how can we make agriculture more sustainable



This includes:

  • Building healthy soil and preventing erosion
  • Managing water wisely
  • Minimizing air and water pollution
  • Storing carbon on farms
  • Increasing resilience to extreme weather
  • Promoting biodiversity
Sustainable agriculture practices
  1. Rotating crops and embracing diversity. …
  2. Planting cover crops and perennials. …
  3. Reducing or eliminating tillage. …
  4. Applying integrated pest management (IPM). …
  5. Integrating livestock and crops. …
  6. Adopting agroforestry practices. …
  7. Managing whole systems and landscapes.
Apr 10, 2017


What is sustainable farming and best sustainable farming practices?

 · Our research shows that we can reach a level of sustainability through more informed decision-making, by helping farmers do the right thing at the right place at the right time. You talked about getting a 23% reduction by better management of fertilizer.

What are the practices of sustainable agriculture?

 · A growing body of evidence shows that a smart integration of crop and animal production can make farms more efficient and profitable. Adopting agroforestry practices. By …

What are some examples of sustainable farming practices?

the following are ways we can make agriculture sustainable. first, we should use animal and plant manure instead of artificial fertilizers which leads to soil exhaustion; we should focus more on …

What are examples of sustainable agriculture?

We create financial incentives to encourage biodiversity conservation, improve agricultural policies, and identify new income opportunities for producers. When agricultural operations are …


What are 4 ways to improve the agriculture?

Ways to improve agricultural productionImplementation of land reforms. Land reforms are the first and most important point for improving productivity. … Interplant. … Plant more densely. … Manuring. … Plant many crops. … Water use and soil management. … Sustainable agriculture. … Raised beds.More items…•

How we can improve agriculture?

How to Improve Farming ProductivityImplementation of land reforms. For improving the production, land reforms are the first and predominant point. … Interplant. … Plant more densely. … Plant many crops. … Raised beds. … Smart water management. … Heat Tolerant Varieties. … Use nitrogen.More items…•

How can we solve agricultural problems?

Below are the top solutions to the Problems of Agriculture: Provision of Adequate Education to Farmers. … Provision Large Area of Land to Farmers. … Reducing of the Cost Farmer Inputs to Farmers. … Encouragement of the Gender and Age in Farming Sector. … Farmers should be Encourage to Join Co-operative Society.More items…•

How can we improve agricultural production and become self sufficient?

To increase agricultural production and become self-sufficient with regard to food grains Green revolution was initiated. In took place in the 1960’s under the leadership of agricultural scientist MS Swaminathan.

Why do we need to improve our agriculture?

Agriculture plays a critical role in transforming economies to reach the goal, along with achieving other essential development goals like ensuring food security and improving nutrition.

How can agriculture be improved in India?

Improving access to credit, technology and markets PPPs could help bring cutting-edge technologies and approaches to India’s agricultural sector. IT and biotech stand to transform agriculture, raising its production levels and outputs.

How can we develop the agriculture sector in our country?

(3) By providing investable surplus in the form of savings and taxes to be invested in non-agricultural sector, (4) By earning valuable foreign exchange through the export of agricultural products, ADVERTISEMENTS: (5) Providing employment to a vast army of uneducated, backward and unskilled labour.

What can be done to increase agricultural production class 10?

5 Key Measures to Improve Farming ProductivitySmart water management. Using of drop by drop or sprinkler irrigation systems you can increase crop yields up to 50 percent.Varieties selection. … Conservation tillage. … Nitrogen. … Farm management software.


Why is sustainable agriculture important?

Sustainable agriculture is important to making sure that we have and will continue to have, the water, materials, and resources to protect human health and our environment.

How does agriculture contribute to sustainability?

Agriculture contributes directly to sustainable stewardship of the land, air and water. Sustainability creates and maintains the conditions under which humans and nature can exist in productive harmony, that permit fulfilling the food, feed, and fiber needs of our country and the social, economic and other requirements of present …

What is the purpose of EPA?

EPA works to promote innovation and highlight the value and efficient management of food as a resource. Through the sustainable management of food, we can help businesses and consumers save money, provide a bridge in our communities for those who do not have enough to eat, and conserve resources for future generations.

How does sustainable food management work?

Through the sustainable management of food, we can help businesses and consumers save money, provide a bridge in our communities for those who do not have enough to eat, and conserve resources for future generations. Building on the familiar concept of “Reduce, Reuse, Recycle,” this approach shifts the view on environmental protection and more fully recognizes the impacts of the food we waste.

What is the relationship between agriculture and sustainability?

Sustainability is based on a simple principle: Everything that we need for our survival and well-being depends, either directly or indirectly, on our natural environment. Agriculture contributes directly to sustainable stewardship of the land, air and water. Sustainability creates and maintains …

Where do food scraps go?

Food Scraps Go to the Animals: Barthold Recycling and Roll-off Services — Factsheet/advertisement for a company that picks up food waste and delivers it to farms to be used as animal feed.

How to reinforce policy advocacy for sustainable agriculture?

One way to reinforce policy advocacy for sustainable agriculture is by producing and consolidating evidence of its benefits, in contrast with the negative impacts of high-input intensive monocultures.

How does organic farming contribute to food security?

Low external input, sustainable agricultural practices such as agroecology and organic farming can contribute to food security by increasing productivity while at the same time being more climate-resilient, environmentally sustainable, and ensuring healthy and productive soils into the future.

Why is improved access to market important for farmers?

Improved access to market can also trigger farmers’ motivation to invest in agriculture. By providing intermediate, appropriate technology: In order to be attractive, sustainable practices need to be technically as well as economically efficient.

What is sustainable agriculture in Mozambique?

A scoping study on sustainable agriculture in Mozambique shows that approaches such as agroforestry and conservation agriculture have been increasingly promoted throughout the country. Research trials and anecdotal evidence suggest that these practices increase yields, are climate-resilient and economically accessible.

What are the major drivers of agricultural growth?

In food insecure countries, large-scale investments are often considered a major driver of agricultural growth, but these can promote monocultures and intensive approaches that damage the environment and progressively decrease soil fertility.

Do farmers know about alternative options?

Farmers know a lot, but they may not know about alternative options if they have not been introduced to them. Research and technical extension staff need additional resources to reach more farmers, and they need more training on ‘non-conventional’ farming methods and on innovative ways to share their knowledge.

How can we make sustainable agriculture the dominant model in the US?

If we want to see sustainable farming become the dominant model in the US, we need policies like those in the ARA —and we can’t stop there. UCS has published a series of reports and issue briefs that offer recommendations for promoting sustainable agriculture through farm policy, as part of our overall goal of transforming our food system to provide healthy, affordable, fairly and sustainably produced food for all Americans. We encourage you to take a look–and then contact your representatives to ask them to support sustainable agriculture.

What is sustainable farming?

Sustainable farms treat uncultivated or less intensively cultivated areas, such as riparian buffers or prairie strips, as integral to the farm —valued for their role in controlling erosion, reducing nutrient runoff, and supporting pollinators and other biodiversity.

How do crops protect soil?

These crops protect and build soil health by preventing erosion, replenishing soil nutrients, and keeping weeds in check, reducing the need for herbicides. Reducing or eliminating tillage. Traditional plowing (tillage) prepares fields for planting and prevents weed problems, but can cause a lot of soil loss.

What are the goals of agroecology?

Among other things, this involves: Building and maintaining healthy soil. Managing water wisely. Minimizing air, water, and climate pollution. Promoting biodiversity. There’s a whole field of research devoted to achieving these goals: agroecology, the science of managing farms as ecosystems.

Why is it important to support agroecology research?

To help farmers adopt sustainable practices, it’s vitally important that we continue to support agroecology research, along with outreach and education to help farmers make effective use of the science.

What is the theme of agriculture?

A key theme connecting many of these practices is diversification . “Keep it simple” is good advice in many situations, but when it comes to agriculture, the most sustainable and productive systems are more diverse and complex—like nature itself.

How does industrial agriculture help?

Industrial agriculture tends to keep plant and animal production separate, with animals living far from the areas where their feed is produced, and crops growing far away from abundant manure fertilizers. A growing body of evidence shows that a smart integration of crop and animal production can be a recipe for more efficient, profitable farms.

How does agriculture affect the environment?

While agricultural operations provide unique opportunities to conserve biodiversity, they also can threaten wild species and spaces. From habitat loss to pollution, agriculture contributes to many of the environmental challenges that WWF actively addresses.

How does farming affect the atmosphere?

Many farming practices—such as burning fields and using gasoline-powered machinery—are significant contributors to the buildup of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) contends that the livestock sector alone is responsible for 18% of all greenhouse gas production. Additionally, clearing land for agricultural production is a major contributor to climate change, as the carbon stored in intact forests is released when they are cut or burned.

What is the impact of agricultural expansion on biodiversity?

Agricultural expansion is a major driver of deforestation and other ecological destruction, decimating habitats and biodiversity. Oil palm displaces lowland forests in Indonesia while soy production damages the Cerrado and Atlantic Forests of Brazil and Paraguay. Loss of forests and unsustainable farming practices lead to extreme erosion. During the past 150 years, half of all agricultural topsoil has been lost.

Why is sustainable resource management important?

The need for sustainable resource management is increasingly urgent. Demand for agricultural commodities is rising rapidly as the world’s population grows. Agriculture’s deep connections to the world economy, human societies and biodiversity make it one of the most important frontiers for conservation around the globe.

How much water does agriculture use?

The agricultural sector consumes about 69 percent of the planet’s fresh water. Without creative conservation measures in place, agricultural production consumes excessive water and degrades water quality. This adversely impacts freshwater systems throughout the world.

Why is sustainable agriculture important?

Firstly, and most importantly, sustainable agriculture produces safe food with high nutritional value. The quality of food is now more important than ever before. Numerous studies found out that the nutritional content of grains and fruits with vegetables keeps decreasing.

How does sustainable farming help the environment?

Unlike intensive agriculture, sustainable farming has a great potential for benefiting the environment and preserving natural resources. It does so by following natural cycles, recycling nutrients and water, while omitting excessive use of agricultural chemicals.

What are the benefits of farming?

Promoting energy efficiency of farming operations; Decreasing emissions of air pollutants and greenhouse gases; Creating habitats for pollinators and beneficial insects; Ensuring welfare of farm animals but also providing space for the respectful coexistence with native wildlife [1].

What are the environmental requirements for farming?

The planet and the environment: farming practices must be ecologically sound, promoting healthy biodiversity and sensible management of natural resources.

What are the needs of people?

The needs of people: provide nutrient rich food for farmers, farm families, communities, help to maintain good public health, but also improving the quality of life in rural areas. Profit: a farming operation must be profitable, or it will go out of business quickly.

What is the lesson that farmers have learned?

Their families have been farming the same land for generations and the first lesson they have learnt was to do it sustainably. Otherwise, their harvest would fail. They would end up hungry in the winter. They would have to watch their kids and animals suffer.

What is the biggest treasure of subsistence farmers?

These are subsistence farmers. Their land is their biggest treasure and they care for it more than they care for their own health, often working outside under the scorching summer sun to ensure the best harvest, to stack up hay rich in meadow flowers from their high-value grasslands, or spending all day in the rain preparing the soil for the next season.

What is sustainable agriculture?

Definitions differ, but at its heart, sustainable agriculture is about meeting the needs of the present, without sacrificing those of tomorrow—it’s farming that is environmentally sound, socially responsible, and profitable for farmers. Sustainable agriculture strives for the best long-term outcomes for forests, climate stability, human rights, and livelihoods.

How will agriculture affect the future of the world?

With a population projected to reach a staggering 9.8 billion by 2050, farmers will have to produce more food than ever before. Unfortunately, conventional farming methods degrade land, which actually reduces crop productivity over time—and that can prompt smallholder farmers to cut down nearby forests in search of new fertile earth. While clearing trees on a few acres of land may not cause the massive greenhouse emissions that accelerate climate change—that dubious honor goes to industrial farming for mega crops like soy and palm oil—it’s a tack that smallholders can’t sustain. If we’re to meet the needs of a ballooning population—and allow smallholder farmers to support their families—farmers of all kinds must adopt more sustainable agriculture methods.

How does gender equality affect agriculture?

Given that women make up more than 40 percent of the agricultural labor force in low income countries, gender equality is critical to a healthy, liveable future.

How does water scarcity affect the world?

Water scarcity is one of the most urgent crises facing humanity. According to the UN, more than 5 billion people could suffer water shortages by 2050 due to pollution, climate change, and increased demand. Certain crops, such as coffee, are not only water-thirsty, they also require copious amounts of freshwater during the processing stage. All that processing water becomes wastewater that can pollute nearby rivers and streams. To make agriculture more sustainable it’s important to find ways to reduce water usage and to keep waterways clean. One practical, low-cost solution is to plant natural tree buffers along waterways; the trees help prevent erosion and polluted runoff from entering rivers and streams (and did we mention trees store carbon?).

What is the importance of soil for farmers?

What could be more essential for farmers than healthy soil? The healthier the soil, the better it retains moisture, which can help plants survive drought. Healthy soil also leads to higher crop yields, thereby reducing the economic desperation that drives farmers to clear forests in search of fertile earth. Organic composting enriches soil and reduces the need for expensive chemical fertilizers, which also pollute waterways. In addition, rotating different types of cover crops—plants grown in the off-season to prevent soil erosion—can also greatly bolster soil quality. Another bonus: Cover crops can store half a ton of CO2 per acre, making crop rotation a powerful natural climate solution.

How can businesses help farmers?

Companies can help farmers with the upfront costs of adopting sustainable practices and pay more for crops that have been produced more sustainably.

How much of tropical deforestation is caused by agriculture?

Did you know that agriculture is responsible for 80 percent of tropical deforestation? The more we raze forests, the more we accelerate climate change. That’s terrible news for all of us, not least of all smallholder farmers, whose crops can be wiped out by droughts, floods, and pests and diseases. Avoiding deforestation is a crucial step in making agriculture more sustainable.

How to keep a farm profitable?

You need to understand enterprise budgets and study your books at the end of every season, and you need to be willing to make changes to keep your farm profitable. This often involves diversifying into new crops, areas of agriculture, or marketing. An operation that is not making money will not continue to survive this generation, much less another.

What is the goal of farming?

Farming in a way that ensures that land, resources, and finances will be available and in good condition for generations to come is the basic tenet of sustainability in agriculture and is the goal of all successful farming operations.

Why are high tunnels so popular?

As production systems such as high tunnels became popular as a way to extend the growing season, suddenly the downtime that growers traditionally used to take vacations, enjoy their hobbies, etc. was filled with growing more crops.

What are the three things you need to protect water?

You need to protect the water you use and work with your community, state, and federal governments and grower organizations to ensure there will be water for future use. 3. Protect Native Plants, Animals, Insects, And Microbial Life.

What is sustainable resource?

According to Merriam-Webster, the word sustainable is defined as “of, relating to, or being a method of harvesting, or using a resource so that the resource is not depleted or permanently damaged.”

Is agriculture a sustainable vocation?

Agriculture is not a sustainable vocation if there is no personal time. With all the new things you need to concern yourself with including food safety, GAPs, organic certification, and Internet-based marketing, evenings and weekends often are spent on the computer making sales, filling out forms, and doing bookkeeping.

Sustainability Information from EPA

Sustainability Information from Other Sources

  • USDA Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education (SARE)- Since 1988, the SARE grants and education program has advanced agricultural innovation that promotes profitability, stewardship of the la…

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Sustainable Agriculture and Tribes

  • People of the Land Publication: Sustaining American Indian Agriculture in Idaho, Nevada, Oregon and Washington– A curriculum from the Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education program aims to…

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Sustainable Management of Food

  • Sustainable Management of Foodis a systematic approach that seeks to reduce wasted food and its associated impacts over the entire life cycle, starting with the use of natural resources, manufacturing, sales, and consumption and ending with decisions on recovery or final disposal. EPA works to promote innovation and highlight the value and efficien…

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