How data analytics is transforming agriculture pdf


How is data analytics changing the agriculture industry?

The rise of data analytics in farming is commonly referred to as precision agriculture (PA). While the data analytics trend is occurring at all stages of the agricultural vertical chain, the most noticeable changes are happening in the upstream input markets.

How can agribusinesses leverage data analytics to improve sales?

Through the incorporation of a data analytics strategy, agribusinesses gain the ability to answer sales-related questions through data from a single platform, creating the opportunity to make timely, evidence-based decisions. They also gain visibility of pricing, which allows for decisions to be made based on profitability.

What is precision agriculture and data analytics reality?

In precision agriculture and data analytics reality, things have changed considerably. There is an emphasis on the collection and utilization of vast amounts of data to make better agricultural decisions. Examples of machine data include fuel rate, speed, direction, hydraulics and diagnostics.

What are the applications of big data in agriculture?

The study reveals that application of big data technologies in agriculture is growing but still at low level. It also explores that there are a few technologies used for crop production, plant protection, livestock production, fisheries, post-harvest management and market development.


How is data analytics transforming agriculture?

The transformative impact of precision agriculture technologies, like data analytics, make it easier for farmers to trace their products through the supply chain. This allows each farmer to communicate valuable information to retailers, distributors and other key stakeholders regarding product offerings and services.

How big data analytics is useful for improving agriculture and life of farmer?

Big data provides farmers granular data on rainfall patterns, water cycles, fertilizer requirements, and more. This enables them to make smart decisions, such as what crops to plant for better profitability and when to harvest. The right decisions ultimately improve farm yields.

Why data is important in agriculture?

Data based decisions at the farm level can improve resource utilization and conservation practices. Similar efforts at regional level, tracking inputs per kilogram of produce or impact of production on natural resources can contribute towards long term policies for land and water conservation.

How data science can be used in agriculture?

Data science can provide actionable insights bespoke to farmers’ land and ownership pattern on what to plant, when to plant, and what farm practices to deploy. Making well-informed decisions could save costs and enhance a farmer’s profitability and income.

How big data analytics are impacting the agriculture industry?

Big data makes it possible to achieve supply chain efficiency by offering tracking and optimization opportunities for delivery truck routes. As a result, food delivery cycles, from producer to the market, become much shorter, ensuring no food is wasted in the process.

What is dat in agriculture?

Days After Treatment (agricultural science) DAT.

How data analytics have transformed agriculture in the US?

With data analytics, farmers are now empowered with insights that can help them predict the market conditions, consumer behavior towards the finished goods, factor-in inflation, and other variables that will help them plan the entire process even before sowing the seeds.

How can analytics contribute to India’s agricultural economic growth?

Analytics to monitor farm processes and improve efficiency. Predictive Analytics for accurate weather forecast. Predictive Analytics for crop yield forecast. Analytics for determining farmers’ credit score or possible crop insurance payout based on crop yield predictions.

How AI can be used in agriculture?

AI systems are helping to improve the overall harvest quality and accuracy – known as precision agriculture. AI technology helps in detecting disease in plants, pests and poor nutrition of farms. AI sensors can detect and target weeds and then decide which herbicide to apply within the region.

How has digital revolution impacted agribusiness?

In this context, many scholars have been studying the reasons why agribusiness firms adopt these new technologies and how they impact on their performance. However, there is a lack of empirical studies about how digital technologies offered by agtechs are influencing the agribusiness value chains. Therefore, this paper aims to analyze how digital technologies are being applied in the agribusiness value chains. In order to achieve this objective, we mapped the set of digital technologies commercialized by 130 Brazilian agtechs through the secondary data analysis. The results show that most agtechs focus on solving operations and managerial issues inside the farm by developing software-based and not hardware-based solutions. We highlight that for each value chain position the agtechs have significant differences on their mean ages. It suggests the existence of different technological generations of agtechs, which reinforces the ongoing paradigm shift. Therefore, the digitalization gap between the farm and other sub-sectors of agribusiness value chain should decrease over time. Keywords: ICT; agribusiness; value chains; agtechs; innovation

What is supply chain analytics?

Supply chain analytics, especially in the field of food supply has become a strategic business function. Monthly executive sales and operation planning meetings utilize supply chain analytics to inform strategic business decisions. Having identified gaps in the strategic management of food supply chains, a multi perspective supply chain analytics framework is developed incorporating process and data attributes to support decision making. Using Design Science as the research methodology, a novel framework with a supporting IT artefact is built and presented with early evaluation results. The resulting multi perspective supply chain analytics framework equips practitioners to identify strategic issues, providing important decision support information. The case study further illustrates the framework has applicability across all integrated food supply chains. This research has highlighted gaps in the application of process science to the supply chain management domain, particularly in the area of simultaneous assessment of process and data. The outcomes contribute to research in this domain providing a framework that will enhance the significant reference modelling and operational management work that has occurred in this field.

What are the three pillars of smart agriculture?

Smart agriculture is based primarily on three platforms, namely science, innovation and space technologies. These are considered as the three pioneer pillars of nation building. Space technologies play a vital role in improving soil quality, reducing the waste of water during irrigation and sharing agricultural information with farmers. With the help of terrestrial, aquatic, and aerial sensors, satellites and surveillance equipment, a large volume of geo-spatial data from diversifying sources is collected, analyzed, and utilized for smart farming and shielding of crops. The technology foresight will introduce innovations such as the use of drones in agriculture, precision gene processing in plants, epigenetic, big data and internet of things (IoT), utilizing efficiently all types of energy like smart wind and solar energy, artificial intelligence-based application of robotics, desalination technology in mega-scale and so on. Some of these innovations are already being used in developed nations. Agriculture plays an important role in developing economy so the use of digital farming in rural areas will be a boon for agriculture sector. By 2030, 85% of the world’s population is expected to live in developing countries. In this context, data-driven technological development is urgently needed for developing countries to increase gross domestic product (GDP) and ensure food security for the population.

How does digital servitization affect supply chain?

Digital servitization transforms value creation processes and subsequently affects relationships and power structures in supply chains. Yet, previous studies present insightful but incomplete views on how digital servitization changes power balances between supply chain actors. Specifically, little attention has been paid to upstream firms, although they are particularly vulnerable to becoming disadvantaged participants in a digitally servitized supply chain, as they are positioned far away from end-users. Addressing this research need, we performed an explorative single case study of an industrial supplier – using the resource dependence theory as theoretical framework – to investigate (1) the effects of digital servitization on the power balance between the supplier and its OEM customers and (2) the strategic responses of the supplier to these effects. We find that for an industrial supplier, the successful deployment of digitalized product-service systems (DPSS) depends not only on the development of digital capabilities, but also on the ability to establish close end-user connections, continuous access to product usage data, and a trustful relationship with OEM customers. In addition, we show that digital servitization shifts power towards the actor who is more dominant prior to its advent, refining the common notion that digital servitization favors per se downstream firms. We enrich existing literature by outlining five specific strategies that industrial suppliers can pursue to maintain critical resource access and regain power in a digitally servitized supply chain. Finally, we offer managers guidance in establishing DPSS offerings by providing a comprehensive picture of the industrial supplier’s digital servitization journey.

How do pesticides affect the environment?

Pesticides are chemicals intended for avoiding, eliminating, and mitigating any pests that affect the crop. Lack of awareness, improper management, and negligent disposal of pesticide containers have led to the permeation of pesticide residues into the food chain and other environmental pathways, leading to environmental degradation. Sufficient steps must be undertaken at various levels to monitor and ensure judicious use of pesticides. Development of prediction models for optimum use of pesticides, pesticide management, and their impact would be of great help in monitoring and controlling the ill effects of excessive use of pesticides. This paper aims to present an exhaustive review of the prediction models developed and modeling strategies used to optimize the use of pesticides.

How can we achieve the goal of a world with zero hunger?

Achieving the UN Sustainable Development Goal of ‘a world with zero hunger’ by 2030 will require more productive, efficient , sustainable, inclusive, transparent and resilient food systems. This requires an urgent transformation of the agrifood sector. Digital innovations may be part of the solution. The ‘Fourth Industrial Revolution’ is seeing sectors rapidly transformed by ‘disruptive’ technologies such as Internet of Things and Artificial Intelligence and there are multiple potential applications in agrifood systems. However, there are challenges. In particular, there is the risk of a ‘digital divide’. Developing economies and rural areas with weak technological infrastructure, low levels of e-literacy and digital skills and limited access to services risk being left behind in the digitalization process. Work is needed to ensure everyone benefits in the emerging digital society. Conditions for a digital transformation Certain conditions will shape the digital transformation of agriculture in different contexts: • Basic and hygienic conditions are the minimum conditions required to use technology: availability, connectivity, affordability, e-literacy levels and supporting policies. • Enabling conditions (‘enablers’) further facilitate the adoption of technologies: internet usage and digital skills among populations and support for agripreneurship and innovation culture. • The capacity to take advantage of digital technologies will define the extent and nature of the economic, social and environmental impacts. Examples of the use of digital technologies in agrifood systems Digital technologies have already been shown to deliver benefits in agrifood systems. For example: mobile applications providing price information to farmers can reduce market distortions and improve earnings; precision agriculture technologies can improve efficiency of production; and, artificial intelligence can support timely decision making. Challenges and future work Social, economic and policy systems will need to shift to provide the basic conditions and enablers for digital transformation of agriculture. Disparities in access to technologies and services will need to be addressed. Work on this will require more systematic data on digital technologies and digitalisation at the regional and population level. Different models will need to be identified for the inclusion of small-scale farmers in the digitalization process. Creation of a Digital Agriculture Readiness Index to evaluate the status of digital agriculture in different countries could help identify critical next steps in the digital agriculture transformation process.

What is the pest of stored maize?

Prostephanus truncatus is a notorious pest of stored-maize grain and its spread throughout sub-Saharan Africa has led to increased levels of grain storage losses. The current study developed models to predict the level of P. truncatus infestation and associated damage of maize grain in smallholder farmer stores. Data were gathered from grain storage trials conducted in Hwedza and Mbire districts of Zimbabwe and correlated with weather data for each site. Insect counts of P. truncatus and other common stored grain insect pests had a strong correlation with time of year with highest recorded numbers from January to May. Correlation analysis showed insect-generated grain dust from boring and feeding activity to be the best indicator of P. truncatus presence in stores (r = 0.70), while a moderate correlation (r = 0.48) was found between P. truncatus numbers and storage insect parasitic wasps, and grain damage levels significantly correlated with the presence of Tribolium castaneum (r = 0.60). Models were developed for predicting P. truncatus infestation and grain damage using parameter selection algorithms and decision-tree machine learning algorithms with 10-fold cross-validation. The P. truncatus population size prediction model performance was weak (r = 0.43) due to the complicated sampling and detection of the pest and eight-week long period between sampling events. The grain damage prediction model had a stronger correlation coefficient (r = 0.93) and is a good estimator for in situ stored grain insect damage. The models were developed for use under southern African climatic conditions and can be improved with more input data to create more precise models for building decision-support tools for smallholder maize-based production systems.

What are the environmental problems caused by intensive farming?

First, years of intensive farming has led to a decline in soil fertility, requiring heavier use of fertilizers; however, over-fertilization has caused serious environmental problems. Excess nitrogen leaches into waterways and becomes nitrous oxide (N 2 O), a greenhouse gas, in the atmosphere.

Who said we are on the cusp of a third revolution in agriculture?

“We are on the cusp of a third revolution in agriculture—the digitization of the farm.” — Mike Stern, President and COO, The Climate Corporation ( Bell, Reinhardt, & Shelman, 2016, p. 1)

What are input supply firms facing?

Input supply firms are facing new competitive pressures beyond their cohorts in the machinery, seed, chemical, and fertilizer markets. IBM is conducting research on real-time agricultural data collection and analysis in farm fields across the globe. Grassi (2015) reported that “IBM has a unique skill-set, a different mindset from a lot of the other ag technology companies. It could be a game-changer.” Google was involved in three of the top five venture investment deals relating to agricultural decision support technology in 2015. GE was also involved in a major venture investment deal with Clearpath Robotics, a startup specializing in drones and robotics for farming, in 2015 ( Burwood-Taylor et al., 2016 ). We recently attended a symposium where a keynote speaker from one of the big four public accounting firms stated that his company has been tapped to create data analytics solutions for an (undisclosed) agricultural machinery company. Future competition in the PA arena will include anyone and everyone who can capture the option value of data. The inevitable question that arises from our examination of the agricultural input markets is what other markets and industries are undergoing similar experiences? Who else is being pushed to simultaneously contend with both micro- and macro-level competitive forces?

When did the seed and chemical markets merge?

These two input markets effectively merged in the 1990s when genetically modified crops were developed and sold as a bundle with proprietary pesticides (see Figure 2 B).

What was the goal of conventional farming?

For conventional farming, the guiding goal was to steadily increase production. Farmers used to treat each input as a separate entity without paying attention to the integrated nature of all input decisions and different ways to read performance. They combined seeds, fertilizers and chemicals to maximize yields.

What is the third type of big data?

The third and most important type is the segment with the big data mindset–companies that can take advantage of the option value of data. These are the strategists–or companies–that will play with the generated data and create value for customers or for the entire agricultural value chain.

What are the future opportunities for data analytics in agriculture?

While the future opportunities for data analytics in agriculture is limitless, there are already strong benefits emerging, such as: Increasing innovation and productivity. To increase both yield and profits, agribusinesses, farmers and growers must leverage data and innovation to improve productivity. With the benefits of technology, …

How does data analytics help farmers?

Data analytics can help farmers monitor the health of crops in real-time, create predictive analytics related to future yields and help farmers make resource management decisions based on proven trends. Reducing waste and improving profits.

Why is data analytics important?

An organization can utilize data analytics to improve decision-making, analyze customer trends, track customer satisfaction and identify opportunities for new products and services to meet growing market needs. By integrating information …

What is the first step in agri data analytics?

First, an agri organization must have the right tools in place before a data analytics strategy can be implemented: Collect data. This will allow you to aggregate data from your trusted, selected sources and simplify operations by storing the data in a single, safe location. Standardize data.

Why is it important to analyze data?

The ability to analyze data is critical to gaining value from the information you are collecting. Learn the tools available for establishing analytics and make sure they support the results that you want to achieve. Once the right technology and communication tools are in place, it is time to consider business strategy.

How does big data help farmers?

For farmers, this means the ability to share important data directly with their agronomist or vet, while maintaining complete security. This in turn allows parties on all sides to offer a more accurate and valuable service to one another. Agronomists can have better insight into crop status and offer better guidance. Vets can do the same for livestock. Farmers can spend less time managing their relationships and more time driving productivity through smarter farming.

How can farmers improve their relationships?

The traditional relationship between farmers and their supply chains will be enhanced by better and speedier communication , in a way that is more responsive to real world events.


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