How climate change affects agriculture in india


Climate change impacts on horticultural and other field crops vary based on rising temperatures or regional CO2 concentration, but India’s agriculture may be more vulnerable to the expected higher incidences of extreme weather (e.g. rainfall duration and intensity, drought/flood), pests, and disease.May 26, 2021

How does climate change affect our agriculture?

Agriculture is extremely vulnerable to climate change. Higher temperatures eventually reduce yields of desirable crops while encouraging weed and pest proliferation. Changes in precipitation patterns increase the likelihood of short-run crop failures and long-run production declines.

How does climate change affect India?

India’s average temperature has risen by around 0.7°C during 19012018. The temperature increase has led to severe loss and damage and lowered work productivity that has ravaged lives and livelihoods”, Abinash Mohanty, Programme Lead, Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW), said to India Today.

Is Indian agriculture sensitive to climate change?

Agriculture in the arid-semi- arid tropics is more sensitive to climate change; by 2100, with climate change the productivity is expected to be 29 per cent less than without it. The semi-arid temperate zone will be least affected by climate change, the expected productivity loss being 8 per cent.

How does climate change affect Indian economy?

The number of working hours lost in India due to extreme heat will increase approximately 15 per cent by 2030. It translates into a projected 2.5 per cent to 4.5 per cent, or $150 billion to $250bn, risk to the country’s gross domestic product, according to a McKinsey report.

What are the 5 effects of climate change?

Effects of Climate ChangeHotter temperatures. As greenhouse gas concentrations rise, so does the global surface temperature. … More severe storms. … Increased drought. … A warming, rising ocean. … Loss of species. … Not enough food. … More health risks. … Poverty and displacement.

What are the main impact of Indian agriculture on environment?

Agriculture contributes to a number larger of environmental issues that cause environmental degradation including: climate change, deforestation, biodiversity loss, dead zones, genetic engineering, irrigation problems, pollutants, soil degradation, and waste.

Why is Indian agriculture very sensitive?

Since Indian agriculture depends on seasonal rainfall and does not have many other sources of water, it is “very sensitive” – easily affected by inadequate or irregular rainfall.

What is the appropriate temperature required with Indian agriculture?

The average temperature required throughout the life period of the crop ranges from 21 to 37º C. Maximum temp which the crop can tolerate 400C to 42 0C. Rice is a nutritional staple food which provides instant energy as its most important component is carbohydrate (starch).

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