-products of common crops such as cotton, wheat, maize and rice. The total amount of residues reaches about 16 million tons of dry matter per year.

How much do date trees produce?

A typical date tree can generate as much as 20 kilograms of dry leaves per annum while date pits account for almost 10 percent of date fruits. Some studies have reported that Saudi Arabia alone generates more than 200,000 tons of date palm biomass each year.

Where is date palm biomass grown?

Date palm biomass is an excellent resource for charcoal production in Middle East. Date palm is one of the principal agricultural products in the arid and semi-arid region of the world, especially Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. The Arab world has more than 84 million date palm trees with the majority in Egypt, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Iran, …

Can Jatropha be grown in arid regions?

Energy crops, such as Jatropha, can be successfully grown in arid regions for biodiesel production. Infact, Jatropha is already grown at limited scale in some Middle East countries and tremendous potential exists for its commercial exploitation.

What is the dominant factor in agriculture in the Middle East?

Scarcity of water has always been the dominant factor in agriculture throughout most of the arid Middle East, with its population relying on insufficient and erratic seasonal rains or on rivers for their water supply.

What are the issues facing the Middle East?

One large issue that people are facing in the Middle East is the issue of Animal Husbandry and rational land use.

When was agriculture rain fed?

Until the beginning of the 20th century, agriculture was almost entirely rain-fed.

What is the role of agriculture in the Middle East?

Agriculture plays an important role in the economies of most of the countries in the Middle East and North Africa region . Despite the fact that MENA is the most water-scarce and dry region in the world, many countries in the region, especially those around the Mediterranean Sea, are highly dependent on agriculture.

How much palm biomass does Saudi Arabia produce?

Some studies have reported that Saudi Arabia alone generates more than 200,000 tons of date palm biomass each year. Agricultural output is central to the Tunisian economy. Major crops are cereals and olive oil, with almost half of all the cultivated land sown with cereals and another third planted.

What is crop residue?

The term ‘crop residues’ covers the whole range of biomass produced as by-products from growing and processing crops. Crop residues encompasses all agricultural wastes such as bagasse, straw, stem, stalk, leaves, husk, shell, peel, pulp, stubble, etc. Wheat and barley are the major staple crops grown in the Middle East region.

What is the practice of ploughing residues back into the soil?

To sum up, large quantities of crop residues are produced annually in the MENA region, and are vastly underutilised. Current farming practice is usually to plough these residues back into the soil, or they are burnt, left to decompose, or grazed by cattle.

What percentage of cotton residues are in Egypt?

Cotton residues represent about 9% of the total amount of residues. These are materials comprising mainly cotton stalks, which present a disposal problem. The area of cotton crop cultivation accounts for about 5% of the cultivated area in Egypt. Date palm is one of the principal agricultural products in the arid and semi-arid region of the world, …

How much waste does a date palm produce?

A typical date tree can generate as much as 20 kilograms of dry leaves per annum while date pits account for almost 10 percent of date fruits. Some studies have reported that Saudi Arabia alone generates more than 200,000 tons of date palm biomass each year.

Where is rice grown in the world?

In addition, significant quantities of rice, maize, lentils, chickpeas, vegetables and fruits are produced throughout the region, mainly in Egypt, Tunisia, Saudi Arabia, Morocco and Jordan. Egypt is the one of world’s biggest producer of rice and cotton and produced about 5.67 million tons of rice and 635,000 tons of cotton in 2011.

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