how can biotechnology benefit agriculture

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Benefits of agricultural biotechnology

  • The application of biotechnology in agriculture has resulted in advantages to farmers, producers, and consumers.
  • In terms of improved weed control, herbicide-tolerant soybeans, cotton, and corn enable the use of reduced-risk…
  • Agricultural biotechnology has been used to protect plants from devastating diseases. For example, the…

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Answer

Why do we need biotechnology in agriculture?

The role of biotechnology in agriculture is multifaceted. Some of the most prevalent benefits of biotechnology in agriculture include –. Increase in Crop Production. With better disease control and increased tolerance to drought and flooding, biotechnology leads to a significant increase in crop production.

What can biotechnology do with agriculture?

 · Agricultural biotechnology delivers significant and tangible benefits for farmers including increased crop yields and lower input costs. American farmers have adopted genetically engineered (GE) crops widely since their introduction in 1996, especially corn, cotton and soybean varieties.

How has biotechnology improved agriculture?

 · What are some examples of biotechnology being used in agriculture? Genetically Modified Crops. Developing of Biofuels. Improving Plant Growth. Improving Plant Seed …

What is the importance of Biotechnology in agriculture?

 · Agricultural biotechnology is a collection of scientific techniques used to develop plants, animals, and microorganisms. Biotechnology enables improvements that are not …

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Q1. What is Biotechnology?

It is the use of scientific techniques and principles to improve and modify plants, animals, and organisms. It is extensively used in fields like a…

Q2. What is the Importance of Biotechnology in Crop Improvement?

Importance of biotechnology in crop improvement is multifaceted. It does not just help to increase productivity but also improves the quality of cr…

Q3. What are the Applications of Biotechnology in Agriculture?

Biotechnology in agriculture has found application in rDNA technology, tissue culture, somatic hybridization, embryo rescue, molecular diagnostics,…

Q4. How will Biotechnology in Agriculture – Applications, Important Role, and FAQ by Vedantu help me…

Biotechnology is an emerging field and it is considered to be the future. The same has been extended in agriculture. Therefore this topic is very w…

Q5. How relevant is Biotechnology in Agriculture – Applications, Important Role, and FAQ in current …

Biotechnology in Agriculture – Applications, Important Role, and FAQ is extremely important in current times. Due to increasing population and risi…

Q6. From where can I get my basics clear for Biotechnology in Agriculture – Applications, Important …

Vedantu’s website is the perfect platform for you to understand the basics of Biotechnology in Agriculture – Applications, Important Role, and FAQ…

Q7. What topics should be covered in Biotechnology in Agriculture – Applications, Important Role, an…

Biotechnology in Agriculture – Applications, Important Role, and FAQ is a non-exhaustive topic and has a lot of data available for the same. But in…

Q8. Can Biotechnology in Agriculture – Applications, Important Role, and FAQ help me in selecting a …

Biotechnology in Agriculture – Applications, Important Role, and FAQ can help you only to a certain extent in selecting a career in agriculture. He…

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Why is biotechnology important for agriculture?

Farmers choose biotech crops because they increase yield and lower production costs .

How much has the use of pesticides on biotech crops been reduced?

Herbicide Reduction Biotech varieties have dramatically reduced farmers’ reliance on pesticide applications: Since 1997, the use of pesticides on global biotech crop acreage has been reduced by 790 million pounds, an 8.8 percent reduction. (Brookes, Graham, & Peter Barfoot. 2009.

Why are farmers growing increasingly critical of GE crops?

The groups also claim farmers are growing increasingly critical of GE crops because of drastically rising biotech seed prices and increasingly resistant weeds. According to the report, herbicide use grew by 383 million pounds from 1996 to 2008, with 46 percent of the total increase occurring in 2007 and 2008.

How does plowing help the soil?

This is delivering important benefits in the form of improved soil health and water retention, reduced runoff, fuel conservation, reduced greenhouse gas emissions and more efficient carbon storage in the soil. A reduction in plowing has enabled farmers to use less fuel and store additional carbon on the soil.

Do farmers use no till?

Farmers who do not use herbicide-tolerant seeds are not as likely to use no-till practices. (Fawcett R, Towery D. 2002. Conservation tillage and plant biotechnology: how new technologies can improve the environment by reducing the need to plow. Conservation Technology Information Center.)

How does biotechnology improve productivity?

So, biotechnology helps to increase productivity and efficiency with the use of the above techniques. Thus, most of the use of these biotech tools have the potential to improve the livelihoods of people living in areas who are depending mainly on agriculture. 1.

Why is biotechnology important?

Today, biotechnology is biology’s fastest-growing discipline prompted by the ever-increasing demand for food and fuel in a cleaner and greener environment. In general, biotechnology encompasses a broad range of technologies and applications to produce useful living products and services. The integration of biotechnology into the field of agriculture makes the better use of limited resources, increases production, and reduces the use of pesticides and insecticides on crops. Agricultural biotechnology is a field of agricultural science that uses cell and molecular biology tools to improve genetic makeup and agronomic management of crops and animals.

What is the role of biotechnology in the flower industry?

Biotechnology is playing a key role in the generation of new varieties with the change in color, scent, size, and flower through gene manipulation technique. Through biotechnological approaches such as tissue culture and micropropagation techniques, polyploidy induction, mutation, breeding, and genetic engineering. Many varieties of ornamental plants have been developed. More than 50 ornamental plants are now being transformed using Agrobacterium-mediated transformation and particle bombardment techniques. ( Chandler and Sanchez, 2012).

Why is micropropagation important?

Micropropagation can be used commercially for asexual propagation to produce a large number of the same plant with the same genetic makeup from small pieces of plant tissues. The technique is useful for seed production in certain crops as genetic conservation is highly important during the seed production processes.

What is the purpose of bio fertilizer?

A bio-fertilizer is a substance that contains living organisms that, when applied to seed, plant, surfaces, or soil, colonize the rhizosphere or the interior of the plants and promotes growth by increasing the supply or availability of primary nutrients to the host plants.

How does biotechnology advance?

Biotech advance allows for specific changes to be made rapidly, on a molecular level through the removal of genes, or the introduction of foreign genes.

What are the techniques used in biotechnology?

There are many biotechnology techniques used by scientists and researchers in this discipline, which include genetic engineering, marker-assisted selection, hybridization, plant tissue culture, bio-fertilizer technology, artificial insemination technology, plant, and livestock disease diagnostics as well as vaccine production.

How does biotechnology help farmers?

Biotechnology provides farmers with tools that can make production very cheaper and manageable. For example, biotechnology crops can be engineered to tolerate specific herbicides, which make weed control simpler and more efficient. These crop production options could help countries keep pace with demands for food while reducing production costs.

How is biotechnology used in agriculture?

Agricultural biotechnology has been used to protect plants from devastating diseases. For example, the papaya ringspot virus threatened to derail the Hawaiian papaya industry until papayas resistant to the disease were developed through genetic engineering.

What are the applications of biotechnology in agriculture?

Applications of Biotechnology in Agriculture mainly involves scientific techniques such as Genetically Modified Organisms, Bt Cotton, and Pest Resistant Plants. It helps in modifying plants, animals, and microorganisms and improves their agricultural productivity. Techniques like vaccines, tissue culture, and genetic engineering are also used.

How is genetically modified technology used in agriculture?

The non- genetically modified applications involve tools like Marker Assisted Selection, Tissue Culture, and Mutation breeding, etc. Genetically Modified technology is being used in world agriculture. It has applications such as insect control, weed management, water use efficiency, nitrogen use efficiency, and salinity tolerance, etc which help us to grow our crops with less pesticide and under difficult abiotic stress conditions. Genetically Modified technology can help in conserving soil and the environment through reduced tilling and pesticide use.

How do genes affect crop yield?

Using agriculture biotechnology techniques, one or two genes may be transferred into a crop to give a new trait to that crop. This is done in the hope of increasing crop yield. Though, these increases in yield have proved to be difficult to achieve. Current genetic engineering methods work best for single gene effects. Many of the genetic characteristics associated with yield, such as enhanced growth, are controlled by a large number of genes, each of which just has a slight effect on the overall crop yield. There is, still much research, including plant genetic research, to be done in this area.

How does the government deal with GM crops?

The Government Department of Biotechnology and other scientific agencies have done admirable work to deal with the safety issues of GM crops by developing a strong, reliable, and trustworthy regulatory mechanism . The existing biosafety framework now requires that all genetically modified organisms should undergo a rigorous review and safety assessment before their import, field testing, or release. The government should enhance its legal system by instituting penalties for those who do not follow the regulations, strengthen and enforce its anti-trust laws to prevent monopolies, and impose product-liability laws to force corporate responsibility.

Why are genetically engineered plants being developed?

Though, genetically engineered plants are being developed for a purpose known as phytoremediation in which the plants detoxify pollutants in the soil or absorb and accumulate polluting substances out of the soil so that the plants can be harvested and disposed of safely. In case the result is improved soil quality at a polluted site. To produce hardier crops that will flourish in even the harshest environments and that will need less fuel, labor, fertilizer, and water, helping to decrease the pressures on land and wildlife habitats.

How does biotechnology help farmers?

Biotechnology provides farmers with tools that can make production very cheaper and manageable. For example, biotechnology crops can be engineered to tolerate specific herbicides, which make weed control simpler and more efficient. These crop production options could help countries keep pace with demands for food while reducing production costs.

How can biotechnology help Indian agriculture?

Biotechnology can be a boon to Indian agriculture in several ways. Crop damage can be minimized through disease and pest resistant varieties through reducing the use of chemicals. The Indian pepper crop is now ravaged by the dieback disease, as the banana is being ambushed by the bunchy top disease, sorghum eroded by downy mildew, and the coconut is crippled by the wilt problem. Conventional plant breeding has little ammunition to deal with these problems expediently and efficiently. India has serious problems of the blast in rice, rust in wheat, leaf rust in coffee, viruses in tomato and chillies and leaf spot in groundnut across the country. These problems can be minimized in an ecologically-friendly manner with the development of genetically reprogrammed seeds designed to resist these disease attacks while minimizing or even eliminating costly and hazardous pesticide sprays.

What are the applications of biotechnology in agriculture?

Applications of Biotechnology in Agriculture mainly involves scientific techniques such as Genetically Modified Organisms, Bt Cotton, and Pest Resistant Plants. It helps in modifying plants, animals, and microorganisms and improves their agricultural productivity. Techniques like vaccines, tissue culture, and genetic engineering are also used.

What are the benefits of biotechnology?

Benefits of agricultural biotechnology 1 The application of biotechnology in agriculture has resulted in advantages to farmers, producers, and consumers. Biotechnology in agriculture has helped to make both insect pest control and weed management safer and easier while safeguarding crops against disease. 2 In terms of improved weed control, herbicide-tolerant soybeans, cotton, and corn enable the use of reduced-risk herbicides that break down quickly in soil and are non-toxic to wildlife and humans. Herbicide-tolerant crops are particularly compatible with no-till or reduced tillage agriculture systems that help preserve topsoil from soil erosion. 3 Agricultural biotechnology has been used to protect plants from devastating diseases. For example, the papaya ringspot virus threatened to derail the Hawaiian papaya industry until papayas resistant to the disease were developed through genetic engineering. 4 Using agriculture biotechnology techniques, one or two genes may be transferred into a crop to give a new trait to that crop. This is done in the hope of increasing crop yield. Though, these increases in yield have proved to be difficult to achieve. Current genetic engineering methods work best for single gene effects. Many of the genetic characteristics associated with yield, such as enhanced growth, are controlled by a large number of genes, each of which just has a slight effect on the overall crop yield. There is, still much research, including plant genetic research, to be done in this area.

How is genetically modified technology used in agriculture?

The non- genetically modified applications involve tools like Marker Assisted Selection, Tissue Culture, and Mutation breeding, etc. Genetically Modified technology is being used in world agriculture. It has applications such as insect control, weed management, water use efficiency, nitrogen use efficiency, and salinity tolerance, etc which help us to grow our crops with less pesticide and under difficult abiotic stress conditions. Genetically Modified technology can help in conserving soil and the environment through reduced tilling and pesticide use.

How do genes affect crop yield?

Using agriculture biotechnology techniques, one or two genes may be transferred into a crop to give a new trait to that crop. This is done in the hope of increasing crop yield. Though, these increases in yield have proved to be difficult to achieve. Current genetic engineering methods work best for single gene effects. Many of the genetic characteristics associated with yield, such as enhanced growth, are controlled by a large number of genes, each of which just has a slight effect on the overall crop yield. There is, still much research, including plant genetic research, to be done in this area.

Why is biotechnology important?

Plant biotechnology is uniquely very important in this regard because it is; A new tool can significantly impact crop productivity; Compatible with sustainable, environmentally sound agricultural farm practices; A non-capital intensive approach will benefit agriculture in developing countries; and.

Why is biotechnology important in agriculture?

The most compelling feature of biotechnology to agriculture is its importance in helping to ensure an environmentally sustainable supply of safe, nutritious and affordable food for developed countries; and to provide affordable and easily accessible technology to address primary food production needs in the developing world.

What is agricultural biotechnology?

Agricultural biotechnology is an area of agricultural science that uses scientific tools and techniques based on our understanding of DNA to advance crop productivity and livestock and improve food security at the global level.

How does biotechnology help animals?

Agricultural biotechnology uses cellular and molecular biology tools to improve the genetic makeup and agronomic management of crops and animals. It is the use of different scientific techniques to modify plants and animals. Undesirable characteristics such as susceptibility to disease and low productivity are eliminated. If there is a particular trait that the plant or animal can benefit from, it can be bred using a gene that contains the trait.

How does biotechnology help plant breeding?

Plant biotechnology complements plant breeding efforts by increasing the diversity of genes and germplasm available for incorporation into crops and by significantly reducing the time required for the production of new cultivars, varieties, and hybrids .

What are the techniques used in biotechnology?

There are many biotechnology techniques employed by scientists and researchers in this discipline, including genetic engineering, marker-assisted selection, hybridization, plant tissue culture, biofertilizer technology, artificial insemination technology, diagnosis of plant and livestock diseases, as well as vaccine production.

What are the current agricultural technologies?

Current agricultural technologies, such as plant breeding and agrochemical research and development (R&D), will continue to play an important role in ensuring an abundant and safe food supply. Ecologically sensitive and economic agricultural management practices will also play an important role. Advances in all of these areas will be required to meet global food production needs.

What is the branch of science that uses living organisms or biological systems in industrial processes and waste treatment plants?

Biotechnology is a very interesting branch of science that uses living organisms or biological systems in industrial processes and waste treatment plants to develop or create different products.

How does biotechnology help agriculture?

Ultimately, the contribution of biotechnology in agriculture remains to improve the livelihood of populations by helping to address emerging issues and aiming to maintain adequate food security.

What is the goal of biotechnology?

Within agriculture, the principal goal of modern biotechnology is to improve the quality, quantity, nutrition, taste, and shelf life of produce, ultimately enabling stakeholders to obtain greater yield with reduced energetic costs. This includes agricultural processes dating from antiquity, including fermentation, …

How can transgenic crops improve agricultural practices?

To improve agricultural practices through biotechnological progress, modern methods include transgenic techniques, revolving around the insertion of foreign DNA strands into the host genome , to obtain enhanced crop yield. In 2004 alone, nearly 80 million hectares of land produced transgenic crops in countries including the USA, South America, China, Canada, and South Africa. The most sought-after target traits to improve crop yields in transgenic crops remain herbicide tolerance, virus and insect protection, tolerance to natural stressors.

How many hectares of transgenic crops were there in 1996?

In particular, the report highlighted the rapid increase in transgenic crop use indicating that in recent decades, the global area of transgenic crops exceeded 1 million hectare s in 1996, increasing to over 40 million hectares over the following four years, and reaching 90 million hectares by 2005. Such widespread use demonstrates the involvement of companies and the rapid implementation of biotechnological progress.

What are the limitations of biotechnology?

These limitations include widespread commercial applications of agricultural biotechnology in a limited number of countries, a large private-sector investment in biotechnology research, continuing controversy over its environmental impacts, a proliferation of regulations, a wide range of changing public reaction, and relatively little contribution of the technology to increasing food production incomes in less-developed countries.

What is the discipline of applying biological processes to produce and manufacture products used in various facets of human life?

Biotechnology can be defined as the discipline of applying biological processes to produce and manufacture products used in various facets of human life.

What are the two factions of animal biotech?

The study discussed how the field of animal biotech has separated into two factions; the production of animals for meat or milk and the creation of animals that produce biomedically useful proteins in their blood or milk .

Why is biotechnology important?

Modern biotechnology represents unique applica­tions of science that can be used for the betterment of society through development of crops with improved nutritional quality, resistance to pests and diseases, and reduced cost of production. Biotechnology, in the form of genetic engineering, is a facet of science that has the potential to provide important benefits if used carefully and ethically. Society should be provided with a bal­anced view of the fundamentals of biotechnology and genetic engineering, the processes used in developing transgenic organisms, the types of genetic material used, and the benefits and risks of the new technology.

How long have genetically engineered organisms been available?

Although genetically engineered organisms in agricul­ture have been available for only 10 years, their com­mercial use has expanded rapidly. Recent estimates are that more than 60–70 percent of food products on store shelves may contain at least a small quantity of crops produced with these new techniques.

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