How do the water systems in China affect its climate compared to the effects of weather systems?
How do the water systems of China affect its climates compared to the effects of weather systems? The weather systems, like monsoons, make China a tropical wet climate. The rivers are good for natural resources. What influence did ancient Chinese history have on government, culture, and daily life in modern times?
What special challenges come with globalization and how will they affect China’s future?
– Increasing inflation and rising prices – made life more difficult for those in China who have not benefited from economic growth. – As demand for raw materials continues to rise there is huge concern over the impact this will have on the price of oil, metals, timber and other natural resources.
How did China’s physical geography affect the development of its early civilization?
The large land was isolated from much of the rest of the world by dry deserts to the north and west, the Pacific Ocean to the east, and impassable mountains to the south. This enabled the Chinese to develop independently from other world civilizations.
What physical features dominate China and Mongolia and how have they affected human geography?
The mountains, plateaus, and great deserts in Chinas west and south have formed natural barriers that helped protect its inhabitants from land invasion for thousands of years, but also isolated China from peaceful contact with foreigners.
Why China is fastest growing economy?
Economists generally attribute much of China’s rapid economic growth to two main factors: large-scale capital investment (financed by large domestic savings and foreign investment) and rapid productivity growth. These two factors appear to have gone together hand in hand.
How has globalization negatively impacted China?
Globalization causes industrialization, a process that will inevitably create pollution. 70% of air pollution in China is from the tailpipes of automobiles (Conserve Energy Future, 2017). Thus, the introduction of advanced transportation brought by globalization has adversely affected China’s atmosphere.
How did mountains and deserts affect China’s civilization?
The mountains made it possible for China to develop unique culture and civilization. How did mountains and deserts affect China’s civilization? River provided rich soil for farming, water for trade, and transportation.
How does geography impact China’s culture?
Economic and Cultural Isolation In this way, geography kept early China culturally and economically isolated from the rest the world. However, ancient Chinese civilizations were exposed to the sheep and cattle herders inhabiting the grasslands in the northwest, and the fishing cultures along the southeast coasts.
How did geography affect trade in China?
China’s geography affects Asia’s trading by blocking off certain parts of Their trade. The Gobi Desert is a very big desert and because of its size it would take days to cross just so people could trade. Same thing with all of the other features they are so big and time consuming to cross that people would even bother.
What effect might this geographic feature have had on trade between China and the West?
What effect might the Takalmaka feature have had on trade between China and the west? This could stop invaders and other countries trying to get in. It could also stop things like strong winds and tsunamis.
What characteristics made the mountains of China natural barriers to trade?
The rough terrain blocked its extension into eastern lands. The seas kept it from connecting with northern lands. The river systems blocked passage along the trade routes. The mountains forced it to follow a central route.
What is China known for?
China is known for its architectural wonders such as the Great Wall and Forbidden City, its staggering variety of delicious food, its martial arts, and its long history of invention. More than just tea and temples, China is a fast-changing mix of the ultra-modern and the very ancient.
Which countries depend on monsoons?
India and Southeast Asia depend on the summer monsoon. Agriculture, for example, relies on the yearly rain. Many areas in these countries do not have large irrigation systems surrounding lakes, rivers, or snowmelt areas. Aquifer s, or supplies of underground water, are shallow.
What countries are affected by the summer monsoon?
The summer monsoon brings a humid climate and torrential rainfall to these areas. India and Southeast Asia depend on the summer monsoon.
What is a monsoon?
Encyclopedic Entry. Vocabulary. A monsoon is a seasonal change in the direction of the prevailing, or strongest, winds of a region. Monsoons cause wet and dry seasons throughout much of the tropics. Monsoons are most often associated with the Indian Ocean.
Why are winter monsoons less powerful than summer monsoons?
Winter monsoons are less powerful than summer monsoons in Southeast Asia, in part because the Himalaya Mountains prevent much of the wind and moisture of the monsoons from reaching the coast. The Himalayas also prevent much of the cool air from reaching places like southern India and Sri Lanka, keeping them warm all year. Winter monsoons are sometimes associated with drought s.
Where do winter monsoons occur?
The Indian Oceans winter monsoon, which lasts from October to April, is less well-known than its rainy summer equivalent. The dry winter monsoon blows from the northeast. These winds start in the air above Mongolia and northwestern China.#N#Winter monsoons are less powerful than summer monsoons in Southeast Asia, in part because the Himalaya Mountains prevent much of the wind and moisture of the monsoons from reaching the coast. The Himalayas also prevent much of the cool air from reaching places like southern India and Sri Lanka, keeping them warm all year. Winter monsoons are sometimes associated with drought s.#N#Not all winter monsoons are dry, however. Unlike the western part of Southeast Asia, the eastern, Pacific coast of Southeast Asia experiences its rainy season in the winter. The winter monsoon brings moist air from the South China Sea to areas like Indonesia and Malaysia.#N#Other Monsoons
Why is the Monsoon Zone called the Doldrums?
At sea, the Monsoon Zone is known as the Doldrums due to its lack of winds.
What crops are in season in India?
The summer monsoon fills well s and aquifers for the rest of the year. Rice and tea are some crop s that rely on the summer monsoon. Dairy farms, which help make India the largest milk producer in the world, also depend on the monsoon rains to keep cows healthy and well-fed.
Why is China’s agriculture system improving?
Improved governance of this system is needed to provide clear guidance for producers and consumers and strengthen the market for sustainable foods.
What are the environmental challenges of China?
Chinese agriculture currently faces major environmental challenges. Applications of fertilisers and pesticides are among the highest in the world. Soil erosion, soil pollution and loss of agricultural biodiversity are widespread. Water scarcity affects many parts of the country, as shown by plummeting water tables in northern China.
What are the problems farmers face?
Other problems include labour shortages in rural areas, low environmental awareness on the part of enterprises, and the fact that farmers have not always benefited from the adoption of sustainable practices.
How does water scarcity affect China?
Water scarcity affects many parts of the country, as shown by plummeting water tables in northern China. The country therefore has much to gain by shifting to more sustainable production methods. The benefits include improvements in the environment and public health in China and beyond.
How long has China been farming?
China’s venerable history of traditional and ecological farming practices stretches back at least 4,000 years. For most of this time, it used no chemical fertilisers or pesticides.
What is the purpose of small scale intensive farming?
This agricultural system was characterised by small-scale intensive farming designed to maximise land productivity in a context of high population density and limited arable land.
Where is wheat grown in China?
In Gansu Province, China, a farmer harvests wheat. The country has a history of traditional and ecological farming practices stretching back at least 4,000 years (Photo: Han Jianping) By the end of 2014, Wanzai had a total of 5,400 hectares of farmland planted in organically certified rice, ginger, soybean, strawberry, scallions, yam and other cash crops, both for the domestic market and for export. Today, organic agriculture is Wanzai County’s main development strategy, with 17,000 households participating across 48 villages in 11 towns.
How does a monsoon affect the economy?
A deficit monsoon could also lead to a drought-like situation, thereby affecting the rural household incomes, consumption and economic growth. A poor monsoon not only leads to weak demand for fast-moving consumer goods, two-wheelers, tractors and rural housing sectors but also increases the imports of essential food staples and forces the government to take measures like farm loan waivers, thereby putting pressure on finances. Whereas a normal monsoon results in a good harvest, which in turn lifts rural incomes and boosts spending on consumer goods. It also has a positive impact on hydro power projects.
What happens in case of a poor monsoon?
The monsoon has a direct impact on the country’s agricultural GDP. The planting of key kharif, or summer, crops like rice, sugar cane, pulses and oilseeds begins with the arrival of monsoon rains in June.
What is the current forecast for rain distribution?
The IMD has predicted seasonal rainfall this year to be 96% of LPA over north-west India, and 100% of LPA over central India.
Why is monsoon rain important?
The country gets about 70% of annual rainfall in the June-September monsoon season, making it crucial for an estimated 263 million farmers. About 800 million people live in villages and …
What does it mean when India has a poor monsoon?
Summer crops account for almost half of India’s food output and a delayed or poor monsoon means supply issues and acceleration in food inflation, a key metric which influences Reserve Bank of India’s decision on interest rates.
When did the monsoon come to Thiruvananthapuram?
Children enjoy the drizle heralding the arrival of the South West Monsoon in Thiruvananthapuram on May 30, 2017.
What were recent trends?
India witnessed a normal monsoon in 2016 but only after two back-to-back poor monsoons in 2014 and 2015 that affected the overall growth in the country.
How does China work?
China works mainly from agriculture and farming and uses its products to export to countries all over the globe. Also, China’s government establishes Special Economic Zones, which welcomes foreign investment. From this, they use this income to expand manufacturing.
What are the mountains in China?
Rivers, hills, plains, deserts, plateaus, and the Himalayan mountains. Most of China’s population lives in the lowlands and plains because this land is condusive to farming and settlement unlike the higher elevated landforms in the northwest.
Why is the Huang He River called China’s sorrow?
They impact their farming b/c the rivers deposit sediment and other nutrients in the nearby areas, which creates fertile soil. But flooding kills many people, which is why the Huang He river has obtained the name of “China’s sorrow”.
Why is farming so labor intensive in China?
Due to China’s status as a developing country and its severe shortage of arable land , farming in China has always been very labor-intensive. However, throughout its history, various methods have been developed or imported that enabled greater farming production and efficiency. They also utilized the seed drill to help improve on row farming.
What is the most important crop in China?
About 75% of China’s cultivated area is used for food crops. Rice is China’s most important crop, raised on about 25% of the cultivated area. The majority of rice is grown south of the Huai River, in the Zhu Jiang delta, and in the Yunnan, Guizhou, and Sichuan provinces.
What were the improvements in the Tang Dynasty?
Improvements in farming machinery during this era included the moldboard plow and watermill. Later during the Yuan dynasty (1271–1368), cotton planting and weaving technology were extensively adopted and improved.
How much of China’s land is arable?
China’s arable land, which represents 10% of the total arable land in the world, supports over 20% of the world’s population. Of this approximately 1.4 million square kilometers of arable land, only about 1.2% (116,580 square kilometers) permanently supports crops and 525,800 square kilometers are irrigated.
When did the government stop rationing?
In 1984, the government replaced mandatory procurement with voluntary contracts between farmers and the government. Later, in 1993, the government abolished the 40-year-old grain rationing system, leading to more than 90 percent of all annual agricultural produce to be sold at market-determined prices.
Which country imports the most soybeans?
China is the world’s largest importer of soybeans and other food crops, and is expected to become the top importer of farm products within the next decade. While most years China ‘s agricultural production is sufficient to feed the country, in down years, China has to import grain.
Which dynasties had seen the rise of collective help organizations between farmers?
The Yuan, Ming, and Qing dynasties had seen the rise of collective help organizations between farmers. In 1909 US Professor of Agriculture Franklin Hiram King made an extensive tour of China (as well as Japan and briefly Korea) and he described contemporary agricultural practices.
Why is monsoon season important in India?
India needs this year’s monsoon season to deliver heavier rainfall that will boost farm output and economic growth — but the country has been disappointed so far.
What crops are planted during monsoon?
Kharif crops include rice, maize, sorghum and cotton, and are planted during the monsoon season. The agriculture sector in India is both economically and politically important.
What percentage of India’s land is dependent on precipitation?
With around 55% of India’s arable land dependent on precipitation, the amount of rainfall during the current monsoon season could sway economic activity in the agriculture sector and industries linked to it.
How much of India’s economy is agriculture?
India’s agriculture sector accounts for around 14% of the country’s $2.7 trillion economy and 42% of total employment, said Rajiv Biswas, chief economist in Asia Pacific for consultancy IHS Markit.
Why is the government raising the minimum support prices for all of the current season’s crops?
That slow start to the monsoon harvest season has prompted the government to raise minimum support prices for all of the current season’s crops to help support farmers’ incomes , according to local media.
What is the agriculture sector in India?
The agriculture sector in India is both economically and politically important. The industry accounts for around 14% of the country’s $2.7 trillion economy and 42% of total employment, according to Rajiv Biswas, chief economist in Asia Pacific for consultancy IHS Markit. The overall Indian economy remains very vulnerable to the monsoon, …
Why is there a water shortage in India?
In addition to reduced rainfall in recent years, factors including increased demand and inefficient usage have contributed to India’s water shortage, said Radhika Rao, an economist at Singaporean bank DBS.
Agriculture Without Waste
Learning from Regional Examples
The eight case studies were drawn from seven regions all over China, and feature a variety of different operational models. One of these features Shared Harvest, a community supported agriculture (CSA) enterprise with 460 members, founded in 2011 and headquartered on the outskirts of Beijing. Shared Harvest was started by two PhD researchers from urban areas with …
Challenges from Within and Without
While both Shared Harvest and Wanzai County can be considered successful examples of sustainable farming, the sector faces many problems. One is the reluctance of the central government to promote any agricultural approaches which might decrease production, even if they bring environmental benefits and increased incomes to farmers. Food security remains the …