How animal agriculture affects the poor


The greatest impact of livestock in sustainable development designed to help the poor is enhancement of livestock-production systems. Animal diseases are crucial constraints in this: the animals of poor people are particularly vulnerable to disease because of the expense, absence or unsuitability of animal-health and production inputs.


What is animal agriculture and why is it bad?

Industrial animal agriculture is responsible for the suffering and slaughter of trillions of animals each and every year around the globe. It is responsible for the degradation of the environment and the acceleration of climate change. Beyond that, animal agriculture is terrible for human health.

What is the impact of Agriculture on the environment?

If industrial agriculture continues to grow unchecked, global warming will increase – with potentially disastrous impacts, the beginnings of which are being felt today. Methane, produced by livestock including sheep, goats, and cows, is a greenhouse gas with a terrific ability to trap heat in the atmosphere.

What is factory farming and how does it affect animals?

Animals that are bred into existence on factory farms are never allowed the chance to live a normal life. From the moment they are born, they are living in conditions that are unnatural in every sense of the word. The animals are fed diets that they would never consume in nature.

Is agriculture the key to reducing poverty?

AGRICULTURE IS THE KEY TO REDUCING POVERTY Agriculture has a key role to play in food security throughout the world and lifting people out of poverty, but at the same time there are a number of challenges to be faced.


How does animal agriculture affect society?

Animal Agriculture’s Impact 82% of the world’s starving children live in countries where food is fed to animals in livestock and then sold to wealthier and developed countries. Animal agriculture produces 65% of the world’s nitrous oxide emissions which has a global warming impact 296 times greater than carbon dioxide.

What are disadvantages of animal agriculture?

Disadvantages of Factory FarmingAnimals are treated quite poorly.Animals might bully each other.Low-quality meat.Animals are raised to unnatural sizes.Fast family separation.Some animals are killed solely due to their gender.Unnatural form of animal raising.Genetic engineering might be used for factory farming.More items…

Why is animal agriculture a problem?

Raising animals for food requires massive amounts of land, food, energy, and water and causes immense animal suffering. By some estimates, animal agriculture is responsible for more greenhouse gases than all of the world’s transportation systems combined.

What is the economic impact of animal agriculture?

Animal agriculture directly supported over 46,000 jobs, but considering all other jobs sustained by the industry, the total is nearly 83,000. That total labor activity produced the equivalent of $7.8 billion in value added (or GDP, gross domestic product) from $20 billion in total economic output.

What are the disadvantages of animal production?

Livestock farming is a disaster for the environment. Worldwide it is responsible for half of the greenhouse gas emissions and it is the biggest cause of biodiversity loss, habitat destruction and water pollution. A transition to a plant-based diet would dramatically decrease these problems.

How do animals affect the environment?

All animals influence the environment to varying extents. The production of livestock and poultry has marked impacts on the environment influencing water, air, and soil. Manure or animal waste is the predominant source of concern particularly with intensive animal agriculture.

Why is animal agriculture unsustainable?

The amount of destruction that animal agriculture does to the planet, to environments and to species is devastating as animal agriculture is the root problem for the worlds increasing temperatures, species extinction, deforestation, and water quality.

How does animal agriculture benefit society?

Farm animals contribute not only a source of high-quality food that improves nutritional status but also additional resources such as manure for fertilizer, on-farm power, and other by-products, and, in addition, provide economic diversification and risk distribution (12,13,16–18).

How is agriculture bad for the economy?

Agriculture is the leading source of pollution in many countries. Pesticides, fertilizers and other toxic farm chemicals can poison fresh water, marine ecosystems, air and soil. They also can remain in the environment for generations.

How does meat production affect the economy?

The industry contributes approximately $894 billion in total to the U.S. economy, or just under 6 percent of total U.S. GDP and, through its production and distribution linkages, impacts firms in all 440 sectors of the U.S. economy, directly and indirectly providing 5.9 million jobs in the U.S.

1. Exploitation of Factory Farm Workers

The negative effects of animal agriculture can be seen immediately, starting with the thousands of workers who are employed within the factory farms that litter the country. These people typically work very long hours for barely minimum wage.

2. Pollution in Local Communities

The effects of the animal agriculture industry don’t stop with the animals and workers confined inside factory farms – they are much farther reaching. Local communities often suffer terribly when factory farms set up shop nearby or expand small operations into industrials monsters.

3. Drought

You can scarcely read the news today without coming across a story discussing the terrible drought that is sweeping across California. To combat the drought, Governor Jerry Brown has placed massive water restrictions on urban water use, calling residents to shorten showers and stop watering their lawns at all costs.

4. Global Hunger

The animal agriculture industry’s effects extend far beyond the people and land in its immediate vicinity as well. Though more than 850 million people go hungry every day throughout the world, the animal agriculture industry continues to funnel the majority of our grain into farmed animals, who we then slaughter and eat.

5. The Health Crisis

On the flip side of global hunger, the animal agriculture industry is at least partially to blame for the United States’ current health crisis. In 2015, two-thirds of Americans are overweight, one-third of Americans are obese, 1.6 million people will be diagnosed with cancer, and more than 600,000 people will die from heart disease.

Animal Issues ARE People Issues!

As the above facts illustrate, the animal agriculture industry has wide-reaching effects. Factory farms disregard animal welfare, exploit workers, and destroy local communities.

How many dairy cows are raised in the US?

In the US, farmers are raising around 9 million dairy cows, which means 1.08 billion pounds of waste daily. To put it into perspective, a farm with only 2,500 cows produces the same amount of waste as a city of around 400,000 people.

What animals are raised in the US?

Typical livestock includes pigs, beef cows, dairy cows, poultry (like chickens and turkeys), goats, and sheep. The following information identifies the environmental impact and waste production of the US-based factory farming of each …

How much waste does a pig produce?

Each pig produces, on average, 14 pounds of waste per day. Thus 938 million pounds of solid waste produced daily by pigs. While toxic fumes are a big problem for all livestock, ammonia is of particular concern on pig farms. Ammonia increases smog levels and causes respiratory illnesses like asthma and lung inflammation.

What happens if you get too much nitrogen in your water?

Illegal discharge and unpreventable runoff contaminate public waterways, infecting humans as well as marine life. High levels of nitrogen in manure, when found in drinking water, can lead to birth defects. Both livestock and farm workers have died or been made sick due to high gas buildup from poor ventilation.

How many cows are there in the US?

Cattle. Cattle raised for meat produce less than lactating cows. However, there are 90 million of them in the US. This large number of animals combined with the 63 pounds of waste each one produces on a daily basis ends up at 5.67 billion pounds every day.

What are the animals that make up the US livestock?

Sheep and Goat. Not commonly considered as having a big role in US livestock production, the sheep and goat population is as big as the population of dairy cows. These animals also produce massive amounts of waste. Each sheep and goat create 5 pounds of waste daily. When multiplied by the 9 million animals in the country, …

What are the effects of animals on small areas of land?

In addition, the massive amount of animals produced on small areas of land is unsustainable and leads to reduced soil fertility and desertification, a loss of plants and the inability to regrow lost flora.

What are the threats to climate stability?

Because carbon emissions make up the vast majority (81 percent, as of 2018) of total greenhouse gases, they pose one of the gravest threats to climate stability. Although carbon is the greatest emitted by volume, other greenhouse gases can be much more potent.

How much carbon dioxide is produced by livestock?

Farmed animals – referred to as livestock – generate over 14 percent of all anthropogenic emissions, with estimated totals hovering around seven gigatonnes of carbon dioxide emitted every year. The bulk of these emissions are due to raising cattle for meat and dairy, contributing 60 percent of total livestock emissions. These emissions are thanks to the vast amounts of resources cows consume, the land they require for pasture (in the case of beef cattle), and other manure they produce. Cow manure contains nitrous oxide and methane, the latter being one of the most potent greenhouse gasses due to its outsized ability to absorb heat.

Why is agriculture the gravest mistake in the world?

Unless greenhouse gas emissions are seriously curbed, the world is going to be a far more difficult place to endure.

What are the environmental effects of monocrops?

Vast fields of monocrops also cause a host of environmental effects, including air pollution. Pesticides and herbicides are sprayed in liberal amounts, which can cause a host of debilitating illnesses, including cancers, for farmworkers and surrounding communities. Soil depletion is also a serious looming issue.

How much should global emissions be reduced?

In order to curb global warming, and keep the global temperature increase below 1.5 degrees Celsius, the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change says that global emissions will need to be reduced by around 40 to 50 percent.

What will happen if agriculture continues to grow?

If industrial agriculture continues to grow unchecked, global warming will increase – with potentially disastrous impacts, the beginnings of which are being felt today. Methane, produced by livestock including sheep, goats, and cows, is a greenhouse gas with a terrific ability to trap heat in the atmosphere.

What percent of the world’s land is used for agriculture?

Land Use. A full 50 percent of the world’s livable land – meaning land that is ice-free and fertile – is being used for agriculture. No other human activity takes up more space. In contrast, all urban areas account for around one percent of livable land use.

What is AFVP in fertilizer?

Over the past two years, the African Fertilizer Volunteer’s Program (AFVP) has called on global fertilizer industry experts willing to volunteer their time and knowledge towards strengthening the African fertilizer value chain. The ultimate goal of the program is to increase fertilizer users and usage in the continent.

What is BRAC in Bangladesh?

BRAC is responsible for extraordinary advancements in the poultry, seed, and dairy industries in Bangla desh. Affordable vaccines and inexpensive feed for poultry provided by BRAC transformed the sector in the 1980s, and today 40,000 Bangladeshi farmers are protected from price volatility, as 102,559 litres of milk are collected daily.

How much of Nigeria’s population lives in poverty?

In Nigeria, 68% of the population lives in poverty, surviving on less than $1.25 per day. By using a market-led approach of “produce what you can sell,” not “sell what you can produce,” the Nigeria Maximizing Agricultural Revenue and Key Enterprises in Targeted Sites (MARKETS II) project is improving smallholder farmers’ productivity, incomes, resilience, and access to diverse quality food.

How does malnutrition affect Africa?

Widespread malnutrition is undermining the health and limiting the opportunities of almost one in four people in Africa. Malnutrition can impact a society as a whole, it is estimated that malnutrition can reduce a country’s economic advancement by 8 per cent or more.

How much of the population in East Africa has access to financial services?

In East Africa, only 22 per cent of the population has access to formal financial services, and make their money informally in any way they can – many through agricultural activities. Access to finance can be the biggest stumbling block small businesses face, as without credit, they are unable to purchase the tools and technologies their businesses require to grow and help them out of poverty.

What is First Access?

Using a combination of financial and mobile data, First Access has created a platform that can predict credit risk, segment customers, and automate credit decisions to helping financial services reach more people at a lower cost while reducing the risk of lending and borrowing in informal markets.

How did Thai Meng help his fish farm?

Thai Meng from Cambodia was ready to give up on his fish farm, until a Fintrac/Feed the Future project intervened with some life changing technologies. Thai was introduced to Secchi disks ($6 each) which helped him monitor and manage water clarity and nutrients in ponds, resulting in better fingerlings (small fish that serve almost like seeds in a fish farm). Low-cost, locally available water-quality test strips also helped him to monitor and manage water quality and nutrient content, as well as detect and respond to diseases early in order to maximize fingerling survival. Click the image below to read the 2015 Feed the Future report that features Thai’s story:

What are the services that an ecosystem provides?

Ecosystem services are the natural resources that ecosystems provide, e.g. air and water purification, pollination of crops, natural pest control and binding of carbon. In addition to the environmental aspects, sustainable development also includes a social and an economic dimension.

How much milk does a dairy cow give?

Milk represents food and nutrition – and ultimately money. An ordinary dairy cow gives five litres of milk. With a loan from ZANACO a farmer can, among other things, improve the feed and the cow’s health and increase production from five to fifteen litres.

What are the poorest countries dependent on?

The world’s poorest countries are dependent on agriculture . The map shows by colour how much of each country’s GNP comes from agriculture and by fill pattern what percentage of employment is provided by agriculture. The picture is clear: The world’s poorest countries are largely dependent on agriculture .

How many small family farms are there in poor countries?

There are several million small family farms in poor countries with just a few hectares each for growing crops and providing for them- selves. Support for this type of agriculture reaches many of the world’s very poorest people. • Focusing on agriculture that is sustainable and builds strong communities.

What is the key to reducing poverty?

Miguel Adolfo Gonzalez, Nicaragua- 6 -. AGRICULTURE IS THE KEY TO REDUCING POVERTY. Agriculture has a key role to play in food security throughout the world and lifting people out of poverty, but at the same time there are a number of challenges to be faced.

Can you decide what you want to grow?

You cannot decide what you want to grow, develop your farm, obtain loans or credit. If you have your own land, you earn income that you decide how to spend. The distribution of land is still deeply inequitable, although ownership by women has increased from 8 per cent of land in the mid 1990s to 24 per cent in 2013.

Is poverty increasing in Africa?

While the number in extreme poverty in rural areas throughout the world is falling, in Africa it is increasing. This means that an increasing percentage of the very poorest among the world’s population lives in rural Africa. Source: FAO. Percentage of global population in extreme poverty living in rural areas.

What is the difference between oil palm and soy?

Oil palm displaces lowland forests in Indonesia while soy production damages the Cerrado and Atlantic Forests of Brazil and Paraguay. Loss of forests and unsustainable farming practices lead to extreme erosion. During the past 150 years, half of all agricultural topsoil has been lost.

Why is farming important?

Farming is the only viable livelihood option for three-quarters of the world’s extremely poor people. Subsidies provided by U.S. and European governments to their agriculturalists encourage overproduction, which drives down world prices and forces many producers in developing countries to cut corners environmentally. Producers facing declining harvests from cleared lands expand into surrounding wild lands that are rich in biodiversity, resulting in a cycle of increasing poverty and biodiversity loss.

What are the main sources of pollution in the world?

Agriculture is the leading source of pollution in many countries. Pesticides, fertilizers and other toxic farm chemicals can poison fresh water, marine ecosystems, air and soil. They also can remain in the environment for generations. Many pesticides are suspected of disrupting the hormonal systems of people and wildlife. Fertilizer run-off impacts waterways and coral reefs.

How does WWF work?

WWF works in collaboration with a wide range of players to: Convene multi-stakeholder roundtables that define and measurably reduce the impacts of growing priority commodities. Identify and implement better management practices that protect the environment and producers’ bottom line.

How does agriculture affect the environment?

While agricultural operations provide unique opportunities to conserve biodiversity, they also can threaten wild species and spaces. From habitat loss to pollution, agriculture contributes to many of the environmental challenges that WWF actively addresses.

What is the largest industry in the world?

Agriculture is the world’s largest industry. It employs more than one billion people and generates over $1.3 trillion dollars worth of food annually. Pasture and cropland occupy around 50 percent of the Earth’s habitable land and provide habitat and food for a multitude of species.

How does farming affect the atmosphere?

Many farming practices—such as burning fields and using gasoline-powered machinery—are significant contributors to the buildup of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) contends that the livestock sector alone is responsible for 18% of all greenhouse gas production. Additionally, clearing land for agricultural production is a major contributor to climate change, as the carbon stored in intact forests is released when they are cut or burned.


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