How chemicals companies control the agriculture industry


Chemical control is an indispensable part of Integrated Crop Management (ICM), an integrated farming system based on a sound combination of all available pest control methods.


What is the importance of agricultural chemical industry?

The agricultural chemical industry is an important aspect of modern agriculture worldwide. Since the green revolution began in the 1930’s, agricultural chemistry has become a mainstay in global agriculture. The use of chemical fertilizers, pesticides, and other chemical-based agricultural products is a widespread global phenomenon.

What are the chemical agents used in agriculture?

The Agricultural Chemicals Regulation Law (1948) defines agricultural chemicals as “ chemical agents such as fungicides and insecticides that are used to control viruses or crop-harming organisms (such as fungi, nematodes, mites, insects, and rodents) [sc:2].” Polluting practices of modern agriculture

How are agricultural chemicals manufacturers different from other manufacturers?

Additionally, while only 5% of all manufacturers are public companies, 16% of agricultural chemicals manufacturers fall in this category. Furthermore, compared to other manufacturers, these companies are more likely to rely on global supply and distribution chains:

What strategies do agricultural chemicals manufacturers use to drive sales?

• International distribution is a strategy that 33% of agricultural chemicals manufacturers use, compared to 29% of all manufacturers. • The import of raw materials is more common, with 22% of agricultural chemicals manufacturers using this strategy over the 11% of all manufacturers.


How this chemical can be used in the agricultural sector?

Pesticides – also known as agricultural chemicals – are substances that are used to protect plants against pests. They include herbicides to kill weeds, fungicides to get rid of diseases and insecticides to kill bugs.

Who controls the agricultural industry?

Only four corporations—ADM, Bunge, Cargill and Dreyfus—control more than 75 percent of the global grain trade. They overwhelmingly push commodity crops like corn and soy on local farmers at the expense of native crops.

How can we reduce chemical use in agriculture?

Consider non-chemical methods for controlling pests. Try using non-chemical management methods on your lawn and garden, such as introducing beneficial insects and wild, native plants, or use physical methods, including hand weeding, mulching, or setting traps, to reduce chemical use outdoors.

What impact do large companies have on agriculture?

How does corporate power affect farmers? Unchecked corporate power distorts markets and leaves farmers and ranchers vulnerable to abuse and unfair practices. Because farmers rely on both buyers and sellers for their business, concentrated markets squeeze them at both ends.

How did the company exploit the farmers?

The farmers had to bear the cost of indigo farming and the British planters used to keep the yields without compensating the farmers. Not only this, they were even exploited through the various taxes levied on them. Thousands of landless labourers and poor farmers were forced to sow indigo instead of other crops.

How does Monsanto control farmers?

Monsanto imposes contracts and wields patents that forbid farmers from saving seeds year-to-year, a practice that has been part of agriculture for centuries. They demand farmers buy new, expensive seeds each year. And if a farmer stops using Monsanto’s patented seeds, they are at risk of breaching their contract.

How can we reduce the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides?

Here are listed 7 strategies available for pesticide reduction.Agronomic practices. … Resistant crops. … Bio-control and Natural Pesticides. … Integrated Pest Management (IPM) … Agroecology. … Organic Agriculture. … Use of less hazardous pesticides.

How can we reduce chemical fertilizers?

Agroforestry, mulching, intercropping, crop rotation, organic farming are management strategies to reduce chemical fertilizers usage.

How can farmers reduce the use of Fertilisers and pesticides?

Crop rotation: Crop rotation is an efficient way of preventing pests from getting used to the types of plants that are being cultivated. The method uses alternating the species of crops that are grown every year. In addition to managing pests, this farming method also increases the fertility of the soil.

What is a known problem associated with industrial agriculture?

Industrial farming is bad for the health of workers, eaters, and downstream neighbors. Here are some of its costly health impacts: Pesticide toxicity. Herbicides and insecticides commonly used in agriculture have been associated with both acute poisoning and long-term chronic illness.

Who controls the world’s food supply?

Today, four corporations — Bayer, Corteva, ChemChina and Limagrain — control more than 50% of the world’s seeds. These staggering monopolies dominate the global food supply.

What are the effects of harmful substances in crop production?

Explaining Effects of Harmful Substances in Crop Production waterway pollution, chemical burn to crops, increased air pollution, acidification of the soil and mineral depletion of the soil.

What are the new developments in the agricultural chemical industry?

The agricultural chemical industry outlook is being shaped significantly by new developments such as integrated pest management (IPM), precision farming, and off-patent products, all of which have the potential to reduce agrochemical revenues. Long-term developments are also proving disruption, including genome editing, food waste management, improvements in animal feed digestibility, decreasing biofuels demand, and the growing popularity of indoor farming.

What are the challenges of agrochemicals?

The future of agrochemicals looks bright, considering global population growth, growing imperative to protect against crop losses and increase yields, rising consumer demand for sustainably produced food, and the role of agrochemicals in tackling climate change. However, the following challenges could stifle growth potential: 1 Longer product development cycles and escalating costs 2 Increasing stringency of regulatory requirements 3 Government farm subsidy reduction 4 The accelerated pace of change within and in adjacent markets

Why are agrochemicals so high in price?

Agrochemicals showed improved performance in 2017 and 2018—thanks largely to demand recovery in Latin America—higher agrochemicals prices due to supply shortages related to China, and imposition of US tariffs on Chinese imports.

What is sustainable crop protection?

Who is responsible for the completion of all these tasks and how can the various elements be reconciled? It is one thing to develop a workable concept, but quite another to put it into practice and make it work. On the one hand is highly developed crop protection technology, and on the other, its complex use. Both need to be managed successfully, taking into account of environmental safety, consumer safety, worker safety, and farm incomes.

What is the second component of sustainable crop protection?

The second component of the concept for sustainable crop protection — application decision-making — goes beyond economics and technology to encompass social, environmental and even contractual aspects. This is the intellectual core of the concept. The pressure on farmers to be mindful of inputs is reflected in Europe, where legislation is becoming increasingly input-directed. Indeed, the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) links subsidies to sustainable, “green” farming.

What is MRL in pesticides?

They are established for a given pesticide on a given food commodity at the farm gate. In other words, the MRL is a technical limit linked to agricultural practices, and is not directly related to health. MRLs are not safety levels and are set well below what would be a safe residue level. They are used to monitor, and if necessary enforce approvals, and as international trading standards.

How can an agricultural system become unsustainable?

The development of resistance to pesticides among crop pests, pathogens and weeds is a very clear example of how an agricultural system can become unsustainable if not carefully managed. Widespread resistance to fungicides in the 1970 s and 1980 s triggered a prompt response from the crop protection industry. As a result of excellent cooperation between industry, academia and agricultural extension services, effective resistance management concepts were developed. The Fungicides Resistance Action Committee (FRAC) was formed, shortly followed by the Insecticides Resistance Action Committee (IRAC) and the Herbicides Resistance Action Committee (HRAC). The work of these committees showed that resistance is a challenge for any newly developed product, but one that can be managed if tackled early and sensibly ( Urech et al., 1997 ). Its management is not an additional, external cost burdening the industry or farmers; it is a success story which proves that modern agricultural systems are sustainable.

What is crop protection?

Products are intended for crop protection and do not belong in ground or drinking water. Regrettably, industry does not have full control over residues in surface water, given the impact of seasonal factors such as weather and management practices. However, industry and farmers must work together to do everything possible to avoid water contamination.

How much is crop protection worth?

Focusing on the economic dimension, it is clear that crop protection is a significant component of sustainable agriculture. Crop protection products have a high value to farmers — indeed, the world market for crop protection products is currently worth $31 000 million. Farmers clearly see the benefits of the products they buy, enjoying a return on the investment as the quality and quantity of the harvest is enhanced.

What are the three dimensions of sustainability?

Since the Rio Earth Summit, it has been recognised as encompassing three interdependent dimensions: economic impact, social needs and the environment . This paper considers the role of chemical crop protection in sustainable agriculture in Western Europe. It discusses the contribution of industry, both as a provider of products and as a responsible partner for stakeholders, such as farmers, food processors, food retailers and regulatory authorities. A conceptual and factual framework is proposed which reconciles the various elements of sustainable agriculture and chemical crop protection. It concludes that sustainable crop protection is a challenge but is feasible if all players contribute their share.

What is Farm Aid?

Farm Aid has a long history of fighting corporate abuse. Since 1985, Farm Aid has rallied alongside farmers, testified before Congress, and organized the public around the threats that corporate power poses to family farmers and eaters alike.

What do farmers need to buy?

Farmers need to buy things to operate their farms , like seeds, machinery, fertilizers and other goods. Sellers with high market power can inflate the prices farmers must pay for these items. Meanwhile, processors and other powerful buyers can suppress the prices they offer farmers.

What is the concentration ratio of the US economy?

Most sectors of the U.S. economy have concentration ratios around 40%, meaning that the top four firms in the industry control 40% of the market. If the concentration ratio is above 40%, economists believe competition is threatened and market abuses are more likely to occur: the higher the number, the bigger the threat.

When did Farm Aid join the FDA?

In 2011, Farm Aid attended a series of meetings with White House officials and a forum in Iowa with President Obama requesting fair credit access, antitrust enforcement and protections for farmers facing corporate abuses. In 2011, Farm Aid joined over 400 organizations in calling on the FDA to mandate labeling for all GMO foods.

Who is Jim Gerritsen?

Jim Gerritsen, an organic farmer in Maine, speaks out at The Farmers March at Occupy Wall Street in 2011. Watch former poultry farmers Craig Watts and Kay Doby share their story: If playback doesn’t begin shortly, try restarting your device.

Who is Mike Weaver?

Mike Weaver, a poultry grower in West Virginia, and The Crutchfields, poultry growers in Arkansas, reveal how corporate giants are able to abuse farmers’ rights. Mary Hendrickson, a professor at the University of Missouri, discusses the effects of corporate power in the food system.

Who was the senator who testified before the Senate about the family farm crisis?

On June 18, 1987, Willie Nelson and John Mellencamp joined Senator Tom Harkin to testify before the U.S. Senate about the family farm crisis and corporate monopolies expanding in agriculture.

What is UPL in India?

UPL Limited, formerly United Phosphorus Limited, is an Indian multinational company specializes in manufacturing and marketing agrochemicals, industrial chemicals, chemical intermediates, and specialty chemicals, and also offers crop protection solutions. In February 2019, UPL announced the completion of its acquisition of New York-based Arysta LifeScience Inc for USD 4.2 billion. Arysta specializes in the development, formulation, registration, marketing, and distribution of differentiated crop protection chemicals for a variety of crops and applications. The acquisition will give UPL a global reach as UPL is strong in regions such as India, the Americas, Western Europe, and Arysta’s strength is in Africa, Russia and Eastern Europe market. UPL’s current year revenue was INR 22,077 crore.

What is the agriculture division of DowDuPont?

The Agriculture Division of DowDuPont™ is now known as Corteva Agriscience™. Corteva Agriscience™ brings together DuPont Crop Protection, DuPont Pioneer and Dow AgroSciences to create a market-shaping, standalone agriculture company with leading positions in Seed Technologies, Crop Protection, and Digital Agriculture.

What is the global agrochemical market?

The global Agrochemical market was 223700 million US$ in 2018 and is expected to 308400 million US$ by the end of 2025, growing at a CAGR of 4.69% between 2019 and 2025.

How much did DowDuPont crop protection sales increase?

DowDuPont’s crop protection sales rose by 5.6% to USD 1618 million in the fourth quarter of 2018. DowDuPont’s agriculture business, Corteva Agriscience, recorded a 1.1% increase in revenues to USD 2817 million. 5.

What is Sumitomo Chemical?

Sumitomo Chemical is one of Japan’s leading chemical companies, providing a diverse range of products globally in the fields of petrochemicals, energy and functional materials, IT-related chemicals and materials, health and Agrochemical products, and pharmaceuticals.

What is a nufarm?

Nufarm is a leading crop protection and seed technologies company. The company develops, manufactures and sells a wide range of crop protection products, including herbicides, insecticides, and fungicides, that help growers protect their crops against damage caused by weeds, pests, and disease. Nufarm has established a presence in major agricultural regions throughout the world. Nufarm has crop protection formulation and manufacturing facilities in nine countries, and seed-related research, development, and marketing operations in Australia, North America, Latin America, and Europe. Group revenues increased by six percent to USD 3.31 billion (2017: USD 3.11 billion), despite the overall industry recording minimal growth during the period.

Where is Nufarm located?

Nufarm has established a presence in major agricultural regions throughout the world. Nufarm has crop protection formulation and manufacturing facilities in nine countries, and seed-related research, development, and marketing operations in Australia, North America, Latin America, and Europe.

What is agricultural chemicals?

Agricultural chemicals are an industry with a strong outlook, between the sustained demand for whole-grain products, pest and rodents threatening crops, and the need to increase crop yield.

Where is BASF located?

BASF Corporation is the second-largest producer of chemicals in North America. This manufacturer has a location in Palmyra, MO , with 350 employees. Its agricultural products are designed for pest control and turf management. They also offer seed treatments and greenhouse and nursery solutions.

What are the chemicals that are used in agriculture?

These can include: nitrogen, nitrates, nitrites, phosphorous, phosphates alongside other pesticides and fertilizers [sc:3]. Where nitrate and phosphorous fertilizer is used, it creates runoff which flows …

What happens when nitrates and phosphorous fertilizer are used?

Where nitrate and phosphorous fertilizer is used, it creates runoff which flows into water bodies and develops algae blooms. Such chemicals are used to obtain maximum yields, but when the algae die the bacteria uses up all of the oxygen in decomposing it, thus creating an oxygen dead (or hypoxic) zone [sc:3].

What is a spreader in agriculture?

spreaders. They are all applied to crops in a similar fashion by spraying and ultimately aim to destroy insects, pests, diseases, weeds, rodents and other unwanted animals. In many cases, these chemicals are combined to enhance the effect they have on the target crop [sc:2].

What is the definition of agricultural chemicals?

The Agricultural Chemicals Regulation Law (1948) defines agricultural chemicals as “ chemical agents such as fungicides and insecticides that are used to control viruses or crop-harming

Is metam sodium toxic to fish?

Metam sodium. Methyl bromide. Telone II. Chloropicrin. Metam sodium is a biocide which can cause birth defects and is toxic to birds and fish. Methyl bromide can cause also birth defects, as well as cardiac arrest and nervous system damage. Telone II is a cancer-causing fumigant that has caused death to farmers.


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