how did agricultural advancements affect china’s population



All of these new agricultural advances allowed people to raise a surplus, or more food than was needed. These agricultural surpluses helped pay taxes to the government. Food then became abundant in the countryside as well as the cities. This increase in food production caused China’s population to grow immensely.

How did agricultural advancements affect China’s population? Farms became more productive which made more food. Because food was plentiful, China’s population increased.


How has farming contributed to the development of China?

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How did China’s agricultural technology change over time?

The Modernization of Agriculture: In China, the modernization of agriculture has accelerated the growth of per capita income.

How did the Great Leap Forward affect the agriculture in China?

Generally, the agricultural sector received special attention only when the leaders perceived that the sector was beginning to restrain China’s overall economic development. Agricultural output basically kept pace with the growth of population but …

What would happen if China opened its agricultural markets?

China’s agriculture is supporting a population of over 1.3 billion people today, compared to about 500 million in 1950, on a relatively fixed agricul-tural land base and shrinking water supply. The tale of China’s agricultural success in meeting this challenge is two-fold. First, China has enjoyed very strong agricultural productivity growth,


How did agricultural advances affect population growth?

Advances in Agriculture and Population. Every major advance in agriculture has allowed global population to increase. Early farmers could settle down to a steady food supply.

What agricultural advancements led to a significant increase in population during the Tang Song dynasties?

New farming technologies, like iron plows and waterwheel irrigation, helped cultivate newly irrigated lands and made food more available during the Tang and Song eras. Because more food was available, China’s population increased as well.

What agricultural advancements led to the growth of the Chinese population to around 100 million people?

Over the next three centuries, with the expansion of rice cultivation in central and south China, the country’s food supply steadily grew, allowing its population to grow as well. By 1100, the population reached 100 million.

What were some advances made by Chinese farmers during the Tang Dynasty?

During the Tang Dynasty, Chinese farmers began the widespread cultivation of garlic, soybeans, and peaches, which had arrived through international trade, but other than that, most of China’s agricultural practices remained the same. The greatest change, however, came in the form of tea.

What effects did the improvements have on China’s population?

Technological advances of China? Since more food was available, their population grew. New areas were settled, which developed into cities. Increased trade routes by roads, waterways and sea ports increased trade for Chines merchants, to other parts of the world.

Why did China’s population increase?

Overpopulation in China began after World War II in 1949, when Chinese families were encouraged to have as many children as possible in hopes of bringing more money to the country, building a better army, and producing more food.

How did agriculture improve in China?

Due to more frequent exchanges between China and other countries, foreign crops such as potatoes, corn, peanuts and sweet potatoes were introduced and planted. The greater varieties of cash crops were effectively incorporated into the rotational farming and inter-cropping regimes, further increasing food productivity.

Why is agriculture important to China?

Agriculture is at the basis of China’s national economy. Only with sustainable agriculture and rural development can overall sustainable development in China be ensured, therefore it deserves high priority. Chinese agriculture, which can be traced back 10,000 years, and has a wealth of good traditions.

How much of China’s population works in agriculture?

The statistic shows the distribution of the workforce across economic sectors in China from 2010 to 2020. In 2020, around 23.6 percent of the workforce were employed in the agricultural sector, 28.7 percent in the industrial sector and 47.7 percent in the service sector.

What was the result of China’s rapid agricultural expansion during the Song dynasty?

During Song times, new developments in rice cultivation — especially the introduction of new strains of rice from what is now Central Vietnam, along with improved methods of water control and irrigation — spectacularly increased rice yields.

What led to a population increase during the Song dynasty in China?

China’s population doubled in size between the 10th and 11th centuries. This growth was made possible by expanded rice cultivation, use of early-ripening rice from Southeast and South Asia, and production of widespread food surpluses.

What was the most important effect of a new crop variety introduced to southern China after 1000 CE?

What was the most important effect of a new crop variety introduced to southern China after 1000 C.E.? They created flat areas called terraces.


What are the problems of China’s agriculture?

Grain security is still at the center of government policy and this serves to discourage the pro-duction of higher-valued horticultural crops, thus taxing farmers. Resource scarcity (especially water) and agricul-tural pollution are major problems that are resolvable but require immediate action. The rural-urban income gap and land tenure are also significant issues. There seems little doubt that China will become more reliant on land-intensive food imports, but at the same time it will expand exports of labor-intensive food products.

What is the largest agricultural production in the world?

Today, China produces 18% of the world’s cereal grains, 29% of the world’s meat, and 50% of the world’s vegetables. This success makes China the world’s largest agricultural economy, and it ranks as the larg-est global producer of pork, wheat, rice, tea, cotton, and fish. In fact, the value of China’s agricultural output is twice the U.S. total. See Figure 1 for China’s share of world food produc-tion across various commodities. With only 9% of the global sown area, today China produces about 20% of the world’s food—a miraculous turn-around since the struggles faced by Chi-na’s agriculture in the 1960s and 1970s under the collective farms. Despite predictions that China was going to

Is China a developing country?

Let us not forget that China remains a developing country. In China 36% of the population still lives on less than $2 per day and most of these poor are in the countryside. Even though economic reform started in agriculture, non-agricultural economic growth has left the farm population to fall behind. The image we have of the new affluent Chi-nese consumers buying Gucci hand-bags in modern boutique shops does not apply to the nation’s farmers. Chi-na’s farms remain very small (approxi-mately 1 acre) and the work remains highly labor-intensive and difficult. Almost 300 million workers remain in agriculture, and most farmers remain very poor, with per capita incomes about $1,000/yr—less than one-third of the average urban income. The pro-portion of agriculture in China’s GDP dropped from 28.1% in 1978 to 11.8% in 2010. Yet 38% of the labor force remains in agriculture (see Figure 2), a ratio that is far too high given China’s level of development. As a result, labor productivity in agriculture remains low.Raising farmers’ incomes is one of the major policy challenges facing China’s policy makers today. This may require relaxing a long-standing policy goal of food self-sufficiency. National food security goals require

What is China’s growth?

Along the way, China is igniting new growth across Asia, Latin America, Africa and even the industrial West, thanks to the country’s colossal demand for raw materials, energy, trade and capital flows. China’s rapid growth has puzzled many people, including economists.

How long has China been industrialized?

China’s industrial revolution, which started 35 years ago, is perhaps one of the most important economic and geopolitical phenomena since the original Industrial Revolution 250 years ago. The reason is simple: Less than 10 percent of the world’s population is fully industrialized; if China can successfully finish its industrialization, an additional 20 percent of the world’s population will be entering modern times. Along the way, China is igniting new growth across Asia, Latin America, Africa and even the industrial West, thanks to the country’s colossal demand for raw materials, energy, trade and capital flows.

What was the Xinhai Revolution?

It overthrew the “extractive” Qing monarchy and established the Republic of China, the first “inclusive” government in China based on Western-style constitutions. The new republic tried to industrialize China by a wholesale mimicking of U.S. political institutions, including democracy and the separation of powers (legislative, executive and judicial branches of government).

When did China start industrializing?

The first attempt was made between 1861 and 1911. It came on the heels of China’s defeat in 1860 by the British in the Second Opium War. Deeply humiliated by unequal treaties imposed by Western industrial powers, the Qing monarchy that was then in control in China embarked on a series of ambitious programs to modernize its backward agrarian economy, including establishing a modern navy and industrial system. This attempt started eight years earlier than the Meiji Restoration that triggered Japan’s successful industrialization. Fifty years later, the effort in China turned out to be a gigantic failure: The government was deep in debt, and the hoped-for industrial base was nowhere in sight.

Which countries have tried to emulate the British Industrial Revolution?

Unfortunately, only a few places have succeeded: Northern and Western Europe, the United States, Japan and the Asian Tigers, among others.

When did China become the No. 1 industrial powerhouse?

level. About 1980, China’s manufacturing started to take off, surpassing the industrial powers one by one, overtaking the U.S. in 2010 to become the No. 1 industrial powerhouse.

What is China’s most important industry?

Thirty-five years ago, China’s per capita income was only one-third of that of sub-Sahara Africa. Today, China is the world’s largest manufacturing powerhouse: It produces nearly 50 percent of the world’s major industrial goods, including crude steel (800 percent of the U.S. level and 50 percent of global supply), cement (60 percent of the world’s production), coal (50 percent of the world’s production), vehicles (more than 25 percent of global supply) and industrial patent applications (about 150 percent of the U.S. level). China is also the world’s largest producer of ships, high-speed trains, robots, tunnels, bridges, highways, chemical fibers, machine tools, computers, cellphones, etc.

How many agricultural technologies are there in China?

The total number of agricultural technologies in China was 1337 (Fig. 2 ). Among the five Level 2 subsystems, the number of ‘agricultural engineering’ technologies were the greatest (43%), with a focus on tools and irrigation infrastructure in Level 3 subsystems. This was followed by ‘agricultural practices’ (33%) that highly emphasised the Level 3 furrowing subsystem. Development of ‘agricultural theory’ (14%) was evenly distributed among biology, meteorology and soil science. There was relatively less attention given to technologies from the ‘agricultural protection’ (5%) and ‘agricultural crops’ (5%) subsystems; they focused on Level 3 ‘bio-physical protection’ subsystem and ‘cash crop’ subsystem, respectively.

How long has agriculture been around?

Originating between 10,000 and 8000 years ago, agriculture has been considered one of the most important stage developments in human history (Holdren and Ehrlich, 1974 ). Agriculture is the primary food source for our society (Conway, 1987 ). The development, diffusion and adaptation of agricultural technologies have modified our world more than any other human innovation (Weisdorf, 2005 ). The continued prosperity of society will have to be supported by the advancement of agricultural technology (Ray, 1998; Weisdorf, 2005 ). China, as one of the most ancient civilisations, is most integral and has the longest lasting recorded history. Agriculture dominated most of the pre-industrial history in China (Shen, 2010 ). Therefore, the historical patterns and trajectories of ancient Chinese agricultural technological development will be a suitable mirror when considering a more sustainable technological pathway in the future.

How many technologies were there in the CQZG period?

It is not surprising that there was a gradual increase in technologies, with approximately 200 technologies during earlier periods (pre-CQZG Period, before 800 BC). The number of technologies then increased to approximately 320 in a relatively short period (CQZG Period) and further accelerated from the QH to the SY periods with 200–250 new technologies during each period. The number peaked (1337) in the MQ Period (Fig. 3a ).

What is level 1 in agriculture?

Level 1 was referred to as ‘agriculture’ in general, with Levels 2 to 4 containing the theoretical understandings, engineering, practices, protection measures and crop varieties of the agricultural technology subsystems.

What were the main crops in the Neolithic period?

4f ). Both food crops and cash crops were actively domesticated. The main crops planted were millet and its varieties. Rice planting was discovered at approximately the same time, mainly in the southern parts of China. There were also cash crops such as beans, ramie, and melons planted during this period. During the XSZ and CQZG periods, crops for dryland farming were dominant, including varieties of millet, barley, wheat, and soy beans.

How many spatial regions were there in ancient China?

Six spatial regions were considered necessary to understand the spatial patterns of ancient Chinese agricultural technologies. As agriculture relied on rivers to develop, the regions were divided based on river basin boundaries: the Yellow River region, the Yangtze River region, the North-eastern region, the North-western region, the South-eastern region and the South-western region (Fig. 1 ).

What is the classification of ancient Chinese agricultural technology?

The classification of ancient Chinese agricultural technology was developed based on the Chinese Classified Thesaurus (CCT) (China, 2010 ). The CCT was initially developed as an indexing thesaurus in 1996 and edited and digitised in 2005.


International trade

China is the world’s largest importer of soybeans and other food crops, and is expected to become the top importer of farm products within the next decade. In a speech in September 2020, CCP leader Xi Jinping lamented the country’s reliance on imported seed.
While most years China’s agricultural production is sufficient to feed the count…


The development of farming over the course of China’s history has played a key role in supporting the growth of what is now the largest population in the world.
Domesticated millet varieties Panicum miliaceum and Setaria italica may have originated in Northern China. Remains of domesticated millet have been found in northern China at Xinglonggou, Yuezhang, Dadiwan, Cishan, and several Peiligang sites. …

Major agricultural products

Although China’s agricultural output is the largest in the world, only 10% of its total land area can be cultivated. China’s arable land, which represents 10% of the total arable land in the world, supports over 20% of the world’s population. Of this approximately 1.4 million square kilometers of arable land, only about 1.2% (116,580 square kilometers) permanently supports crops and 525,800 square …


In its first fifty years, the People’s Republic of China greatly increased agricultural production through organizational and technological improvements.
However, since 2000 the depletion of China’s main aquifers has led to an overall decrease in grain production, turning China into a net importer. The trend of Chinese dependence on imported food is expected to accelerate as the water shortage worsens. Despite their potential, desalination pla…


Despite rapid growth in output, the Chinese agricultural sector still faces several challenges. Farmers in several provinces, such as Shandong, Zhejiang, Anhui, Liaoning, and Xinjiang often have a hard time selling their agricultural products to customers due to a lack of information about current conditions.
Between the producing farmer in the countryside and the end-consumer in the …

See also

• History of China
• History of agriculture
• Population history of China
• History of canals in China
• Lettuce production in China

Further reading

• Chai, Joseph C. H. An economic history of modern China (Edward Elgar Publishing, 2011).
• Perkins, Dwight H. Agricultural development in China, 1368-1968 (1969). pmline
• The Dragon and the Elephant: Agricultural and Rural Reforms in China and India Edited by Ashok Gulati and Shenggen Fan (2007), Johns Hopkins University Press

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