How can government increase agricultural productivity


The need for the government and its partners to stimulate improved agricultural productivity through increased access to productivity-enhancing inputs (e.g., credit, fertilizers, improved seeds). Importantly, accomplishing this goal will involve reducing gender bias in access to, control over, and ownership of productive resources.


Why should we increase agriculture production?

  • Production of sufficient human food, feed, fiber, and fuel to meet the needs of a sharply rising population
  • Protection of the environment and expansion of the natural resources supply
  • Sustainment of the economic viability of agriculture systems

What country has the highest agricultural production?

Which country has the highest agricultural production?

  • Plantation farming. Tree crop production is another name for plantation farming. …
  • Shifting cultivation. When lands lose fertility, shifting systems depart them for some time to explore new regions. …
  • Mixed farming. Mixed farming is an agricultural farming practice in which a farmer simultaneously grows crops and raises animals on the same piece of land.

What increased agriculture output?

Agriculture values topped $1.8 billion for the first time since 2014 and just the third time in 30 years in San Diego County’s annual crop report released Thursday. The report covers the 2020 …

How to improve agricultural efficiency?

Methods and technologies to improve efficiency of water use

  1. Introduction
  2. Basic Concepts and Definitions
  3. Options for Improving the Productivity of Water
  4. Advanced Irrigation Technologies
  5. Integration of Components Into Whole Systems
  6. Conclusions

How can we increase agriculture productivity?

Let’s look at the Top 10 Methods to Improve Farming Productivity.Implementation of land reforms. For improving the production, land reforms are the first and predominant point. … Interplant. … Plant more densely. … Plant many crops. … Raised beds. … Smart water management. … Heat Tolerant Varieties. … Use nitrogen.More items…•

What are the steps taken by the government to increase agricultural production?

Land reforms.Tenancy reforms.Regulation of higher rents.Provision of credit to rural farmers.Subsidies e.g Urea subsidy.Food security act 2013.Public distribution system.Minimum support price and Procurement pricing system.

What can government do to help farmers?

Provision of straightforward farming loans from the banks at a low rate of interest. Insurance of their cultivation. Provision of supported fertilizers, pesticides, and HYV seeds. Farming faculties and facilitates ought to be provided at no value.

What causes an increase in agricultural production?

Agricultural output growth derives from growth in agricultural inputs and in technology advancement (where the latter is measured as TFP growth) that enables farmers to produce more output with a certain amount of input use. Between 1948 and 2011, agricultural output growth averaged 1.49 percent per year.

What government can do to help to increase agriculture productivity in Nigeria?

Use of agro-based loans by the government to encourage farmers: The government of Nigeria should encourage farmers by giving loans for agricultural activities. This will help farmers meet up with financial needs in terms of purchasing some seeds, hiring machines etc thereby boosting agriculture in Nigeria.

What does the government do for agriculture?

The government protects farmers against fluctuations in prices, revenues, and yields. It subsidizes their conservation efforts, insurance coverage, marketing, export sales, research, and other activities. Federal aid for crop farmers is deep and comprehensive.

How can government increase food production?

Governments may intervene to influence the price of commodities directly via price support mechanisms. Farm price support is a form of price regulation by which the government seeks to assure farmers a minimum price for their produce. The main objective of price support is to support the income of farmers.

How can developing countries improve agriculture?

8 ways Africa can raise farm productivity and boost growthDevelop high-yield crops. … Boost irrigation. … Increase the use of fertilizers. … Improve market access, regulations, and governance. … Make better use of information technology. … Adopt genetically modified (GM) crops.More items…•

What factors led to increased productivity for farmers?

What factors led to increased productivity for farmers? The inventions by John Deere and Cyrus McCormick. The steel plow and the mechanical mower-reaper which helped farmers work faster and more efficiently.

How can agricultural productivity be improved in India?

Six Main Strategies to Improve the Agriculture Productivity in…Soil Health Enhancement: … Irrigation Water Supply Augmentation and Management: … Credit and Insurance: … Technology: … Market: … Regionally Differentiated Strategy:

What is the first thing farmers do to increase agricultural productivity?

When it comes to increasing agricultural productivity the first thing each farmer does is buying special AG machinery. We mean, tractors, harvesters, cultivators, spreaders etc. This is not a new trend as tractors have been used worldwide in AG for over a hundred years. However, precise agriculture does even more. It improves the functionality with the help of digital solutions. A GPS method of data transmission from the satellite that was a real breakout for AG. Even the simplest GPS trackers installed on farming machinery allow a wide range of possibilities:

How to improve farm productivity?

What Methods Are Especially Productive for Farm Improvement? 1 They help to track the route of each machinery item to provide thorough control of the working process. 2 They help in mapping the territory of the farm. 3 They allow making precise calculations of the number of seeds needed to sow or of a future crop. 4 They help to avoid errors and gaps in tractor fieldwork.

What are the drawbacks of GPS?

However, there is a huge drawback of GPS. That is signal distortion by other signals, atmosphere refraction, sun radiation and many other factors. There is a new solution for improving GPS signal transmission that increases farm improvement. RTK technology helps to improve the accuracy of GPS signals from GNSS satellites. What AG solutions with RTK can be of great use for farmers?

How can the government improve agricultural productivity?

The need for the government and its partners to stimulate improved agricultural productivity through increased access to productivity-enhancing inputs (e.g., credit, fertilizers, improved seeds). Importantly, accomplishing this goal will involve reducing gender bias in access to, control over, and ownership of productive resources.

What are the challenges of food security in Uganda?

Food access remains a major challenge to achieving food and nutrition security in the country due to low agricultural productivity and the large gender gap in access to agricultural inputs and other productive resources such as land, information technology, equipment, irrigation, and financial services. Achieving better FNS in Uganda is also hampered by high vulnerability to shocks (e.g., production shocks, weather shocks, consumption shocks, and price shocks) and limited resource mobilization for addressing FNS needs. For instance, Uganda lags behind the sub-Saharan African average with respect to public and private investments in interventions related to FNS. The national expenditure on agriculture is $4 per rural capita compared to an average of $23 for sub-Saharan Africa. A similar pattern is noted in official development assistance to FNS and foreign direct investment to the agriculture sector.

How much did malnutrition cost Uganda in 2009?

A 2014 report by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) shows that, in 2009, malnutrition cost the country about $899 million annually —nearly 5.6 percent of its GDP.*. The report further estimates that 15 percent of child mortalities between 2005 and 2009 in Uganda were due to undernutrition.

What countries are in the Brookings Global Ending Rural Hunger project?

The other case study countries include Nigeria, Ghana, Tanzania, Senegal, and Ethiopia.

What are the challenges of Uganda?

Hunger, food insecurity, and malnutrition pose major health and economic challenges in Uganda. By several measures, the country ranks among the least well-nourished countries in the world. The 2013 Comprehensive Food Security & Vulnerability Analysis (CFSVA) conducted by the World Food Program …

What is the national plan for Uganda?

At the national level, the government of Uganda is currently implementing the National Development Plan (NDP) 2016-2020, a holistic framework for poverty eradication in Uganda. The plan includes FNS-related targets, such as eliminating stunting among children under five years by …

Which region of the country has the highest food insecurity?

The northern and western regions of the country are the most food and nutrition insecure and have the highest prevalence of acute malnutrition in women and children. Higher prevalence rates of malnutrition in these regions may be explained by the severity of many underlying causes of food insecurity and malnutrition in these parts of the country.

How to improve agricultural policy?

Policy makers must consider the whole policy environment 1 According to the latest OECD Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation report, the first step to improving the policy environment is to roll back policies that retain farmers in uncompetitive and low-income activities, harm the environment, stifle innovation, slow structural and generational change and weaken resilience. 2 Good agricultural policy should focus on measures to improve the sector’s long-term productivity and sustainability, such as investments in human capital, infrastructure and farmers’ connections to markets. A sound regulatory policy environment and well-functioning markets ensure that there is a good business case for producers to innovate responding to current productivity and environmental challenges of food systems. 3 Stronger agricultural innovation systems must be collaborative, with all actors working in networks to produce innovations that the sector needs and can use. Good governance can help by forming clear strategic objectives (in consultation with stakeholders) and comprehensive mechanisms and procedures for evaluation. Finally, there needs to be a way to bring new ideas into practice, helping farmers to build the skills they need.

Why should governments strengthen agricultural innovation systems?

In particular, governments should strengthen agricultural innovation systems to make them more collaborative and responsive to needs , which would increase the impact of public expenditure. Improving the relevance of innovations would also increase adoption in the sector and acceptance by society.

What is the OECD’s work on innovation systems in food and agriculture?

The OECD’s work on innovation systems in food and agriculture explores the relationships between innovation, productivity and environmental sustainability. The OECD examines how governments and the private sector can work together to strengthen agricultural innovation systems and foster innovative practices on farms and at agri-food firms. The OECD Productivity-Sustainability-Resilience (PSR) Policy Framework looks at the impacts of a wide range of policies on the creation and adoption of innovations that generate sustainable productivity growth and a more resilient agri-food sector.

How does the OECD help countries?

The OECD helps countries to evaluate their agri-food policy environment and innovations systems by providing country reviews that apply the Productivity-Sustainability-Resilience Policy Framework and provide tailored policy advice.

What is the most comprehensive productivity indicator?

The most comprehensive productivity indicator is Total Factor Productivity (TFP), which reflects the efficiency with which producers combine inputs to make outputs. In recent decades, productivity improvements have driven considerable growth in agricultural production,but there are large differences in productivity growth between countries, and by farm type, size and region as illustrated in recent OECD farm-level analyses. Productivity gaps remain significant among farms, and improving the productivity of farms lagging behind remains a challenge even for the strong performing countries.

What is innovation in agriculture?

Innovation lets us do more and better with less. At the farm level, many innovations are “process innovations” that improve production techniques; for example, higher-yielding seeds or more efficient irrigation. “Product innovations” are created by downstream industries, and include new and improved products, such as healthier foods, or new chemical or pharmaceutical products. “Marketing and organisational innovations” are also increasingly important throughout the supply chain.

How does agri-environmental indicators help agriculture?

To help measure the sustainability of agriculture, the OECD agri-environmental indicators monitor trends in use of land, water and energy, and agriculture’s impact on the environment, via the intensity of use of polluting inputs (pesticides) and the sector’s emission of pollutants (greenhouse gases, ammonia).

What are the factors that contribute to the increase in agricultural production?

The substantial increase in total agricultural production can be attributed to the advent of new technologies, innovations, and process improvements in the farm sector. These range from improved seed varieties, genetic enhancement in livestock, advanced machinery that comes equipped with global positioning systems, and robotics, among other innovations.

What innovations have enabled continued growth in farm output?

Even as land and labor used in farming declined, innovations in animal and crop genetics, chemicals, equipment and farm organization have enabled continuing growth in farm output.

What percentage of the economy was impacted by labor and land inputs between 1948 and 2017?

Between 1948 and 2017, labor and land inputs declined by 76 and 28 percent , respectively, while intermediate goods, such as energy, agricultural chemicals, purchased services, and other materials grew by 133 percent.

What is TFP in agriculture?

Total Factor Productivity (TFP) growth is a measure of the rate of growth of total output relative to the rate of growth of total inputs. Total output comprises the aggregate of farm production including crops, livestock and livestock products, and associated services, whereas total inputs comprise land, labor, physical capital, and intermediate inputs such as fertilizers, pesticides, energy, and custom services.

How can agricultural research increase productivity?

Application of Agricultural Research. Adequate agricultural research and successful diffusion of research outputs are the keys to increasing agricultural productivity. However, various barriers exist in scaling up investment in agricultural research and extension, prioritizing research, and transforming research findings into actual productivity gains. Policy interventions are required to address these issues. Two topics were discussed: (i) applying agricultural research and strategies in setting priorities in agricultural research; and (ii) scaling up investment in agricultural research and extension—issues, obstacles, organizations, and finance.

How has globalization affected agriculture?

Globalization has brought tremendous technological change and increased international competition to farmers and agribusiness. Demand and supply are no longer restricted to local or even regional forces, and the agribusiness and food industry have become part of an interconnected system with a variety of complex and integrated relationships that change the way food is brought to market. These changes require the adoption of new practices to ensure that smallholder farmers can benefit rather than lose from agricultural transformation.

What is the need to improve rural livelihoods?

the need to improve rural livelihoods, which is essential to reducing poverty, closing rural– urban income gaps, and achieving inclusive growth. The PRC and ADB’s other DMCs have made significant achievements in developing their agriculture sectors and improving rural areas with ample knowledge and experiences obtained from policy and strategy development. Meanwhile, each country is also facing internal and external challenges in the sector. The KSP on agricultural and rural development aimed to inspire knowledge sharing and discussions, which would lead to cross-border collaboration and benefit all parties. Five subthemes supported the overall theme of the 2011 KSP: modernization policies for agriculture, value chain development, application of agricultural research, rural infrastructure and green rural development, and financial development in rural areas.

Why are supermarkets important?

Supermarkets are the most sophisticated value chains to meet the food demand of a growing urban population. A supermarket revolution (Reardon et al. 2003) has been spreading throughout Asia and moving fast, particularly in East and Southeast Asia. South Asia has been lagging behind so far, but it is catching up. Supermarkets imply a massive reorganization of food distribution. In this reorganization, new standards are established and smallholder farmers are often at a loss to meet the standards and integrate along these modern value chains. Yet, unless they integrate, they will be left out of the most dynamic food distribution sector in developing Asian economies. There are examples of successful integration of smallholder farmers with supermarket chains and value chains. Vegetable smallholder farmer cooperatives in West Java, Indonesia; dairy cooperatives in India (e.g., the Amul Dairy Cooperative); and feed and poultry integrators (e.g., the Charoen Pokphand Group in Southeast Asia and the PRC) provide models for replication. Many countries have been successful in organizing the agricultural production base to facilitate the transfer of technology and information, and other extension services. Examples include policy to promote agricultural cooperatives, water user associations, integrated pest management groups, and cluster or pocket development strategies. Public–private partnerships with nongovernment organizations to extend the reach of public sector agricultural services is another mechanism (e.g., the Vietnam Gardening Association). Policy to promote the role of agribusiness in organizing the production base and delivering technology transfer has been successful in the PRC. Growth of contract farming for high-value produce through which large-scale agro-processing firms seek to ensure a steady supply of quality produce are a feature of modern agricultural value chains. Farmers in the PRC have identified price stability and market access as the key advantages of contracts, while firms consider improved product quality ensured through contracts as the critical incentive to exercise contracts. Contracting firms tend to favor direct contracts with larger farms, although contracts with farmer-owned cooperatives and middlemen are also used. Such schemes can help small-scale farmers and livestock producers overcome the technical barriers and transaction costs involved in meeting the increasingly stringent demands of urban consumers in domestic and international markets. The public sector can support them by providing legal safeguards, and management and business training, as well as by encouraging the private sector to assist cooperatives and contract farmers in areas such as market information and production technologies (FAO 2006).

Why is participatory planning important?

It is necessary to ensure the participation of farmers, agro-enterprises, rural women, and other groups in the formulation of plans and policies to accompany modernization. In their absence, fundamental issues of equity, sharing of benefits, and natural resource management will be neglected.

What is the traditional support of governments for improvement of infrastructure?

The traditional support of governments for improvement of infrastructure (e.g., roads, seaports, airports, warehouses, cold storage, or controlled atmosphere storage) will turn to support for software (e.g., logistics, standards, compliance systems, and information systems). Agricultural research.

Why is financial development important in rural areas?

Access to finance, though important for agricultural productivity improvement and increased income, often lags behind demand in rural areas. To establish better policies to promote rural financial development, it is essential to deepen understanding of the financial needs of farmers, merits and limitations of financial products available in rural areas, and potential policy options. The two topics covering the issues were (i) rural financial market development status, strategies, and outlook; and (ii) innovations in rural finance institutions and products—how to ensure that rural credit works.


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