How can agriculture improve the economy of zambia


The Zambian


Zambia, officially the Republic of Zambia, is a landlocked country in south-central Africa. Its neighbors are the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Tanzania to the north-east, Malawi to the east, Mozambique to the southeast, Zimbabwe and Botswana to the south, Namibia t…

government seeks to promote agriculture as a way to diversify the economy away from an overreliance on copper. The government is working to develop farm blocks in all ten provinces for large and medium commercial farming, fish farming, and livestock production. Private equity and other investors are active in this sector. Opportunities

Agriculture contributes about 19 percent to GDP and employs three quarters of the population. Domestic production is comprised of crops such as maize, sorghum, millet, and cassava while exports are driven by sugar, soybeans, coffee, groundnuts, rice, and cotton as well as horticultural produce.Nov 6, 2021


What are the opportunities in agriculture in Zambia?

Private equity and other investors are active in this sector. Agricultural cultivation in Zambia is mostly non-mechanized, and the sector is overwhelmingly rain-fed. Opportunities include large-scale farming, farm inputs and equipment supply, irrigation systems, agro-processing, and commodity trading.

How can Zambia improve the quality of its food?

2. Complying with regional food safety and quality standards to ensure Zambia can access regional markets. 3. Ensure that Zambia does not price itself out of export markets. Over the past few years, FRAprices have been way above the market price and in some years announced before the crop forecast exercise is completed.

What is the economy like in Zambia?

Through the first decade of the 21st century, the economy of Zambia was one of the fastest growing economies in Africa and its capital, Lusaka the fastest growing city in the Southern African Development Community (SADC).

Are maize centric agricultural policies undermining Zambia’s economic growth?

Also, the maize centric policies are undermining Zambia’s ability to become a stronger player in the regional agricultural sector, which further inhibits inclusive growth. 2 This Advisory note is the result of a stakeholder consultation process spearheaded by Indaba Agricultural Policy Research Institute.


How can agriculture improve the economy?

A strong agricultural economy brings social progress by increasing productivity, employment and income. Agriculture is the main driver of development in most rural areas. Demand for staple foods, agricultural commodities and – increasingly – processed food is growing in developing countries.

How can agriculture improve in Zambia?

In order to fully exploit agriculture, Zambia has developed well articulated agricultural policies and strategies which emphasize objectives such as attainment of food security, maximizing farmers’ incomes, promoting sustainable agriculture, and enhancing private sector roles in input and output markets.

What is the importance of agriculture in Zambia?

Zambia’s agricultural sector is the key to the development of the Zambian economy and is the engine of growth for the next decade and beyond. Agriculture generates about 22% of GDP and provides livelihood for more than 50% of the population.

How can agriculture reduce poverty in Zambia?

Increased productivity of agriculture raises farm incomes, increases food supply, reduces food prices, and provides greater employment opportunities in both rural and urban areas. Higher incomes can increase the consumer demand for goods and services produced by sectors other than agriculture.

What is the importance of agriculture?

Agriculture is the main source of national income for most developing countries. However, for the developed countries, agriculture contributes a smaller per cent age to their national income. Agricultural sector provides fodder for domestic animals. Cow provides people with milk which is a form of protective food.

How much does agriculture contribute to Zambia’s GDP?

about 20 percentAgriculture plays an important role in the Zambian economy, contributing about 20 percent to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and approximately 12 per cent to the national export earnings.

How is economics related to agriculture?

Agricultural economics plays a role in the economics of development, for a continuous level of farm surplus is one of the wellsprings of technological and commercial growth. In general, one can say that when a large fraction of a country’s population depends on agriculture for its livelihood, average incomes are low.

What are the factors that affect agriculture in Zambia?

These factors include a lack of education among farmers, limited access to inorganic fertilizers, improved seeds, the lack of agricultural extension services, and chemical inputs such as herbicides and pesticides.

What is Zambia’s agriculture?

The Zambian government seeks to promote agriculture as a way to diversify the economy away from an overreliance on copper. The government is working to develop farm blocks in all ten provinces for large and medium commercial farming, fish farming, and livestock production. Private equity and other investors are active in this sector.

Is agriculture mechanized in Zambia?

Agricultural cultivation in Zambia is mostly non-mechanized, and the sector is rain-fed. Opportunities include large-scale farming, farm inputs and equipment supply, irrigation systems, agro-processing, and commodity trading. The sector is in dire need of mechanization.

What is the impact of rainfed agriculture on Zambia?

Rainfed agriculture is the primary impact channel for agrarian economies like Zambia, but it is uncertain how future climate will be and by how much it will affect agriculture, household welfare and economic growth. We use an integrated framework that combines climate models, biophysical models and an economy-wide computable general equilibrium model based on a 2007 Social Accounting Matrix to assess the impacts of climate change on agriculture, economic growth, and household welfare in Zambia. We address the uncertainty associated with climate change by using data from the general circulation models based on 819 potential future climate scenarios.

What is Zambia’s main strategy of p overty eradication?

Zambia’s main strategy of p overty eradication: agriculture. The study investigates the status and

How to assess food security in Africa?

Food security assessment in sub-Saharan Africa requires simultaneous consideration of multiple socio-economic and environmental variables. Early identification of populations at risk enables timely and appropriate action. Since large and widely dispersed populations depend on rainfed agriculture and pastoralism, climate monitoring and forecasting are important inputs to food security analysis. Satellite rainfall estimates (RFE) fill in gaps in station observations, and serve as input to drought index maps and crop water balance models. Gridded rainfall time-series give historical context, and provide a basis for quantitative interpretation of seasonal precipitation forecasts. RFE are also used to characterize flood hazards, in both simple indices and stream flow models. In the future, many African countries are likely to see negative impacts on subsistence agriculture due to the effects of global warming. Increased climate variability is forecast, with more frequent extreme events. Ethiopia requires special attention. Already facing a food security emergency, troubling persistent dryness has been observed in some areas, associated with a positive trend in Indian Ocean sea surface temperatures. Increased African capacity for rainfall observation, forecasting, data management and modelling applications is urgently needed. Managing climate change and increased climate variability require these fundamental technical capacities if creative coping strategies are to be devised.

How important is climate projection?

Unravelling future projections of precipitation at the local scale is vitally important for building a climate-resilient economy and for the formulations of National Policies on Climate Change. Central to the entire discipline of climate projections is the use of models. However, model performance varies from one region to another. Therefore, the goal of this study is to examine the performance of 18 Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5) historical simulations of precipitation over Malawi against rain gauge data. The period of study runs from 1982 to 2005. Statistical analyses were extensively carried out at both spatial and temporal scales using the following metrics: correlation coefficient (R), bias, percentage bias (PBias), standard deviation (STDEV), root mean square error (RMSE), and trend. At spatial scales, Hovmoller diagrams (HD) were used to analyse model simulations. Results indicate that the models adequately reproduce the expected annual cycle of rainfall although ~ 77% of them overestimate rain gauge data. Further, only nine of the models analysed correlate positively with rain gauge data. The correlation ranges from − 0.2 to 0.43. Seasonal root mean square errors (RMSEs) are largest during the core of the rainy season (December–February), the beginning (September–October), and the end (March–May), respectively. Rainy gauge data showed that the highest standard deviation was in the north-eastern parts of the country and around the Lake Malawi region. In general, most models poorly simulated the spatial standard deviation. Although there are large variations in model performance, models that generally perform better than others are: CNRM-CM5, EC-EARTH, GISS-E2-H, and MPI-ESM-LR. While these models are identified as well performing, their deficiencies have also been extensively discussed in this work, and therefore, caution needs to be exercised by end users when using these models to make decisions pertaining to climate change adaptation and mitigation strategies.

What is the quantitative information concerning crop yield response to water deficiency?

Quantitative information concerning crop yield response to water deficiency (magnitude and time of occurrence) is of outstanding importance for the economic evaluation and optimization of irrigation systems. In this paper attention is focused on the parameter representing crop sensitivity in a production function proposed by Jensen (1968). A method is presented for the modification of this parameter, derived from experiments, in order to make it suitable for application in irrigation practice. The procedure is illustrated using data for grain sorghum. Finally, an attempt is made to optimize the intraseasonal distribution of irrigation water for the same crop when the volume of available irrigation water for the entire season is limited.

Why can Asia feed its rapidly growing population, but Africa continues to experience famine?

It provides a comparative study between Asian agricultural development during the Green Revolution in food production and the current problematic agricultural situation in sub-Saharan Africa. Based on case studies of eight African and eight Asian countries (focusing on the early part of the Green Revolution), this book presents a causal and explanatory model of Asian green revolutions. It discusses why such progress has been made in Asia, but has not yet occurred in Africa. It also examines the implications of the case studies for future development in Africa.

Which country is Zambia in?

Zambia. In most parts of Sou thern Africa, citizens

How much money did Zambian farmers make in 2013?

The group collected USD 300 million in revenues in 2013 and exports Zambian agriculture products to other countries in Southern, Central and Western Africa.

What are the major crops in Zambia?

Other major crops include: cotton, soybeans, tobacco, groundnuts, paprika, sorghum, wheat, rice, sunflower seeds, coffee, as well as sugar, fruits, other vegetables and flowers. Zambia is also one of the biggest seed exporters in Africa, exporting a recorded total of 17,891 tons of certified seeds to other African countries in 2011.

What is the Zambia Development Agency?

The Zambia Development Agency (ZDA) and MUSIKA, a non-profit company focused on stimulating private investment in the Zambian agricultural market, have signed a Memorandum of…. Zambia Agriculture September 26, 2017.

What is the National Agriculture Policy Draft 2013?

In the National Agriculture Policy Draft 2013, Minister of Agriculture and Livestock Hon. Robert K.K Sichinga MP said that the policy provided « Great scope for attaining sustainable food and nutrition security particularily at national level and contributing significantly to profitability of agriculture enterprises, increased income generation, poverty reduction, job creation, as well as increased contribution of the agriculture sector to Gross Domestic Product ».

How much fish does Zambia produce?

Fisheries produce 70,000 metric tons of fish per year, accounting for about 3.2% of Zambia’s GDP.

What is Zambia’s top priority?

Zambia’s President Edgar Lungu recently said that agriculture will be a top priority in the country’s economic diversification agenda. Zambia Agriculture October 20, 2016.

How much does cotton output increase in Zambia?

Zambia Cotton Output can Increase by 57% with Improved Technical Efficiency. On average, cotton farmers in Zambia can increase output by 57% with the same level of inputs as long as they improve the level of…. Zambia Agriculture September 12, 2016.

What is the impact of EDEV on Zambia?

Zambia’s rich forests and wildlife are threatened by poaching, illegal logging, over-harvesting, and habitat degradation. EDEV is partnering with private sector actors to expand agricultural productivity and alleviate the poverty that serves as one of the main drivers of natural resource degradation. EDEV supports the Government of the GRZ to improve the management of natural resources and thereby provide a long-term, sustainable platform for broad-based economic growth and poverty reduction in rural areas. This is accomplished through Community- and Partnership-Based Natural Resource Management models that place communities at the forefront as the primary beneficiaries.

How does stunting affect children in Zambia?

Stunting affects 40 percent of Zambian children under five years old. As a result of poor nutrition, repeated infection, and inadequate psychosocial stimulation, these children’s learning can be hindered, limiting their ability to participate fully in their country’s social, economic, and political life. EDEV supports the GRZ’s 1,000 Most Critical Days Program (MCDP), referring to the first 1,000 days of life after birth where good nutrition is most critical to physical and mental development to reduce stunting in 30 districts. EDEV also works to improve the GRZ’s ability to plan, advocate, learn, and measure impact. Further, EDEV works with communities and families to ensure health, nutrition, food security, and economic growth are integrated into all activities. Special attention is given to expanding opportunities for women living in extreme poverty to become producers, service providers, and entrepreneurs.

How many people in Zambia have no access to water?

The availability of safe water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) services remain low with 6.8 million, 11 million, and 14.7 million Zambians without access, respectively. EDEV investments seek to improve access to WASH services as part of the multidisciplinary “Most Critical Days Program” (MCDP), ensuring that nutrition gains are amplified. In order to advance learning and build strong evidence towards this approach, EDEV supports the research and evaluation agenda of MCDP. Recognizing the role of service providers, EDEV also supports GRZ and water supply and sanitation companies to access financing so they can improve the quality and reach of WASH service delivery by improving their internal efficiencies, domestic resources mobilization, and creditworthiness.

What percentage of Zambia’s workforce relies on rainfed agriculture?

Jerry Velasquez, Director of GCF’s Mitigation and Adaptation Division, said the increasing effects of climate change are particularly severe for countries like Zambia, where 70 per cent of the country’s workforce relies on rain-fed agriculture.

What is the Zambia project?

The landmark project was mobilised by UNDP through a coalition with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the World Food Programme (WFP). It aligns with Zambia’s key development goals for poverty reduction and food security, as well as its goal to become a prosperous middle-income country by 2030.

What is the UNDP in Zambia?

08 February 2019, Lusaka, Zambia : A new United Nations Development Programme ( UNDP )-backed initiative was launched today to support the Government of Zambia in strengthening climate-resilient food security and poverty reduction measures. The initiative has the potential to economically empower an estimated three (3) million smallholder farmers – mostly women, youth, and marginalised groups – in Zambia.

What is the Zambia partnership?

Working together with national institutions like the Ministry of Agriculture, the Zambia Meteorological Department, and the Water Resources Management Authority, the partnership will deliver an integrated set of technical services that will help to advance key Sustainable Development Goal targets , especially SDG2 on hunger and SDG13 on climate action. The partnership will ensure that best practices from pilot climate resilience initiatives nurtured via coalition organisations will be scaled-up to meet the Government of Zambia’s targets on adapting its economy to climate change impacts.

What is the UNDP initiative in Zambia?

Landmark UNDP-backed initiative launched to strengthen climate-resilient food security and reduce poverty for 3 million smallholder farmers in Zambia.

How do women affect food security in Zambia?

Women make up more than 70 per cent of the agricultural labour force in Zambia and play a critical role in enhancing food security and nutrition. In most places with high prevalence of undernourishment, women farmers have significantly less access to land, information, finance, and agricultural inputs. This makes them more vulnerable to climate shocks and affects their health and the food security and nutrition of the entire household.

Is hunger a problem in Zambia?

Hunger and malnutrition constitute real and present risks in Zambia. Approximately 60 per cent of people live below the poverty line, and 42 per cent are considered extremely poor. According to WFP, over 350,000 people are considered food insecure, and roughly 40 per cent of children experience stunted growth.

What was the main change in Zambia’s economy?

A major switch in the structure of Zambia’s economy came with the Mulungushi Reforms of April 1968: the government declared its intention to acquire equity holdings (usually 51% or more) in a number of key foreign-owned firms, to be controlled by a parastatal conglomerate named the Industrial Development Corporation (INDECO).

Why is Zambia’s economy stalled?

Zambia’s economic performance has stalled in recent years due to declining copper prices, significant fiscal deficits, and energy shortages. Zambia remains one of the least developed countries in Africa, with 58% of the population living on less than $1.90 a day and an average life expectancy of 62 years.

What mining company did Zambia own?

By January 1970, Zambia had acquired majority holding in the Zambian operations of the two major foreign mining corporations, the Anglo American Corporation and the Rhodesia Selection Trust (RST); the two became the Nchanga Consolidated Copper Mines (NCCM) and Roan Consolidated Mines (RCM), respectively.

How does second hand clothing affect Zambia?

The salaula market reduces the proportion of income that a family has to spend on clothing. It also helps to keep employments like repairs and alterations in business and forces tailors to proceed into more specialize production of styled garments.

Why is Zambia’s economic system unitary?

Zambia’s Economic System of Government is Unitary because of that the Frederick Chiluba government (1991–2001), which came to power after democratic multi- party elections in November 1991, was committed to extensive economic reform.

How much sugar is produced in Zambia?

In 2019 Zambia produced: 4.9 million tons of sugarcane; 4 million tons of cassava (18th largest producer in the world); 2 million tons of maize; 281 thousand tons of soy; 153 thousand tons of tobacco (6th largest producer in the world); 151 thousand tons of wheat; 130 thousand tons of peanut;

What was Zambia’s first national development plan?

After independence, Zambia instituted a program of national development plans, under the direction of a National Commission for Development Planning: the Transitional Development Plan (1964–66) was followed by the First National Development Plan (1966–71).

Why is agriculture important for the economy?

If agriculture fails to meet the rising demand of food products, it is found to affect adversely the growth rate of the economy. Raising supply of food by agricultura l sector has, therefore, great importance for economic growth of a country.

What is the role of agriculture in the economy?

Agricultural sector plays a strategic role in the process of economic development of a country. It has already made a significant contribution to the economic prosperity of advanced countries and its role in the economic development of less developed countries is of vital importance. ADVERTISEMENTS: In other words, where per capita real income is …

How does rural economy affect social welfare?

The rising agricultural surplus caused by increasing agricultural production and productivity tends to improve social welfare, particularly in rural areas. The living standard of rural masses rises and they start consuming nutritious diet including eggs, milk, ghee and fruits. They lead a comfortable life having all modern amenities—a better house, motor-cycle, radio, television and use of better clothes.

Why is the progress in agriculture important?

The progress in agricultural sector provides surplus for increasing the exports of agricultural products. In the earlier stages of development, an increase in the exports earning is more desirable because of the greater strains on the foreign exchange situation needed for the financing of imports of basic and essential capital goods.

How can agriculture reduce inequality?

In a country which is predominantly agricultural and overpopulated, there is greater inequality of income between the rural and urban areas of the country. To reduce this inequality of income, it is necessary to accord higher priority to agriculture. The prosperity of agriculture would raise the income of the majority of the rural population and thus the disparity in income may be reduced to a certain extent.

Why is increased agricultural output important?

It is seen that increased agricultural output and productivity tend to contribute substantially to an overall economic development of the country, it will be rational and appropriate to place greater emphasis on further development of the agricultural sector.

What is the backbone of an economy?

The agriculture sector is the backbone of an economy which provides the basic ingredients to mankind and now raw material for industrialisation.

What are the areas of improvement in Zambia?

Priority areas for improvement include stability of its mining and fiscal policy; the development of domestic procurement policies; improved budget transparency; and frameworks for improved infrastructure development, particularly energy infrastructure

What is Zambia’s mining industry?

Zambia has a long history of mining and a large known resource base of copper, emeralds, and other deposits. It also has very good potential for further discoveries. Mining accounts for 12% of Zambia´s GDP and 70% of total export value. The sector is also a significant source of government revenue and formal employment, both directly and indirectly.

What is the challenge for Zambia?

A key challenge for the Zambian government will be to fully integrate the mineral sector into national development plans. “Zambia has a national development plan, but no mining sector development plan,” said Ruthenberg.

When did Zambia implement the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative?

On this front, the Zambian government is making progress through an updated Mines and Minerals Act (2015) and implementation of the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI), which they began implementing in 2009 and advanced to compliant status in 2012.

Which country was the first to pilot the mining investment and governance review?

This is why the World Bank chose Zambia as the first country to pilot The Mining Investment and Governance Review (MInGov), which collects and shares information on mining sector governance, its attractiveness to investors, and how it contributes to national development.

Is Zambia a good place to invest?

A recent review of Zambia’s mining sector governance and investment attractiveness shows the country remains an appealing place for investment due to its favorable geology; long history of mining; political stability; low risk of expropriation; high levels of security; and a relatively favorable economic environment

Is there a national supplier development policy for mining?

Throughout the survey, key stakeholders noted the need for the mining industry to more effectively use local products and services. Currently there is no national supplier development policy for the industry. Consequently, 95% of goods and services used by the mining industry are imported.


Leave a Comment