how did changes in agricultural production affect medieval europe

How did changes in agricultural production affect medieval Europe? Fields became more productive, spurring population growth.

What was the effect of the growth of towns and agriculture in medieval Europe?

One reason for their growth was improvements in agriculture. Farmers were clearing forests and adopting better farming methods. As a result, they had a surplus of crops to sell in town markets. And because of these surpluses, not everyone had to farm to feed themselves.

What was the result of improved agricultural practices during the Middle Ages?

Why did improved farming techniques have these effects? Technology improved, new farming techniques brought more people to Europe, and trade and travel. Fought in two crusades and died pursuing lands in France. 1066 A.D.

How did agricultural technology change medieval society?

The agricultural technology that was invented during the medieval ages resulted in social and economic developments which affected the lives of those living in that period. The new machinery allowed the townspeople to grow a surplus of food and in result learn new specialties and trades.

How did changes in agricultural production lead to the growth of towns and cities?

More abundant food supplies could support denser populations, and farming tied people to their land. Small settlements grew into towns, and towns grew into cities. Agriculture produced enough food that people became free to pursue interests other than worrying about what they were going to eat that day.

What were two effects of the agricultural revolution of the Middle Ages?

Two effects of the agricultural revolution of the Middle Ages were technology improving farming and production and population growth. Peasants started using iron plows that carved deep into the heavy soil. A new type of harness for horses was also invented.

What were the important outcomes of the medieval agricultural revolution and their effects on society?

The Agricultural Revolution in Britain proved to be a major turning point, allowing population to far exceed earlier peaks and sustain the country’s rise to industrial preeminence. It is estimated that total agricultural output grew 2.7-fold between 1700 and 1870 and output per worker at a similar rate.

How did agricultural production improve?

These range from improved seed varieties, genetic enhancement in livestock, advanced machinery that comes equipped with global positioning systems, and robotics, among other innovations. This has enabled a production system that requires considerably less of traditional inputs such as land and labor.

How did agriculture affect social organization in feudal Europe?

The growth of agriculture resulted in intensification, which had important consequences for social organization. Larger groups gave rise to new challenges and required more sophisticated systems of social administration.

What was the Agricultural Revolution in the Middle Ages?

The Agricultural Revolution was the unprecedented increase in agricultural production in Britain due to increases in labor and land productivity between the mid-17th and late 19th centuries.

How did agriculture contribute to the growth of cities?

Agriculture yielded more food, which made denser human populations possible, thereby supporting city development. Farming led to dense, settled populations, and food surpluses that required storage and could facilitate trade. These conditions seem to be important prerequisites for city life.

How did agriculture change society?

When early humans began farming, they were able to produce enough food that they no longer had to migrate to their food source. This meant they could build permanent structures, and develop villages, towns, and eventually even cities. Closely connected to the rise of settled societies was an increase in population.

What are the effects of Agricultural Revolution?

The agricultural revolution had a variety of consequences for humans. It has been linked to everything from societal inequality—a result of humans’ increased dependence on the land and fears of scarcity—to a decline in nutrition and a rise in infectious diseases contracted from domesticated animals.

What was the agricultural revolution in Europe?

Europe’s Medieval Agricultural Revolution. Between the years 1050 and 1300, Europe underwent an agricultural revolution. Crop yields multiplied by at least threefold. Europe’s population followed suit, tripling in less than three centuries. The average European lifespan increased by as much as two decades.

What brought stability to Northern Europe?

A shift in political climate and the end of Viking raids brought stability to Northern Europe. Most importantly, A host of new agricultural technologies and techniques spread across Europe. When combined, these factors allowed Europeans to produce unprecedented surpluses of food. {“error”:true,”iframe”:true}.

What was the shift in climate?

A shift in climate made Northern Europe much warmer than it had been before. A shift in political climate and the end of Viking raids brought stability to Northern Europe. Most importantly, A host of new agricultural technologies and techniques spread across Europe.

When did Europe start to warm up?

The Medieval Warm Period. Around 950, Europe entered the Medieval Warm Period. Climatologists speculate that earth’s temperature might have increased by as much as one degree centigrade. For about 300 years, Europe became a much warmer and dryer place.

When did Europe become warm?

Around 950, Europe entered the Medieval Warm Period. Climatologists speculate that earth’s temperature might have increased by as much as one degree centigrade. For about 300 years, Europe became a much warmer and dryer place.

Was Europe a warmer place?

For about 300 years, Europe became a much warmer and dryer place. This was bad news for the Mediterranean, where the temperatures were already high and the soil was dry and shallow. But, it was great news for Northern Europe, where the temperatures were much lower and the soil was wet and deep.

Why did the Aristocrats give up hunting grounds?

They were finally able to disperse and settle new lands. Aristocrats gave up their hunting grounds in the interest of generating profit from agricultural surpluses.

How did the Black Death affect the peasants?

The Black Death accelerated the demise of slaves, which therefore contributed to the climb of a thriving age of peasants. “As in all primarily rural societies during times of economic upheaval, there was a flocking of “misdoers” to London from the countryside” (Cantor,…

What did the Lord’s Manor grow?

The serfs and peasants did nearly everything to raise and produce things that they and their lord needed for basic life which was fuel, milk, cheese, lumber, leather products, cloth, and crops. The crops typically grown where rye, wheat, oats, and barley. Some vegetables that they grew where beans, peas, onions, beans, and beets. But even then they had to still trade for things like iron, salt, and not normal objects like millstones.…

How has globalization affected the way of life?

Globalization has affected this way of life normally they travel with their food, but now they can just go buy it. In other countries that prized fishing now rarely practice this because a few people can feed the whole population because they are now receiving food from elsewhere. Arming and care of domestic animals is another form of work it is done again by male adolescence and some pre-adolescence as well. This provides their family with useful work and food for the family. Cattle, sheep, and goats are what is mostly farmed in places like Africa, Asia, and Eastern Europe, they require little work and experience to take care of them.…

Why was Marxism popular in 1917?

Hence, at the time of the 1917 Russian revolution, Marxism had gained subsequent popularity since peasants believed that the capitalist framework enhanced poverty. The avant-garde was predominantly a socialist revolution that was concerned with improving working conditions of the working class. To oppose the Tsar, Lenin seconded by Stalin were required to institute an authoritarian ruler-ship style. In particular, the Bolsheviks needed to establish a proletariat in the face of enormous difficulties. The party saw itself as the vanguard of the revolution taking on the role of organizing the workers and steering a path towards achieving a socialist state.…


Agriculture in the Middle Ages describes the farming practices, crops, technology, and agricultural society and economy of Europe from the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 to approximately 1500. The Middle Ages are sometimes called the Medieval Age or Period. The Middle Ages are also divided into the Early, High, and Late Middle Ages. The early modern periodfollowed the …

Setting the stage

Three events set the stage—and would influence agriculture for centuries—in Europe. First was the fall of the western Roman Empirewhich began to lose territory to barbarian invaders about 400. The last western Roman emperor abdicated in 476. Thereafter, the lands and people of the former western Roman Empire would be divided among different ethnic groups, whose rule was often …

The Early Middle Ages

The popular view is that the fall of the Western Roman Empire caused a “dark age” in western Europe in which “knowledge and civility”, the “arts of elegance,” and “many of the useful arts” were neglected or lost. Conversely, however, the lot of the farmers who made up 80 percent or more of the total population, may have improved in the aftermath of the Roman Empire. The fall of Rome saw th…

Agriculture in Iberia

In what historian Andrew Watson called the Arab Agricultural Revolution, the Arab Muslim rulers of much of Al Andalus (8th through the 15th centuries) introduced or popularized a large number of new crops and new agricultural technology into the Iberian peninsula (Spain and Portugal). The crops introduced by the Arabs included sugar cane, rice, hard wheat (durum), citrus, cotton, and figs. …


Gradually, the Roman system of villas and agricultural estates using partly slave labor was replaced by manoralism and serfdom. Historian Peter Sarris has identified the characteristics of feudal society in sixth century Italy, and even earlier in the Byzantine Empire and Egypt. One of the differences between the villa and medieval manor was that the agriculture of the villa was commercially oriented and specialized while the manor was directed toward self-sufficiency.


The field systems in Medieval Europe included the open-field system, so called because there were no barriers between fields belonging to different farmers. The landscape was one of long and uncluttered views. In its archetypal form, cultivated land consisted of long, narrow strips of land in a distinctive ridge and furrowpattern. Individual farmers owned or farmed several different strips of l…

Farmers’ holdings

Farmers were not equal in the amount of land they farmed. In a survey of seven English counties in 1279, perhaps typical of Europe as a whole, 46 percent of farmers held less than 10 acres (4.0 ha), which was insufficient land to support a family. Some were completely landless, or possessed only a small garden adjacent to their house. These poor farmers were often employed by richer farmers, or practiced a trade in addition to farming.


In the late Roman Empire in Europe the most important crops were bread wheat in Italy and barley in northern Europe and the Balkans. Near the Mediterranean Sea viticulture and olives were important. Rye and oats were only slowly becoming major crops. The Romans introduced viticulture to more northerly areas such as Paris and the valleys of the Moselle and Rhine rivers. Cultivation of olivesin medieval France was traditional on the southeastern coast bordering on Italy, but apparently the …

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