How can more secure land rights improve agricultural productivity


Farmers who have secure land rights can invest in long-term improvements to their farms without worrying that their land will be confiscated. Formalizing property rights may improve agricultural productivity, increase farmer income and improve access to credit.


What were the effects of the property rights reform on agriculture?

We find evidence that the reform led to an increase in the amount of land cultivated by more productive farmers, while reducing the amount of land cultivated by relatively less productive farmers. We also consider the effects of the property rights reform on labour market outcomes.

Does land rental increase agricultural productivity?

While land renting transactions and agricultural productivity have increased, we are specifically interested in looking at the reallocation of land across farmers and in quantifying the extent to which market exchanges of land among farmers can account for the increase in output.

Why do we need legal protection for agricultural land leasing contracts?

Legal protection for agricultural land leasing contracts facilitates productivity-enhancing trades and increases agricultural efficiency In many countries, especially developing countries, we often observe property rights institutions that fail to define clear and secure rights, or hinder the free exchange of property.

Do property rights matter in rural land markets?

This can increase agricultural productivity and transform the rural economy, leading to aggregate economic growth. In reality, however, the extent to which property rights in land markets matter is less clear.


What are ways to increase productivity of land for agriculture?

How to Improve Farming ProductivityImplementation of land reforms. For improving the production, land reforms are the first and predominant point. … Interplant. … Plant more densely. … Plant many crops. … Raised beds. … Smart water management. … Heat Tolerant Varieties. … Use nitrogen.More items…•

Why would more secure ownership of land be important for farmers?

Economic theory suggests that farmers with secure legal ownership will have more incentives and better ability to invest, due to a lower perceived risk and a favourable access to institutional credit. This leads to higher variable inputs use and higher output per unit of land.

How can land efficiency be improved?

9 Techniques Used to Increase Land Productivity in IndiaTimely Preparatory and Seeding Operations: … Establishing Adequate Crop Stands (Population): … Effective Weeding Operations: … Checking Wind Erosion: … Using Resistant Varieties: … Crop Diversification: … Inter-Cropping with Legumes. … Employing Alternative Land-use:More items…

What are the strategies to improve agriculture?

Six Main Strategies to Improve the Agriculture Productivity in…Soil Health Enhancement: … Irrigation Water Supply Augmentation and Management: … Credit and Insurance: … Technology: … Market: … Regionally Differentiated Strategy:

Why are secure property rights important for economic development?

Secure property rights allow landowners to travel from their land for employment, and to let their land work for them. Property rights formalization is, appropriately, often linked with economic prosperity.

Why are property rights important for economic growth?

The fundamental purpose of property rights, and their fundamental accomplishment, is that they eliminate destructive competition for control of economic resources. Well-defined and well-protected property rights replace competition by violence with competition by peaceful means.

What makes land productive?

Land productivity depends on various attributes, including agronomic variables, the neighborhood it is located in, as well as environmental and policy variables. Land prices, in turn, indicate the value that consumers or producers are willing to pay for these attributes.

How does land affect productivity?

Land quality affects agricultural productivity Holding other factors constant, they found that the productivity of agricultural labor is generally 20-30 percent higher in countries with good soils and climate than it is in countries with poor soils and climate.

What steps were taken to increase agricultural production?

Axes were used for clearing forests and the ploughshare was useful for increasing agricultural production. Apart from these new tools, irrigation was also used for this purpose. Irrigation works that were built during this time included canals, wells, tanks, and artificial lakes.

How can we improve agricultural production and become self sufficient?

To increase agricultural production and become self-sufficient with regard to food grains Green revolution was initiated. In took place in the 1960’s under the leadership of agricultural scientist MS Swaminathan.

How can crop productivity be increased?

What Are The Ways To Increase Crop Yield?Quality Of Seeds. Agricultural productivity depends on the quality of seeds with which farmers sow their fields. … Field Productivity Zoning. … Monitoring Crops Growth. … Accurate Weather Prediction. … Regular Scouting. … Crop Protection Methods. … Soil Testing & Its Quality.

How can developing countries improve agriculture?

8 ways Africa can raise farm productivity and boost growthDevelop high-yield crops. … Boost irrigation. … Increase the use of fertilizers. … Improve market access, regulations, and governance. … Make better use of information technology. … Adopt genetically modified (GM) crops.More items…•

Why is land ownership important?

Land is a tangible investment and an asset that keeps increasing in value over time. Land ownership provides the owner with financial security and contentment. It has been in high demand as it can generate passive income, offer opportunities to earn, and let investors double their money without high risks.

Why was land ownership so important to the colonists?

Property rights in land became a liquid source of wealth, to be bought and sold and used to obtain credit. Because land was the most basic resource, its widespread ownership became the catalyst for colonial economic and political development.

Why do farmers need protection?

Protecting agricultural land enables long-term food security and provides essential environmental benefits. Promoting agricultural viability helps ensure that agricultural land is farmed and available for future food production.

What are the advantages of private property?

Private property promotes efficiency by giving the owner of resources an incentive to maximize its value. The more valuable a resource, the more trading power it provides the owner of the resource. This is because, in a capitalist system, someone who owns property is entitled to any value associated with the property.

Why is land tenure important?

Perhaps the most important reform to land tenure security is ensuring a sufficient perpetuation of land rights. 16 The duration of property rights is particularly important in agriculture, as landholders will not invest in their land if they are unsure if they will benefit from these investments. Ideally, there should be no temporal limit to property rights—the owner should hold the land at his or her discretion. However, governments may be unwilling to cede their ownership of land absolutely; in this case, long-term leases should be established with a credible commitment on the part of governments to protect leasehold rights in an impartial manner.

What is the next component of a property rights system?

Once land has been cataloged and registered in functioning, decentralized registries, the next component of an effective property rights system is a clear definition of what those property rights mean and what entitlements their holders receive.

Why is it important to consult with those already occupying the land?

Therefore, it becomes critical to consult with those already occupying the land—those with local, tacit knowledge—during the process of formal, public-sector cataloging. Consultations with those occupying the land not only capture knowledge, but better ensure the involvement of local people in the land reform process. 11

How does land tenure help Africa?

Ignoring this issue will limit the effectiveness of current efforts to strengthen African agricultural production, while improvements to land tenure security will help increase agricultural productivity by providing farmers— men and women—with incentives to invest in land and capital by strengthening land markets and increasing the efficient use of land.

What are the most pressing land reforms?

The most pressing tenure security reforms in rural areas include those that clarify rights of land users, recognize and expand rights for women to use and transfer property, effectively manage potentially conflicting claims of property users (such as pastoralists and farmers), and create more effective dispute resolution processes (this list is not exhaustive).

Why is cataloging land use rights important?

Cataloging land use rights is a critical first step in the reform process because it documents claims to land and determines who has which rights to land. 9 However, determining what land is owned or used by whom is not always a simple task.

How does opening trade in land affect farmers?

First, those farmers who want to expand their farms and can afford to do so are able to buy more land and expand their operations. Second, markets tend to transfer land from less to more efficient farmers, increasing output overall. 21 As more skilled farmers acquire land, a greater percentage of land is being used productively, meaning more food for local markets or export.

Land property rights interventions improve agricultural productivity and investment in Latin America and Asia, but less in Africa

Land property rights interventions increase investment, agricultural productivity and farmer incomes in Latin America and Asia but have weaker effects in Africa. But there can also be negative social outcomes such as displacing the poor and reducing women’s access to land.

Land property rights interventions improve agricultural productivity and investment in Latin America and Asia, but less in Africa

Land property rights interventions increase investment, agricultural productivity and farmer incomes in Latin America and Asia but have weaker effects in Africa. But there can also be negative social outcomes such as displacing the poor and reducing women’s access to land.

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