How big is central valleys agriculture area


The Central Valley includes parts of 19 counties, which together are home to more than 35,000 farms and nearly 6 million harvested acres. These counties also include 8 of the top 10 agricultural counties in the state: Fresno, Kern, Tulare, Stanislaus, Merced, San Joaquin, Kings, and Madera.Mar 15, 2022


How big is the Central Valley?

Map of the Central Valley’s four major regions. The Central Valley, also known as the Great Valley of California, covers about 20,000 square miles and is one of the more notable structural depressions in the world.

How many farms are there in the Central Valley?

In Madera County alone, which is roughly just 12 percent of the Central Valley area, there are currently over 1,500 farms and ranches. 3. The city of Manteca was meant to be named Monteca, but the Central Pacific Railroad accidentally misprinted the word as Manteca.

What is the environment like in the Central Valley?

However, much of the Central Valley environment has been altered by human activity, including the introduction of exotic plants, notably grasses. The valley’s grasslands, wetlands, and riparian forests constitute the California Central Valley grasslands, a temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands ecoregion.

What are the biggest industries in the Central Valley?

Agriculture is the primary industry in most of the Central Valley. A notable exception is the Sacramento area, which hosts a large and stable workforce of government employees.


How much agriculture does the Central Valley produce?

Using fewer than 1% of U.S. farmland, the Central Valley supplies 8% of U.S. agricultural output (by value) and produces 1/4 of the Nation’s food, including 40% of the Nation’s fruits, nuts, and other table foods.

How many farms are in the Central Valley?

Of 1,507 farms and ranches in the county, most are small: half are less than 60 acres and 1,095 are smaller than 180 acres. Only 118 are 1,000 acres or more. Some small farms get rented to larger ones.

Is the Central Valley is famous for agriculture?

It is California’s most productive agricultural region and one of the most productive in the world, providing more than half of the fruits, vegetables, and nuts grown in the United States. More than 7,000,000 acres (28,000 km2) of the valley are irrigated via reservoirs and canals.

How big is the Central Valley?

450-mile-longIts 450-mile-long stretch is bounded by the Pacific Coast Range to the west and the Sierra Nevadas to the east. Ranging in width from 30 to 60 miles (78 to 155 kilometers), the Central Valley is divided into two smaller valleys: the Sacramento Valley in the north and San Joaquin Valley in the south.

How much of the Central Valley is farmland?

1 percentTo offer some perspective, while the Central Valley has less than 1 percent of the nation’s farmland, it has 17 percent of the nation’s (and 75 percent of California’s) irrigated land.

What is the farming capital of California?

One, Corcoran, bills itself as the “farm capital of the world,” but it’s actually the “famous-prisoner capital of the world.” Charles Manson and Juan Corona — a schizophrenic who was convicted of murdering at least 25 farmworkers in 1971 — are both there.

Where are most of the farms in California?

The Central Valley of California is one of the world’s most productive agricultural regions. More than 230 crops are grown there.

Where is the most productive farmland in the US?

Iowa. Iowa has some of the richest and most productive of soils in the world. Around 90 percent of its land being used for agriculture, the state ranks second in the nation for agricultural production, after California. The Tama soils of Iowa occur in 28 Iowa counties as well as in parts of other, neighboring states.

What state has the most productive farmland?

TexasTexas has the most farms in the United States followed by Missouri & Oklahoma.RankState1Texas2Missouri3Iowa4Oklahoma6 more rows

What is the biggest city in the Central Valley?

The largest city is Fresno, followed by the state capital Sacramento.Sacramento Metropolitan Area (2,136,614)Fresno Metropolitan Area (1,002,304)Bakersfield Metropolitan Area (827,187)Stockton Metropolitan Area (664,237)Modesto Metropolitan (506,125)Visalia Metropolitan Area (410,900)More items…

What percentage of food is grown in California?

Each item is ranked with its estimated total gross value. Not all items are pictured. While California produces 13 percent of the total cash agricultural receipts for the U.S., it is the sole producer (99 percent or more) for the following crops.

Is Sacramento considered Central Valley?

The Sacramento Valley is the area of the Central Valley of the U.S. state of California that lies north of the Sacramento–San Joaquin River Delta and is drained by the Sacramento River. It encompasses all or parts of ten Northern California counties.

What is the Central Valley?

The Central Valley, also known as the Great Valley of California, covers about 20,000 square miles and is one of the more notable structural depressions in the world. Occupying a central position in California, it is bounded by the Cascade Range to the north, the Sierra Nevada to the east, the Tehachapi Mountains to the south, and the Coast Ranges and San Francisco Bay to the west. The Valley is a vast agricultural region drained by the Sacramento and San Joaquin Rivers. The Valley averages about 50 miles in width and extends about 400 mi northwest from the Tehachapi Mountains to Redding. Generally, most of the valley lies close to sea level and the land surface has very low relief, but is higher along the valley margins.

What are the two parts of the Central Valley?

The Central Valley can be divided into two large parts: the northern one-third is known as the Sacramento Valley and the southern two-thirds is known as the San Joaquin Valley. The San Joaquin Valley can be split further into the San Joaquin Basin and the Tulare Basin.

Where do the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers meet?

The San Joaquin and Sacramento Valleys meet in the Delta area where the combined discharge of the Sacramento and San Joaquin Rivers flows through the Central Valley’s one natural outlet, the Carquinez Strait, on its way to San Francisco Bay and the Pacific Ocean.

What are the farming regions of California?

California Farming Regions: The Great Central Valley. Click here to read Part I about the Central Coast and Southern California. This week’s article covers the Great Central Valley. The adjoining San Joaquin and Sacramento Valleys form the Great Central Valley, which stretches over 450 miles from the Tehachapi Mountains in the south to …

What is the Central Valley?

The Central Valley is one of the most productive regions on Earth, and its inhabitants have long been sustained by its bounty. Several Native American tribes, including the Miwok, Yokut, Wintun, Maidu, and Monache were supplied with roots, …

Where is the largest plum and nectarine grower in the world?

Reedley is now home to the largest plum and nectarine growers in the world and its story typifies the intensification of farming that has occurred in many parts of the valley over the past 100 years.

What are the crops grown at Ferry Plaza Farmers Market?

From throughout the Great Central Valley to the Ferry Plaza Farmers Market come stone fruits, nuts, apples, vegetables, olives, meat and poultry, citrus, berries, and a range of row crops.

What are the problems with agriculture in the Central Valley?

Industrial agriculture has caused soil erosion and salinization, land subsidence from groundwater pumping, economic disparity, and the disappearance of family farms.

What countries settled in San Joaquin Valley?

By the 1890s, settlers from Japan, Sweden, Italy, Norway, Portugal, Turkish Armenia, and other regions helped make the center of the San Joaquin Valley “one of the more cosmopolitan regions in the country,” says the scholar David Vaught. By 1900, farming colonies blurred into new settlements, “creating a vast, unbroken region of small farmers.”.

Why is San Joaquin Valley called the other California?

Nicknamed “The Other California” because its character is distinct from the state’s tourist and metropolitan haunts, the San Joaquin Valley joins the Sacramento Valley to stretch 450 miles through nearly three-fifths the length of the state. It comprises the largest area of the richest soil in the world.

Why don’t farmers like the term Central Valley?

Most farmers don’t like the generic term Central Valley because it expunges the distinctiveness of the two valleys that grow more than 230 crops and one-third of the nation’s fruits and vegetables. This expanse is also more populated than Oregon and larger than Rhode Island, Connecticut, and Massachusetts combined.

What caused the Valley fever epidemic?

With no federal or state surface water, farmers let millions of acres go unplanted, costing agriculture billions of dollars. Hot, dry winds stirred up fungus spores from the dirt, causing a silent epidemic of deadly valley fever, mostly among the poor.

What is the Central Valley Project?

So the federal government launched the Central Valley Project, joined later by the California State Water Project, building dams, reservoirs, aqueducts, canals, tunnels, and lateral ditches to send water up and down the state.

Where did my grandfather grow wheat?

That’s when my Béarnais-American grandfather grew wheat and barley as a tenant farmer along the San Joaquin River. After World War I, with the expansion of irrigation and the development of deep-well turbine pumps, he moved to the interior valley to plant a vineyard and cotton on his own forty acres.

Which region of California has the most agricultural land?

Here’s why the Central Valley has the most productive agricultural land and diverse communities. California’s San Joaquin Valley is often dismissed as small and rural. To the contrary, it’s a massive area of farms, ranches, small towns, and growing cities, emblematic of the American West as a blend of Old West values and New West technology.

What are some interesting facts about California?

While weird facts about California include lots of fun inventions, the Central Valley is more famous for agricultural inventions such as the Fresno Scraper, which is one of the prototypes for the modern bulldozers. 6. The Central Valley aquifers supply 20 percent of the nation’s groundwater.

What animals are endangered in the Central Valley?

12. The continuous expansion of farmlands has endangered many species living in the Central Valley, including the San Joaquin kit fox and the blunt-nosed lizard. 13. The Sacramento Zoo was built in 1927 and is still a pretty popular choice for a family weekend outing.

What is the sixth capital of California?

10. Sacramento is California’s sixth state capital.

What is the Central Valley?

The Central Valley is California’s agricultural center. Here are some surprising, little-known facts about the fertile region. Hello, foodies—welcome to the Central Valley, the Golden State’s agricultural center. This agricultural hub and rich reserve of natural resources occupy about 11 percent of the California landscape.

Where are almonds grown in California?

Almonds are the second-largest crop in California, and the majority of them are grown in the Central Valley. 14. The Central Valley is heaven for almond lovers—almonds are the top crop in Fresno County and the second-largest in the state—and is proudly known as the world’s almond capital.

Where is the tule fog?

The famous “Tule Fog” that covers the Central Valley from late November to March is named after the tule grass wetlands (also known as tulares). 17. Speaking of tule, tule elk are native to California, with the majority of the herds living in the Central Valley.

Which wine region produces the most wine?

The Central Valley is the unsung hero of the California wine industry, producing more than half of the State’s grapes. 7. While Napa and Sonoma are renowned around the world for their wines, the Central Valley is actually the state’s largest wine region, producing approximately 75 percent of California wine grape varieties.



The Central Valley is a broad, elongated, flat valley that dominates the interior of California. It is 40–60 mi (60–100 km) wide and runs approximately 450 mi (720 km) from north-northwest to south-southeast, inland from and parallel to the Pacific coast of the state. It covers approximately 18,000 sq mi (47,000 km ), about 11% of California’s land area. The valley is bounded by the Coast Ranges to …


Older names include “the Great Valley”, a name still often seen in scientific references (notably Great Valley Sequence), as well as “Golden Empire”, a booster name that is still referred to by some organizations (notably Golden Empire Transit, Golden Empire Council).


Subregions and their counties commonly associated with the valley include:
• North Sacramento Valley (all or parts of Shasta, Tehama, Glenn, Butte and Colusa counties)
• Sacramento Metropolitan area (all or parts of Sacramento, El Dorado, Solano, Sutter, Yuba, Yolo and Placer counties)


The flatness of the valley floor contrasts with the rugged hills or gentle mountains that are typical of most of California’s terrain. The valley is thought to have originated below sea level as an offshore area depressed by subduction of the Farallon Plate into a trench farther offshore. The valley has no earthquake faults of its own, but is surrounded by faults to the east and west.


The Central Valley was formerly a diverse expanse of grassland, containing areas of prairie, desert grassland (at the southern end), oak savanna, riparian forest, marsh, several types of seasonal vernal pools, and large lakes such as now-dry Tulare Lake (once the largest freshwater lake west of the Mississippi), Buena Vista Lake and Kern Lake. However, much of the Central Valley environ…


The northern Central Valley has a hot Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csa); the more southerly parts in rainshadow zones are dry enough to be Mediterranean steppe (BShs, as around Fresno) or even low-latitude desert (BWh, as in areas around Bakersfield). It is very hot and dry during the summer and cool and damp in winter, when frequent ground fog known regionally as “t…


Two river systems drain and define the two parts of the Central Valley. The Sacramento River, along with its tributaries the Feather River and American River, flows southwards through the Sacramento Valley for about 447 miles (719 km). In the San Joaquin Valley, the San Joaquin River flows roughly northwest for 365 miles (587 km), picking up tributaries such as the Merced River, Tuolumne River, Stanislaus …

In popular culture

Much of Goliath season 3 is set in Central Valley. Season 3 episode 3 is titled “Good Morning, Central Valley”.

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