How can we control agricultural pollution

5 Ways to Minimize Agricultural Pollution on Your Farm

  1. Add Conservation Buffers to Catch Runoff. Landscaping isn’t just for beauty anymore. …
  2. Implement Nutrient Management Techniques. An easy way to improve nutrient management techniques practices is by ensuring you are applying the fertilizer in the right amount, at the right time …
  3. Control Livestock Access to Waterways. Installing fences along any streams, rivers or lakes to keep livestock out of them can help restore the stream banks.
  4. Minimize Tillage. Using a more conservative tillage schedule can help reduce erosion, runoff and soil compaction, which helps reduce the chances of nutrients reaching waterways or non-owned land.
  5. Have a Manure Management Plan. Along with having an accurate nutrient management technique, having a manure management plan is important to preventing agricultural pollution.
5 Ways to Minimize Agricultural Pollution on Your Farm
  1. Add Conservation Buffers to Catch Runoff. Landscaping isn’t just for beauty anymore. …
  2. Implement Nutrient Management Techniques. …
  3. Control Livestock Access to Waterways. …
  4. Minimize Tillage. …
  5. Have a Manure Management Plan.
Apr 22, 2020

How can we mitigate the problem of agricultural pollution?

Changing our consumption behavior to less meat consumption can mitigate the problem of agricultural pollution to a certain degree. Farmers can build fences around water bodies in order to prevent access for animals and thus excessive amounts of nutrients enter the water.

How can we control water pollution?

There are many ways through which you can control water pollution. The best way is the dilution of water. People should treat pollutants chemically and convert into the non-toxic substances. You can remove a low level of radioactive wastes from water through oxidation of ponds.

How can we reduce the environmental impact of farming?

Use buffer strips and other measures to reduce surface run-off from fields. 5. Carefully plan all storage and handling arrangements for livestock slurries and manures, animal feedstuffs, silage effluent, agricultural fuel oil, dirty water, fertilisers, veterinary medicines, chemicals and pesticides at your farm.

How can we prevent fertilizers from polluting the environment?

Applying fertilizers in the proper amount, at the right time of year and with the right method can significantly reduce how much fertilizer reaches water bodies. Keeping animals and their waste out of streams keeps nitrogen and phosphorus out of the water and protects stream banks.


What are the possible solutions to agricultural problems?

Below are the top solutions to the Problems of Agriculture: Provision of Adequate Education to Farmers. … Provision Large Area of Land to Farmers. … Reducing of the Cost Farmer Inputs to Farmers. … Encouragement of the Gender and Age in Farming Sector. … Farmers should be Encourage to Join Co-operative Society.More items…•


How can we protect our environment in agriculture?

Conservation refers to using less resources and having less of an effect on the land. Practices that farmers use on their farms might include no-till, putting fences around streams, planting cover crops, collecting water runoff, and integrating crop and pasture rotations.


What are three ways to reduce water pollution from agriculture?

As California faces a historic drought, many farmers are relying on groundwater reserves to carry them through the dry season….Here are just a few.Drip Irrigation. … Capturing and Storing Water. … Irrigation Scheduling. … Drought-Tolerant Crops. … Dry Farming. … Rotational Grazing. … Compost and Mulch. … Cover Crops.More items…•


What causes agricultural pollution?

Agricultural pollution has many different sources. Nitrogen-based fertilizers produce potent greenhouse gases and can overload waterways with dangerous pollutants; chemical pesticides with varying toxicological effects can contaminate our air and water or reside directly on our food.


Why is it important for farmers to protect the environment?

Pasture and cropland occupy around 50 percent of the Earth’s habitable land and provide habitat and food for a multitude of species. When agricultural operations are sustainably managed, they can preserve and restore critical habitats, help protect watersheds, and improve soil health and water quality.


What are five environmental effects of agriculture?

Agriculture contributes to a number larger of environmental issues that cause environmental degradation including: climate change, deforestation, biodiversity loss, dead zones, genetic engineering, irrigation problems, pollutants, soil degradation, and waste.


How agricultural management helps in the control of water pollution?

How agricultural management helps in the control of water pollution? Explanation: Land use is one of the agricultural management which helps in the control of water pollution. It includes crop rotation systems and the proportion of the land area devoted to permanent crops relating to annual tillage crops.


What is agricultural pollution PDF?

Agricultural pollution is defi ned as the phenomena of damage, contamination and. degradation of environment and ecosystem, and health hazards due to the by- products of farming practices.


How can we reduce nonpoint source pollution from agricultural land?

Farmers can leave the soil surface undisturbed from harvest to planting (using conservation practices such as no-till or conservation tillage) to reduce runoff, plant cover crops to uptake residual nutrients, and/or maintain vegetated buffer strips around fields and streams to intercept runoff.


How does fertilizer affect aquatic life?

Effects on aquatic life. There is also an adverse effect on the aquatic system from agricultural pollution. Since the excessive use of fertilizer can contaminate rivers with an excessive supply of nitrates and phosphates, the production of algae can be enhanced.


Why should farmers try to improve nutrition management?

Farmers should try to improve nutrition management so that fertilizer and pesticides are not used in excessive amounts in order to mitigate the agricultural pollution problem. This means to determine in a scientific way how much pesticides and fertilizer are necessary to get a reasonable crop yield.


How does agriculture affect human health?

There are severe effects of agricultural pollution on human health. Through an excessive use of fertilizer and pesticides, harmful chemicals can reach our groundwater. Thus, in higher amounts and in contaminated regions, drinking tap water can lead to serious health conditions. Moreover, agricultural pollutions can also cause the contamination …


What are the causes of water pollution?

Water pollution. Water pollution is another big problem which is caused by agricultural pollution. Through the excessive use of fertilizers and pesticides, many harmful substances will reach our lakes, rivers and eventually also the groundwater.


How does agricultural pollution affect plants?

Agricultural pollution can become a problem for parts of the local plants since invasive species could impact the population of native species in an adverse way which in turn can change the dynamics of the whole ecosystem.


What is agricultural pollution?

Agricultural pollution can be defined as the degradation or contamination of the environment through abiotic and biotic byproducts of farming. For many years, our ancestors did farming in a sustainable way, thus there were almost no problems with agricultural pollution.


What are the effects of agriculture on the environment?

Agricultural pollution also leads to air pollution. Many machines used for agricultural purposes emit harmful greenhouse gases like CO2 which in turn can lead to global warming. Moreover, farm animals emit large amounts of methane which is considered one of the most harmful greenhouse gases.


How can agriculture reduce water pollution?

Prevention of Agricultural pollution 1 Prevention can never be a solo effort. The state governments, farmers’ organisations, collectives and cooperatives, educational institutions and conservation groups need to work together for regulating and reducing farming related water pollution. 2 Planning the application of fertilizer at the right time, in the right quantity with the correct methods can reduce the run off 3 Planting certain grasses and clovers that can absorb and recycle the additional nutrients and prevent soil erosion. Planting rows of trees and shrubs around fields and along the borders of the stream or lake also help in the same way. 4 Over tilling of the soil must be avoided to prevent soil erosion and soil compaction. 5 Managing the correct disposal of animal wastes and keeping farm animals away from water will reduce the nitrogen pollution of the water. 6 Composting, solid liquid separation, anaerobic digestion and lagoons are different ways of managing animal manure. Of these anaerobic digestion is the most effective. It involves the use of anaerobic bacteria and heat. The products of this process are nutrient rich liquid used as fertiliser and methane gas that can be burned to produce electricity and heat. Anaerobic digestion is a best method for controlling odour associated with manure management.


How can we reduce nitrogen pollution in water?

Managing the correct disposal of animal wastes and keeping farm animals away from water will reduce the nitrogen pollution of the water.


Why does air pollution cause smog?

Air pollution with nitrogen oxides leads to occurrences of smog because of the formation of ozone. Ozone pollution damages trees and forests.


What are the effects of pesticides on farmers?

When pests and insects cause losses on a large scale, this leads to economic fallout for the farmers. Pesticides and insecticides like organochlorines, organophosphates and carbonates are toxic to the pests. They also tend to bio accumulate i.e. they collect in the body of the organism and lead to chronic poisoning.


What are the chemicals that help soil fertility?

Chemical fertilizers. These are mostly nitrogen and phosphorus based chemicals like ammonia and nitrates that in correct amounts boost the fertility of the soil. But in most cases these are used in more quantity than required and hence tend to be retained in the soil not adding to its goodness. Chemical pesticides.


What are the problems with farm animals?

Farms specializing in rearing cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, and poultry must have strict regulations concerning the disposal of manure and other associated waste material. These must not be indiscriminately disposed in the surrounding areas. They cause pollution of the air as well as the water. 18 per cent of Greenhouse gases are said to be generated by farm animals. The large amounts of manure created, carry pathogens that are harmful for humans too. Proper animal waste management can reduce the huge bulk of it, making it easier to use.


How does agriculture affect the environment?

Effects of agricultural pollution. Since agricultural pollution is not a lone standing entity, its effects are carried over as water pollution and air pollution. It affects every aspect of the environment and every organism from the earthworm to humans. Some of the adverse effects are as follows:


Where are the highest inductions of EROD activity?

For combers, the highest inductions were measured at Milazzo (3 ± 1.8), Civitavecchia (Italy, 2.1 ± 0.4), Cortiou (France, 3.4 ± 0.2) and Santa Manza (Corsica, 2 ± 1.3). Comparison of the responses of at least 2 species was possible at 6 stations, showing that Milazzo was characterized by the highest inductions of detoxification activities and Santa Ponza (Balearic Islands) by the lowest for both M. barbatus. and S. cabrilla. Only 2 sites allowed comparison of all 3 species, in which case Milazzo was characterized by high inductions for M. barbatus. and S. hepatus. Milazzo is located next to an oil refinery, the likely source of complex mixtures of specific hydrocarbons. Analytic results of PAHs in the surface sediment showed that the major hydrocarbon components are specific for pollution of human origin at most sampling stations. The highest values ratio for structural PAH isomers (phenanthrene/anthracene ratio) were observed at Milazzo. This station displayed a characteristic pattern of pollution due to petroleum. Induction of EROD activity in red mullet at the Barcelona, Ostia and Milazzo stations was 2 to 3 times as high as than those at other stations, indicating the presence of significant contaminant concentrations. EROD activity at the Cortiou (France, 9 ± 2.9) and Santa Manza (9.5 ± 0.7) stations was slightly lower but significant. Conversely, fish captured at Rio Ter (Spain, 3.7 ± 1.7), Capraïa Island (Italy)and Palmas (Sardinia) showed the lowest induction of EROD activity. Most industrial and domestic effluents, especially those discharged into estuarine, marine and freshwater environments, contain high concentrations of organic xenobiotics. There is a correlation between metabolism of lipophilic toxic agents and the activities of biotransformation systems. Correlation between EROD activity and PAHs and PCBs levels have been observed in numerous field studies ( Mathieu et al., 1990, Stegeman et al., 1992, Perters et al., 1994, Hylland, 1998). But it must be mentioned that in the case of diffuse contaminations, the linear regression between MFO activities and a single toxicant should not be expected ( Pluta, 1993 ). On the contrary, we can consider that for the interpretation of a biological effect, a correlation to a single inducer is obviously not essential. The major advantage of MFO measurements and similar biomarkers of exposure consists in the integrative effects caused by a complex mixture of pollutants. Because of the restricted selection of substances which can be detected by chemical analysis, some organic compounds PAHs and PCBs considered as major contaminants can be used as indicators of persistent and toxical contaminants.


What is the purpose of creating a riparian buffer along the Ganga River?

Creation of RBSs the along the Ganga River would enhance the water quality and quantity of the river through ecohyd rological approach. It will provide a cost-effective, nature-based and sustainable solution. After creation of riparian buffer along the Ganga River, little maintenance will be required. To assess the effectiveness of RBSs to mitigate the nutrient pollution we can compare the properties of soils within riparian buffer strips along different land use types and to reference condition soils in a natural landscape ( Enanga et al., 2011 ).


Why are potato skins higher in coliforms?

However, fresh potato skins had higher Enterococcus spp. and fecal coliform numbers when solid dairy manure was added to soil compared to compost, N and P inorganic fertilizer and N fertilizer treatments, maybe due to increased sugar and nutrient content commonly seen in rhizosphere soils.


What is a nonpoint source?

Point sources of pollution. 2. Nonpoint or diffused source of pollution: In contrast to point sources, diffused sources are unspecified and numerous, and their contribution is less significant. A nonpoint source occurs when there is runoff of pollutants into a waterway.


What are the pollutants in grassland?

In grassland systems, it is widely recognized that the pollutants of greatest concern are the nutrients phosphorus (P) (Hawkins and Scholefield, 1996; Haygarth et al., 1998; Sharpley and Syers, 1979) and nitrate ( NO 3 −) ( Ryden et al., 1984; Scholefield et al., 1993) which can lead to the eutrophication of surface waters ( Conley et al., 2009 ). Both nutrients are added to grasslands via inorganic fertilizers and livestock manures to boost herbage yields; however, NO 3 − is highly soluble and readily lost from soils while P, typically being perceived as the limiting nutrient in most inland aquatic ecosystems ( Grimm et al., 2003 ), can cause eutrophication with only minor losses. Phosphorus and NO 3 − aside, other pollutants of potential concern have received far less attention. Increasingly, the contribution that grasslands make to pools of other pollutants is being questioned ( Brazier et al., 2007 ). Recently, attempts to understand their role in the supply of fine-grained sediment and pathogenic organisms to water bodies have been made ( Bilotta et al., 2007; Oliver et al., 2005a ), while the other forms of pollutant such as ammonium ( NH 4 +) ( Hatch et al., 2004) and NO 2 − ( Burns et al., 1995; Smith et al., 1995a) have received, by comparison, little attention despite having serious adverse affects on aquatic ecosystems ( Table 1 ). When research does exist, it tends to occurs in isolation, without consideration of the other pollutants that often occur contemporaneously in the environment.


How do buffer strips help watersheds?

Riparian buffer strips are effective in mitigating the nitrate pollution generated by agricultural field ( Hefting and de Klein, 1998 ). Hefting and de Klein (1998) assessed the nitrogen removal potential in riparian buffer strips along the Hazelbeek Stream of Netherlands. They found that nitrate concentrations in ground water were higher at the boundary of maize field and riparian forest (>40 mg N/l) and lower close to the stream (0.1–2 mg N/l). This study estimated that nitrate concentrations in groundwater decreased by 95% when it streamed through the riparian buffers.


What are the sources of pollution caused by stream use?

Pollution due to in-stream uses of water: The various sources of pollution caused by stream use of water are: (1) bathing and clothes washing, (2) cattle wa ding, and (3) open defecation ( Figure 5 (c) ). River bathing and washing is one of the most important uses of river water in the country.


Why are buffers important in fields?

Planting Field Buffers: Farmers can plant trees, shrubs and grasses along the edges of fields; this is especially important for a field that borders water bodies. Planted buffers can help prevent nutrient loss from fields by absorbing or filtering out nutrients before they reach a water body. 9.


What happens to phosphorus and nitrogen in water?

This excess nitrogen and phosphorus can be washed from farm fields and into waterways during rain events and when snow melts, and can also leach through the soil and into groundwater over time. High levels of nitrogen and phosphorus can cause eutrophication of water bodies.


What nutrients do farmers use to grow food?

Farmers apply nutrients on their fields in the form of chemical fertilizers and animal manure, which provide crops with the nitrogen and phosphorus necessary to grow and produce the food we eat. However, when nitrogen and phosphorus are not fully utilized by the growing plants, they can be lost from the farm fields and negatively impact air …


How can farmers improve nutrient management practices?

Adopting Nutrient Management Techniques: Farmers can improve nutrient management practices by applying nutrients (fertilizer and manure) in the right amount, at the right time of year , with the right method and with the right placement. 3,4.


What keeps nitrogen and phosphorus out of the water?

Keeping animals and their waste out of streams keeps nitrogen and phosphorus out of the water and protects stream banks.


What is conservation drainage?

Using Conservation Drainage Practices: Subsurface tile drainage is an important practice to manage water movement on and through many soils, typically in the Midwest. Drainage water can carry soluble forms of nitrogen and phosphorus, so strategies are needed to reduce nutrient loads while maintaining adequate drainage for crop production. Conservation drainage describes practices including modifying drainage system design and operation, woodchip bioreactors, saturated buffers, and modifications to the drainage ditch system. 5,6


Why is it important to engage in watershed efforts?

Engaging in Watershed Efforts: The collaboration of a wide range of people, stakeholders and organizations across an entire watershed is vital to reducing nutrient pollution to our water and air. Farmers can play an important leadership role in these efforts when they get involved and engage with their State governments, farm organizations, conservation groups, educational institutions, non-profit organizations, and community groups.


How does farming affect the environment?

By applying these inputs in the right amounts and at the right time both farmers and the environment can benefit. Excess nutrients, such as nitrogen and phosphorus, can harm soils, rivers, lochs and estuaries by causing algal blooms and by changing the natural balance of plants, insects and other life. In the wrong place, pesticides can kill river insects and fish and can remain in river sediments for many years. Run-off from dirty yards, roads and grazing fields or land that has been spread with livestock slurries can also contribute to the bacterial contamination of inland and coastal waters and the failure of environmental quality standards. Fellow farmers downstream may experience poor quality water or incur extra expense in dealing with the effects of diffuse pollution including the possibility of disease transmission. In addition, groundwater (i.e. water held below the surface of the land; an important source of drinking water in rural areas) can be put at risk as a result of the leaching or percolation of nutrients and pesticides from the surface of the land. Groundwater is also important in maintaining river flow and for other aquatic environments. If it becomes polluted, surface waters are also at risk.


What is diffuse pollution?

2.1 For the purposes of this Code, diffuse agricultural pollution is contamination of the soil, air and water environments resulting from farming activities. This pollution tends to arise over a wide geographical area and is dependent on what happens on the surface of the land. Although individually minor, such pollution on a catchment scale can be significant, considering the cumulative effect which these separate discharges can have on the environment. Activities such as ploughing, seedbed preparation, crop spraying, fertiliser spreading and applying slurry may all contribute to diffuse pollution. Run-off from farm roads and yards, the surface of fields and dusty roofs after rainfall are all potential sources of pollution. There is therefore a wide range of potential diffuse pollution sources which are associated with farming practices and which can harm the environment.


Why are soil particles important?

2.11 Soil particles are also important because they can carry more serious pollutants. For example, some pesticides bind firmly onto soil particles and are therefore liable to contaminate watercourses when soil is lost from fields. Similarly, mud on farmyards and roads may carry oily residues. Phosphorus can be lost from farmland to water and can cause pollution. In excess, certain trace elements transported with the soil can also damage the aquatic environment. It should also be remembered that erosion very often involves the loss of the most fertile soil from a field.


What are the risks of industrial waste?

2.17 Sewage sludge or industrial wastes can contain potentially toxic substances such as heavy metals and persistent organic chemicals which may contaminate soil and pollute rivers. Certain precautions must be taken and statutory obligations complied with. Analysis of the waste before use, assessing the land suitability prior to spreading, calculation of the growing crop requirements, soil sampling and nutrient budgeting can all reduce the risk of diffuse agricultural pollution occurring. The waste producer or their contractor may carry out some, or all, of this work for farmers. Anyone wishing to apply industrial wastes to agricultural land must demonstrate in advance, and to SEPA’s satisfaction, that such an application will result in benefit to agricultural or ecological improvement. Note that the statutory controls on the application of sewage sludge to agricultural land must be complied with to be eligible for the Single Farm Payment.


How to prevent diffuse pollution by nitrates?

2.21 The key to preventing diffuse pollution by nitrate is to ensure that all inputs are carefully accounted for and that any applications are made to meet the requirements of the growing crop. Farmers in the Nitrate Vulnerable Zones (NVZs) are obliged to comply with an Action Programme, including limits on nutrient applications, adherence to closed periods and record keeping. These requirements must also be complied with to be eligible for the Single Farm Payment.


What are the sources of pollution?

Activities such as ploughing, seedbed preparation, crop spraying, fertiliser spreading and applying slurry may all contribute to diffuse pollution. Run-off from farm roads and yards, the surface of fields and dusty roofs after rainfall are all potential sources of pollution.


What are the risks of sheep dip?

They can also pollute groundwaters. Each aspect of the dipping operation must be planned in advance, all possible pollution risks must be identified and action must be taken to minimise these risks as far as possible. Farmers should take note of the guidance on good sheep flock management given in section 8 of this Code. Staff should be suitably trained in the correct use of dips and dipping practice. SEERAD has issued guidance for those involved in dipping sheep, in the form of “The Sheep Dipping Code of Practice for Scottish Farmers, Crofters and Contractors” under the Groundwater Regulations 1998 (available from SEERAD and also via the Scottish Executive’s website). Waste sheep dip disposal may only be undertaken in accordance with an authorisation issued by SEPA. It is also possible for dip to be disposed of off farm, through a licensed waste contractor. Note that the Groundwater Regulations 1998 must be complied with to be eligible for the Single Farm Payment.


How can we prevent land pollution?

Here are 15 ways to prevent and control land pollution. 1. Go organic: organic farming uses no chemical fertilizers or insecticides. 2. Fewer plastics: cut down on packaging. 3. Agricultural management: prevent pesticides from leaching into rivers. 4. Reduce sprays: chemical sprays dissolve into rain which falls on and pollutes the land.


What are some ways to help the environment?

7. Reforest: forests maintain the right chemical balance of the land. 8. Tread lightly: leave some areas of land unspoilt my humans. 9. Volunteer: pick up litter, work on reforestation projects or whatever appeals to you. 10. Educate: teach future generations about land pollution. 11.


How much air pollution does running a lawn mower cause?

Running a gasoline lawn mower for one hour creates as much air pollution as driving a car 300 miles.


How does energy affect the environment?

Your household energy use may create twice as much greenhouse gas emissions as your car does in a year’s time. More than 63 percent of the electricity in the United States still comes from burning fossil fuels, according to the U.S. Department of Energy. Improving energy efficiency in your home can help reduce air pollution.


What is the role of consumers in pollution?

Consumers play a major role in creating pollution. By some estimates, household consumption is responsible for the majority of air and water pollution in the world.


How can we reduce water pollution?

WHAT YOU CAN DO: Simple steps around the home make big a difference in reducing water pollution. Pick up pet waste, keep yard clippings out of storm drains and fix car leaks before the next big rain washes oil and other fluids into your local water supply.


How do similar products affect the environment?

The way you use products from your car to lawn care chemicals can significantly affect how much you contribute to air pollution.


What can we do to reduce pollution?

25 Things You Can Do to Reduce Pollution. Everyday activities can contribute to air, water or land pollution and you may not even realize it at the time. Here are some things you can do to reduce pollution in the air, water and landfills. Expand.


What happens when you burn fuel in your car?

When you burn fuel in your car, only about one one-thousandth of the VOCs in your gas or diesel ends up in the air. But products like cleaners, paints, hair spray and perfumes can pump a larger percentage of their chemical pollutants into the air as they evaporate.


What is nonpoint source pollution?

Nonpoint source pollution indicates diffuse contamination which doesn’t come from a distinct source. This kind of contamination is the cumulative outcome of a little number of pollutants reserved in a big area.


What is groundwater aquifer?

Groundwater aquifers are responsible for the contamination of surface water bodies by its nature. The differences of a point vs. nonpoint resources are different. People who analyze groundwater give focus on site geology and soil characteristics, hydrology, hydrogeology and the nature of pollutants.


What is the role of sewage treatment?

Proper sewage treatment plans play an essential role for reclaimed polluted water. Law is critical here. The law obeys that industrial waste must treat prior water is discharged into seas and rivers. Contaminated water is possible to operate by the use of a plant named as water hyacinth or Kaloli.


How can we control water pollution?

There are many ways through which you can control water pollution. The best way is the dilution of water. People should treat pollutants chemically and convert into the non-toxic substances. You can remove a low level of radioactive wastes from water through oxidation of ponds. Some certain chemicals act on the organic insecticides …


What is surface water pollution?

Surface water pollutions mean pollutions of lakes, rivers, and ocean. A subset of surface water pollution is marine pollution.


Why should charitable organizations move door to door?

A charitable organization should move door to door to make people aware of the impact of water pollution and environmental problem. They should set up and go environmental education center. Students should come forward to make people aware of pollution and the way to prevent it.


Why should we treat water in our house?

The water we use in our house should be treated properly to make the environment free from pollutant and safe. Proper care must be taken to guarantee that effective sewage treatment system is in place. If we like to prevent water pollution, animal and human excreta must be prevented from getting mixed with its sources.


What Is Agricultural Pollution?

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Agricultural pollution is contamination of the environment and related surroundings as a result of using the natural and chemical products for farming. This contamination is actually injurious to all living organisms that depend on the food on cultivation.

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Mechanisms (Types) of Agricultural Pollution

  • Leaching and Ground Water Poisoning When chemicals accumulate in the soil, depending on its water solubility and soil structure it percolates through reaching the ground water, causing its contamination. This also depends on the rainfall. For example after applying pesticides on crops in sandy areas, if excessive irrigation is done, the pesticide chemicals leach into ground. Leachin…

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Prevention of Agricultural Pollution

  • The priority is to keep the nitrogen and phosphorus rich nutrients from running off into the water sources near fields and animal farms. 1. Prevention can never be a solo effort. The state governments, farmers’ organisations, collectives and cooperatives, educational institutions and conservation groups need to work together for regulating and redu…

See more on naturalenergyhub.com


Effects of Agricultural Pollution

  • Since agricultural pollution is not a lone standing entity, its effects are carried over as water pollution and air pollution. It affects every aspect of the environment and every organism from the earthworm to humans. Some of the adverse effects are as follows: Drinking or swimming in water with dangerous levels of algal bloom causes rashes, stomach and liver problems, respiratory illn…

See more on naturalenergyhub.com

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